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Faravahar History and Art Galleries
Chapter 1: History of Faravahars

 

Faravahar History and Art Galleries
5 Chapters
Chapter 1: History of Faravahars
Ahreeman X
December 7, 2013

Faravahar Chapters Index
_____________________
I. History of Faravahars
II. Historical Faravahars
III. Modern Faravahars
IV. Futurist Faravahars
V. Science Fiction Faravahars

History of Faravahar

Faravahar is not just an important Zoroastrian and Persian figure but it is the heart and soul of the greater Iranian nation of the “Old Persian Empire” which extends east-west from today’s Afghanistan to Kurdistan and north-south from Uzbekistan to Bahrain.

The theme I have chosen for this book’s web pages’ title designs is in Purple and Gold because the colors purple and gold are the essence of the Persian Imperial Glory. These particular Imperial Purple and Imperial gold are Persian Imperial Colors.


Original Faravahar Persian Emblem – Black and White Version

Faravahar’s history goes back millenniums from the Ancient Iranic People period to Avestan Era, Ancient Persian Empire, Colonial Persian Empire, all the way to the Pahlavi Era when Faravahar was an official emblem of the Imperial Iran.

Faravahar also known as Prawahar, Parawahar, Paruhar, Faroohar is one of the most important of the Iranian icons. The common and the present pronunciation of the entity is “Faravahar” which many are mistakenly referring to it as Farvahar, Faravhar, Foroohar and etc. which are all incorrect. The correct term is “Faravahar”.


Faravahar shines the light of wisdom on the Persians and the global public.

Faravahar has been an Iranian icon throughout the history of Iran even post Arabo-Islamic invasion-occupation of the Persian Empire. Faravahar is a great reminder of our glorious Persian celebrations such as:

Chahar Shanbe Suri (Celebration of Fire)
Nowruz (Persian New Year)
Sizdah Be Dar (Celebration of the 13th Day)
Tirgan (Celebration of the Rain)
Mehregan (Celebration of the Sun)
Yalda (Celebration of the Longest Night)
Sadeh (Celebration of the Winter Fire)
and other Persian events.

For more information read:

Iran Culture and Language Index

IRI’s Great Mistake

Pahlavi Imperial Iran had emphasized on the Iranian icons such as “Lion and Sun” and “Faravahar”. The Imperial Iran revived, glorified and emphasized heavily on the Iranian icons. Imperial Iran was a nationalist regime; therefore, they celebrated the Iranian icons.

IRI (Islamic Republic of Iran) has made a grave mistake. Throughout the past 3 decades, IRI has done its best to replace all Iranian words, celebrations, traditions, art, culture and icons with Arabo-Islamic ones; however, this tactic has backfired and caused the people of Iran to do a negative resistance by completely cleaning the Persian language from the Arabic words; paying less attention to the Islamic celebrations and heavily emphasize on the Iranian celebrations; reviving the Persian traditions; appreciating the Persian art; celebrating the Persian culture and surely glorifying the Persian icons.


Glory of Faravahar
Faravahar thunder and lightning over Persepolis

After the so-called Islamic Revolution of 1979 or as we refer to it as the 2nd Arabo-Islamic Invasion-Occupation of Iran by the AIOG (Arabo-Islamic Occupational Government), the IRI has banned many Iranian icons from the public display. One of these important icons was the 8000 years old “Lion and Sun” which the mullahs have banned it.

Mullahs mistakenly refer to the “Lion and Sun” as the monarchist and the mojahed (PMOI) icon. The reality is that “Lion and Sun” has an 8000 years old history which is far more ancient than the history of the Persian Monarchy and Mojahedin!

Lion and Sun is not a monarchist or mojahedin icon but it is an Iranian icon.

Read more:

Pictorial History of the Iranian Flags (Book in 14 Chapters)

Save the Persian Lion from becoming a Gay Pussycat!

IRI’s greatest mistake was not abandoning everything Iranian and trying to replace them with Arabo-Islamic entities, but IRI’s greatest mistake was that when they abandoned everything Iranian (on 1979), they did not abandon Faravahar!


Faravahar Persian Emblem – Modern Blue Version

For 3 generations, People were brainwashed in to believing that “Lion and Sun” is a representation of monarchy; therefore, it is evil and must be abandoned; however, they were allowed to cherish the “Faravahar”!

This grave mistake had also cost the IRI a great defeat. IRI’s goal was to Arabize our culture and they tried to replace “all Persian” with “all Arabo-Islamic”, but they skipped Faravahar! This allowed 3 generations of the Persians to glorify Faravahar and revive it as a great Persian icon. Faravahar has become very popular and very mainstream. Iranians began to grasp and love Faravahar.


Faravahar Persian Emblem – Modern Gold Version

IRI managed to confuse Iranians and negatively brain wash them about “Lion and Sun”. IRI managed to somewhat make the “Lion and Sun” unpopular. Originally IRI tried to destroy “Lion and Sun” by banning it but we have to admit that IRI had successfully damaged the “Lion and Sun”. This successful IRI tactic worked and until this day, many uninformed and ignorant Iranians who are the product of the last 3 decades (3 generations grown under IRI) believe that “Lion and Sun” means monarchy or mojahedin.

On the contrary, IRI’s greatest mistake was “not to ban Faravahar” as a symbol of monarchy. Instead, IRI allowed Faravahar to become more popular than ever! This was a mistake on the IRI’s behalf not destroying the Faravahar. Destroying Faravahar would have greatly helped Arabizing Iran more than ever! Now it is too late and Faravahar is stronger than ever.

So one of IRI’s greatest ideological mistakes was not to destroy the Faravahar.


Faravahar Pure Light

Before we start, we must briefly review the periods of the 8000 years old Iranian history:

Periods of Iranian History

8000 Years of Iranian History

1. Ancient Civilizations Era: 6000 BC - 2000 BC
2. Vedai Era: 2000 BC - 850 BC
3. Pre-Avesta Era: 850 BC - 728 BC
4. The Kingdom Era: 728 BC - 559 BC
5. The First Imperial Era: 559 BC - 651 AD
6. The First Arabo-Islamic Invasion-Occupation Era: 651 AD - 873 AD
7. The Second Imperial Era: 873 AD - 1979 AD
8. The Second Arabo-Islamic Invasion-Occupation Era: 1979 AD – Present


Faravahar Emblem
The Kingdom Era: 728 BC - 559 BC
Goes back to the time of Zarathustra Spitmata, the great Persian Philosopher.

Faravahar Represents:

Good Thoughts, Good Words, Good Deeds (English)
Pendare Nik, Goftare Nik, Kerdare Nik (Modern Persian)
Humata, Hukhta, Hvarshta (Avestan Persian)

For more information about the 8000 years of the Iranian history read:

8000 Years of the Iranian History

Monarchs and Dynasties of Iran throughout the 8000 years of history

Pictorial History of Iranian Military Uniforms

Atlas of Iran Maps

Historical Roots of Faravahar

Faravahar figure has been inspired by certain Egyptian and Assyrian figures. Let us review the Faravahar history, our heritage in a glance.

Egyptian Influence on Faravahar

It is pretty obvious that there is a resemblance between Isis, the ancient Egyptian Goddess of Fertility and Faravahar.

It has been clearly stated that the "Faravahar," with a human's upper body has often been used as an important symbol of the Zoroastrian philosophy. Faravahar has a long history in the art, literature and culture of the Middle East and the central Asia. Its symbolism and philosophical meaning is an ancient heritage that extends through over three millennia to the modern era. The history of the Faravahar goes back to the ancient Egyptian Kingdom and Empire. The roots go back to a certain designed bird pattern which is known as the "spread eagle." The "spread eagle" features a flying bird with its wings, legs and tail outstretched. Similar designs have been used in various cultures throughout the history, including the American culture. For instance the seal of the U.S. Government features a "spread eagle." The Spread Eagle is clearly visible in the American government’s insignias and logos.

The Egyptian "spread eagle" device which has been featured in the treasure of Tutan khamun, has a bird's body with a human head. In it the hieroglyphic symbols are held in the outstretched talons. These features will later re-appear and transformed in to the Faravahar figure. The Egyptian designs which feature a sun disc with wings are pretty close to the design of the Faravahar. The Egyptian winged sun disc represents Horus, the hawk god. Egyptians believed that the Pharaohs who were the god kings were the reincarnation of the Horus who was the hawk god. This tradition went on throughout the history of the ancient Egypt.

Originally the winged disc was a symbol of the divine kingship or the divine favor upon a king. On early second millennium BC, this design had migrated from Egypt to the ancient Middle East. It appears above the carved figure of a Hittite king symbolizing a god’s favor in the spread eagle. Hittite civilization flourished around 1400 BC to1200 BC. The winged disk in the form of spread eagle has also appeared on a Syrian seal from the Mitani civilization. Mitani were around from 1450 BC to 1360 BC.

Assyrian Influence on Faravahar

The Assyrian winged figure was definitely an inspiration for the evolution of Faravahar. A similar winged shape figure which was a proto-Faravahar symbol had also appeared in the Mesopotamia. The figure was a blend of the ancient Egyptian symbol with a spice of the ancient Assyrian styled art. The Assyrian art also associates the winged disc with divinity and divine protection of the king and people. The figure appears both with and without a human shape. Without the human shape, it is a symbol of the sun god “Shamash”, yet with the human shape, it is the symbol of the Assyrian national god “Ashur”. This figure appears on many Assyrian carvings and seals. The Assyrian versions of the winged disc sometimes have the kingly figure inside the disc, and others have him arising from within the disc in a design that is very close to the Faravahar as it appears in the Persian art.

The Assyrian Winged Figure evolved to the Persian Faravahar. The evolution is pretty visible. For instance the Assyrian “spread eagle" legs were abstracted into wavy streamers on both sides of the disc; however, the Persian Faravahar had "claws" or “scrolls”.

The latest Assyrian winged figure was a “feathered robed archer" figure with short wings and a traditional Assyrian round hat. This figure symbolized “Ashur” the Assyrian god. Unlike Faravahar’s hand which extended upward in a Persian Aryan Salute, Ashur’s right hand is fully extended forward. Unlike Faravahar’s left hand which holds the ancient Persian Ring of Power, Ashur’s left hand holds a bow. This pattern was pretty popular during the Assyrian Empire’s reign. The Neo Pattern became clearly visible in the Assyrian art during the Neo Assyrian Empire’s reign of 911 BC to 627 BC.

Meaning of Faravahar

Faravahar is an ancient Persian Symbol. Faravahar represents both Ahura and Ahreemanic symbolism. The half-human part (the upper half) is representing Ahuramazda (Ancient Persian God of Good) and the half Beast part (the lower half) is representing Ahreeman (Ancient Persian God of Evil).

There is no absolute Good and there is no absolute Evil.

The duality factor was the original doctrine of the Zoroastrian Philosophy and it has been stated that it is up to us (human being) to choose between the two; however, the path to salvation is to keep a balance in between the two!


Faravahar Persian Emblem – The Dark Faravahar

The balance between Good and Evil is the key to salvation because in reality, "There is no absolute Good and there is no absolute Evil." To keep the harmony and homeostasis, the balance between the good and evil must be maintained. According to the Original Ancient Persian Doctrine, Ahuramazda and Ahreeman are two sides of the same coin and two faces of the same entity! So basically Faravahar means:

Good Thoughts, Good Words, Good Deeds (English);
Pendare Nik, Goftare Nik, Kerdare Nik (Modern Persian);
Humata, Hukhta, Hvarshta (Avestan Persian).

Ahura Mazda = Universal Intelligence

In Avestan language, “Ahura” = universe and “Mazda” = intelligence
Ahura + Mazda = Ahuramazda => Universal Intelligence

Half Human Upper Half = Ahuramazda
Half Beast Lower Half = Ahreeman
Right hand = Ancient Aryan Persian Salute
Left Hand = Ring of Power (granted to Shahanshahs)  
  

Faravahar Persian Emblem

Faravahar is an ancient Zoroastrian icon. In this emblem, Faravahar is holding the Ring of Power (granted to Shahanshahs by Ahuramazda) in one hand and Persian Aryan Salutes with the other hand.

Ring of Power

Ring of Power was a ring which was granted from Ahura Mazda to the Persian Emperors (Shahanshah).

For more information on the Ring of Power read:

Sassanid Military Uniforms – Chapter 12

Persian Aryan Salute

Persian Aryan Salute is to hold the right hand half way upward by bending the hand at the elbow level next to the body, while the thumb is a bit separated from the other four fingers and all fingers point towards the above. Persian Aryan Salute is the original Aryan Salute. Later on Romans, Fascists and Nazis based their salutes upon the Persian Aryan Salute.

For more information on the Persian Aryan Salute read:

Pahlavi Military Uniforms - Chapter 21

8000 Years of Iranian History – Chapter 1

Original Zoroastrian Duality Philosophy

Faravahar represents Ahuramazda (upper human half) and Ahreeman (lower beast half).
The original ancient Zoroastrian doctrine (before revised and forged by the hierarchy of the Fire Temple and Mobads) defines that Ahuramazda and Ahreeman are 2 sides of the same coin (Persian Yin and Yang). Even though there exists no absolute good or evil, yet Good and Evil define each other and one cannot exist without the other.


Faravahar Persian Emblem
Colorful Spectrum Faravahar

Ahuramazda (Yang the Light Side) and Ahreeman (Yin the Dark Side) are not opposing forces yet they are dualities of the same force. Ahuramazda and Ahreeman are not opposing but complementary to one another and they interact with each other and exist within a greater whole (Universal Intelligence). In fact Ahuramazda means “Universal Intelligence”. Ahuramazda and Ahreeman are parts of a dynamic and evolving system which is called the Universe. Every element has both the Light Side and the Dark Side within them.

The Balance Must Maintain

Ahuramazda and Ahreeman cannot exist without one another and all elements and humans must keep a balance between the two. The balance between the Light Side and the Dark Side must be established so the universe will function properly and our lives will maintain a smooth and functional path. Some elements and humans may gain more of one side and lack of the other side but this imbalance may cause problems.

Too much light can cause mediocrity, indifference, inactivity, isolation and stagnation while too much dark can cause over aggression, vanity, intolerance and selfishness. To gain the best results is to maintain a natural flow of light and dark sides throughout the universe and throughout our lives.

For more information, review: 

Meaning of Faravahar

Persian Mythology

IPC Iran Flags – Chapter 14

Shangri-La Poem

Faravahar History and Art Galleries

The Duality Factor

According to the original Zoroastrian Scriptures and Doctrine, Ahuramazda (Ancient God of Good) and Ahreeman (Ancient God of Evil) were two sides of the same coin. It has been stated that:

Ahuramazda and Ahreeman are two sides of the same entity. To back this up, there has been archeological discoveries, which certain statues were discovered. These statues were representation of Ahuramazda. Inscriptions on some of them, stated that Ahuramazda and Ahreeman are the same entity. There were other statues with actual two faces (one back and one front), one representing Ahuramazda and one Ahreeman. These artifacts are highly valuable.


Faravahar Persian Imperial Purple Banner

Many historians and Scholars believe that The Element of "Duality" has been inputted in the original Zoroastrian Doctrine. Ahuramazda and Ahreeman were two sides of the same coin. All elements in the globe have Good and Evil, both inside of them. There is a Good and Evil balance in all elements of the world. That is how everything remains balanced and a state of homeostasis rules the world. Pure Good or Pure Evil can cause catastrophe; therefore, a Balance is needed for the universe to operate.
These scholars, go as far as interpreting that:

Faravahar consists of both Ahura and Ahreemanic symbolism. The half-human part is representing Ahuramazda and the half Beast part representing Ahreeman. Faravahar is a Zoroastrian Symbol.
The element of Duality can also be witnessed in all creatures from all walks of life. The duality factor was the original doctrine of the Zoroastrian Philosophy and it has been stated that it is up to us (human beings) to choose between the two; however, the path to salvation is to keep a balance in between the two!
In later years, The Hierarchy of The Zoroastrian Fire Temples and Mobad-e Mobadan (High Priests) has tampered with the original doctrine, done major forgeries, deducted some and added some texts to the original doctrine. What we have today, has been fabricated many times over.

The original valid parts of the scriptures are few, because:

a) Destruction, Vandalisation and Burning of the Persian Libraries during Greco-Macedonian Invasion-Occupation (Alexander) and Arabo-Islamic Invasion-Occupation (Omar, Ali, Hassan, Hussein), and ...

b) Tampering, Forgeries, deduction-addition of Texts to the original Zoroastrian Documents by Mobads.

c) Revisions and Reformation of the original scriptures by scholars, to adapt and harmonize with the literature of the Conquering Occupational Arabo-Islamic Government and Religion of Islam. The original Zoroastrian Scriptures and Zoroastrian Fire Temples had to soften their tones and blend in with Islam to survive! The Arabo-Islamic Occupational Government (1st Arabo-Islamic Invasion-Occupation), had no tolerance for anyone except Muslims!

In Islam there is Allah and then Shaytan but in Zoroastrianism, Ahuramazda and Ahreeman are two parts to the same Entity.

Zoroastrianism had to adapt with Islam to survive; therefore, Zoroastrian clerics, scholars and writers changed the “Duality Factor” of the same Zoroastrian God and turned it to two different Gods of one Good (Ahuramazda) and one Evil (Ahreeman). This may caused the survival of the Zoroastrianism under the blade of Islam; however, it also seriously damaged the core philosophy and the original doctrine of Zarathustra Spitmata!

More information on Zarathustra read:

Zoroastra and Zoroastrianism, The Real Story

For more information on Islamic Oppression, review the book:

222 Years of Struggle for Independence of Iran (651 AD - 873 AD)

As we see, the Duality Factor has an ancient root in Persian Psyche.

Maybe, this can be the reason that the Top preacher for Zoroastrianism and the Best protector of Ahuramazda, is no other but The One and only, yours truly Ahreeman (Moi)!

Ahreeman is the Shadow of Ahuramazda

Many scholars believe that Ahreeman is the shadow of Ahuramazda. Ahreeman is the Dark Side of Ahura Mazda. Ahreeman is the aggressive and persistent side of Ahuramazda. Without Ahreeman, the Ahuramazda can barely exist because he becomes mediocre, indifferent and passive.

Ahura Mazda and Ahreeman are two sides of the same coin!

Multi Ancient Persian Gods and Goddesses were worshiped and respected before Zoroastra and Zoroastrianism, yet even after Zoroastra, people still had respect for them yet more out of symbolism and tradition.

During Achaemenids (559 BC - 330 BC), Ahura Mazda Ancient God of intelligence during Vedai Era, became one of the two dual characters in Zoroastrian philosophy. Zoroastrians started to worship the one and only God Ahura Mazda. Yet the other Character, the Ancient God of Evil Ahreeman was also there for Zoroastrians to recognize. However many believe that Ahura Mazda and Ahreeman are two sides of the same coin; they are the two faces of the same God, symbolic for the duality of man. Many believe that this duality has been started from Zoroastrianism and they both complete one another.

Mitra (Ancient Persian Sun Goddess) and Anahita were specifically always as Icons in the Persian civilization. Mitra was specially worshiped during Arsacid (Ashkanid) Parthian Dynasty Era (238 BC - 224 AD). Ashkanids believed in the Sun Goddess and the holy power of the sun, they considered themselves as the Sun People. Also Sassanids (224 AD - 651 AD) were Zoroastrian but even then, people did not forget their symbolic respect for Ancient Persian Gods and Goddesses.

Once Islam entered Iran, Polly Thesis had changed to Mono Thesis and Allah replaced All Gods and Goddesses. Arabo-Muslim have done their best to destroy the Persian Culture and along with it, the Persian Gods and Goddesses of Iran; however, despite Tazis' hard work, the Legend of Persian Mythology is still alive! On the other hand, even though Arabs take credit for bringing the worship of a Mono God (Allah) to Iran, yet the fact is that Iranians were worshiping a Mono God (Ahura Mazda), centuries before the existence of Islam!

For more information, read:

Persian Mythology

Zarathustra was a Simple Philosopher, not a Prophet

Zarathustra always referred to himself as a “Simple Poet”. Zarathustra was a simple philosopher. Zarathustra never referred to himself as “A Prophet of God”.

Zarathustra was far modest to even claim being a prophet! Way after Zarathustra’s period, Mobads created a grand hierarchy of the “Organized Zoroastrian State Religion” and completely twisted the total doctrine of a simple poet and philosopher named Zarathustra (Zoroastra or Zoroasta).

Revision after revision, some for self gains, some for Fire Temple’s politics and some to make Zoroastrianism to survive Islam, had turned the original Zoroastrian philosophy to the present abomination! Even today, the Mobads will not stop and they continue twisting Zarathustra’s words.

Yet if you read between the lines of Gatha, Avesta and other texts, you will still notice the true and wise words of the greatest man who was only a simple poet and philosopher named Zarathustra.

 Zoroastrianism is Compatible with Futurism.

Futurism is all about the future, Science, Progress, reality and the truth. Zoroastrianism as a philosophy is also all about the future, Science, Progress, reality and the truth. Allow me to elaborate.

Efforts such as mine are to once again purify Zoroastrianism from Mobad’s revisions and return the scriptures back to the original Gathic doctrine of Zarathustra. The original words of Zarathustra can coexist with science and is perfectly compatible with Science and Evolution, simply because the True Zoroastrianism is not a Religion but a Philosophy and not only a philosophy but a dynamic and a progressive philosophy.

Gathas clearly states that all the laws of nature combined together create a force, an intelligence which Zarathustra refers to this intelligence as “Entity of Intelligence” (Hasti-ye Kherad in Persian). In the Avestan language this “Entity of Intelligence” becomes “Ahura Mazda”.

In original Zoroastrian philosophy, Ahura Mazda balances, determines and maintains the “World Order”. This “World Order” is crucial to be maintained or chaos will conquer. In Avestan language this “World Order” is referred to as “Asha” (Rasti in Persian) meaning the “Truth”.

Gathic Doctrine explains that the universe is ever changing, dynamic and progressive. Zarathustra states that the laws of nature are destined to be continuously evolving and this evolution makes the universe to constantly change and evolve.

Zoroastrianism is a Philosophy, not a Religion

Zarathustra clearly recommends to the Iranic people and the global public to recognize the “Entity of Intelligence” (Hasti-ye Kherad), comprehend it and remain compatible with it via constant thrive for knowledge, education and progress.

Universe is a dynamic and a progressive entity; therefore, in earlier time, it must have been a simpler universe, more concentrated and elementary. Eventually it has evolved to the present shape. But have in mind that the universe has never been created and will never get destroyed; however, it changes and all the elements within this universe and all universes just change shapes from one form to another and they will continue existence, progress and evolution.

Does this sound like Science and Evolution to you? Zoroastrianism is basically a form of primitive ancient explanation of the today’s complex scientific explanation of the Evolution!


Good Thoughts, Good Words, Good Deeds (English)
Pendare Nik, Goftare Nik, Kerdare Nik (Modern Persian)
Humata, Hukhta, Hvarshta (Avestan Persian)

Zarathustra was an original rebel. Throughout his whole life, he conducted a massive campaign against the Magies who were the organized religion clerics of his era. Zarathustra constantly stated that “All Gods are Lies.” Zarathustra never referred to Ahura Mazda as a “God”. Zarathustra always referred to Ahura Mazda as the “Universal Intelligence” who implements the Asha as the “Truth”. Zarathustra always referred to himself as a “Simple Poet” and a simple philosopher. Zarathustra never referred to himself as a prophet of god, then how could he ever have believed in an Abrahamic Mono God?

If you review the Avestan language, you will clearly comprehend that in Avestan “Ahura” means “Universe” and “Mazda” means “Intelligence”. Ahura Mazda means the “Universal Intelligence” which exists within all the elements that make up our universe.

All the internal and external energies inside and outside the matters, all the matters, all the energies, all the animated and inanimated objects, all the living elements and all the thinking creatures which combinely form this dynamic universe which constantly evolves are the system which Zarathustra referred to as the “Universal Intelligence”. You and I and every other element in our universe and all other universes are the “Universal Intelligence”. This intelligence is far from the mumbo jumbo of Allah, Yahweh, Christ and other Mono Gods or Polly Gods!


Faravahar Painting

Once again,

Ahura Mazda = Universal Intelligence

In Avestan language, “Ahura” = universe and “Mazda” = intelligence
Ahura + Mazda = Ahuramazda => Universal Intelligence

This is why Zoroastrianism in its original form and doctrine is not a religion but a progressive philosophy of its time. Zarathustra was a true visionary and Zoroastrianism is a scientific philosophy. This is why Zoroastrianism is compatible with science and Futurism.

Zoroastrianism is a philosophy for the Thinking and Logical people.

Always remember that:

"There is no absolute Good and there is no absolute Evil."

And the bottom line is that:

Faravahar means:
Good Thoughts, Good Words, Good Deeds (English)
Pendare Nik, Goftare Nik, Kerdare Nik (Modern Persian)
Humata, Hukhta, Hvarshta (Avestan Persian)


Faravahar 3D Painting

These galleries are compiled from the works of various artists including myself. Please enjoy the Faravahar Art Galleries.

Pure Persian Pride
More power to "All"

Amen!

Dr. X

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