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Back to index   Persian Mythology, Gods and Goddesses
Part One
 

Persian Mythology, Gods and Goddesses
Part 1: Pictorial Research and Guide
Ahreeman X

1st Edition: December 10, 2006
2nd Edition: October 7, 2014


Space Faravahar
Faravahar the Persian Emblem of Ahura Mazda & Ahreeman in Space
Faravahar represents Ahura Mazda the human (Upper Half) and Ahreeman the beast (Lower Half). Ahura Mazda and Ahreeman are 2 sides of the same coin or 2 faces of the same entity. Ahura Mazda is the light side and Ahreeman is the dark side. The Duality Factor was an original Zoroastrian concept of Zarathustra the great Persian philosopher.

Index of Parts
____________
Part One
Part Two
Part Three

Index of Chapters
_______________
Introduction
Christianity is based on Persian Philosophy of Mitraism!

Zarathustra was a Simple Philosopher, not a Prophet
Zoroastrianism is Compatible with Futurism
Zoroastrianism is a Philosophy, not a Religion
Meaning of Faravahar
Periods of Iranian History
Evolution of Gods in Persia

Zoroastrian Fire Temples
Ahreeman is the Shadow of Ahuramazda
Devolution of Gender in Persia
The Persian Mythology

- Persian Gods
- Persian Guardian-Messenger Gods and Goddesses (Yazatas)
- Persian Goddesses
- Persian Arch-Angels and Angels (Amesha Spentas)
- Faravashis (Foruhars)
- Persian Mythical Characters, Creatures and Plants
- Persian Major Arch-Demons and Demonesses (Daevas and Drugs)
- Persian Minor Demons (Khord Daevas)
- Persian Minor Demonesses (Khord Drugs)


Faravahar at the Front Gate of the Zoroastrian Fire Temple

Introduction

We live in a period which the Islamist Regime does not teach the true history of Iran in our schools. We live in a period which Iranian history school-books, after a quick few pages on our thousands of years of history, begins the history of Iran by the date which Islam enters our land. Mullahs' version of Iranian History starts on 651 AD AIOG (1st Arabo-Islamic Occupational Government) of Iran. Our main history starts on 1979 AD AIOG (2nd Arabo-Islamic Occupational Government) of Iran. Over 3 decades of brainwash, book burnings and twisting the history of Iran goes on with no end in sight. Whatever valuable and accurate history books that we had, have been collected and burned, also they do not allow the publishers to re-publish these books, so the history of Iran is out of print. The students do not have a shred of knowledge about their history or identity! Arabo-Islamization of Iran is in process with the speed of light. They are teaching garbage as the Iranian history in schools! They are creating Shiite Abominations out of our children!

First their Arabo-Muslim murdering saints such as Omar, Ali, Hassan, Hussein and other Tazis leveled our libraries and burned our books and now these half breeds (IRI) are completing the job of their barbarian baboon Muhammadan ancestors.


Faravahar Wood Carved Fine Crafted Door
Afif Abad Garden Museum, Shiraz, Iran
The writings read:
Homat, Hovakht, Hovarsht (Modern Avestan Persian)
Humata, Hukhta, Hvarshta (Avestan Persian)
Pendare Nik, Goftare Nik, Kerdare Nik (Modern Persian)
Good Thoughts, Good Words, Good Deeds (English)

This piece is for Thirsty Students, Deep Thinkers, Nationalists and Lovers of Iran. The purpose of this vast research is to protect and serve the Persian Culture, which is IPC's First Amendment. Our celebrations, traditions, language and culture are melting away in between two poles. Our youth in Exile (outside Iran) are becoming fully Westoxicated and our youth in Inxile (inside Iran) are becoming fully Arabtoxicated. The young generation of Iranians have no clue of their rich 8000 years old history and surely they have no self-identity! The times are critical and it is up to us to revive our Persian Culture or it shall forever be lost in abyss and Black Holes of history! I dedicate this research to our only hope for survival and our only hope for a future democratic Iran. I dedicate this research to the Iranian Young Generation, our future Kaveh Ahangars and Arash Kamangirs.


Persian Horse Column Top from Persepolis

My goal and our goal is to revive the Persian Culture via educating the youth, so they can regain their self-identity. We will continue the path of Abolqasem Ferdowsi, Yaqub Leis Saffarid, Dr. Ahmad Kasravi and Dr. Kourosh Aryamanesh. Despite the Islamist sabotage, we will continue the path to revive our national identity and to free our motherland. We are here to teach Pure Persian Pride.

* * *

Christianity is based on Persian Philosophy of Mitraism!

Hard to believe you say? Well, read the below document and judge for yourselves! Below are not opinions but they are facts, actually they are historical documented facts.

The complete philosophy, doctrine and base for Christianity have been borrowed from the ancient Persian Philosophy of Mitraism (Mithraism). According to Persian Mythology, Goddess Anahita is the Immaculate Virgin Mother of Goddess Mitra. Christians practically borrowed their doctrine and Holy Scriptures from Ancient Persian Mythology. Christian Church and scholars only changed the Divine Persian names to Christian names! They named "Anahita" as their Virgin Mary and they named "Mitra" as their Jesus Christ! The bases for the Christian Doctrine and writings in many versions of Bible, written by Christian Scholars and Saints have been practically borrowed (Stolen) material from Persian Mythology and Mitraism! This is documented history. So basically Christianity stole its doctrine from Persians. Later on Muhammad (Islam) stole his complete doctrine from bits and pieces of Torah (Jewish Holy Book) and Bible (Christian Holy Book)! For instance, various prayers, fasting, Allowed and Forbidden foods, scriptures, holy events, biblical history and other documents in Islam were all stolen from Judaism and Christianity. Now if you search for all the roots of everything, even mono thesis, it comes from Persian Doctrines of Mithraism, Vedaism and Zoroastrianism. It all goes back to Persian Philosophies! Why do majority of public not know all this? Because the public has no clue about history. They do not even know what they had for supper a few nights ago! Yes my friends, it all goes back to Persian Philosophies!


Mitra Persian Sun Goddess of Iran’s Ancient Wall Carving

Before I elaborate about Mitra and Mitraism, you must comprehend that Mitra is a Bi Gender Goddess. Mitra is both woman and man. Mitra originated in Iran and the Iranian Mitra was more feminine and more of a woman. Later on when Mitra and Mitraism spread to India, Greece, Rome and other places, Mitra had become more masculine and more of a man, yet in nature, Mitra has always been a Bi Gender Goddess both woman and a man. The Iranian Mitra was specifically a woman but with characteristics of a man, more like a Tomboy. Mitra being a Bi Gender Goddess is the reason that Mitra’s images or statues are sometimes portrayed as a woman (Persian Mitra) and sometimes portrayed as a man (Roman Mitra) but the original Mitra was Persian; therefore, she was more of a woman. Have in mind that the Ancient Persian Empire was very advanced and sophisticated. Issues such as gender bigotry, sexism, racism and slavery did not exist in the Pre Islamic Iran. All of these issues had entered Iran with Islam!

Iranians did not have the present moral taboos! In Iranian society, had existed: Male, Female, Both Female and Male (Bi Gender), Neither Female nor Male (Neuter), Gay, Lesbian, Transgender, Transvestite and various other types of Gender Identities.

Iranian Gods and Goddesses were a representation of the Non Gender Bias Iranian Society. There was no Gender Discrimination in Iran. Iranians were free of Gender issues; furthermore, Iranians believed in endless variety of Gender Forms. Women were the most valuable in the Iranian society. We even had Feminist Goddesses such as Allatum a female masculine Goddess. Ancient Iranian society did not see the gender issue as Black and White, Male or Female!

There existed Evolution of Gods and Devolution of Gender in the Ancient Persian Empire; therefore, Gods and Goddesses were also Devolutionized in Gender, for instance:

We had Gods and Goddesses. We had:

Male Masculine Gods (Ahreeman)
Female Feminine Goddesses (Anahita)
Bi Gender Goddesses (Mitra)
Neuter Gods (Zurvan)
Male Feminine Gods (Indira)
Female Masculine Goddesses (Allatum)

etc.

Later on I will expand on this issue. In later chapters we shall discuss more of this issue. Let us get back to Mitra.

According to the Mitraic Doctrine, Mitra the Sun Goddess died on December 22nd and then was born on December 25th. This event was based on an astronomical fact which back then was observed from the Earth that the sun actually dies for three days on December 22nd, the winter solstice, when it stops in its movement south, to be born again or in other words resurrected on the December 25th, which it resumes its movement north. Of course all of you are well aware that according to Christianity, baby Jesus was also born on December 25th!

Originally, the Persian Pine Tree was not a local vegetation of the Iranian Plateau, yet it was brought from abroad to Iran and planted around Iran. Persian Pine Tree (Kaj-e Irani) being a rare tree was selected by the Mitraist (Mithraist) priests as the noble gift of the season for the gift bearers to be brought to the Mitraic Temples to honor Mitra the Ancient Persian Sun Goddess. The Persian Pine Trees were displayed in the vicinity of the original Mitraic Temples as gifts in the honor of Mitra. This was a tradition during the Season for the birth of Mitra (December).


Mitra Sun Goddess’ Merry Mitras Persian Pine Tree
Gift Bearers bring the gif of the Persian Pine Tree for Shahanshah Darius the Great
Wall of the Apadana Palace, Persepolis, Iran

Later on, the tradition continued and it become customary for the various foreign or domestic diplomatic delegations to bring Persian Pines along with other valuable presents as gifts to the Persian Shahanshahs. Various delegations from the four corners of the Persian Empire, from the Chinese border all the way to Africa and from the India all the way to Europe, included the Persian Pines along with their most valuable presents as gifts brought to the Persian Shahanshahs.


Mitra Sun Goddess’ Merry Mitras Persian Pine Tree
Wall of the Apadana Palace, Persepolis, Iran

On The stairways of the Apadana Palace of Darius the Great in Persepolis, Gift-bearing delegations are carved clearly carrying the Persian Pines. Eventually the Persian Pine Tree precious to the Mitraists were borrowed by the Christian Saints and Authors and become the Christmas Tree! They invented the myth that Jesus was born under a snow covered Pine Tree!


Was Christmas Pine Tree originated in Iran as the Persian Pine Tree?!
Mitra Sun Goddess’ Merry Mitras Persian Pine Tree
Mitra Sun Goddess’ Persian Pine Tree and Persian Soldier
Wall of Apadana Palace, Persepolis, Iran

Mitra the Persian Sun Goddess originally had 12 followers which were the 12 months of the year and the signs of the Zodiac. Mitra had to pass these 12 months every year. Astronomically this was based on the fact that the Sun has to pass through 12 months of the year and in fact one year (12 months) is a full circle of Earth on its orbit around the Sun. As you know, Jesus also had 12 followers and close disciples!

Mitra is shown in art works and statue forms wearing a Corona (Crown of Thorns) and a Halo. Jesus also wears a crown of thorns put on him by the Romans and surely there’s always a halo around his head! Does this ring a bell?!

Mitra walked on the water of oceans, lakes and rivers simply because from the Earth, Mitraists observed that the Sun seems like it is walking on the water; therefore, it become a Mitraist expression that Mitra walks on the water. Of course you are well aware that who else walked on the water, don’t you? Yes, Jesus indeed!

It was a fundamental factor of Mitraic Doctrine that Mitra was crucified, then resurrected and ascended to heavens. This was based on astronomical events which in fact Sun passes through the equinoxes (Crucified) such as the Vernal Equinox being Easter when she then revives (Resurrected); next, the Sun ascended into heaven during the spring equinox when it is the Passover and the time in which the sun crosses the equator, making night and day of the equal length. Do you know who else was crucified, then resurrected and ascended to heavens? You guessed it: Jesus!

Now I would like to mention a number of similarities between Mitraism and Christianity:

* Mitra was the daughter of the virgin Goddess Anahita.
* Jesus was the son of the virgin mother Mary!

* Mitra was born on December 25th.
* Jesus was born on December 25th.

* Mitraists were having bread and wine at Mitraist Temples.
* Christians are having bread and wine at communions in churches!

* Mitraists brought gift of Pine Tree to honor Mitra.
* Christians celebrate Christmas with the Christmas Pine Tree.

* Three wise men of Persia came to visit baby Sun Goddess Mitra and brought her gifts and gold.
* Three wise men from far away came to visit baby Jesus in stable and brought him gifts.

* Mitra had 12 followers which were the 12 months of the year and the Zodiac signs.
* Jesus had 12 disciples who followed him.

* Mitra wore a Corona which is a crown of thorns and had a halo around her head.
* Jesus was put a crown of thorns on his head by the Romans and had a halo above his head.

* Mitra walked on bodies of water.
* Jesus walked on water.

* Mitra crucified, resurrected and then ascended to heavens.
* Jesus crucified, resurrected and then ascended to heavens.

And many other similarities…

So who copied who?
Christianity is a bit over 2000 years old.
Mitraism is over 4000 years old.

Mitraism was practiced in Iran during the Susians over 3000 years ago and was practiced by the early Aryans during the first Aryan Migration of Iran over 4000 years ago.

For more information on periods of the Iranian history review:

Iranian Dynasties and Monarchs of 8000 Years

For more information on the Susian Era and the Aryan Migration read:

Atlas of Iran Maps – Chapter 1: Susa and the Aryan Migration

Mitraism was originated in Iran and practiced in Iran thousands of years before the birth of Christ and then glorified during the Arsacid Parthian Dynasty (250 BC - 224 AD) of Iran hundreds of years before the birth of Christ. Eventually Mitraism moved and spread from Iran to India, Greece, Rome and other places. Mitraism had spread through Europe and Rome a bit before the birth of Christ and become very popular as a major religion from 1 AD to 4 AD.


Is it Merry Christmas or is it Merry Mitras?
Was Christianity copy-pasted from the Persian Philosophy of Mitraism?!
Mitra the Persian Sun Goddess was born on December 25 - Merry Mitras!

Above events in Mitraism had occurred hundreds and thousands of years before the birth of Christ! The timeline of Mitraism and Mitraic events were hundreds and thousands of years before the birth of Christ!

Christianity is a bit over 2000 years old.
Mitraism is over 4000 years old.
So again I ask you, who copied who?

So what are the above events? Coincidences or thieveries? The whole Bible is copy/pasted!

Does direct copy/pasting of the Persian Philosophy of Mitraism sounds familiar?
Christianity is not a religion, yet it is a storybook made for adults. Even this storybook is not an original, yet a fake one, copied from the Persian Philosophy of Mitraism!

For more information and images of Mitra the Persian Sun Goddess, review:

Persian Mythology, Gods and Goddesses: Part 2


Christianity is based on Persian Mitraism!
Thanks to Mitra, Christmas exists!
Mitra is the Reason for the Season!
Happy Winter Solstice!
Mitra the Persian Sun Goddess was born on December 25 – Merry Mitras
Sign from your local Good Old Atheists!

After reading this research, it will be all clear to you of how primarily Christianity and then Islam copy/pasted much of their holy books from the ancient Persian philosophies of Mitraism, Vedaism and Zoroastrianism!

* * *

Zarathustra was a Simple Philosopher, not a Prophet

Zarathustra Spitmata (Avestan Persian) AKA Zoroaster (Greek) AKA Zartosht (Modern Persian) was a giant of a philosopher. Friedrich Nietzsche the great philosopher bowed to Zarathustra and heavily respected Zarathustra. All throughout his life, Zarathustra was a rebel and a free thinker. Not just Persian Free Thinking but the Eastern Free Thinking started with the Zarathustra. Persian Thinking Outside the Box, started with Zarathustra. To the global philosophy, Zarathustra is a giant who contributed a great amount of knowledge and wisdom to the human civilization.

Zarathustra always referred to himself as a “Simple Poet”. Zarathustra was a simple philosopher. Zarathustra never referred to himself as “A Prophet of God”.


Zarathustra Spitmata the great Persian Philosopher - Contemporary Image

Zarathustra was far modest to even claim being a prophet! Way after Zarathustra’s period, Mobads created a grand hierarchy of the “Organized Zoroastrian State Religion” and completely twisted the total doctrine of a simple poet and philosopher named Zarathustra (Zoroastra or Zoroasta).


Classic Image of the Zarathustra Spitmata the great Persian Philosopher

Revision after revision, some for self gains, some for Fire Temple’s politics and some to make Zoroastrianism to survive Islam, had turned the original Zoroastrian philosophy to the present abomination! Even today, the Mobads will not stop and they continue twisting Zarathustra’s words.


True Face and Image of the Zarathustra Spitmata the great Persian Philosopher

Yet if you read between the lines of Gatha, Avesta and other texts, you will still notice the true and wise words of the greatest man who was only a simple poet and philosopher named Zarathustra.

More information on Zarathustra read:

Zoroastra and Zoroastrianism, The Real Story

* * *

Zoroastrianism is Compatible with Futurism.

Futurism is all about the future, Science, Progress, reality and the truth. Zoroastrianism as a philosophy is also all about the future, Science, Progress, reality and the truth. Allow me to elaborate.

Efforts such as mine are to once again purify Zoroastrianism from Mobad’s revisions and return the scriptures back to the original Gathic doctrine of Zarathustra. The original words of Zarathustra can coexist with science and is perfectly compatible with Science and Evolution, simply because the True Zoroastrianism is not a Religion but a Philosophy and not only a philosophy but a dynamic and a progressive philosophy.


Zarathustra Statue at Efrin, Syrian Kurdistan, Syria

Gathas clearly states that all the laws of nature combined together create a force, an intelligence which Zarathustra refers to this intelligence as “Entity of Intelligence” (Hasti-ye Kherad in Persian). In the Avestan language this “Entity of Intelligence” becomes “Ahura Mazda”.


Zarathustra Spitmata Statue at the Efrin, Syrian Kurdistan, Syria

In original Zoroastrian philosophy, Ahura Mazda balances, determines and maintains the “World Order”. This “World Order” is crucial to be maintained or chaos will conquer. In Avestan language this “World Order” is referred to as “Asha” (Rasti in Persian) meaning the “Truth”.

Gathic Doctrine explains that the universe is ever changing, dynamic and progressive. Zarathustra states that the laws of nature are destined to be continuously evolving and this evolution makes the universe to constantly change and evolve.


Zarathustra Statue at the Appellate Court Building in Madison Square Park, New York, USA

Zarathustra Spitmata have always insisted for the Aryans (Noble People) to state the Asha (Truth) and avoid the Druj (Lie).

* * *

Zoroastrianism is a Philosophy, not a Religion

Zarathustra clearly recommends to the Iranic people and the global public to recognize the “Entity of Intelligence” (Hasti-ye Kherad), comprehend it and remain compatible with it via constant thrive for knowledge, education and progress.

Universe is a dynamic and a progressive entity; therefore, in earlier time, it must have been a simpler universe, more concentrated and elementary. Eventually it has evolved to the present shape. But have in mind that the universe has never been created and will never get destroyed; however, it changes and all the elements within this universe and all universes just change shapes from one form to another and they will continue existence, progress and evolution.


Zarathustra Statue at the University of Chicago, Illinois, USA

Does this sound like Science and Evolution to you? Zoroastrianism is basically a form of primitive ancient explanation of the today’s complex scientific explanation of the Evolution!

Zarathustra was an original rebel. Throughout his whole life, he conducted a massive campaign against the Magies who were the organized religion clerics of his era. Zarathustra constantly stated that “All Gods are Lies.” Zarathustra never referred to Ahura Mazda as a “God”. Zarathustra always referred to Ahura Mazda as the “Universal Intelligence” who implements the Asha as the “Truth”. Zarathustra always referred to himself as a “Simple Poet” and a simple philosopher. Zarathustra never referred to himself as a prophet of god, then how could he ever have believed in an Abrahamic Mono God?


Zarathustra Spitmata Statue

If you review the Avestan language, you will clearly comprehend that in Avestan “Ahura” means “Universe” and “Mazda” means “Intelligence”. Ahura Mazda means the “Universal Intelligence” which exists within all the elements that make up our universe.

All the internal and external energies inside and outside the matters, all the matters, all the energies, all the animated and inanimated objects, all the living elements and all the thinking creatures which combinely form this dynamic universe which constantly evolves are the system which Zarathustra referred to as the “Universal Intelligence”. You and I and every other element in our universe and all other universes are the “Universal Intelligence”. This intelligence is far from the mumbo jumbo of Allah, Yahweh, Christ and other Mono Gods or Polly Gods!

Ahura Mazda = Universal Intelligence

In Avestan language, “Ahura” = universe and “Mazda” = intelligence
Ahura + Mazda = Ahuramazda => Universal Intelligence

This is why Zoroastrianism in its original form and doctrine is not a religion but a progressive philosophy of its time. Zarathustra was a true visionary and Zoroastrianism is a scientific philosophy. This is why Zoroastrianism is compatible with science and Futurism.

Zoroastrianism is a philosophy for the Thinking and Logical people.

Always remember that:

"There is no absolute Good and there is no absolute Evil."

And the bottom line is that:

Faravahar means:
Good Thoughts, Good Words, Good Deeds (English)
Pendare Nik, Goftare Nik, Kerdare Nik (Modern Persian)
Humata, Hukhta, Hvarshta (Avestan Persian)

* * *

Meaning of Faravahar

Faravahar is an ancient Persian Symbol. Faravahar represents both Ahura and Ahreemanic symbolism. The half-human part (the upper half) is representing Ahuramazda (Ancient Persian God of Good) and the half Beast part (the lower half) is representing Ahreeman (Ancient Persian God of Evil).


Faravahar Persian Emblem Iran Banner

Half Human Upper Half = Ahuramazda
Half Beast Lower Half = Ahreeman
Right hand = Ancient Aryan Persian Salute
Left Hand = Ring of Power (granted to Shahanshahs)

For more information about Faravahar, review:

Faravahar History and Art Galleries in 5 Chapters

Meaning of Faravahar, Derafsh Kaviani and Persian Colors

IPC Iran Flags – Chapter 14

* * *

Periods of Iranian History

Before we begin, we must set a timetable on history of Iran. If we divide the Iranian 8000 years old history in to 8 sections. The most logical table will be such as this:


Periods of Iranian History Table

________________________________

1. Ancient Civilizations (Pre Vedai) Era: 6000 BC - 2000 BC
2. Vedai Era: 2000 BC - 850 BC
3. Pre-Avesta Era: 850 BC - 728 BC
4. The Kingdom Era: 728 BC - 559 BC
5. The First Imperial Era: 559 BC - 651 AD
6. The First AIOG (Arabo-Islamic Occupational Government) Era: 651 AD - 873 AD
7. The Second Imperial Era: 873 AD - 1979 AD
8. The Second AIOG (Arabo-Islamic Occupational Government) Era: 1979 AD - present

Now that we are aware of these time periods, then we can move on to our main subject. When introducing various Persian Gods, Goddesses and other Mythical Figures, I will be naming certain periods, which they belong to. Persian Gods and Goddesses distribute along 8000 years of Iranian history from Pre Vedai Era all the way to The First Imperial Era and beyond. By understanding the above timetable, you are now armed with the weapon of knowing your time frames. Now we shall begin the main subject.

* * *

Evolution of Gods in Persia

Please comprehend that Persians had Multi Gods (Polly Thesis) during Vedai Era (2000 BC - 850 BC) and Pre-Avestan Era (850 BC - 728 BC). During "Early Vedai Era", when Iranian and Indian Aryans lived together, and then during "Late Vedai Era", when Iranian and Indian Aryans lived separate, in both periods, Iranians had a Polly Thesis System of Gods. Also afterwards in Mithraism Period, during the Pre-Avestan Era, Iranians also had a Polly Thesis System of Gods. So from the Ancient Civilizations (Pre Vedai) Era, all the way to and somewhat during The Kingdom Era, Iranians had a Polly Thesis System of Gods (Multi Gods). During these periods, Both Ahura Mazda and Ahreeman existed, yet they were only two major Gods amongst a number of other Gods and Goddesses. As it is documented in scriptures, during these periods, Zurvan was the father of Ahura Mazda and Ahreeman.

Suddenly during The Kingdom Era, when Zoroastrianism hit the screen, Zoroastrians primarily believed in two major forces of Ahura Mazda and Ahreeman. Rest of the Gods became less important and somewhat vanished! Once Zoroastrianism switched from a philosophy to a major religion of Iranians, eventually Zoroastrians only recognized the two forces of Ahura Mazda and Ahreeman. The rest of the Gods were only cherished by non-Zoroastrians. Later on Zoroastrians started to believe in Mono Thesis and the one and only God, Ahura Mazda.


Zarathustra Spitmata the Great Persian Philosopher and Free Thinker

The original philosophy of Zarathustra emphasized on Two Faces or Two Sides (Ahura Mazda and Ahreeman) of the same God; however, later on, Mubeds and Hirbeds (Zoroastrian Priests) had changed the original Zoroastrian Doctrine in to the belief in one God as Ahura Mazda with his Arch Evil Enemy Ahreeman!


Zarathustra Spitmata

So in a way Ahura Mazda had existed way before The Kingdom Era and Avestan Era, yet during this period, he became The Major God. On the contrary, except a specific period (Ashkanid Period) during The First Imperial Era (59 BC - 651 AD), Mithraism and worship of Mitra had faded away in Iran! In ancient times, Mithraism was a major religion and Mitra was a major Goddess. Mithraism was exported from Iran to Greece, Rome, India and Northern Territories, yet eventually by the rise of Zoroastrianism, The Mithraism philosophy had faded away. The only exception to this rule, were the centuries of Ashkanid (Arsacid) Empire. Ashkanids were more or less very keen on Mithraism, Mitra, Sun Goddess and Mehregan Festival (Festival of the Sun).

In Persian:
Mehr = Sun
Mehr Parasti = Sun Worship AKA Mitraism

Zoroastrian Fire Temples

Zoroastrian Fire Temples of Iran

Main Fire Temple of Yazd, The Zoroastrian Capital of Iran


Fire Temple of Yazd’s Front Gate, Yazd, Iran
Yazd is the Zoroastrian Capital of Iran


Fire Temple of Yazd, the Front View, Yazd, Iran


Main Fire Temple of Yazd, Iran


Main Fire Temple of Yazd’s round panoramic front view, Yazd, Iran


Fire Temple of Yazd’s Faravahar door top, Yazd, Iran


Fire Temple of Yazd’s Faravahar door top at dusk, Yazd, Iran


Historical Ancient Fire Temple of Pasargad, Pars, Iran


Main Fire Temple of Tehran: Atashkadeh Firooz Bahram, Tehran, Iran


Fire Temple of Tehran: Atashkadeh Firooz Bahram, Side View, Tehran, Iran


Fire Temple of Tehran: Atashkadeh Firooz Bahram Front View, Tehran, Iran


Fire Temple of Kerman, Iran


Faravahar Door Top of the Kerman Fire Temple
The writing on top of Faravahar is the Modern Avestan Persian form which says:
Homat, Hovakht, Hovarsht (Modern Avestan Persian)
Which in Ancient Avestan Persian means:
Humata, Hukhta, Hvarshta (Avestan Persian)
Which in Modern Persian means:
Pendare Nik, Goftare Nik, Kerdare Nik (Modern Persian)
Which in English means:
Good Thoughts, Good Words, Good Deeds (English)
Under the Faravahar wings, the writing reads:
There is only one path in the globe and that is the path of Truth.


Old Kerman Fire Temple Inscription, Kerman, Iran

Zoroastrian Fire Temple of Azerbaijan


Fire Temple of Old City, Baku, Azerbaijan


Fire Temple of Old City at day time, Baku, Azerbaijan

Zoroastrian Fire Temples of India


Historical Old Fire Temple of Atash Behram, Udvada, Gujarat, India
After the Arabo-Muslim Invasion-Occupation of Iran, many Persian Zoroastrians escaped to India and created the Parsi Community of India. Zoroastrians had to escape for their lives from the wrath of Tazi Barbarian Arabo-Muslims. Parsis established some fine Fire Temples in India. Parsi people of India are Persians in roots and they are our Persian Zoroastrian brothers and sisters.


Modern Fire Temple of Atash Behram Gate’s Front View, Udvada, Gujarat, India


Fire Temple Atash Behram Side View of the building, Udvada, Gujarat, India


Fire Temple Atash Behram, Udvada, Gujarat, India


Fire Temple Atash Behram the Close View, Udvada, Gujarat, India


Fire Temple Parsi of Mumbai India


Fire Temple Parsi Gate, Mumbai, India


Fire Temple Parsi Gate, Close view, Mumbai, India


Fire Temple Parsi’s Bull Column Top, Mumbai, India


The Stare in to the Glorious Past!
Fire Temple Persian Soldier Statue Carvings, Mumbai, India
Parsi boy stares at the face of a Persian Soldier protector of the Holy Fire at the Fire Temple.


Parsi old lady pilgrim’s homage to the ancient Zoroastrian priests (Mobeds)
L – R: Persian, Median, Sassanian and Susian Mobeds walk to the alter
Fire Temple Wall of Mumbai India


Zoroastrian lady walks by the Ancient Zoroastrian Mobeds
Fire Temple Wall at Mumbai India


Persian lady pilgrim blesses daughter with a kiss at the wall
Zoroastrian Fire Temple Wall, Mumbai, India


A Parsi Family going to Fire Temple at Mumbai (Bombay), India.
Parsis of India are one of the oldest Aryan Persian Groups who fled Iran during the First AIOG (Arabo_Islamic Occupational Government) at 651 AD and settled in West India particularly today's Bombay. When Tazi Beasts occupied our nation, many Iranians saw no other choice but to save their Families' lives and property by escaping to India.


Fire Temple Parsi, Jamnagar, India

Futuristic Sci-Fi Fire Temple


Fire Temple Sci-Fi
A Science Fiction Fire Temple of the future where the Zoroastrian holy Fire burns forever and the holy Sun shines above. The Fire and Sun bless the Fire Temple …

* * *

Ahreeman is the Shadow of Ahuramazda

Many scholars believe that Ahreeman is the shadow of Ahuramazda. Ahreeman is the Dark Side of Ahura Mazda. Ahreeman is the aggressive and persistent side of Ahuramazda. Without Ahreeman, the Ahuramazda can barely exist because he becomes mediocre, indifferent and passive.

Ahura Mazda - Ahreeman, two sides of the same coin!

Have in mind that these Gods and Goddesses were worshiped and respected before Zoroasta and Zoroastrianism, yet even after Zoroasta, people still had respect for them yet more out of symbolism and tradition. During Achaemenids (559 BC - 330 BC), Ahura Mazda Ancient God of intelligence during Vedai Era, became one of the two dual characters in Zoroastrian philosophy. Zoroastrians started to worship the one and only God Ahura Mazda. Yet the other Character, the Ancient God of Evil Ahriman (Ahreeman) was also there for Zoroastrians to recognize. However many believe that Ahura Mazda and Ahreeman are two sides of the same coin, they are the two faces of the same God, symbolic for the duality of man. Many believe that this duality has been started from Zoroastrianism and they both complete one another. Mitra and Anahita were specifically always as Icons in Persian civilization. Mitra was specially worshiped during Arsacid (Ashkanid) Parthian Dynasty Era (238 BC - 224 AD). Ashkanids believed in the Sun Goddess and the holy power of the sun, they considered themselves as the Sun People. Also Sassanids (224 AD - 651 AD) were Zoroastrian but even then, people did not forget their symbolic respect for Ancient Persian Gods and Goddesses.

Once Islam entered Iran, Polly Thesis had changed to Mono Thesis and Allah replaced All Gods and Goddesses. Arabo_Muslim have done their best to destroy the Persian Culture and along with it, the Persian Gods and Goddesses of Iran; however, despite Tazis' hard work, the Legend of Persian Mythology is still alive! On the other hand, even though Arabs take credit for bringing the worship of a Mono God (Allah) to Iran, yet the fact is that Iranians were worshiping a Mono God (Ahura Mazda), centuries before the existence of Islam!

For more information on Duality Factor in Zoroastrianism, review:

Faravahar History and Art Galleries in 5 Chapters

The Zoroastrian Sacred Cow vs. Allah!

Cow is not only sacred to Hindus! There is also a Zoroasztrian Sacred Cow! Why you ask? There is a logic behind it. The Sacred Cow of Zoroastrians feeds milk to the Aryans, labors their farms and assists them with their agriculture. Aren't those enough reasons to be sacred? Mohammed turned a Black Rock in the center of Ka'bbah (a totem) to Allah and made it a mono god! Arabo_Muslim around the world are worshiping this Rock between 3 (Shiite) to 5 (Sunni) times a day! Don't you think a Cow has more use and is more sacred than a useless Black Rock (Allah)? This is pure Persian logic and it makes sense.

So as you see, even our Cow worths much more than Arab's Allah!

* * *

Devolution of Gender in Persia

Multi Genderism was a norm in Ancient Persia. Multi Genderism and Various Verity of Genders, were a fact of life since The Ancient Civilizations (Pre Vedai) Era (6000 BC - 2000 BC). As I have stated before, in ancient times, Iranians did not have the present moral taboos! In Iranian society, had existed: Male, Female, Both Female and Male (Bi Gender), Neither Female nor Male (Neuter), Gay, Lesbian, Transgender, Transvestite and various other types of Gender Identities.

So were the Gods and Goddesses. We had:

Male Masculine Gods (Ahreeman)
Female Feminine Goddesses (Anahita)
Bi Gender Goddesses (Mitra)
Neuter Gods (Zurvan)
Male Feminine Gods (Indira)
Female Masculine Goddesses (Allatum)

etc.

Persian Empire was very advanced and sophisticated. Issues such as gender bigotry, sexism, racism and slavery did not exist in the Pre Islamic Iran. All of these issues had entered Iran with Islam! There existed Evolution of Gods and Devolution of Gender in the Ancient Persian Empire

Iranian Gods and Goddesses were a representation of the Non Gender Bias Iranian Society. There was no Gender Discrimination in Iran. Iranians were free of Gender issues; furthermore, Iranians believed in endless variety of Gender Forms. Women were the most valuable in the Iranian society. Ancient Iranian society did not see the gender issue as Black and White, Male or Female! Iranians believed in freedom of All Genders, including Male, Female, In Between, Bi Gender, No Gender, Feminine, Masculine, Hetero, Homo, Transgender, Transvestite and various other forms. In ancient Iranian civilization, Aryans were living beyond the petty gender issues.

Morality and Gender in Ancient Persia

Ancient Iranians saw morality as a state of mind, and not as a state of genitalia (Under Belly)! A person's state of soul and mentality was the determining factor for his morality and the person's gender and sexual preference had nothing to do with his level of morality. Ancient Iranians were beyond Gender issues.


Morality and Gender in Post Islamic Persia

Once Islam hit Iran, then everything became Black and White, Male or Female! Once Islam hit Iran, morality was determined by the condition of people's sexual organ and sexual orientation! Heterosexuality became the only allowed form of sex and lifestyle, while everything else became outlawed and taboo. This is how the enslavement of half the population (women) started. This is how people's sexual preference or nature, became a factor to measure their morality! This is how Islamic "Dual Life" started to form and as we know it. Islamic Clerics, themselves lead two lives: They preach Heterosexual Family Values on surface, while they openly believe in up to 4 permanent wives (Aqdi) and unlimited Temporary Wives (Siqeh) and Concubines (Female Slaves) for each man (Legal Islamic Prostitution)! But then again Majority of Islamic Clerics are also occupied with Homosexual activities with young religious students, in backrooms of the mosques, of course in hiding! This is Islam in a nutshell and this is how Islamic fake, superficial, baseless and corrupt system of values had entered the Iranian Culture and as the rest of the Islamic Doctrine, it has infected the Iranian Body!

Certain Persian Gods/Godesses'
common Indian, Greek and Roman Roots

Certain Persian Gods and Goddesses have common roots with Indian equivalents, because during the Vedai Era, Persian and Indian Aryans lived together. Also certain Persian Gods and Goddesses have common roots with Greeks and Roman equivalents, simply because these entities originated from Iran; however, in later decades and centuries, Greeks and Romans adopted these beings from Iranians and they cherished and flourished them to very high standards.

* * *

The Persian Mythology

Index of Titles
_____________

I. Persian Gods
II. Persian Guardian-Messenger Gods and Goddesses (Yazatas)
III. Persian Goddesses
IV. Persian Arch-Angels and Angels (Amesha Spentas)
V. Faravashis (Foruhars)
VI. Persian Mythical Characters, Creatures and Plants
VII. Persian Major Arch-Demons and Demonesses (Daevas and Drugs)
VIII. Persian Minor Demons (Khord Daevas)
IX. Persian Minor Demonesses (Khord Drugs)

* * *

Persian Gods

Aban
God of fertility

Ada
God of generosity and rewards

Ahura Mazda
God and Master of Intelligence. "Ahura" equates to "divinity" and "Mazda" to "wisdom". Ahura Mazda Lord of Wisdom is the Persian Supreme God.

Modern and Latest Research portrays:

Ahura Mazda = Universal Intelligence

In Avestan language, “Ahura” = universe and “Mazda” = intelligence
Ahura + Mazda = Ahuramazda => Universal Intelligence

Original Statue of Ahura


Ahura Mazda the Persian God


Ahura Mazda the Persian God, up close

Various precious Ahura Statues


Ahura Mazda the Persian God’s Statue


Ahura Mazda the Persian God
Ahura Mazda the representation of the Universal Intelligence


Ahura Mazda the Persian God
L – R: Ancient Head of Ahura Mazda, Ancient Statue of Ahura Mazda

Ahura and Darius The Great
Ahura at Bistun
Bistun is the site of the Persian royal proclamation carved by Darius I The Great on a grand cliff known as "Mountain of the Gods." The Inscription celebrates various victories of Darius over Gaumata, pretender to the Achaemenid throne.

As Ahura Mazda created this Earth, he turned it over to me ….
(Darius The Great - Inscription at Bistun)


A Spiritual Moment between Shahanshah Darius I The Great and Ahura Mazda
Darius pays his respects to Ahura Mazda. Later on Darius had stated:
"At that glorious moment, when Ahura touched my soul; I felt the presence of All past and present Aryan Gods on top of the Mountain of Gods!"


Darius salutes (Ancient Persian Aryan Slaute) Ahura Mazda at Mountain of The Gods, Bistun.


Faravahar representation of Ahura Mazda

Darius Inscription is basically a number of engravings which has carved on the rocks near Bistun area of the province of Kermanshah in Iran.

For more information on Darius Inscription read:

Darius Inscription


Darius' Seal of Ahura Mazda


A Spiritual Moment between Darius and Ahura Mazda on Mountain of the Gods.


Shapour, the Persian Shahanshah (right) battles Valerian, the Roman Emperor (left).
Shapour stated: "The reason for my victory was because Ahura blessed Persia and myself."


Faravahar, representation of Ahura with Immortals (Elite Persian Guard Units) guarding on both sides.

Ahura Mazda and Persian Ring of Power
According to ancient Persian Mythology, Shahanshahs (Emperors) of Persia would only become legitimate after Ahura granted them The Ring of Power. So at the beginning of their reign, they had to officially receive The Ring of Power from Ahura or in certain occasions from Anahita.

For more information on the Ring of Power read:

Pictorial History of Iranian Military Uniforms: Chapter 12. Sassanian Uniforms 2


Ring of Power


Ahura and Ardeshir I
Ardeshir I Sassanid (left) receives the Ring of Power from Ahura (right).


Ahura Mazda (right) grants the Persian Ring of Power to Shahanshah Ardeshir I of Sassanid (left).


Ahura Mazda and Ardeshir II Sassanid
Taqe Bostan: Ardeshir II (center) receiving Ring of Power from Ahura (right). Mitra is wearing a crown of sun-rays, holding a priest's barsam, and standing on a sacred lotus (left).

Ahreeman
Originally his name was Angra Mainyu (Avestan) and later Ahreeman (Middle Persian), he is the Persian Lord of Darkness.

Angra Mainyu (Avestan)
Angra (Angry) + Mainyu (Mind) = Angry Mind
Angra Mainyu = Angry Mind = Destructive Spirit = Evil God = God of Darkness

Ahreeman Or Ahriman is The Dark Lord. Ahreeman is The Ancient Persian God of Evil. Ahreeman is The Evil Spirit of the one true god, Ahura Mazda. In the Avesta (Ancient Persian Zoroastrian Book) he is called the twin-brother of the Holy Spirit. In original Avestan texts, Ahriman and Ahura Mazda are two faces of the same entity and two sides of the same coin. This is the ancient "Persian Duality" or two faces of one god. Faravahar the Zoroastrian winged symbol's lower half beast-like bird body represents Ahriman and his upper half-human body represents Ahura Mazda. Ahreeman is the dark side of Ahura

Ahreeman is the Best Protector of Ahura Mazda!

Ahura Mazda stands for light, good, love, peace, angelic instincts, forgiveness, wisdom, ethics, fairness, equality, brotherhood, passiveness, modesty, humbleness,  isolation,  simplicity, faith, moderation, necessities, logic, mind oriented, medium, righteous, above, building, purity, stars and metaphysics.

Ahreeman stands for dark, evil, hate, war, animalistic instincts, vengeance, practicality, aggressiveness, supremacy, challenge, excellence, activeness, vanity, power, fame, exoticism,  doubt, extremism, hunger, emotions,  heart oriented, severe, survivalist, below, destruction, blending, abyss and physics.

Ahura Mazda and Ahreeman cannot exist without one another and all elements and humans must keep a balance between the two. The balance between the Light Side and the Dark Side must be established so the universe will function properly and our lives will maintain a smooth and functional path. Some elements and humans may gain more of one side and lack of the other side but this imbalance may cause problems.

Too much light can cause mediocrity, indifference, inactivity, isolation and stagnation while too much dark can cause over aggression, vanity, intolerance and selfishness. To gain the best results is to maintain a natural flow of light and dark sides throughout the universe and throughout our lives.


Ahreeman, Ancient Persian God of Evil


L. Original representation of Ahreeman, Lord of Darkness
R. Philosophical representation of Ahreeman


Historical representations of Ahreeman


Artistic representations of Ahreeman


Modern Representations of Ahreeman


Ancient philosophical representation of Ahreeman


Traditional Interpretation of Ahreeman


Contemporary Interpretation of Ahreeman


Ahreeman The Dark Lord


Ahreeman The Persian Dark Lord
Science Fiction Artistic Portrayal of Ahreeman The Lord of Darkness


Ahreeman, Ancient Persian God of Evil
Ahreeman Lord of Darkness and Emotion
Futuristic Vision of Ahreeman

Faravahar (Ahura Mazda + Ahreeman)
Upper human body = Ahura and the lower beast body = Ahreeman.

Faravahar is an ancient Zoroastrian icon. In this emblem, Faravahar is holding the Ring of Power (granted to Shahanshahs by Ahuramazda) in one hand and Persian Aryan Salutes with the other hand.

Half Human Upper Half = Ahuramazda
Half Beast Lower Half = Ahreeman
Right hand = Ancient Aryan Persian Salute
Left Hand = Ring of Power (granted to Shahanshahs)

For more information on Faravahar and many images of Faravahar, review:

Faravahar History and Art Galleries (5 Chapters)

Meaning of Faravahar

Pictorial History of the Iranian Flags (Book in 14 Chapters)


Faravahar Persian Wall Decoration Art


Historical Faravahar at Persepolis, Iran

Andarva
God of Air

Apam-Napat
God who resides in the water.

Anzu
A massive Persian bird-god that can breathe fire and water. He has a lion head and an eagle body similar to the griffin.

Asheh
God of settling down

Asman
God of the Sky

Atar
Or Azar Goshasb is The God of Fire who owns a heavy powerful horse. Atar is Son of Ahura Mazda. He battles Azhi-Dahak, the great dragon of the sky. Atar is conceived of as a spirit of fire. In Avestan texts, his name means "Fire". He symbolically represents the life-animating force, which is radiating from the spirit of Ahura Mazda.


Atar or Azar Goshasb the Persian God of Fire

Zoroastrians


Fire Temple of Old City at night time, Baku, Azerbaijan
Zoroastrian Celebration at the historic Azar Goshasb Fire Temple


Zoroastrians Celebrate the Holy Fire which grants life and health
Fire Temple Zoroastrian Jashn Ceremony at Mumbai, India

Zoroastrians celebrate Jashn
Fire Temple Ceremony, Kerman, Iran


Zoroastrians celebrate Nowruz (Persian New Year)


Zoroastrians celebrate Sadeh (Celebration of Winter Fire)
Fire Temple Sadeh Zoroastrian Celebration

Zoroastrian Celebrations versus Islamic Mourning

Zoroastrianism is philosophy of life, love, joy and celebrations. Zoroastrians always celebrate various celebrations.

Islam is philosophy of death, hate, fear and mourning. Muslims always mourn various death anniversaries of Muslim prophet, saints and Imams!

Persian Celebrations

Chahar Shanbe Suri (Celebration of Fire)
Nowruz (Persian New Year)
Sizdah Be Dar (Celebration of the 13th Day)
Tirgan (Celebration of the Rain)
Mehregan (Celebration of the Sun)
Yalda (Celebration of the Longest Night)
Sadeh (Celebration of the Winter Fire)
and other Persian events.

For more information read:

Iran Culture and Language Index

Avar Zaman
God of Time


Avar Zaman the Persian God of Time observes his sand clock.

Aryaman
The Persian God of friendship and healing. A philosophical concept personified as an Aryan God.

Baga
Persian God of prosperity and wealth.

Bahman
God of good thoughts

Bahram
The Persian War God, The Great Guardian of Aryans, he protects The Aryans in battles and wars. The Persian God of the planets and victory.


Bahram the Persian War God
Ancient Statue of Bahram the Persian God of War


Bahram the Persian War God
Modern Portrayal of Bahram the Persian War God in Painting

Burijas
The Great Kassites (Lorestan) Persian God of War.

Geus-Tasan
God of Cattle. In ancient Persian mythology going back to Pre Vedai Era, Geus-Tasan is the divine creator of cattle.

Hadish
Persian God of Agriculture. God and guardian of peasants, peasants' homes and agriculture.

Indira
The Aryan God of Thunder and Storm. He is the God of warfare with ugliness. Indira promotes courage and bravery. Almost one fourth of the total number of hymns of the Rigveda, about 250 hymns have been dedicated to him. Indira often rides an elephant. Indira has originated from Vedai Era (Vedas Period). Indira was a Feminine Male God!

Indira an Aryan God shared by Persians as well as Indians who lived together during the Vedai Era.


Indira the Vedic Aryan God of Thunder shared by Persians as well as Indians


Indira the Vedic Aryan God of Thunder


Indira the Vedic Aryan God of Thunder
Left: Indira ancient carving
Right: Indira Art


Indira the Aryan God of Thunder on elephant top

Neriosang
The Messenger-God in ancient Persia, Neriosang is an Avestan Period God.

Parand
God of happiness and wealth

Rapithwin
The ancient Persian God of midday, the protecting deity of the south and of the summer season.

Shushinak
One of the Oldest Iranian Gods. Ancient God of Susa Civilization, first Iranian Civilization going back 8000 years.


Shushinak the Ancient Iranian God of Susa is one of the oldest Iranian gods.


Shushinak the Ancient Iranian God of the 8000 years old Susa civilization

For more information on Susa the 8000 years old Iranian civilization, read:

Susa is not Elam; Susians are not Elamites, Semites or Hemites

8000 Years of Iranian History (Book in 3 Parts)

Atlas of Iran Maps (15 Chapters) - Chapter 1: Susa and Aryan Migration

Sorush
God of cleanliness and in Middle Persian myths, "the messenger of the gods". He was sent down from heavens to announce to the kings that their final hour had struck.

Tasho
The Fashioner, carpenter, chariot maker and the "heavenly builder", the maker of divine implements.

Teshba
God of storm

Vanant
The Guardian God Star of the west who conquers evil. In Persian mythology, he is one of the four leaders of the stars which fights for Ahura Mazda.

Verethragna
The Persian God of victory. The personification of aggressive triumph. God of Vrahran Fire, the most sacred of all fires. Vrahran Fire is a combination of 16 fires, most of which belong to those in the metal-working trades. He punishes the evil done by man and demon. Verethragna appears in many shapes such as bird of prey, bull, camel, bear, youth, warrior with a golden sword, wind, etc. His appearance as a bird and bear were especially popular. The twentieth day of the month is dedicated to him.

Zurvan
The Persian God of infinite time and space. He decides the fate. He is traditionally represented as being without gender (neuter), passions, and neutral in regard to good and evil. Zurvan is The primordial god in Persian religion. According to some Vedai Sources, Zurvan is the father of the good God Ahura Mazda and the Evil God Ahreeman (Angra Mainyu). With children representing the two opposites, Zurvan himself is regarded as a neutral god; one for whom there is no distinction between good or evil. Zurvan is also said to be the god of destiny, light and darkness. Zuvan is Gender-less and Neutral in nature.
Ahura Mazda and Ahreeman originated from Zurvan.

Zurvanism believes that Ahura and Ahreeman are twin brothers. Ahura Mazda is the Middle God and Ahreeman is the Fallen God. Zurvanism does not take sides. Zurvanism does not distinguish between Good and Evil. There exists No Absolute Good and No Absolute Evil.


Zurvan, Persian God of the Infinite Time
Zurvan does not only belong to Iran but it is Global.


Zurvan, Persian God of the Infinite Time
Zurvan is the father of Ahura Mazda and Ahreeman.
Zurvan is neutral in regards to good and evil.
Zurvan is genderless (neuter) and without any passion.


Zurvan, Persian God of the Infinite Time and Destiny


Modern Artistic Interpretation of Zurvan, Persian God of the Infinite Time and Destiny


Futuristic Interpretation of Zurvan, Persian God of the Infinite Time and Destiny

Continued next page

Part One
Part Two
Part Three
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