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Pictorial History of Iranian Flags
 

Chapter 3: Iran’s Qajar Imperial Courthouse and National Flags
Pictorial History of Iranian Flags
Ahreeman X
March 17, 2012

Meaning of the Tricolor Flag

The Tricolor modern Iranian flag has traditional meanings. The Tricolor Flag was primarily designed on 1907 Constitutionalist Era (Mozaffar e-Din Shah Qajar).

The Original Interpretation:
Green: Represents Pir-e Sabz (The Zoroastrian Green Elder) which today, his resting place is a Zoroastrian pilgrimage point near Yazd.
White: Represents purity and peace, also Zarathustra’s sacred color
Red: Represents revolution, martyrdom, and safekeeping of the Aryan-land

The Second Interpretation:
Green: Fertility and Fruitful Agriculture
White: Peace and Harmony
Red: Courage and Bravery

Finally, the "Most recent translation of Green, White, and Red" came down to this:

The Modern Interpretation:
Green: We The Iranians are a very fertile and generous nation. We own many green lands covered with grass, plants, nutritious crops, vegetation, fruit trees and blooming flowers. We are hospitable people. We would share our fruits and resources with others
White: We are peaceful people and a peaceful nation.
Red: Yet if the foreign enemy invades us, then we shall turn to very courageous people. We will go to war and do not hesitate to drop as much blood as necessary, so the whole world will turn blood red!

Meaning of the Lion, Sun and Sword

The Modern Meaning Interprets:
Lion: Aryan Power, Glory and Bravery
Sun: Wisdom, light, Warmth and Knowledge
Sword: Strength, Victory, Resistance and Justice

For more information on Lion and Sun and the Persian Colors read:

Meaning of Faravahar Derafsh Kaviani and the Persian Colors

Iran Flag: Save the Persian Lion from becoming a Gay Pussycat!


Flag of Aqa Mohammad Shah Qajar
Aqa Mohammad Shah Qajar’s State Banner 1794 - 1797 Persian Empire Iran Flag
Qajar Dynasty: 1794 AD – 1925 AD
Aqa Mohammad Shah’s reign covered 1794 AD – 1797 AD period.
Aqa Mohammad Khan was the head and the starter of the Qajar Dynasty. As the founder of Qajar Dynasty, he was basically the only worthy Shah of Qajar who protected the integrity of the Persian Empire by the skin of his teeth. During his era, foreign enemies of Iran including but not limited to Russia, Ottoman Turks and British were dared to invade Iran. He was a formidable foe for the enemies of Iran.

Aqa Khan used this flag as his official state banner. The color red, shows the brave and warrior nature of Aqa Khan. The color yellow of the central circle resembles the light of Persian Empire, which shines upon nations. The specific Lion, Sun and Sword of Qajar, starts to appear on the Persian Banner from this moment onward. This flag was waved in Aqa Khan’s legendary military campaigns. This flag was specifically significant at 1797. This is The Original Qajar Flag. Aqa Mohammad Khan-e Qajar ruled with the firm hand; Aqa Khan was The Last Persian Emperor (Shahanshah). After his reign, Iran became a kingdom.

For more information on Aqa Mohammad Shah Qajar read:

First and Last Persian Emperors

History of Iranian Military Uniforms: Chapter 20 Qajar

8000 Years of Iranian History: Part 3

Atlas of Iran Maps: Chapter 10 Qajar Persian Empire and Qajar Persian Kingdom


Court Banner of Aqa Mohammad Shah Qajar
Aqa Mohammad Shah Qajar’s Courthouse Banner 1794 - 1797 Persian Empire Iran Flag


Qajar Imperial Iranian Coat of Arms Emblem 1794 – 1907


Fath Ali Shah Qajar Standard 1797 - 1834 Iran Flag


Flag of Mohammad Shah Qajar
Mohammad Shah Pennant 1834 - 1848 Iran Flag
Qajar Dynasty: 1794 AD – 1925 AD
Mohammad Shah ruled during 1834 AD – 1848 AD
This was the Flag of Mohammad Shah (1834 AD – 1848 AD). The flag shows a yellow lion with a sun behind him on a white field with a red and green triangle stripe surrounding the flag.


Mohammad Shah Qajar 1834 - 1848 Iran Flag


Qajar Ceremonial Royal Banner
Qajar Dynasty: 1794 AD – 1925 AD


Naser e-Din Shah’s Military Flag
Naser e-Din Shah Qajar War Banner 1848 - 1896 Iran Flag
Qajar Dynasty: 1794 AD – 1925 AD
Naser e-Din Shah 1848 AD – 1896 AD
The military flag of Naser e-Din Shah-e Qajar. This flag was used by the Iranian Army during the siege of Herat (west of Afghanistan). Afghans started a rebellion and Naser e-Din Shah sent troops to destroy the rebellion. Naser e-Din Shah had done his best to calm the rebellion and keep the integrity of Iran; however, two reasons had caused the separation of Afghanistan from Iran:

1. Iranian Military after Aqa Mohammad Khan was only a small faction of what it used to be!

2. British interfered and embargoed our Southern Ports and held them for ransom! We had to let go of Afghanistan, so the British would let go of our Southern Ports!

For more information about Naser e-Din Shah Qajar read:

History of Iranian Military Uniforms: Chapter 20 Qajar


Naser e-Din Shah’s Qajar State Standard
Naser e-Din Shah Qajar Imperial State Standard 1848 - 1896 Iran Flag
Qajar Dynasty: 1794 AD – 1925 AD
This Qajar Imperial Standard started its existence by Naser e-Din Shah on 1881. This flag was also called “Beyraq-e Naseri”.


State Banner of Mozaffar e-Din Shah
Mozaffar e-Din Shah Qajar State Standard 1896 - 1906 Iran Flag


Courthouse Banner of Mozaffar e-Din Shah
Mozaffar e-Din Shah Courthouse Banner 1896 - 1907 Iran Flag
Qajar Dynasty: 1794 AD – 1925 AD
Mozaffar e-Din Shah used this flag during 1896 AD – 1907 AD.
This flag was the official Qajar Courthouse banner during Mozaffar e-Din Shah era. The Constitutionalist Revolution of Iran had occurred during his reign on 1906.


Mozaffar e-Din Shah’s Second State Banner
First appearance of the Persian Modern Tricolor (Green, White and Red)
The first Tricolors were pale. The Green was a very light Green and the Red was more like Pink.
Mozaffar e-Din Shah’s State Standard 1906 - 1907 Iran Flag
Qajar Dynasty: 1794 AD – 1925 AD
Mozaffar e-Din Shah’s post Constitutionalist Revolution of Iran’s Flag (1906 AD –1907 AD).
After The Constitutionalist Revolution, the horizontal tricolor became the official state flag. This flag was adopted on August 5th 1906 after the Constitution was forced upon Mozaffar e-Din Shah on August 14th 1905. Colors used in the Persian tricolor are expressively described as very pale.


Flag of Mohammad Ali Shah
Mohammad Ali Shah’s Standard 1907 - 1909 Iran Flag
Qajar Dynasty: 1794 AD – 1925 AD
Mohammad Ali Shah used this flag during 1907 AD – 1909 AD.


Mohammad Ali Shah Civil Ensign 1907 - 1909 Iran Flag


The Qajar Imperial Court Banner
Qajar Imperial Iranian Court Standard Banner 1907 Version
Qajar Dynasty: 1794 AD – 1925 AD
Blue square flag with national tricolor canton at the top left corner and white disk in the middle containing the crowned lion and sun within a wreath. The crown at the time was the Qajar crown.


Qajar Imperial Iranian Coat of Arms Emblem 1907 - 1925


Flag of Ahmad Shah
Ahmad Shah Qajar Standard 1909 - 1910 Iran Flag
Qajar Dynasty: 1794 AD – 1925 AD
Ahmad Shah Qajar (1909 AD – 1925 AD)
Flag of Ahmad Shah-e Qajar during 1909 - 1910.


Flag of Ahmad Shah
Ahmad Shah Qajar Standard 1910 - 1925 Iran Flag
Qajar Dynasty: 1794 AD – 1925 AD
Ahmad Shah Qajar (1909 AD – 1925 AD)
Flag of Ahmad Shah-e Qajar (Tricolor). This is the second flag which Ahmad shah used. This is the 1910 Flag with The Constitutionalist Revolution's Pale Tricolor horizontal effects. This flag were used during 1910 AD – 1925 AD.


Ahmad Shah’s Ceremonial Flag
Ahmad Shah Qajar’s Ceremonial 1909 - 1910 Iran Flag


Ahmad Shah’s Ceremonial Flag
Ahmad Shah Qajar’s Ceremonial 1910 - 1925 Iran Flag
Qajar Dynasty: 1794 AD – 1925 AD
Ahmad Shah Qajar (1909 AD – 1925 AD)
Ahmad Shah-e Qajar's Ceremonial Flag (Tricolor).The Ceremonial Flag of Qajar, The 1910 Version with Constitutionalist Revolution's Pale Tricolor effect. This flag were used during 1910 AD – 1925 AD.

Imperial Qajar Lion, Sun and Sword Insignias
Neshan-e Shir o Khorshid
The Imperial Order of the Lion and Sun
from Qajar Era


Lion and Sun Imperial Iran Qajar Military Badge


Qajar Lion and Sun Iranian Military Medallion


Qajar Aqdas Highest Order of Lion and Sun Iranian Military Medallion


Qajar Imperial Courthouse Darbar Logo Insignia 1


Qajar Imperial Courthouse Darbar Logo Insignia 2


Qajar Imperial Courthouse Darbar Logo Insignia 3

Imperial Qajar Lion, Sun and Sword Logos


Qajar Imperial Courthouse Darbar Logo 4


Qajar Imperial Courthouse Darbar Logo 5


Qajar Imperial Courthouse Darbar Logo 6

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