300: Rise of an Empire, the Real Story and Photo Gallery
Part 2: Greco-Persian Wars Results
3 Parts Movie Review and Critics on “300: Rise of an Empire” (2014)
April 9, 2014
Young Xerxes before he become the Gold God King in 300 Rise of an Empire
Greco-Persian Wars Portrayed in the 300: Rise of an Empire Movie
Now let us take a look at the real history of the battles of Artemisium, Salamis and the results of the Greco-Persian Wars.
Battle of Artemisium
Artemisium was basically a series of naval engagements over three days during the second Persian invasion of Greece. The battle took place simultaneously with the land battle at Thermopylae (480 BC).
Xerxes invaded Greece with a massive army and navy. The Athenian Admiral General Themistocles proposed that the Greeks block the advance of the Persian army at the pass of Thermopylae and simultaneously block the Persian navy at the Straits of Artemisium. Next, about 300 triremes were dispatched to await the arrival of the Persians.
Eva Green as Artemisia and Rodrigo Santoro as Xerxes having an intimate moment in 300 Rise of an Empire Movie 2014
Artemisia convinces Xerxes to go on a desert journey to a mysterious cave and bathe in the Unworldly Waters to become a God King with Golden Skin, chains and piercings all over his face, body and nipples! Over here you can see the normal Xerxes before he become a Golden Skinned God King!
Historical Reality: None of the above events ever occurred and Xerxes never turned gold!
Approaching Artemisium, the Persian navy was caught in a gale off the coast of Magnesia and lost around one third of their 1200 ships. After arrival at Artemisium, the Persians sent a detachment of 200 ships around the coast of Euboea in an attempt to trap the Greeks, but these triremes were caught in another storm and shipwrecked. The main action of the battle took place after two days of smaller engagements. The two sides fought all day, with roughly equal losses; however, the smaller Greek fleet could not afford the losses.
After the engagement, the Greek Allies received news of the defeat of the Spartan Greeks at Thermopylae. Since their strategy plan included both Thermopylae and Artemisium to be held, and also considering their losses, the Greek Allies decided to retreat and withdraw to Salamis.
Anne Wakefield as Artemisia and David Farrar as Xerxes in the 300 Spartans 1962
The more realistic Artemisia and Xerxes are having an intimate moment.
The Persians victoriously overran Boeotia and captured the evacuated Athens. Later, Persians decided to engage the Greeks at Salamis.
Battle of Salamis
Persians and Greek City Sates fought this battle in the straits between the mainland Greece and Salamis, an island in the Saronic Gulf near Athens (480 BC). Blocking the Persian advance, a small force of Greeks blocked the pass of Thermopylae, while an Athenian-dominated Greek Allied navy engaged the Persian fleet in the nearby straits of Artemisium. In the Battle of Thermopylae, the Greek force was annihilated.
In the Battle of Artemisium the Greeks had heavy losses and retreated after the loss at Thermopylae. This allowed the Persians to conquer Boeotia and Attica. Next came Salamis. After the losses of Thermopylae and Artemisium battles to the Persians, the Greek Allies were persuaded by the Athenian Admiral General Themistocles to confront the Persian fleet to yet another battle.
Vengeful Artemisia in 300 Rise of an Empire 2014
Xerxes was determined to have a decisive victory. The Persian navy sailed into the Straits of Salamis and tried to block both entrances. In the cramped conditions of the narrow Straits, Persian ships struggled to maneuver and become disorganized. Seizing the opportunity, the Greek fleet formed in line and scored a decisive victory.
Artemisia Halicarnassus, the Persian Grand Admiral in Sea Battle with the Greeks
Artemisia’s famous Messenger Hunting Falcon is present flying over her shoulder.
Results of the Greco-Persian Wars
Afterwards, Xerxes retreated to Asia with a great number of his army, leaving Mardonius in charge (by the advice of Artemisia) to complete the conquest of Greece. The following year, the remainder of the Persian army was defeated at the Battle of Plataea and the Persian navy at the Battle of Mycale.
After these battles the Persians made no further attempts to conquer the Greek mainland. Next, Xerxes concentrated on running his grand empire stretching east – west from the borders of China to Thracian borders of Greece in Europe, and north – south from central Asia to the shores of Arabian Peninsula and North Africa, controlling Egypt, Siranaeek (Libya) and Napata (Sudan). Persian Empire was too grand to control and Xerxes had expanded the Persian Empire to her greatest extent; therefore, he had no more time to adventure deep in to the Grecian mainland. Finally Greeks could take a deep breath and relax, away from the constant threats of Xerxes’ Wrath!
Achaemenid Persian Empire Iran Map
Persian Empire at its greatest extent during the Xerxes Era
View more historical maps of the era:
Greco-Persian Wars Maps (Atlas of Iran Maps: Chapter 3)
As of the results of the Greco-Persian Wars, Persian Empire had left the Greek City States alone and the Greeks had left the Internal Greek States of the Persian Empire alone. Even though the Persian Empire still owned land in Europe consisting of Thracia (parts of today’s Bulgaria, Northern Greece and Turkey’s European parts), yet Persia seized her Grecian Peninsula invasions.
L - R: Immortal Commander Hydarnes (Donald Houston) and Xerxes the Great (David Farrar) in 300 Spartans 1962
The 300: Rise of an Empire Spoof is far from the true history, yet it is a cartoonish, comic book based Hollywood Style fabricated history! For any historian or history buff, this movie is laughable, comical and absolute fabrication of history, but the average public unaware of the ancient history, may fall in to the traps of Hollywood and actually believe that this spoof is real history! It is our job as true historians to expose spoofs such as “300: Rise of an Empire” and “300” movies wide open and unveil the Hollywood lies and fabrications of the true history.
The naïve public must comprehend that Hollywood does not produce accurate history, yet they produce garbage. Wouldn’t it be great only if Hollywood would have spent these big budget block busters’ funds on producing actual true historical movies?
Rodrigo Santoro as Xerxes in 300 Rise of an Empire 2014
These Hollywood spoofs are nothing but Anti Iran and Anti Persian Culture rhetoric, propaganda and twisting the truth. Persian Empire did not want to destroy democracy and the western way of life engineered by the Greeks, on the contrary, the Persian Empire was the mother civilization which enlightened the globe and helped building the human civilization.
While the Greeks were a bunch of disunited and scattered city states such as Athens and Sparta fighting amongst themselves, and their philosophers were philosophizing about nonsense and creating Fantasies and Greek Myths; Persian Empire as the sole Super Power on Earth was the heart of the Math, Science, Art, Music and Culture, building the human civilization. 8000 Years of the Persian Civilization is the backbone of the global human civilization.
David Farrar as Xerxes in 300 Spartans 1962
The Real Xerxes
Xerxes the Great Persian Emperor
Greco-Persian Wars Campaigns 1 Iran Map
Greco-Persian Wars 499 BC - 479 BC Campaigns 2 Iran Map
Greco-Persian Wars Battle of Salamis 480 BC Map
Greek Trireme Replica from Battle of Artemisium, Greco-Persian Wars
Greek Trireme Olympias (Replica)
Imperial Achaemenian Persian Trireme Battleship with triple blade ramming front
Persian Battle Trireme Ship of Imperial Achaemenian Navy Replica
2500 Years Celebration of the Persian Empire Parade, Persepolis, Iran 1971
Persian Trireme of Greco-Persian Naval Wars
Persian Battle Trireme Ship, Greco-Persian Wars
Persian Battle Trireme Ship Front, Greco-Persian Wars
Persian Battle Trireme of Artemisia, Greco-Persian Wars
Persian Battle Trireme of Artemisia Front, Greco-Persian Wars
Persian Portable Trireme Catapults for Land and Sea used by Artemisia’s Fleet
Greek Trireme Rams Persian Trireme, Greco-Persian Naval Wars
Persians and their Greek Allies fighting the Greeks at the Syracuse Final Naval Battle 413 BC
Greco-Persian Wars Trireme Naval Battle
Greek Trireme (left) fights the Persian Trireme (right)
Achaemenian Persian Sparabara Shield Bearers
Achaemenian Persian Immortal Warrior
Persian Soldier of Achaemenian Imperial Commando
Ancient Persian Warrior Women Unit Commander
David Farrar as Xerxes and his Commander in 300 Spartans 1962
Donald Houston as Persian Immortals Commander Hydarnes (middle) in 300 Spartans 1962
Emperor Xerxes and Queen Esther Persian Palace Wedding, One Night with the King 2006
Luke Goss as Xerxes in One night with the King 2006
Xerxes the Great Achaemenian Persian Emperor on Horseback
Xerxes Persian Emperor in 300 Spartans 1962
More Realistic Xerxes
Xerxes Persian Emperor (David Farrar) in 300 Spartans 1962
Let’s stop the Hollywood lies and let’s start educating ourselves to the true history:
History of the Persian Empire
Many are schooled, yet only a few are truly educated!
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