Admiral Artemisia of the Persian Imperial Navy (The Lioness)
Artemisia The First, of Halicarnassus (Halicarnassius), A Living Legend
December 27, 2006
I of Halicarnassus
Artemisia I of Halicarnassus (Halicarnassius)
Once a while
there comes a great hero, a spectacular character, a strong leader,
a charismatic person and an important figure which helps developing
the history of Iran for better. Once every millennium, maybe this
figure will be a woman! Once a lifetime, this woman may leave
her mark on the history of Iran for the future Iranian women to
study and follow. This living legend is Artemisia! I give her
the title of "Lioness" which she deserves most.
Persian Standard Bearer (Derafshdar) rising the Achaemenid Eagle
R. Persian Emblem Bearer (Derafshdar-e Shahin Zarin) rising the
Cyrus Eagle Emblem.
youth, women or men, inside or outside Iran, know who Artemisia was? Do they know who Apranik was? Do they know who Pantea was? Do they know who Aryobarzan or Rostam Farokhzad were? Read:
Iranian Military Uniforms, Chapter 5: Achaemenian Uniforms Part 4: Artemisia and Xerxes
no one knows these heroes! But I bet my last dollar that majority
of Iranians know who Ali, Hussein , Hassan and other Arab Murderers
and Barbarians were; furthermore, they are making shrines for
them and had created Saints out of them!
not know their own legends who built this nation but they Arab
Worship and they kneel servitude to Arab fabricated Saints! I
do not call this treason, but I call this "The Ultimate
Persian Catastrophe". This situation occurs when a culture
is about to become annihilated and be replaced with the foreign
culture of the invader-occupier and oppressor, which are the Arabo_Muslim
and filthy Tazi Barbaric Sub-Culture! It is simply a plain shame!
What can we do? What can I do? Let me tell you what can I do!
Gather around and let me tell you a true story of your great ancestors.
Gather around and let me tell you the true history of your nation.
Let me tell you the history, which Islamic Republic will never
teach you in schools! Let me tell you the history, which you have
been denied to know! Let me tell you a story so you can in return
tell this story to your children and them to their own children
and so on
I am the story-teller, I am the history-teller. This is how we shall resist the AIOG
(Arabo-Islamic Occupational Government) and the Second Arabo-Islamic
Invasion-Occupation of Iran. This is how we will keep the "Persianhood"
Alive! Let me tell you a story about
and Head of the Mighty Imperial Persian Navy.
One of the bravest women of all times in the history of Persian
Empire and the world.
One of the greatest Military minds of the world.
A typical Independent woman. The first female high ranking officer
ever, in the history of the world. A true legend, Grand Admiral
Artemisia, commander in Chief of the Persian Imperial Navy during
Artemisia (Latin), Artemesus (Greek), Artemesius (Roman), Artemis
Artemis meaning: (The great speaker of the truth) also, (named
after the great goddess of hunting Artemis sister of Apollo) or
Artemisia, The Grand Admiral, leader of the Persian Navy during
Xerxes, Xerxes' great love.
Admiral Artemisia I, the Queen of Halicarnassus
A Persian Legend
Artemisia, simply a Persian Legend
(5th century BC)
I (not to be mistaken with Artemisia II Queen of Halicarnassus)
Queen of Halicarnassus (Halicarnassius), a city-state in Anatolia (today's Turkey),
and of the nearby island of Cos in about 480 BC. Artemisia ruled
under the overlordship of the Persian Emperor Xerxes I (Kheshayar
Shah) (reigned 486 BC - 465 BC) and participated in Xerxes' Persian
Achaemenids' expedition and invasion of Greece (480 BC - 479 BC),
which was a period during the "Persian-Greek Wars (499 BC
- 479 BC).
Persian Ground Troops on hill-top awaiting for the order of Arteshbod
Mardonius to attack Greeks.
Artemis, the Goddess of Hunting, Artemisia was the daughter of
Lygdamis, a wealthy Greek Halicarnassian and a Cretan (Crete Island)
mother. Now over here there are still other factors, which creates
doubts that Artemisia was half-Greek and half-Cretan. There is
no doubt that Artemisia was Queen of Halicarnassius a Greek City-State
and later a colony of Persian Empire, yet the question is that
was she originally:
a) A half-Greek and half-Cretan woman?
b) A native of Halicarnassius which was in Anatolia and
back then considered Lydia (Present Turkey)?
c) A woman whom originally originated of elsewhere in Persian
which theory is correct, She was considered a citizen of Persian
Empire, her sympathies were for Persian Empire, her patriotism
was towards Persian Empire, she worked her way to the top by credibility
and worthiness to become first a navy officer and then The Grand
Admiral of The Mighty Persian Navy. She was a woman who raised
herself to a level above almost all men!
was the ruler of Halicarnassus AKA Halicarnassius (near today's Bodrum, Turkey)
and its neighboring islands, part of the Persian Empire then ruled
by Xerxes (Kheshayar Shah I). Have in mind that back then, present
Turkey and a part of Greece considered as a few states and protectorates
of Iran, so all these citizens were rightful Persian Citizens.
They had as much rights to be Iranians as the next person who
was born in Persepolis! Iran was the only empire and superpower
in the history of the world which never practiced slavery until
Islam entered Iran! All citizens of the Persian Empire had equal
rights under the Persian Law and under the Cyrus Cylinder (Law
of Cyrus The Great). When Islam entered Iran (651 BC), it brought
the present of slavery to Iran. It brought the present of prejudice
to Iran and it brought the present of bigotry and Anti-Semitism
Admiral Artemisia and her legendary horse
went to war against Greece (480 BC - 479 BC), Artemisia led her
powerful ships and helped Xerxes defeat the Greeks in the beginning
phases of naval battle of Salamis. The Greeks offered a reward
of 10,000 drachmas for capturing Artemisia, but no one succeeded
in winning the prize.
Persian Immortal Standard Bearer, battle screams!
Geo-politics of Greece and the Greek
that back then Iran was the sole superpower of the globe and Greece
consisted of tens of separated and scattered city-states, each
played their own tunes! Some of these city-states were pro Iran,
some were anti Iran, some were neutral and some were even parts
of Iran as protectorates!
used politics to put her city-state under the protection of Persian
Empire; she truly used politics when she participated in the naval
battle supporting Xerxes in his Greek campaigns. But ultimately
she opened her way and she opened up the way as a pioneer for
all women to grow, when she saw the big picture. The little city-state
of Halicarnassius was no more the issue! She was already a Queen,
a navy commander, a warrior, a member of elite aristocracy, a
war hero, and a famous woman, but she wanted it all! She wanted
to register her name in history. Battles of Salamis, Thermopylae, Plataea and Mycale, also others were just great
campaigns, some won and some lost. Persian Empire took a big risk,
won a little, lost a little, yet held on to its past position
and landmass in Europe before the Greek Campaign, now what? Now
Artemisia of Halicarnassius wanted to become Artemisia of Persian
an empire stretched in three continents, east-west from borders
of China to Greece and north-south from Central Russia to north
Africa in Libya. Winning or losing a little landmass in Greece
was irrelevant to Persian Shahanshahs; however, the Greek revolts
and agitation could effect the Greek states of Iran and start
an internal disturbance and that was the reason that Darius and
then Xerxes had to take care of the Greek problem and teach Greeks
Maps: Persian Achaemenid Empire - Part 3
So you will
gain a better understanding of the geo-politics of Greece, the
Greek Problem and also the Greek-Persian Wars (499 BC - 479 BC)
Try to picture
this: The Greek problem back then was similar to the Azerbaijan
problem of today! Back then elements from External Greeks were
trying to annex the internal Greeks of the Persian Empire. The
same way that today the Azeri elements from external Azerbaijan
are trying to annex the internal Azerbaijan from Iran! Separatism,
Rebellion, Anarchy, Chaos and internal interruption in Persian
affairs must be dealt with severely and that was exactly what
Xerxes done! Xerxes had to take care of the problem before this
problem would have turned to a major political issue and an internal
nightmare. I am 100% with Xerxes. If I was Xerxes, I would've
done the same.
What did Artemisia want?
By this time
Artemisia was a legend. She used this fame to first launch two
different campaigns. She saw life as a large battlefield!
Artemisia's First Goal
wanted Xerxes! She was sexy, strong, built, a typical athletic
woman with beauty and culture. She made an oath to get Xerxes.
She was nuts about him. there was something about Xerxes that
drove her crazy! Xerxes was a great military mind himself, his
African, European, and Asian campaigns are well known. Xerxes
was also a great flirt, a playboy, Ladies' man, and a very arrogant
aristocrat.. Capturing his heart was a great task to do for Artemisia.
Xerxes' Guide on how to run an Empire!
a great Nationalist. He was a true believer in the Persian system
of running an Empire. He used Cyrus' philosophy of human rights
issue, legend to Cyrus Cylinder, The First Human Rights Document
ever in the world, and he mixed it with Persian Expansionism of
the Empire and Pan Iranism, Achaemenid's style and Fair based
governing style of Darius his father, then mixed it all with his
own Military Ingenuity. What a combination! This was how Xerxes
To win Xerxes'
heart was to impress him militaristically! Xerxes had seen it
all, he had women throwing themselves at him from all parts of
empire from Chinese border in the East and Aristocrats from Ariana
and Bakhtar Satrapies (two states of the Persian Empire presently
known as Afghanistan) all the way to Greek colonies of Persian
Empire in the West and Europe. He had women lined up from Masagget
(Fish Eaters) land and north shores of Caspian Sea at north all
the way to Siranaik and Napata (present Libya) and Egyptian Southern
borders of Africa in south!
there and done that, it would take a different woman, an astonishing
woman to impress him and to get his attention. What to do, what
to do? Artemisia asked herself!?
Artemisia's Second Goal
wanted to also achieve something else, this brings us to her second
goal. She wanted a very high position and command in Persian CourtHouse
to establish her absolute power and authority in the Persian Achaemenid's
Court. Well, Persian Empire being the only Super Power in the
known world back then, she wanted to be an important part of it!
Artemisia did something to achieve her first and second goals!
goal was to capture Xerxes' heart.
Her second goal was to establish herself as a power element in
the Achaemenid's Empire by possessing an important position.
What she had
done was to impress Xerxes by her brave Navy campaigns and bravery
in battlefield. She gave naval support to Xerxes and Mardoniuses
forces (Arteshbod Mardonius, Persian Field Marshal of Xerxes and
of Royal family). She fought in the battle like a man. she showed
military genius and ingenuity. She impressed the hell out of Xerxius
(Roman for Xerxes). By doing this, she for sure captured his heart
and definitely accomplished getting a high position in Persian
government. Xerxes had never seen a woman quite like her!
became Xerxes' lover, actually his greatest love until that day!
Yet Xerxes never married her, funny how Xerxes later ended up
marrying Esther his Jewish Princess! Yes, no matter how much this
great love affair between Xerxes and Artemisia dragged on, yet
they never got married! It was destiny for Esther to come along
in the years ahead and to steal Xerxes' heart again!
Artemisia Captures Persia's Heart!
Artemisia, Artemisia The First, of Halicarnassius, A Living Legend,
had bigger fish to fry! The most amazing thing about this woman
was her aggressiveness! Since the beginning, she knew what she
wanted and she well planned it and she went after it, full speed.
What could have stopped her? The woman fought like a man, had
brains of a military genius, looks of a goddess, manners of an
aristocrat and intellect of a wise-woman! She had it all, but
that was never enough for her! Indeed she had bigger fish to fry
and she wanted The World!
So at first,
Artemisia became Xerxes' Great Passion and love, next she got
appointed as the Grand Admiral, commander in Chief of the Mighty
Persian Navy. What a great accomplishment for a woman, a citizen
of Persian Empire, yet not of nor Persia, Parthia, or Media (three
major Aryan Satrapies of the Empire) to become the Head of Fearful
Achaemenid Navy! Hundreds of Achaemenid Navy Commanders and officers
of the pure Aryan Race from the three main Satrapies had to bow
and kneel in front of her mighty majesty, The Artemisia of Halicarnassius!
Persian System of Government
A Democratic Federal Empire!
of government was a primitive and elementary form of A Democratic
Federal Empire! Artemisia I, was not of the three main Satrapies,
yet she was a Persian and according to Persian Law, all citizens
of the Empire were Equal, in religion, rights, and in expression.
Persia were governed like a fearful Empire, yet unlike what Herodot's
pro-western revised history states, Persia was a Democratic system
of government in nature. There was no slavery practiced at the
time. Cyrus even freed 42,000 Jews from slavery of Babylonians.
Darius kept up the tradition and of course Xerxes followed the
tradition of his ancestors Cyrus and Darius the fair Shahanshah.
Persia being an Empire with many colonies and Expansionism policy,
emphasizing on Pure Persian Pride, Aryan Culture, Zoroastrianism,
and Aryan Race, yet it was in an absolute Democratic style of
the internal governing system and state of homeostasis. It might
sound contradictory but Persia was a Democratic and Federal Empire
in nature. Internally, all citizens of the Persian Empire had
equal rights. Once one would dedicate and devote himself to the
Empire, as a servant of the Empire he would have equal rights
to everyone else of his own social class in the whole Empire.
Now do not mix this with the differences between social classes
and the social system.
Holy Zoroastrian Temple system, Military, administrative, merchantship,
public, etc., they all had their own social classes, but this
was the norm of the world during that era and century. Still Persian
Empire was a Democratic Empire internally and in comparison to
many totalitarian slavery systems of Empires and Kingdoms of that
era in 6th, 5th, and 4th centuries BC, Persia was a role model.
One can easily refer to History books; even Bible and Torah had
mentioned this fact. Persian Justice was legendary.
Persian Empire and Federalism
Satrapy (Pahlavi Sassanid), Khashtarah (Pahlavi Avestai), Khashtareh
(Modern Pahlavi), Framandari (Ancient Persian), Farmandari (Mid
Persian), Ostan (Modern Persian), State (English)
Satrapies = Plural for Satrapy (States)
Satrap = Governor
Protectorate = A land with the status of a level lower than statehood, yet
higher than a colony.
Empire consisted of many Satrapies and protectorates.
was not only democratic in nature, yet it was the first ever Federal
system in the world! Each Khashtarah (State) had absolute internal
autonomy to do as they pleased in their own internal affairs.
Achaemenid Empire was the first ever Federal system in the globe!
It was a primitive form of Federalism in comparison to today's
Federal systems, but imagine back then when everyone including
China, Egypt, Greece and Rome practiced slavery and colonialism,
we granted internal autonomy to all our states. Our states had
control over their affairs, their
Educational system, local languages and even their own military
forces! The only things that Persepolis required was absolute
obedience to central government on international political and
military affairs, and of course everyone had to learn Persian
as the first or second language. How could they not to? Persian
Empire owned the world and was the sole superpower in the globe.
Persian was the International Language back then!
So as you
see, Federalism is what made Persia strong! Even in times of war,
each Khashtarah, specifically border Khashtarahs had to provide
their own military force and combine they had to defend Mother
Persia! They had to defend the Empire because the Empire guaranteed
their internal autonomy, rights, freedom, independence, equality
and humanity! This was the system, which Cyrus Built. Achaemenid
Empire was a very primitive form but the very first Democratic
Federal Empire of its kind in the world. Of course after Achaemenids,
Federalism was not as strong as during their era, until it totally
faded away by entrance of Islam to Iran.
Persian style of Federalism, Equal Rights and Democracy; Islam
replaced these factors with central brutal government, prejudice
and slavery. This is Islam in a nutshell!
Greco-Roman Historical Lies
So all the
garbage you hear from Western source historians about savagery
and barbarianism and primitive Persian Empire are nonsense. Especially
the Greek Philosophers and Historians who lined up garbage by
philosophizing all day long in Grecian Peninsula and calling Persians
Barbarians! The fact of the matter is that when Rome did not even
exist and Greece was consisted of tens of city-states fighting
amongst themselves, we owned the world and we civilized the world
and we taught the world the true meaning of civilization!
and Greece were practicing slavery and brutality, we owned a Democratic
Federal Empire! So all this nonsense is basically Greek envy
and jealousy because they never did and they never could have
become as relevant, even a faction of as relevant as the Persian
Empire to evolve the global civilization! Persians taught the
world the meaning of civilization!
Western Anti Persian Propaganda
Yesterday and today!
The only difference
is that yesterday Greco-Roman Philosophers were spreading
lies in universities and public about Persians being Barbarians,
but today the Hollywood had taken over this task! Yesterday Aristotle spread Anti Persian lies and hatred by calling
Persians barbarians in Athens and today Oliver Stone does
this task in Hollywood!
if Persians were such barbarians, then how come 1/3 of Greeks
themselves jumped over each others' shoulders to join the Persian
Empire, become Persian protectorates or states? Why would
Greeks themselves denied that they were Greeks, yet they called
themselves Persian Citizens of the Empire? Because they were fed
up with the Greek dysfunctional system which had brought nothing
for them but disunity, wars, destruction and injustice even amongst
themselves. This should ring a bell for you to comprehend who
was civilized and democratic and then who was envious and barbaric,
So what could
Romans and Greeks do? They had to revise history and pretend that
they were the civilized democratic people and we were the savages!
They had to pretend that they started the western civilization!
They had to pretend that the world owes them because they built
the western civilization! They had to pretend that they stopped
the barbaric Persians from destroying the western civilization!
The Fact about Persia
The fact is
that we taught Greeks and Romans the meaning of civilization! They were running around killing each other while we owned
a democratic federal Empire and we owned the world! We
had such great system that even a non-Persian Aryan woman such
as Artemisia could rise to the highest level of power in the Empire! Now could this have had occurred in Greece or Rome?
End of the subject and I rest my case!
ended up having two things that her heart desired, Xerxes and
a high-ranking position in the Persian government, Grand Admiral
of The Mighty Persian Navy.
years Artemisia proved that Xerxes made the right choice by appointing
her to the important position. Artemisia fought many naval battles
and led Persian Navy through many campaigns in the world. Being
the Head of the Most powerful Empire of the world's Naval Force
was a great task with many responsibilities, which she had proved
to be worthy of.
Herodot on Artemisia
is the only woman Herodotus attributes with the virtue of courage,
or "Andreia"; an almost impossible quality for a woman
to possess since it literally meant "Manliness".
a Greek, naturally revises the historical tales in a way to make
Greeks civilized and superior to Persians! However even knowing
that Herodot's tails are bias for Greeks and against Persians,
yet it is interesting to read a couple of his sayings on Artemisia.
Herodot even though not being a fair historian, he still cannot
deny to give Artemisia credit for being a great military mind
and a very wise character! Heres what Herodot had to say:
the other lower officers I shall make no mention, since no necessity
is laid on me; but I must speak of a certain leader named Artemisia,
whose participation in the attack upon Greece, notwithstanding
that she was a woman, moves my special wonder. She had obtained
the sovereign power after the death of her husband; and, though
she had now a son grown up, yet her brave spirit and manly daring
sent her forth to the war, when no need required her to adventure.
Her name, as I said, was Artemisia, and she was the daughter of
Lygdamis; by race she was on his side a Halicarnassian, though
by her mother a Cretan. She ruled over the Halicarnassians, the
men of Cos, of Nisyrus, and of Calydna; and the five Triremes
(Battle Ships) which she furnished to the Persians were, next
to the Sidonian, the most famous ships in the fleet. She likewise
gave to Xerxes sounder counsel than any of his other allies. Now
the cities over which I have mentioned that she bore sway were
one and all Dorian; for the Halicarnassians were colonists from
Troezen, while the remainder were from Epidaurus. Thus much concerning
the sea-force. Artemisia was a great asset to Xerxes."
Above is Artemisia's
behavior in early days of her acquaintance with Xerxes. So Artemisia
was not just another commander, but a great military advisor to
Herodot talks about how Artemisia was a wise advisor to Xerxes.
And he mentions about Artemisia's talks with Mardonius. Let's
talk about Mardonius, who was Mardonius? Heres a historical bit
Field Marshal of Persian Imperial Army
On 479 BC,
associated in the Plataea, Boeotia wars.
Arteshbod Mardonius (Arteshbod = Highest Degree of Generals or
Field Marshal in Persian Military Ranks) The Achaemenid general,
a nephew of King Darius I and married to Darius' daughter Artazostra
(Artadokht). In 492 BC he was sent to succeed the satrap (governor)
Artaphernes in Ionia, with a special commission to attack Athens
and Eretria. Contrary to the usual Achaemenid's "Non Interference
Policy in Local Affairs", he abolished the ruling "tyrants"
and restored "democracies" in Ionia, thereby removing
a major source of unrest. He then crossed the Hellespont and invaded
Thrace and Macedonia. His fleet was wrecked off Mt. Athos with
enormous loss, however, and because of this setback he was deprived
of his command.
to the Greek historian Herodotus, Mardonius was one of those who
encouraged King Xerxes I, Darius' successor, to invade Greece.
After the Achaemenid defeat at Salamis he persuaded Xerxes to
return to Asia and himself stayed behind with a large army. He
unsuccessfully attempted to separate Athens from the other Greek
allies, and, withdrawing from Attica, he finally was defeated
and killed in battle at Plataea in September 479 BC.
On this part,
Artemisia is supposedly speaking to Mardonius (Marduniyeh) Persian
General and sending a message through Mardonius to the Persian
Emperor Xerxes. And Herodotus rendering of Artemisia's advice
to the king, Mardonius, that these are my words to him: I was
not the least brave of those who fought at Euboea, nor were my
achievements there among the meanest; it is my right, therefore,
O my lord, to tell thee plainly what I think to be most for thy
advantage now. This then is my advice. Spare thy ships, and do
not risk a battle; for these people are as much superior to thy
people in seamanship, as men to women. What so great need is there
for thee to incur hazard at sea? Art thou not master of Athens,
for which thou didst undertake thy expedition? Is not Greece subject
to thee? Not a soul now resists thy advance. They who once resisted,
were handled even as they deserved. Now learn how I expect that
affairs will go with thy adversaries. If thou art not over-hasty
to engage with them by sea, but wilt keep thy fleet near the land,
then whether thou abidest as thou art, or marchest forward towards
the Peloponnese, thou wilt easily accomplish all for which thou
art come hither. The Greeks cannot hold out against thee very
long; thou wilt soon part them asunder, and scatter them to their
several homes. In the island where they lie, I hear they have
no food in store; nor is it likely, if thy land force begins its
march towards the Peloponnese, that they will remain quietly where
they are at least such as come from that region. Of a surety they
will not greatly trouble themselves to give battle on behalf of
the Athenians. On the other hand, if thou art hasty to fight,
I tremble lest the defeat of thy sea force bring harm likewise
to thy land army. This, too, thou shouldst remember, O king; good
masters are apt to have bad servants, and bad masters good ones.
Now, as thou art the best of men, thy servants must needs be a
sorry set. These Egyptians, Cyprians, Cilicians, and Pamphylians,
who are counted in the number of thy subject-allies, of how little
service are they to thee!"
were Artemisia's wise words of wisdom to Xerxes.
Persian-Greek Wars (499 BC - 479 BC)
L. Greek Elite Hoplite Heavy Infantryman
R. Persian Immortal Guard Archer
Let us concentrate
on Persian-Greek Wars. The wars which Xerxes reluctantly had seen
no other choice but to start!
Ships under Artemisia's command
Wars (499 BC - 479 BC), at first Artemisia commanded only the
five ships in which she disposed at Xerxes' service; however,
later on and even after the war she commanded a great number of
ships. Eventually in later years, she commanded the whole Persian
Specification of Persian Navy Ships
Trireme from Artemisia's Naval Force
Each of Artemisia's trireme ships were 125 ft long, equipped with
fire thrower and stone thrower
Catapults. Crew consisted of 170 rowers and 30 battle crews, which
makes a total of 200 Seamen per ship. Many of these ships were
led by female captains!
Mighty Imperial Navy Trireme Battle Ship
There were also a great number of Transport Vessels to carry land
catapults, weapons, cargo, horses and troops.
Persian Naval Transport Vessel
Persian Engineering and Bridges
Persians basically engineered and build bridges out of a great
number of boats and small vessels and ships, tied together each,
piece by piece and set on a stable layer of wooden logs which
themselves were strengthen and stabilized by two massive cables
on each side of the boats stretching from the narrowest point
between Asia minor to Europe from Hellespont.
Unlike the claims of Oliver Stone in his Hollywood Spoof "Alexander,
The Movie" and other Hollywood Lies, many battalions and
corps of the Persian Army, Navy and Elite Immortals, were heavily
armored. Oliver Stone portrayed the Mighty Imperial Persian Forces
as barbarians who were wearing Rags and Robes similar to Arabs!
these bridges to cross troops and equipment from Asia to Europe
and to invade Greece. In those times, this was an engineering
Land Catapults operated by special Halicarnassian Catapult-men
of Artemisia. These Catapults were portable by wheels so they
could have easily been transported on battle ships to throw fireballs
and stones at enemy ships.
Artemisia, Early Days
Let us jump
back in times. Artemisia married the king of Halicarnassius in
500 BC, just prior to the Ionian Revolt that helped trigger the
war between Greece and Persia. Her husband, whose name has been
lost to history, probably died only a few years later. Taking
to the throne herself, she made her name not as an ally of Greece,
but as a loyal subject of Persia! This was pure politics. Her
major claim to fame occurred during the battle of Salamis, which
King Xerxes of Persia watched from his golden throne on the shore.
Lets talk a bit about Xerxes.
Xerxesus (Greek), Xerxius (Roman), Kheshayar (Persian),
Kheshayar Sha, Kheshayar the First, Kheshayar Shah The Great,
Kheshayar Achaemenid, Shahanshah of Iran, one of the great military
minds in history of Iran. Basically Iran was at her greatest landmass
and extent during Xerxes Achamenid's reign.
the Greeks! With the tranquillity of the empire reestablished,
Xerxes would willingly have devoted himself to peaceful activities.
But many of those around him were pressing for the renewal of
hostilities. His cousin and brother-in-law Arteshbod (General)
Mardonius, supported by a strong party of exiled Greeks, incited
him to take revenge for the affront that Darius had suffered at
the hands of the Greeks at Marathon (490 BC). The impressionable
Xerxes gave way to pressure from his entourage and threw himself
into patient diplomatic and military preparations for war, which
required three years to complete (484 BC - 481 BC). Herodot notes
that never before had such an effort been undertaken. Troops were
levied in all the satrapies (Khashtareh or states) (Khashtareh
= Khashtarah in Avestaian Persian meaning state), and a navy,
intended to be the army's supply line, was gathered. The care
lavished on this enterprise shows that the King did not regard
it as a minor operation. There has been much later speculation
on the real causes for the expedition. They could not have been
economic, because Greece was not important then.
Admiral Artemisia I and Shahanshah Xerxes I
Lovers walking at Persepolis
was only the manifestation of a royal absolutism: Xerxes, whose
character was later distorted in Greek legend, was neither foolish
nor overly optimistic; although sensible and intelligent, he was
nevertheless, according to G. Glotz:
sovereign by divine right, to whom opposition was as annoying
as sacrilege . . . nervous in temperament, fallen from youthful
fire into indolence, incited to make a war he didn't like. . .
In my opinion,
Xerxes simply could not let go of Greek revolts and he had to
set an example. Greek protectorates of Iran were themselves fed
up with Greek treachery and anarchy of Anti Iran Greek States!
Greek agitators had made the whole Grecian and Anatolian Regions
unstable and unsafe. Their goal was to replace stability with
chaos! Xerxes was a victim of his own circumstances and had to
start a war, which he really did not want to get in to!
Admiral Artemisia I and Shahanshah Xerxes I
The Original Portrait
Persian-Greek Wars Continues on
Persian-Greek Wars (499 BC - 479 BC)
Soldiers in action
Persian Army and Navy Routes
The Battle Map showing campaigns
There were four different Greek Factions:
Greek States fighting against Persia
Greek States fighting pro Persia
Greek States which were Protectorates of Persia
Greek States which were Neutral
At the head
of his armies, he left Sardis for the Hellespont and had two boat
bridges placed across the strait. A storm destroyed them, and
Xerxes had the sea whipped as punishment. With the bridges remade,
for seven days he oversaw the crossing of the army 5,000,000 men
according to Herodotus and 360,000 by modern estimate, supported
by 700 to 800 ships. Their passage was facilitated by a massive
engineering works: a channel was dug across the Isthmus of Actium
so that the peaks of Mount Athos might be avoided. Nevertheless,
the army's size was of no help, partly because of misinformation
about the enemy terrain and partly because of the appearance of
a national feeling in Greece. But oh lord this Army was formidable!
There were men from Asian, African, European and all corners of
the Persian Empire gathered in this campaign!
A Special Red Guard Persian Officer of Artemisia's Forces
Artemisia's Persian Red Guards were a "Special Amphibian
Force" similar to today's US Navy Seals.
R. A Persian Seaman of Artemisia's Forces
After a few
successes (Battle of Thermopylae, mid-August 480 BC), Xerxes occupied
Attica and pillaged and burned Athens to the ground on September
21 (this was due to teaching the Greeks not to rebel and riot
and causing Anarchy and sometimes establishing Tyrannical states
against The Persian Empire). The funny thing was that so-called
Democratic Greeks would riot and then create little pro-Grecian
alliance "Dictatorships" in city-states around
Asia Minor and Grecian Peninsula, inside the Persian Protectorates!
This was simply due to envy and hatred towards Persians!
Artemisia (on the right) walking while discussing battle strategy
with one of her female captains (on the left)
R. Two Persian Imperial Immortal Guards assigned to escort Artemisia
while visiting Persia
But on September
29 at Salamis, a naval battle, which he had initiated with beginning
wining phases, turned into a defeat. Without a fleet to bring
supplies to the army, he had to retreat; he crossed over into
Asia, leaving Mardonius in Thessaly. During an indecisive battle
near Plataea (Battle of Plataea), on Aug. 27, 479 BC, Mardonius
was killed, and his death obliged the army of occupation to withdraw.
Armored Immortal Spearman
continued for 13 years, but thenceforth Xerxes involved himself
only slightly. Withdrawal to Persia, Achaemenian Empire lost all
recently occupied areas of Greece and could not hold on to Athens
and Sparta but it managed to withhold its European Colonies inside
Greece and Macedonia. Xerxes retired to Susa and Persepolis the
Capital of Satrapy of Persia. He started using up more of enormous
resources he had gathered, by launching a vast construction program.
At the capital city of Persepolis, Darius' architects, working
from a unified plan of great scope, had already begun construction
on a gigantic terrace of the Apadana (an audience hall), the Tripylon,
a palace, and a treasury. When Xerxes became King of kings (Shahanshah),
he had laid the enameled-brick facing on the exterior of the Apadana
and finished his father's palace. Then he erected other monuments:
his own palace, southeast of Darius' and similar to it in plan,
and a mysterious building called the Harem by archaeologists,
a line of small, identical rooms that may have been Xerxes' treasury.
He also undertook construction of the "Hall of a Hundred
Columns", or Throne Room, but he was able to finish only
the paving and the base of the walls (the walls themselves and
the decoration of this gigantic hypostyle hall were the work of
Artaxerxes I). These buildings marked an evolution toward the
colossal and toward a style that was perhaps more pretentious
than that typical of Darius' reign. Xerxes' Style of Architecture!
Back to Artemisia
before we twist the subject absolutely to Xerxes, him being one
of my favorite Characters in Persian History I can talk for hours
of Artemisia's personal Trireme
few starting victorious naval battles, Artemisia in Salamis, Finding
herself trapped between the deadly Greek triremes and the utterly
bewildered Persian fleet, she determined to break out. Pursued
by a trireme she calmly and expertly rammed a friendly ship blocking
her exit, and made her escape. Xerxes, knowing her to have sunk
an enemy and exasperated at his own side's general incompetence,
men have become women, and women men."
Artemisia amongst her personal Elite Halicarnassian Seamen fighting
hand to hand combat with Greeks in a battle on the sea! In sea-battle,
Artemisia would turn to a fierce warrior. It is written that Artemisia
was manly; she traveled, campaigned and lived with and amongst
seamen; fought like a Wild Lioness and worshiped by her seamen.
The Elite Halicarnassian Seamen were a famous fierce warrior group.
say the Athenians were not well pleased; they had offered an especially
high reward for her capture because they could not believe a woman
would join a war against them. Despite her able command of Navy
ships in the major naval battle with the Greeks off the island
of Salamis near Athens, the Persian fleet suffered a severe defeat.
Herodotus claims that Xerxes acted on her advice when he decided
to retreat from Greece at once rather than to risk another engagement.
A Female Captain of Artemisia's Naval force raising her battle
R. a ceramic portrait of Artemisia I of Halicarnassius
Capturing Persia's Heart
captured Xerxes' heart and admiration. Now it was time to capture
Persia's heart and admiration!
proved to be a worthy military and political advisor, a great
naval commander, and a great passionate lover to Xerxes. She was
a great woman, the first female high ranking officer ever appointed
and assigned in history of the world. The most important military
position ever given to a woman in the history of Iran and the
world. She became Commander in Chief of the Mighty Persian Imperial
Navy. Artemisia was a great woman, a fine officer, a Persian Heroin,
a remarkable character and a living Legend of all times. Artemisia
stole Xerxes' heart but mostly she captured Persians hearts, her
popularity as a military commander, a strong independent woman,
a role model, and a great Patriot of The Persian Empire had established
her a special place in Persians' Hearts! Artemisia's legend went
on and on and on from one generation to another......
Greek Philosophers' and Hollywood Lies
source history is based on Greek Philosophers-Historians or Hollywood
Lies. In old times Aristotle used to call Iranians Barbarians
and Xenophone used to call Iranians Tryrants and savages! Now
days Hollywood makes spoofs such as 300 Spartans and in these
movies 100 Greek Spartans battle 100, 000 or 300, 000 Iranians,
show braveries and slaughter a bunch of Persians like flies or
cockroaches! Then Oliver Stone creates his "Alexander Movie"
spoof and in it, Alexander the drunken, epileptic, psychotic,
delusional, homosexual, alcoholic who burned Persepolis to the
ground and invaded and pillaged Persia, becomes God and Princess
Roxanna becomes a black, savage and primitive Persian petty princess!
In one scene Alexander on horse top battles Indian cavalry on
elephant tops 4 times of his size! Why not? If one lies, then
they must lie so big that it will be so unbelievable to deny!
was that Alexander was a wanna be Persian and admirer of Cyrus
The Great who could never be accepted as a Persian so he leveled
the Persian Empire in her weaken times. In his delusional mind
he both revenged from Persians and also became a Persian! Later
on he called himself a Persian and ruled Persia as a Persian King! Greeks always dreamt of being Persian because in reality we
were the center of civilization and they were a few scattered
city-states fighting amongst themselves!
If you study
Greek Philosophers-Historians and Hollywood history, then Greco-Romans
become foundation of the western civilization and Persians become
barbarians! If you study the Real History, then you will notice
that everything told to you in western history books and Hollywood
Movies have been nothing but lies! The reality is that Persians
invented the global civilization and Greco-Romans were always
envious of Persian Empire and that is why they had always invaded
Persia and most of the times they got defeated by Persians! Persians
defeated and humiliated Roman Empire in three separate occasions
but you never read about this in western books or see it on Hollywood
My point is
that do not rely on Western so-called history, fabricated by Greek
Philosophers-Historians and Hollywood Spoofs! Same goes for Artemisa!
If you watch spoofs like "300 Spartans", then Xerxes
becomes a Tyrant and Artemisia becomes a slut! But what was the
of Halicarnassius, the local Queen, the Grand Admiral of The Persian
Navy, the First high ranking Female Officer in the world, the
most important military rank ever given to a woman, a great patriot,
a great Persian, and a true Legend. Artemisia The Living Legend,
The Glory of Persian Empire at its best, she made History. Artemisia's
Legend goes on in every single Persian Girl's little heart. And the legend goes on .......
line is that Artemisia was a woman who worked hard for everything
that she achieved. She established to drag herself up from an
irrelevant local queen to ruler of Halicarnassius, to a navy commander,
to commander in chief of the Persian Navy, to Xerxes' advisor
and then captured Xerxes' heart but most important captured Persia's
Mythical Portrait of Artemisia on Unicorn's back
Artemisia, a woman of distinguished courage and amazing abilities,
admired for her brave deeds and noble qualities, became so popular
and raised to the level of a national heroine by Persians. Eventually
Persians created Myths about Artemisia. This portrait shows The
Mythical Artemisia, The Ultra Female Warrior on Unicorn's Top!
To be honest with you, this portrait is not really much short
of the truth, because Artemisia in reality was a strong and formidable
live Persian, Die Persian, Name your children Persian, Worship
Persian, Love Persian soil, Speak Persian, Learn Persian Literature,
Read Persian Poetry, Carry The Persian Torch for the next generation
learn Persian history, without the knowledge of your past, you
will have no future. Without knowledge of your past, you will
be lost speaking foreign Arabic words, living Arabic Cultures
and Traditions, praying to Foreign Arabic Religion and Gods. You
will be stranger to your own culture and traditions. Persian,
learn your fruitful Persian History.
One Dead Persian
worths as much as Ten Living Arab Worshipers.
Live Persian, Love Persian and Die as a Proud Persian
Iran will rise again
for more Persian Heroines article Series.
Real Face of Artemisia
Grand Admiral Artemisia I of Halicarnassus, Commander in Chief
of the Imperial Persian Navy
Pure Persian Pride
A Lover of Iran,
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