and Last Persian Emperors
December 6, 2006
So you think you know the First and Last Persian Emperors? Don't
be so sure! There is always room to learn!
is good, but shoving misinformation in public's brains is not good!
Therefore, for once and for all, I see fit to clarify this issue!
This article is for those whom have never ending thirst to learn
the true history of Iran. For those true knowledge seekers, and
for Pure Persian Pride:
Historical Periods of Iran
Civilizations Era: 6000 BC - 2000 BC
2. Vedai Era: 2000 BC - 850 BC
3. Pre-Avesta Era: 850 BC - 728 BC
4. The Kingdom Era: 728 BC - 559 BC
5. The First Imperial Era: 559 BC - 651 AD
6. The First Arabo-Islamic Invasion-Occupation Era: 651 AD
- 873 AD
7. The Second Imperial Era: 873 AD - 1979 AD
8. The Second Arabo-Islamic Invasion-Occupation Era: 1979
AD - present
Empire and Kingdom
Vast amount of lands, stretched through numerous geographical areas,
either connected or separated via strips of water.
Kingdom = Limited amount of land basically in one geographical area.
Emperor = One who rules an Empire
King = One who rules a Kingdom
Shahanshah = Persian for Emperor
Shah = Persian for King
Susa City State (6000 BC - 3750 BC)
Iran has 8000 years of history, oldest civilization on Earth.
From 6000 BC to 3750 BC, The first civilization in Iran (Susa) was
a City State and ruled by Governors. Some Governors were subject
rulers, some autonomous, and some independent.
Shimbi-ish-Khuk Governor of Susa [Under Babylon] (Before 3750 BC)
First King of Iran (Persian
Kingdom of Susa
First Shah of Iran = Karibu-Sha-Shushinak also known as Shushinak (3750 BC), son of Shimbi-ish-Khuk (patesi
of Susa, governor of the land of Elam), of The Susa Dynasty. At
First was a subject ruler under Babylon, then he became an independent
Sha (Shah), The Shah of Susa [First Shah of Iran]. Before this period,
there were Governors ruling Susa, not Shahs. Shushinak built many
temples and wrote many inscriptions. Shushinak started the Kingdom
Karibu Sha Shushinak (3750
First Persian Shah (King)
First Emperor of Iran (Persian
First Shahanshah of Iran = Cyrus
the Great (559 BC - 530 BC) of Achaemenid Dynasty. During
Cyrus The Great's reign (559 BC - 530 BC) Iran became an Empire.
Cyrus II The Great (559
BC - 530 BC)
First Persian Shahanshah (Emperor)
Liberator of Iran
Yaqub Leis Saffarid of Saffarid
Dynasty (861 AD - 879 AD)
A Brief history
After years of rebellion and struggle, Yaqub and Sistan's freedom
fighters, gloriously entered Zaranj and took absolute control of
Sistan. This event occurred on 867 AD. From this date Yaqub officially
started the Rule of Saffarid Dynasty of Iran and in his capital
of Zaranj in Sistan.
Yaqub Leis Saffarid
(861 AD - 879 AD)
Liberator of Iran
Khorasan's campaign started and with no mercy, Yaqub charged forward
and freed Khorasan, city by city to the destination "Neyshabour".
On 873 AD, The Taherids were completely defeated by Yaqub Leis who
entered gloriously to Neyshabour. For the rest of 873 AD, he captured
the rest of the huge state of Khorasan, and then concentrated on
other states in central and South Iran. Next, he took control of
central Iran, he marched through the central regions (today's States
of Semnan, Markazi, Tehran) and he attached Esfahan, Yazd, Khuzestan
and the Southern Sea Shores of Persian Gulf and Sea of Oman to the
The Independence Year of Iran
By the end of 873 AD, Yaqub had ended the rule of Taherids in Khorasan,
and then freed and reunited the majority of Iranian States from
the hands of Arabs, Arab Servants, Persian Traitors (such as Taherids),
and other Half Breeds; therefore, 873 AD is the official "Independence
Year of Iran" which put an end to 222 years of Arabo_Islamic
Occupation (651 AD - 873 AD)
Last Emperor of Iran
Final Shahanshah of Iran = Aqa Mohamad
Khan (1794 AD - 1797 AD) of Qajar Dynasty. Aqa Khan was
the last Iranian Emperor. During his reign, he fought and saved
the integrity of Iran. During his reign, Persian Empire was consisting
of today's Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan,
Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Baluchistan half of Pakistan, Parts of
Russia in Caucasus (Ossetia), Iran and Bahrain. Aqa Khan was a worthy
Shahanshah; however, after his reign, the unworthy Shahs of Qajar
lost many of Persian Provinces to foreigners.
Aqa Mohammad Shah
(1794 AD - 1797 AD)
Last Persian Shahanshah (Emperor)
Last King of Iran
Final Shah of Iran = Mohamad Reza
Shah (1941 AD - 1979 AD) of Pahlavi Dynasty. During Mohamad
Reza Shah's reign, Iran was moving towards a speedy progress. Industrialization,
Education, Literacy, Healthcare, Agriculture and Military Sophistication
were amongst his major plans. During his reign, Iran was not an
empire, yet Iran was a kingdom; therefore, we cannot call Mohamad
Reza Pahlavi, an Emperor! However, Mohamad Reza Shah has done many
goods for Iran; therefore, we gave him an honorary title of "Shahanshah".
Even though, technically, he was not an Emperor, yet in history
we call him an Emperor.
Mohammad Reza Shah
(1941 AD - 1979 AD)
Last Persian Shah (King)
hope that for once and for all, this issue is clarified and solved.
More power to Knowledge Seeking Persians. Now if you are still waiting
for more historical knowledge, this was just a taste! Be patient
and await the many future books and articles in historical section
of the new IPC Website.
educate yourselves with Iranian history.
How can you build your future, if you do not know your past?"
are schooled, yet only a few are truly educated."
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