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Iran Dynasties and Monarchs of 8000 Years
During Periods of Iranian History
Ahreeman X
December 6, 2006


Faravahar Persian Emblem
Faravahar Gold Curved Design with Cuneiform Persian Spike (Khat-e Mikhi) Writing

The research in front of you is the most accurate, up-to-date and scientific document according to the latest archeological, anthropological, historical and scientific discoveries and evidence on the Iranian Dynasties and Monarchs of 8000 Years.

8000 years of Iranian history
Periods of Iranian History:

1. Ancient Civilizations Era: 6000 BC - 2000 BC
2. Vedai Era: 2000 BC - 850 BC
3. Pre-Avesta Era: 850 BC - 728 BC
4. The Kingdom Era: 728 BC - 559 BC
5. The First Imperial Era: 559 BC - 651 AD
6. The First Arabo-Islamic Invasion-Occupation Era: 651 AD - 873 AD
7. The Second Imperial Era: 873 AD - 1979 AD
8. The Second Arabo-Islamic Invasion-Occupation Era: 1979 AD - present

Iran Dynasties and Monarchs of 8000 Years
During Periods of Iranian History

Susa City State (6000 BC)

Persian City State
6000 BC - 3750 BC
Susa City State (6000 BC - 3750 BC)
Iran has 8000 years of history, oldest civilization on Earth.
From 6000 BC to 3750 BC, The first civilization in Iran (Susa) was a City State and ruled by Governors.
Some Governors were subject rulers, some autonomous, and some independent.
Shimbi-ish-Khuk Governor of Susa [Under Babylon] (Before 3750 BC)

Persian Ancient Kingdom
3750 BC - 539 BC
First King of Iran (Persian Kingdom)
Kingdom of Susa
Karibu-Sha-Shushinak also known as Shushinak (3750 BC), son of Shimbi-ish-Khuk (patesi of Susa, governor of the land of Elam), at First was a subject ruler Under Babylon, then he became an independent Sha (Shah), The Shah of Susa [First Shah of Iran]. Before this period, there were Governors ruling Susa, not Shahs. After this date, Susa became an independent kingdom. Shushinak built many temples and wrote many inscriptions. Shushinak started the Kingdom of Iran. Karibu Sha was the first Sha (Shah) of Iran. After him, many Susa Dynasties ruled Iran. Susa Kingdom reign ended by start of the Achaemenid Empire.

Important Note on the term "Shushinak"
Shushinak was the main God of Susa; therefore, many Shahs of Susa carried his name as their own last names.

Susa Dynasty (3750 BC)
Karibu-Sha-Shushinak (3750) {First Shah (King) of Iran}
Khutran-Tepti
Idadu I
Kal-Rukhu-Ratir
Idadu II.

The Era of Rivalry between Susa, Elam and Babylon
During this period, at different times, the three civilizations were each dominating the other two and ruling the region of Mesopotamia and South West Iran.

Kish conquers Susa
Kish Kingdom of Persian Gulf (with Capital of Kish City in Kish Island) takes over Susa.
Enmebaragesi of Kish 2650 BC conquers Susa.

Avan Dynasty (2400 BC - 2095 BC)
Sa-Shushinak (2340 BC)
Kudur Nakhunta (2280 BC)
Puzur-in-Shushinak (2112 BC - 2095 BC)
Kutik-in-Shushinak

About 2280 BC the king of Susa, Kudur-Nakhunta, affected the conquest of Mesopotamia and decorated his capital with the spoils of the towns of Chaldea; notable among these was the statue of the Goddess Nana, which he facilitated to be transported from Uruk [Erech] to Susa.

The names of about twenty other Susian kings are known; they belong to different dynasties, and we can trace the existence of conflicting races in Susa itself. This fact is further shown by the variety of languages, which are found written in cuneiform characters. However one fact is surely noticed that Kingdom of Susa was the first Iranian Kingdom of the local Iranian races.

Simashk Dynasty (2095 BC - 1970 BC)
Kindattu

Hamazi Dynasty (1970 BC - 1500 BC)

Kidinuids Dynasty (1500 BC - 1400 BC)
Tepti-Ahar {last Shah of this dynasty} Oldest Iranian Archeological Site is his arch tomb.

Igehalkids Dynasty (1400 BC - 1210 BC)

Shutrukid Dynasty [The 1st Dynasty] (1210 BC - 1100 BC)
Shutruk-Nakhunta
Kudur-Nakhunta II
Shilkhak-in-Shushinak
Khutelutush-in-Shushinak

A king of Susa, Shutruk-Nakhunta, boasts of having devastated Chaldea, and of having seized the statue of Melishikhu; he records that he took some hundreds of towns, brought back several kings as captives, and built a large number of temples at Susa. His grandson, Shilkhak-in-Shushinak, restored these buildings, where the statue of Melishikhu, the statue of Kudurru, and the statues of Chaldean divinities were placed, with all the precious objects taken from the towns of the Tigris valley.

Babylonian and Elamite Occupation of Susa (1100 BC - 770 BC)

Finally Babylonians and Elamites understood that the only way they could dominate Susa and destroy Susa's rivalry was to unite as a united front against Susa! Obviously the plan worked and together they captured Susa and managed to dominate Susa between 1100 BC - 770 BC.

Shutrukid Dynasty [The 2nd Dynasty] (770 BC - 640 BC)
Shutruk-Nakhunta II (716 BC - 699 BC)
Khallushu
Kudur-Nakhunta III
Khumma-Menanu III (692 BC - 688 BC)
Khumma-Khaldash I (688 BC - 680 BC)
Khumma-Khaldash II (680 BC - 664 BC)
Tempti-Khumma-in-Shushinak (664 BC - 653 BC)
Khumma-Khaldash III

Assyrian Occupation of Susa (640 BC)
by Assurbanipal (640 BC)
Assyrian Empire occupied Susa

Shutrukid Dynasty [The 3rd Dynasty] (646 BC - 539 BC)
Shuttir-Nakhunta III
Khallutush-in-Shushinak
Atta-Khumma-in-Shushinak
Khumma-Menanu IV
Shilkhak-in-ShushinakII
Tempti-Khumma-in-ShushinakII

Achaemenid rule begins in Susa (539 BC)

Iranian Local Civilizations

* Shush (Susa) Civilization (South West)
* Casia Civilization of Gilan
(Caspian Civilization established in South-West of Caspian Sea) before The Aryan Immigration.
* Kirmania Civilization of Jiroft, Kerman (South East)
* Kassite Civilization of Lorestan (West)
* Mannaian Civilization of West Azerbaijan (North West)
Note: Iranian local civilizations were of the local races of Iran, which had settled in Iran before the coming of Aryans. They were by no means of Hemitic (Arabic) races.

Kingdom of Kirmania [Jiroft, Kerman] (2994 BC)

Kingdom of Kassite [Lorestan] (1595 BC - 1155 BC)
Kurigalzu II
Kashtiliash IV
Zababa-shuma-iddina

Kingdom of Casia [Gilan and South-West of Caspian Sea] (550 BC - 750 BC)
Casia Caspian Civilization established in South-West of Caspian Sea, before The Aryan Immigration to Iran. Casians were of local races and civilizations of Iran.

Kingdom of Mannai [Azerbaijan] (855 BC - 655 BC)
Mannaian Civilization of West Azerbaijan (North-West of Iran)

Kingdom of Mannai (855 BC - 655 BC)
Ual-Ki (855 BC)
Aza I (775 BC)
Iran-Zu (725 BC)
Aza II (721 BC)
Baqa-Data (715 BC)
Ulusu-Nu (710 BC)
Asheri (675 BC)
Ual-Li (650 BC)

Median Dynasty [Kingdom of Media] (728 BC - 559 BC)
Median Dynasty [1st Period] (728 BC - 653 BC)
Deioces [Diokes] (728 BC - 675 BC)
Phraortes [Fravartish or Kshatrita] (675 BC - 653 BC)

Scythian Interregnum
Scythia took over Media
Madiya (653 BC - 625 BC)

Median Dynasty [2nd Period] (625 BC - 559 BC)
Cyaxares [Huvakh-Shatra] (625 BC - 585 BC)
Astyages [Azhidahak or Ikhtovigo] (585 BC - 559 BC)

Achaemenid Dynasty (559 BC - 330 BC)
Achaemenes [Hakhamanesh]
Teispes [Taish-Pish]
Cyrus I
Cambyses I [Kambujiye]
Start of Achaemenid Rule of Iran

Cyrus II The Great [Kourosh II] (559 BC - 530 BC) {First Shahanshah (Emperor) of Iran}
Cyrus II The Great - Coronation and Start of Achaemenid Empire (539 BC)
Cambyses II [Kambujiye II] (530 BC - 522 BC)

Smerdis (Gaomata) The Usurper [Fake Bardia (brother of Cambyses)] (522 BC)

Darius I The Great [Dariush I] (522 BC - 486 BC)
Xerxes I The Great [Kheshayar Sha] (486 BC - 466 BC)
Artabanes (466 BC - 465 BC)
Artaxerxes I The Long Hand [Ardeshir Deraz Dast] (465 BC - 425 BC)
Xerxes II [Kheshayar II] (425 BC - 424 BC) {45 days Reign}

Soqdians Reign
Soqdianos (424 BC - 423 BC)

Darius II (423 BC - 404 BC)
Artaxerxes II The Mindful (404 BC - 359 BC)
Artaxerxes III (359 BC - 338 BC)
Arses [Arshe or Arshak] (338 BC - 336 BC)
Darius III (336 BC - 330 BC)

Macedonian-Greek Occupation [Hellenistic period]

Macedonian Occupation (330 BC - 312 BC)
Alexander III The Homosexual Drunk (330 BC - 323 BC)
Philip III (Arrhidaeus) (323 BC - 317 BC)
Alexander IV [Antigonus] (317 BC - 312 BC)

Seleucid Dynasty Occupation (312 BC - 225 BC)
Seleucus I (312 BC - 281 BC)
Antiochus I Soter (281 BC - 261 BC)
Antiochus II Theos (261 BC - 246 BC)
Seleucus II (246 BC - 225 BC)

Arsacid [Ashkanid] Dynasty - Parthian Empire (250 BC - 224 AD)
Arsacid Kings had the title of "Ashk". For example Arsaces was Ashk I and Tirdates I was Ashk II and so on…

Arsacid [Ashkanid] Dynasty - Parthian Empire (250 BC - 224 AD)
Arsaces [Arashk or Ashk I] (250 BC - 248 BC)
Tirdates I [Tirdad I] (248 BC - 211 BC)
Artabanus I [Ardavan I] (211 BC - 191 BC)
Priapatius I [Paripapet I] (191 BC - 176 BC)
Phraates I [Farhad I] (176 BC - 171 BC)
Mithradates I [Mitradad I or Mehrdad I] (171 BC - 138 BC)
Phraates II (138 BC - 128 BC)
Artabanus I {Back to power} (128 BC - 123 BC)
Mithradates II The Great (123 BC - 88 BC)
Gotarzes I [Gudarz I] (90 BC - 87 BC)

Artabanus II (87 BC - 80 BC)
Orodes I [Ard I] (80 BC - 77 BC)
Sanatruces [Santruk] (77 BC - 70 BC)
Phraates III (70 BC - 57 BC)
Start of Parthian Internal Conflicts between Arsacid Kings

Mithradates III (57 BC - 55 BC)
Orodes II (57 BC - 37 BC)
Pacorus I [Paker I] (51 BC - 39 BC)
Phraates IV (37 BC - 29 BC)
Tirdates II [Tirdad II] (29 BC - 27 BC)
Phraates IV [Restored his reign} (27 BC - 2 BC)
Phraates V (2 BC - 4 AD)
Orodes III (4 AD - 7 AD)
Vonones I [Venen] (7 AD - 12 AD)
Artabanus III (10 AD - 38 AD)
Tirdates III (35 AD - 36 AD)
Gotarzes II (38 AD - 51 AD)
Vardanes I [Vardan I] (39 AD - 45 AD)
Sanabares (50 AD - 65 AD)
Vonones II (51 AD)
Vologases I [Balash I] (51 AD - 78 AD)
Vardanes II (55 AD - 58 AD)
Vologases II (77 AD - 80 AD)
Artabanus IV (80 AD - 81 AD)
Pacorus II (78 AD - 105 AD)
End of Parthian Empire
And
Severe Parthian Internal Conflicts between Arsacid Kings

Multi Parthian Kingdoms
Artabanus IV {His 2nd Reign after Empire Era} (81 AD - 90 AD)
Vologases III (105 AD - 147 AD)
Osroes I [Khosrow I] (109 AD - 129 AD)
Parthamaspates (116 AD)
Mithradates IV (129 AD - 147 AD)
Vologases IV (147 AD - 191 AD)
Osroes II [Khosrow II] (190 AD)
Vologases V (191 AD - 208 AD)
Vologases VI (208 AD - 222 AD)
Artabanus V (213 AD - 224 AD)

Sassanid Dynasty (224 AD - 651 AD)
Ardashir I (224 - 241)
Shapour I The Great (241 - 272)
Hormozd I [Hormoz I] (272 - 273)
Bahram I (273 - 276)
Bahram II (276 - 293)
Bahram III (293)
Narses [Nersi] (293 - 302)
Hormozd II (302 - 309)
Adarnarseh (310)
Shapour II (310 - 379)
Ardashir II (379 - 383)
Shapour III (383 - 388)
Bahram IV (388 - 399)
Yazdgird I (399 - 420)
Khosrow The Usurper (420)
Bahram V [Bahram Gur or Bahram The Zebra] (420 - 438)
Yazdgird II (438 - 457)
Hormozd III (457)
Piruz I (457 - 484)
Balash (484 - 488)
Qobad I (488 - 496)
Tahmasb (496 - 499)
Qobad I {Restored his kingdom} (499 - 531)
Khosrow I [Khosrow Anushirvan The Just] (531 - 579)
Hormozd IV (579 - 590)
Khosrow II [Khosrow Parviz or Khosrow The Victorious] (590)
Bahram VI [Bahram Chubin The Usurper] (590 - 591)
Khosrow II [Khosrow Parviz or Khosrow The Victorious] {Restored his kingdom} (591 - 628)
Bestam The Usurper {in various Media} (591 - 596)
Hormozd V The Usurper (593)
Qobad II Shiruye [Siroes] (628)
Ardashir III (628 - 630)
Shahrboraz The Usurper (630)
Piruz II (630)
Khosrow III (630)
Javanshir (630)
Purandokht The Empress (630 - 631)
Gushnasbandeh (631)
Azarmidokht The Empress (631 - 632)
Hormozd V {in Nisibis} (631 - 632)
Piruz III [Goshtasb] (631)
Khosrow IV (632)
Khosrow V (632)
Yazdgird III (632 - 651)
Sassanid End Era
Arabo_Muslim invaded Iran (635)
Most of Iran was occupied (649)
Yazdgird III murdered (651)

Arabo_Muslim Occupation
Arab - Orthodox Caliphate [Kholafa-ye Rashedin] (651 - 661)
Uthman [Osman] (651 - 656)
Ali (656 - 661)

Arab - Bani Umayyad Caliphate (661 - 750)
Mu'awiyah I (661 - 680)
Yazid I (680 - 683)
Mu'awiyah II (683 - 684)
Marwan I (684 - 685)
Abd-al Malik (685 - 705)
Al Walid I (705 - 715)
Sulayman (715 - 717)
Omar II (717 - 720)
Yazid II (720 - 724)
Hisham (724 - 743)
Al Walid II (743 - 744)
Yazid III (744)
Ibrahim (744)
Marwan II (744 - 750)

Arab - Bani Abbasid Caliphate (750 - 873)
Abu al Abbas al Saffah (750 - 754)
Al Mansour (754 - 775)
Al Mahdi (775 - 785)
Al Hadi (785 - 786)
Harun al Rashid (786 - 809)
Al Amin (809 - 813)
Al Ma'mun (813 - 817)
Ibrahim al Mubarak (817 - 819)
Al Ma'mun {Restored his Caliphate} (819 - 833)
Mu'tasim bi-Allah (833 - 842)
Al Wathiq bi-Allah (842 - 847)
Al Mutawakkil ala-Allah (847 - 861)
Al Muntasir bi-Allah (861 - 862)
Al Musta'in bi-Allah (862 - 866)
Al Mu'taz bi-Allah (866 - 869)
Al Muhtadi bi-Allah (869 - 870)
Al Mu'tamid al Allah (870 - 892)

Saffarid Dynasty (867 AD - 1003 AD)
Important Dates:
858 AD: Yaqub Leis Saffarid starts his rebellion against the Arab Occupational Government (Bani Abbasid) in Iran.
861 AD: Yaqub starts the Dynasty.
867 AD: Yaqub enters Zaranj (Capital of Sistan) and officially starts the reign of Saffarids.
873 AD: Yaqub liberates majority of the Iranian states from the Arabs and liberates Iran.
873 AD: The official Independence Year of Iran. Liberator of Iran: Yaqub Leis Saffarid.
879 AD: Yaqub passes away and Amr O Leis, his brother takes over.
900 AD: Amr gets defeated by Ismail Samanid and decline of Saffarid Dynasty begins.
1003 AD: Saffarid Dynasty's influence practically ends.

Saffarid Dynasty (861 AD - 1003 AD)
Yaqub Leis Saffarid (861 - 879)
Amr O Leis (879 - 901)
Taher I (901 - 908)
Leis (908 - 910)
Mohammad (910 - 911)
Muaddal (911 - 912)

Saffarid reduced to local governors
Amr II (912 - 922)
Ahmad (922 - 963)
Khalaf (963 - 1003)

"Iranian Intermezzo Period" (821 - 1055)
Dynasties of:
Taherid, Samanid, Alavid, Ziyarid, Buyyid, Qaznavid and Qurid (Local Reigns)

Taherid Dynasty (821 - 873)
Taherid Reign in Khorasan
Taherids: Autonomous governor-kings in the Khorasan region, reasonably loyal to the Arab Caliphate of Baghdad. Saffarid had a history of battle with these Iranian Traitors. Yaqub finally taught them a lesson. After 873 AD, they were reduced to minor local rulers and then banished.

Taherid Dynasty (821 - 873)
Taher I (821 - 822)
Talha (822 - 828)
Abdollah (828 - 845)
Taher II (845 - 862)
Mohammad (862 - 873)
End of Taherid powerful reign in Khorasan by Yaqub Leis Saffarid.

Samanid Dynasty (864 - 1004)
Samanid Reign in Troxiana (Transoxiana or Ma Vara ol Nahr) which is a portion of Central Asia approximately covering the modern Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and south-west Kazakhstan. Troxiana is geographically the region between Amu Darya and Sir Darya Rivers which are on both sides of Aral Sea.

Samanid Dynasty (864 - 1004)
Nasr I (864 - 892)
Ismail I (892 - 907)
Ahmad II (907 - 914)
Nasr II (914 - 942)
Nuh I (942 - 954)
Abd al Malik I (954 - 961)
Nasr III {one day reign} (961)
Mansour I (961 - 976)
Nuh II (976 - 997)
Mansour II (997 - 999)
Abd al Malik II (999)
Ismail II (999 - 1004)

Alavid Dynasty (864 - 928)
Alavid Reign in Mazandaran [Tabarestan] on south and south-east of Caspian Sea shores.

Alavid Dynasty (864 - 928)
Hasan ibn Zeid (864 - 884)
Mohammad ibn Zeid (884 - 900)
Hassan ibn Ali Husseini (913 - 916)
Hassan ibn Qasem Hassani (916 - 928)

Ziyarid Dynasty (928 - 1043)
Ziyarid Dynasty Reign in Mazandaran and Golestan on south-east of Caspian Sea shores.

Ziyarid Dynasty (928 - 1043)
Mardavij (928 - 934)
Taher Voshmgir (934 - 967)
Zaher-ol Douleh (967 - 976)
Abol Hassan (976 -1012)
Manuchehr (1012 -1031)
Anushirvan (1031 -1043)

Buyyid (Daylamite) Dynasty (932 -1055)
Buyyid Reign in
Primarily Gilan on south-west of Caspian Sea shores
Secondarily the complete region of south Caspian Sea shores.
Thirdly the complete region of north and central Iran.

Buyyid (Daylamite) Dynasty (932 - 1055)
3 Branches:

Reign of Fars
Emad ol Douleh (932 - 939)
Etc.

Reign of Khuzestan-Kerman
Mo'ez ol Douleh (932 - 966)
Etc.

Reign of Rey and Esfahan
Rokn ol Douleh (932 - 976)
Etc.

Qaznavid Dynasty (977 - 1186)
Qaznavid Reign in Khorasan and Afghanistan

Qaznavid Dynasty (977 - 1186)
Sebüktigin [Mahmoud] (977 - 1030)
Mohammad (1030)
Massoud I (1030 - 1040)
Mohammad {Restored his kingdom} (1040 - 1041)
Modud (1041 - 1048)
Massoud II (1048)
Ali (1048 - 1049)
Abdol Rashid (1049 - 1051)
Toqrul Beyk (1051 - 1052)
Farokhzad (1052 - 1059)
Ebrahim (1059 - 1099)
Massoud III (1099 - 1115)
Shirzad (1115 - 1116)
Arsalan Shah (1116 - 1117)
Bahram Shah (1117 - 1157)
Khosrow Shah (1157 - 1160)
Khosrow Malek (1160 - 1186)

Qurid Dynasty (1117 - 1215)
Qurid Empire of Shansabani Dynasty (Afghanistan)
Qurid Reign in Khorasan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and parts of India

Qurid Dynasty (1117 - 1215)
Izz al-Din Hussein I (1117 - 1146)
Sayf al-Din Suri (1146 - 1149)
Baha al-Din Sam I (1149)
Ala al-Din Hussein II (1149 - 1161)
Seyed al-Din Mohammad I (1161 - 1163)
Qiyas al-Din Mohammad II (1163 - 1203)
Mu'izz al-Din Mohammad III (1203 - 1206)
Qiyas al-Din Mahmoud (1206 - 1210)
Baha al-Din Sam II (1210)
Ala al-Din Atsiz (1210 - 1214)
Ala al-Din Mohammad IV (1214 - 1215)

Seljuq Turkish Occupation
Seljuqid Dynasty (1037 - 1194)
Great Seljuqid Sultanate Reign started from Central Asia Turkistan and then they took over all of Persia. They established the Seljuqid Empire. They were of Oquz Turkic origins.

Seljuqid Dynasty (1037 - 1194)
Great Seljuqid Empire (1037 - 1118)
Toqrul Beyk I (1037 - 1063)
Alb Arsalan (1063 - 1072)
Malek Shah I (1072 - 1092)
Naser-edin Mahmoud I (1092 -1095)
Rokn-edin Berk Yaruq (1095 - 1104)
Malek Shah II (1104 - 1105)
Qiyas-edin Mohammad I (1105 - 1118)
End of Great Seljuqid Empire's Reign in Iran

Sultan Sanjar (1118 - 1157)
Moayyed-ol Douleh (1157 - 1174)
Turan Shah (1174 -1181)
End of Great Seljuqid Empire

Local Western Iranian Seljuqid Dynasty (1118 - 1194)
Local Western Iranian Seljuqid Reign in Iraq and Western Persia.

Local Western Iranian Seljuqid Dynasty (1118 - 1194)
Sultan Mahmoud II (1118 - 1131)
Toqrul II (1131 - 1134)
Massoud (1134 - 1152)
Malek Shah III (1152 - 1153)
Mohammad II (1153 - 1159)
Sulayman Shah (1160 - 1161)
Arsalan Shah (1161 - 1175)
Toqrul III (1175 - 1194)

Kharazm-Shahid Dynasty (1098 - 1231)
Atabeks and Kharazm-Shah interlude
Kharazm-Shahid Empire - Dynasty of Anushtigin
Kharazm-Shahid Reign in Central Asia and then almost all of Persia. Kharazm-Shahid were of Turkic Origin from Turkistan, Central Asia.

Kharazm-Shahid Dynasty (1098 - 1231)
Qotb al-Din Mohammad I [Kharazm Shah] (1098 - 1128)
Ala al-Din Atsiz (1128 - 1156)
Taj al-Donya IL Arsalan (1156 - 1172)
Jalal al-Donya Sultan Shah (1172 - 1193)
Ala al-Din Tekish (1172 - 1200)
Ala al-Din Mohammad II (1200 - 1220)
Genghiz Khan's invasion (1219) and occupation of Iran (1220).
At this point, Sultan Mohammad Kharazm Shah, the Kharazm-Shahid Dynasty, and Iran got leveled and annihilated by Mongol Hords!

Mongol Occupation
Direct Mongol Rule of Iran (1220 - 1256)
Iran became directly under Mongol Colonialism, mass murder and annihilation.
Genghiz Khan [Temujin] Reign (1220 - 1227)
Chagatai Khan [Reign Central Asia and Iran] (1227 - 1241)
Baju (1241 - 1256)

IL Khanat (Mongol) Dynasty (1256 - 1343)
Hülagü Khan (1256 - 1265)
Abaqa (1265 - 1282)
Tegüder (1282 - 1284)
Arqun (1284 - 1291)
Gaykhatu (1291 - 1295)
Baydu (1295)

Independent Khanat
Mahmoud Qazan Khan (1295 - 1304)
Uljaytü (1304 - 1316)
Abu Saeed (1317 - 1335)
Arpa (1335 - 1336)
Musa (1336 - 1337)
Mohammad (1336 - 1338)
Sati Beyk [Female Khan] (1338 - 1339)
Jahan Timür (1339 - 1340)
Sulayman (1339 - 1343)

Period of interlude (1343 - 1393)
Another period of disunity and various kingdoms around Iran
Chupanid Dynasty (1337 - 1357) Reign of Azerbaijan
Jalayirid Dynasty (1339 - 1432) Reign in Iraq and Azerbaijan
Mozaffarid Dynasty (1343 -1387) Reign in Yazd and Fars

Chupanid Dynasty [Mongol rooted] (1337 - 1357)
Reign of Azerbaijan
Amir Chupan
Baghdad Khatun [Female Khan]
Hassani Kuchak
Malek Ashraf

Jalayirid Dynasty [Mongol Rooted] (1339 - 1432)
Reign in Iraq and Azerbaijan

Mozaffarid Dynasty [Arab Rooted] (1343 -1387)
Reign in Yazd and Fars
Mobarez al-Din Mohammad (1343 - 1358)
Shah Shoja' (1358 - 1384)
Zeyn al Abedin (1384 -1387)
Decline of Mozaffarids

Timurid Dynasty (1380 - 1469)
Timurid Empire - Turkmen Origins
Amir Timur Lang (1380 - 1405)
Miran Shah [in Western Persia] (1405 - 1408)
Pir Mohammad [in Fars] (1405 - 1409)
Rostam [in Arabistan] (1405 -1409]
Khalil Sultan (Rey and Western Persia] (1409 - 1411)
Bayqara [in Fars] (1409 - 1412]
Iskandar [in Fars, then Western Persia] (1412 - 1414]
Shah Rokh Shah (1405 - 1447)
Ulua Beyk (1447 - 1449)
Sultan Abu Saeed (1451 - 1469)

2nd Period of interlude (1449 - 1497)
Disunity and various dynasties and rulers around Iran.

Transoxiana Rulers (1449 - 1450)
Turkmen Roots
Abdol Latif (1449 - 1450)
Abdollah Mirza (1450 - 1451)
Abu Saeed (1451 - 1469)
Ahmad (1469 - 1494)
Mahmoud (1494 - 1495)
Bay-sunqur (1495 - 1497)
Babur (1497 - 1498)
Ali (1498 - 1500)
Babur {Restored his kingdom} (1500 - 1501)

Khorasan Rulers (1449 - 1507)
Turkmen Roots
Babur (1449 - 1457)
Mahmoud (1457 - 1459)
Abu Saeed (1451 - 1469)
Hussein Bayqara (1469 - 1506)
Badi-ol Zaman (1506 - 1507)

Qara Qoyunlou [Black Sheep Turkmens] (1389 - 1469)
Reign in Western Iran
Qara Yusef (1389 - 1420)
Iskandar (1420 - 1438)
Jahan Shah (1438 - 1467)
Hassan Ali (1467 - 1469)

Aq Qoyunlou [White Sheep Turkmens] (1403 - 1497)
Reign in Eastern Iran
Qara Osman (1403 - 1435)
Uzun Hassan (1453 - 1478)
Sultan Khalil (1478)
Yaqub (1478 - 1490)
Rostam (1492 - 1494)
Ahmad (1497)

Safavid Dynasty (1501 -1736)
Safavid Dynasty [1st Period] (1501 -1722)
Ismail I (1501 - 1524)
Tahmasb I (1524 - 1576)
Ismail II (1576 - 1577)
Sultan Mohammad (1577 - 1587)
Shah Abbas I The Great (1587 - 1629)
Shah Safi I (1629 - 1642)
Shah Abbas II (1642 - 1666)
Shah Safi II (1666 - 1694)
Shah Sultan Hussein (1694 - 1722)

Hotaki Dynasty of Qalzay Afghans (1722 - 1729)
Originated from Qandahar, Afghanistan
Mahmoud Afghan (1722 - 1725)
Ashraf Afghan (1725 - 1729)

Safavid Dynasty [2nd Period] (1722 - 1736)
Tahmasb II (1722 - 1732)
Abbas III (1732 - 1736)
End of Safavid Empire
At this point Safavid became local rulers

Shah Sulayman II [Mir Seyed Mohammad] (1749 - 1750)
Ismail III (1750 - 1773)

Afsharid Dynasty (1736 - 1749)
Nader Shah The Great (1736 - 1747)
Ali Qoli Shah-e Adel [The Fair] (1747 - 1748)
Ebrahim (1748 - 1748)
Shahrokh (1748 - 1749)
End of Afsharid Empire
At this point Afsharid became local rulers

Shahrokh {Continued as a local ruler} (1749 - 1795)
Nader Mirza (1795 -1802)

Zand Dynasty (1750 - 1794)
Karim Khan Zand (1750 - 1779)
Abol Fath Khan (1779)
Ali Morad Khan (1779)
Mohammad Ali Khan (1779)
Sadeq Khan (1779 -1782)
Ali Morad Khan {Restored his kingdom} (1782 - 1785)
Jaffar Khan (1785 - 1789)
Lotf Ali Khan Zand (1789 - 1794)

Qajar Dynasty (1794 - 1925)
Aqa Mohammad Shah (1794 - 1797) {Last Shahanshah (Emperor) of Iran}
Fath Ali Shah (1797 - 1834)
Mohammad Shah (1834 - 1848)
Naser e-Din Shah (1848 - 1896)
Mozaffar e-Din Shah (1896 - 1907)
Mohammad Ali Shah (1907 - 1909)
Ahmad Shah (1909 - 1925)

Pahlavi Dynasty (1925 - 1979)
Reza Shah The Great (1925 - 1941)
Mohammad Reza Shah (1941 - 1979) {Last Shah (King) of Iran}


Faravahar Persian Emblem
Faravahar Persian Patriotic Design
If Iran does not exist, I don’t want to exist!

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