Memoirs: Reza Shah vs. Mohammad Reza Shah
Observed by an Ex Imperial Air Force Officer
September 29, 2011
Ahreeman X Memoirs
On the subject of Mohammad Reza being a womanizer and stayed a playboy even in the 1970s who did not care about the well being of the people of Iran or the country, I would like to bring to your attention the testimony of an insider of the royal court; a young man who’s father used to be a close friend and adviser to Mohammad Reza Shah with ministerial position. This young man, now middle-aged, University professor with PhD degree has created a political site called IPC (Iran Politic Club) who goes by the aliases name of Dr. Ahreeman-X. On his site, in his personal biography section, which I will just copy and paste, he writes;
My father was a tall (6’ 2”), white (Georgian Russian Aristocracy), handsome, Intellectual playboy. Due to his job (Journalism), he had female authors, poets, singers, songwriters, actresses, models, artists and other celebrities hanging around him at all times! They all needed publicity and were begging him to write about them or publish them. As long as I can remember, my father was never a decent moral family man. He never grew up to become a family man. He partied in his youth and he continued partying throughout his adulthood and middle ages. He led a life of a single man even after the marriage. He never faced marital responsibilities and lived a bachelor’s lifestyle!
I basically grew up in the Imperial Court and Cabinet and to be honest, the 3 of the most promiscuous womanizing flirts which I have ever seen in my life were Shah, Alam (Minister of Imperial Court) and my father. My father was not a man but a machine! He was not just ravishing the celebrities, but also ravishing the Imperial Statesmen’s wives, businessmen’s wives and daughters! I have to admit that my father had ravished more women than Alam but he was no match to the Shah of Iran. My father was changing mistresses and girlfriends every season, but Shah of Iran was exploring women on monthly, weekly and even daily basis, and then switch around and go to the new ones! To read more about Shah of Iran and Alam’s wild sexual lives and orgies, read Alam’s Diaries, but I don’t need to read them because I lived in Imperial Iran and as an insider, I was perfectly aware of everyone’s private lives including but not limited to my father, Alam and Shah!
For more information read:
Jahan Koodak Elementary School Stories
A Journey through my Childhood
For more of Ahreeman X Diaries, read:
X Diaries Index
Ahreeman X, Founder of IPC (Iran Politics Club)
Taking care of the business of a country is a difficult and demanding task, especially in a dictatorship country that all decisions had to go through the top dictator. According to Ahreeman X; the top decision makers were busy competing against each other for women on a daily basis which does not leave much room for work.
Pahlavi Court Imperial Coat of Arms: The Imperial Court's Royal Blue Banner
Apparently Prime Minister Hoveyda was running the country but when Hoveyda, an honest man, created “Irane Novin” (New Iran) Party and decided to clean up corruption in the government, Shah arrested him and put his old loyal friend in jail for obvious reason; Shah himself was the source of all corruptions in the country. As saying goes the fish was rotted from the head.
When after revolution Hoveyda was released from jail, knowing that he was one of a few honest men in Shah’s administration, innocent of any wrong doing, did not leave the country. But unfortunately the mullahs were too trigger happy and obsessed with killing that they did not see it that way and executed him as the enemy of the country. They murdered this innocent man as they did thousands others.
For more information about Hoveyda, read:
The Orchid Man – Amir Abbas Hoveyda
According to Ahreeman X, above, Shah was “ravishing the Imperial Statesmen’s wives, businessmen’s wives and daughters”, which means complete disregard for moralities and family values which should be expected from the head of the State that calls himself “The Shadow of God”. But that is not all; he also had complete disregard to rule of law, the law of his own country. This is my personal experience which I would like to share with the readers: Prior to 1953 coup the main source of Shah’s income, beside his yearly salary, was “The Pahlavi Real Estate Holdings” (Amlak-e Pahlavi), mostly farmlands which Mohammad Reza Shah inherited from his father. In State of Mazandaran, in every major city, including city of Shahi, there was an office of Pahlavi Real Estates, called “Edareh-ye Amlak-e Saltanati” with several employees who used to carry tremendous power and prestige.
Imperial Era Social System
Sometimes in late 1940s my older brother, 14 years my senior, purchased several Hectares (Acres) of land in a prime location in undeveloped area of city of Shahi. In one small part of it, he built a two story multi unit building, first floor for commercial rentals and upstairs for apartment units. This improvement multiplied the value of the land. A few years later, while my brother was out of town, I was passing by and saw a few construction workers are building a foundation in his land. I was in my preteens at the time, rushed home and asked my mother if my brother is building anything! She said no and we both rushed back to the location which was only 15 minutes walk from our house. My mother asked the foreman who ordered this construction? The foreman replied “Edareh-ye Amlak”. Make the story short, my mother immediately called the police. Within a few minutes the chief of police showed up, instead of stopping the illegal construction, he wanted to arrest my mother. After yelling and screaming that we have legal deed to this land, several merchants who knew that the land belonged to us stepped in and the police chief backed away and the construction was halted. After that day my brother was informed and he presented the deed to the police, who did not want to get involved, and to Edareh-ye Amlak (EA). But EA told my brother that he could not sell any part of the land until things are cleared from “Markaz” (Central Office). That happened in late 1940s. In 1957 my brother told me that so far not just he has exhausted all legal avenues available but he also sent petition (Arizeh) to Shah’s office through different channels in multiple times but still with no avail and still cannot sell any part of that land.
At that time my brother asked me since I knew “Colonel Minbashian” who had close relation with the “Darbar” and was my commander in the Military Academy if I could ask the Colonel and see if he could do anything about it! I arranged a meeting between my brother and the Colonel. My brother explained everything including sending multiple “Arizeh” to Shah himself. Minbashian, an honest, highly decorated, and much disciplined officer became very sad, while showing his anger that why such an unjust thing should take place, told my brother; “In Mohammad Reza ast Keh bayad saltanat konad, na man. (It is Mohammad Reza who must govern the country not me). So there was nothing that he could do either. I still do not know if my brother ever could recover his land or not.
White Revolution of Shah and People: Land Reforms
Shah’s resistance to cleaning up corruptions in his government goes as far back as when president Kennedy pressed him hard and even ordered him to start a land reform including giving away some of his own farm lands to the farmers. Shah, who was always afraid of the Americans, thinking that they could over throw him as they did with Mossadeq, put a big show in land reform called “Eslahate Arzi” (The Land Reforms Amendment of the White Revolution of Shah and the people).
Shahbanu Farah, Shah of Iran, Jackie and John F. Kennedy 1962
End the corruption or else!
John F. Kennedy, Jacky Kennedy and the Shah
Look at their faces seems like Shah was just admonished by Kennedy
Land reform ceremony forced by Kennedy
Arsanjani, a young western educated man, was put in charge of the land reforms. Since Shah had to give up part of his lands, as ordered, he selected the most unproductive acreages for giving away but the publicities and propagandas was hard at work. Along with land reform, some clean ups in government agencies took place but as soon as Kennedy was assassinated the looting resumed.
The land reform became a failure due to bad planning and with no follow up plan after Kennedy’s death; it had created large scale unemployment in rural area to the point that the farmers used to leave their lands and rush toward big cities in search of jobs. Of course Kennedy couldn’t care less about individual Iranians. He was worried that the Soviets could over-throw the Shah via their Hezb Tudeh which Shah himself, being a rookie politician, could not realize that and used to resist in ending corruptions in every steps of the way.
Hand kissing; a tradition Mohammad Reza Shah started and used to enjoy humiliating people
Severe hand kissing of the Shah of Iran at the Land Reforms ceremony
Severe Military Hand Kissing of the Shah of Iran
Severe Foot Kissing of the Shah of Iran
According to Kenneth Polack in his book “Persian Puzzle”, after the rise of price of oil in early 1970s and sharp increase in production, instead of spending the new found income for creating jobs by boosting domestic industries, Shah started purchasing foreign goods, specially weaponry and other unproductive materials and receiving bribes from foreign manufacturers and exporters in a form of commission enriching himself and a small class of people. That; plus revenue from high oil prices which would benefit certain class of people the most had created a new upper class which was the main cause of high inflation which in turn resulted in high unemployment and creation of new “fourth class” citizens. Read Polack’s book for more details, including finger nail pulling before murdering the enemies and rivals via SAVAK.
Polack indicates that high unemployment, caused by failed land reform and high inflation, had forced people to flock from villages and small towns into big cities in search of work. Not having any money to stay in hotels while looking for work they used to rush into mosques for free shelter and food. It was this 4th class of citizens that later-on became a force for mullah takeover of the 1979 revolution. It was this class of people who were cutting Khomeini’s body to pieces for souvenir in his funeral.
How Mohammad Reza Pahlavi Reigned?
According to Polack, Shah always had dozens of catalogs from different manufactures on his coffee table and periodically used to look at them and would make decision what to order without any preplanning. For instance, out of nowhere, he would order a squadron of fighter jets. But in purchasing a squadron of plane, importing the planes should come last not first. The right plan would be; consult the Air Force, select and train pilots which would take year and half or two, select and train maintenance crew, build facilities for equipments, hangers, and runways, etc. etc. then purchase the planes.
This type of purchasing orders had created bottleneck in, understaffed under-capacity custom-house, creating traffic jam in receiving and releasing the imported goods which had created a waiting period of one, in some cases, two years. The merchants, on tight schedule, would bribe for the early release of their merchandise. That would leave all government orders to be laid under the hot summer desert sun and cold winter nights due to shortage of storage rooms. The cost of building storage rooms would have been miniscule in comparison to cargos that were going to waste. But those who were ordering the goods were apparently thinking about their commission and nothing else.
Corrupted societies usually feed themselves in staying corrupt; those who order merchandise are concerned only about their commission, those in charge of the custom-house do not demand for expansion because bottleneck brings in bribe money. Those who are supposed to receive the goods ordered are the bureaucrats who either are not aware of the order or just do not care; Typical of “Third World Countries”.
In Kennedy years it was against US policy to sell any latest model classified armament to foreign nations due to security concern but that was relaxed for Iran in Johnson years who had a good relationship with the Shah and also too busy with the war in Southeast Asia. But Nixon gave the Shah free hand ordering whatever he pleased. The reason was; Nixon was struggling with recession and high unemployment at home along with the high cost of oil. He said; at least we can get back part of the high cost of oil from the friendly oil producing countries. Also in Nixon’s view Iran, a friendly country, with strong armed forces would mean less expenditure for the US in keeping the area secure.
In one of those Nixon years Iran, with $6 billion order, became the top customer for the US exporting industry. The six billion dollars was not the total expenditure on arms for that year. Iran was also purchasing armament from France, England and elsewhere as well. The more you buy the more commission you make.
While in exile in an interview with David Frost he disputed the rumor that his wealth is estimated at about $6 billion. When Frost cornered him by asking; could I buy your assets at one or two billion dollars! Shah jokingly answered “you need to bring the cash first then we will talk about it”.
So far what I have explained above is not enough to hate anyone. What he has done from that point on is the main issue.
Shah and Richard Nixon
Shah’s last cowardly decision became the most costly one. It was the lives of thousands of his loyal followers; it is tradition among brave commanders that the captain of the ship will always stay with the sinking ship until the last crew member is safely out. But this captain, for second time in 26 years period, was the first and the only person who jumped out the sinking ship in fear. The ship that he himself was the cause of sinking.
For more information read:
Reasons for the Birth of IRI
But the bigger issue is that, in those final days, he was so disoriented and in fear that it did not occur to him to call a meeting with his top brass to, at least, tell them; I am leaving you guys make your own deal with the leaders of the revolution and try to save your own lives. Instead, according to a third level employee of American Embassy in Tehran, who was being interviewed by a reporter, Shah called the embassy to ask the Ambassador to come to see him in the palace. The ambassador they told him is gone to America for a short visit. The second employee in charge was not available either.
This third level employee whose name I do not recall said I went to the palace next day. Shah was sitting on a chair, looking very depressed and down. I apologized on behalf of the ambassador who was not available and asked him “what can I do for you your majesty”? With very soft voice he asked me “what do you want me to do”?! I told him give me 24 hours your majesty so I can contact Washington. Next morning I went to the palace again, Shah was still depressed. I told him “we just want you to leave”. He did not say a word, just slowly shook his head while looking at the floor and I left. The meeting was over in five minutes. Next morning I saw him on TV in the airport ready to leave.
The point of the matter is, because of his dictatorial regime, no decision maker could be produced in his administration. Everybody around him was forced into saying “yes your majesty’ no your majesty”,” May I kiss your hand your majesty”. Even any positive accomplishment by anyone in his administration would be propagated that the Shah has done that. No one could get any credit for good work to become an incentive for innovative thinking.
Consequently when the time came the big decision needed to be made in dealing with the revolutionary leaders there was none. All those big brass generals were just yes-men not decision makers and the result was bunch of mullahs started slaughtering these officers who were only solders and would obey anyone who would become the new commander in chief.
Killing these officers, as we have seen, was the big mistake that the mullahs made resulting in dismantlement of the armed forces which invited opportunist Saddam Hussein in attacking the country resulting in millions of lost lives, eight years of misery and tremendous financial losses and more.
So many good people were slaughtered for no good reason. So many friends of mine in the Air Force were sent to the firing squad of the revengeful mullahs unnecessarily. Their crime was obeying the orders of commander in chief. The commander that ran away in his wet pants. Does anyone think that it would be unfair if I, along with all patriotic Iranians, have the right to hate a coward like him who lost the country to a bunch of backward mullahs with 7thcentury Arabian Peninsula mentality? The mullahs that have been busy killing more and more patriotic Iranians in the last 32 plus years and no one knows when it will end.
I will fault Mohammad Reza for all disastrous things that happened to Iran and Iranians since 1979 and those that will happen to Iran and Iranians in the future by the hands of mullahs. I fault Mohammad Reza losing the country to a bunch of Simi-Arabs in 1979 as I fault the last fifty years of Sassanid dynasty in the 7th century AD that lost the country to a bunch of barbarian Arabs. Mohammad Reza lost the country not by making honest mistakes while doing his job in taking care of the country but by being corrupt, in pursuit of his own personal gains with complete disregard to the destiny of the country as well as the lives of his own loyal subordinates. That is low.
What amazes me is that on the same David Frost interview; on the subject of his generals were slaughtered by the mullahs, he had the nerve to criticize them by saying that the generals were not acting bravely, and “Weeping like children” he said. This is the man who panicked not once but twice (1953 and 1979) and was the first to rush toward the airport before any danger coming even close. Safe and sound out of the country with $ billions in his accounts calling those who lost their lives; “weeping children”. Yet another cowardly act.
I give you an example about the degree of corruptions. A classmate of mine from military academy who graduated from Tehran University, majoring in civil engineering joined the Air Force working in civil engineering department in the same building that I used to work. His boss was a one star general and this guy’s rank was a captain (at the time) like me.
Shah decided to build several radar stations around the country equipped with complete housing project. A multibillion dollar project funded by “Sazman-e Barnameh”.
Embezzlement started with the knowledge of the commander of the Air Force, General Khatam via engineering department with participation of the general (the department head) and the representative of Sazman-e Barnameh (a civilian accountant) whose office was located in the same building. That general due to health reason had to quit. Guess who got the job? The captain who was an insider by then.
The “position rank” for the civil engineering department was a “two-star general position”. The Air Force regulations did not allow an officer with a rank more than two bellow the “position rank” to serve in that position. In other word, a Capitan or even a Major could not become the department head of engineering Department. Since they did not want to bring-in an outsider who would not be aware of the embezzlement, they promoted the captain to full colonel. Jumping two ranks up over night; that was an eight-year promotion jump, unprecedented even for promoting fighter pilots for heroism in war. The promotion regulations in the Air Force were more relaxed for fighter pilots. I am not aware if that kind of fast promotion, especially in peace time, has been given to anyone in any armed forces of any country in the world. (This could happen only in a “third world” corrupt country).
One day, I was passing in the hallway and I saw my classmate, the yesterday’s captain, in a full-colonel uniform. I was shocked and thought maybe this guy is the twin brother of him. He looked at me in the eyes, looking a little embarrassed, passed me without any gesture. These kinds of promotions must be done with the full knowledge and approval of the Shah and must be requested by the Commander of The Ari Force. Again, read Polack’s book. Of course you will not find this particular case in it but there are plenty in it that which will blow one’s mind.
In fairness I must mention that, in one policy mater, Mohammad Reza Shah stood firm against the Americans; soon after the coup d’état of 1953 the US advisers convinced the Shah that Iran must stay an agricultural country. For about a decade the government slogan was “Iran must stay an agricultural country” “Iran has the most productive land and climate for agriculture in the world”, etc. Being a dictatorial system, no one could dare to tell him that several centuries ago Adam Smith has said that “agricultural products are subject to diminishing return” and he suggested that industrialization is the way to prosperity, countries that stay agricultural will fall behind.
After about a decade following agricultural policy, apparently someone finally informed the Shah about Adam Smith’s theory and Shah decided to pursue industrialization. But the Americans would not cooperate and were insisting continuation of the agricultural policy. After several months of confrontation, Shah gave the last ultimatum, either deal with me or I will purchase steel mill from the Soviets. The reason for choosing the Soviets was that Americans had great deal of influence in the western world to prevent any deal with the western industrialized nations. The Americans did not take the ultimatum seriously until Shah made the deal with the Soviets to build a steel mill in city of Esfahan. That got the Americans’ attention and came forward with compromise.
3 Important Incidents and Cover-ups
It is important to mention three separate incidences in Mohammad Reza Shah’s reign that if it would succeed, for better or worse, it could change the course of the history in Iran:
1. Alireza Pahlavi’s Takeover Attempt
During the chaotic days of Mossadeq era when Shah completely lost control and was forced into relinquishing the position of the Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces to Mossadeq the rumor was that Alireza, the younger and smarter brother of the Shah, one day went into Shah’s office and after some argument between the siblings, Alireza yelled at him; “if you cannot handle the situation step down, I will take care of it”. Alireza Pahlavi, who owned several hundred acres of farm-lands in Gorgan who used to travel back and forth with his small single-engine air plane, crashed and got killed while coming back to Tehran.
2. General Qarani and General Bakhtiar’s Coups
Soon after 1953 British/American coalition coup, the CIA created an intelligence agency for Iran (Sazman-e Amniyat-e Keshvar) SAVAK, modeled after and staffed by the CIA. Three stars general Teymour Bakhtiar, a very firm disciplined with Reza Shah Era dictatorial mentality, was put the director of the SAVAK. Within a short period of time Bakhtiar became the most powerful and the most feared person in the country. In early 1958 a coup plot by General Valiollah Qarani, the commander of the Army’s intelligence was snuffed out by the SAVAK. In late 1958, Bakhtiar in a trip to America met with CIA director Allen Dulles and Kim Roosevelt, he told them that he wanted to overthrow the Shah and wanted their help. But Dulles and Roosevelt were noncommittal in reply and immediately informed the Shah. Bakhtiar on his way back from America was arrested in Mehrabad Air Port. His shattered lifeless corpse, with all finger nails pulled was found in remote Tajrish mountain area. Of course no one shed a tear for the feared spy-master.
3. General Aryana’s Coup
It was in mid 1960s that another coup attempt was discovered, this time by the CIA to keep the Shah in power since he was easy to handle. I really did not care about Qarani or Bakhtiar to succeed. We officers were always weary of intelligence officers; they were different bread of animals which we could not trust. But this coup was staged by General Aryana who was the most popular and liked high ranking officer in Iranian Armed Forces. You didn’t have to know him personally to like him. As a young educated officer during Reza Shah, Aryana was very instrumental in modernization. He was a patriot and one of the pioneers in purifying the Persian language from Tazi words. He continued that task after Reza Shah, particularly within the Armed forces, even though after Reza Shah was gone these types of projects had lost popularity. I can say with great certainty that if Aryana would have succeeded he would have formed a modern democratic system of government that Iran deserved by then. He was a great patriot and lover of Iran. After discovering the coup, the incident was kept secret. Considering Aryana’s popularity there was a great possibility of revolt by the Army against the Shah and the Americans. Several officers involved were secretly and quickly executed but CIA knew that it would be too risky to execute Aryana. They ordered the Shah to ask Aryana, not to resign, but to apply for retirement and shah participated in the staged retirement ceremony and Shah had a prewritten speech thanking Aryana for his service to the country. Aryana was kept in house arrest for the rest of his life. I respectfully salute General Aryana the great patriot of Iran.
In conclusion: The father was born poor but with hard work he became a self made world figure yet never abandoned his simple way of living. He loved his country enough to give up his crown for the good of the nation leaving with fist full of his country’s dirt. To him country always came first.
Reza Khan, Salute to you the great man of steel
Dorud bar to Ey mard-e bozorg
Jashn-e Kashf-e Hejab
Reza Shah visiting the Girls Academy for the Women’s Unveiling Ceremony
Mohammad Reza never had to work yet he inherited the crown of an ancient country which he never understood the significance of. He sold the country out of fear and for money; he took orders from foreign powers just to hold on to his job; he enriched himself in dishonest ways and lived in luxury and extravagance; he left the country in disgrace with billions of dollars of people of Iran’s money in his foreign holdings. To Mohammad Reza country came last; he coined a slogan “Khoda-Shah-Mihan”. (God, Shah, Nation) In other words; Shah came ahead of country. He became so arrogant dared to call himself “Shadow of the God”. They both died but the father left a memorable legacy while the son went with disgrace. What a difference!
Propagandas, luxuries, and more luxuries with little substance
Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi’s coronation
L to R: Shahbanu Farah, General Badrei, Shah of Iran
Iran Imperial Coronation
Shah crowning the Empress
General Badrei, Shah and Shahbanu Farah
Mohammad Reza Shah and Shahbanu Farah Pahlavi coronation 1967
Shah, Farah and Reza Pahlavi
Mohammad Reza Shah and Shahbanu Farah Pahlavi at Nowruz Persian New Year Ceremony
Shah in exile - Panama
All Pictures are courtesy of IPC
I was born and raised in a Bahai family. My father passed away six months prior to WWII, victim of colon cancer. My mother, a courageous intelligent woman, even though was a religious person, by no mean a fanatic. She was an open minded lady and one of the very few women of her era in Iran that could read books and write her own letters. Even though that she used to encourage her children in reading religious books, she was also open in letting us to read none religion books as well. I remember when I was about 12 or 13, my older brother, 14 years my senior brought half dozen paperback pocket size books written by Morris Miterling, early 20th century Belgian philosopher translated to Persian. I have another brother two years older than I am. He and I started reading those books and discussing the material with our mother. Two of those books which interested my brother and I the most were about Darwinian Theory of Evolution. After that incident, my brother and I became agnostic and completely rejected the god of Abraham (Allah in Islam and Bahai religions, Jehovah in Judeo/Christianity).
With above in mind, even though I was agnostic since early age, but because I was born in a Bahai family, I was known as Bahai among friends and at work. By the same token, today there are millions of Muslim-born Iranians that do not believe in Islam but statistically in the eye of the world organizations and people of the world, Iran is 98 or 97 % Muslim. As long as these nonbelievers do not repudiate their religious affiliation in a formal and legal manner, Iran is a 98 % Muslim country.
As time passing by, I have done more research about the existence of a supernatural entity and became convince that there is none and became an atheist and that is how I brought up my children and wrote numerous articles on that subject. From mid. 1990s I started doing research on the life of Zarathushtra using different sources including; Zoroastrian- Iranian, non-Zoroastrian Iranian, the Parsis, and European sources. I have come to the conclusion that Zarathushtra was a unique Iranian philosopher not a prophet that has been claimed by the Zoroastrian religious authorities.
According to Gathas (the writing of Zarathushtra) he never created any religion nor did he claim to be affiliated to any supernatural being. As a matter of fact all his life he campaigned against the Magies and called all gods lies and he finally lost his life for his belief. I accepted Zarathushtra for his doctrine and in order to disassociate myself from Bahai religion, on August of 1998 I officially became Zoroastrian with “Sadrehpoushi” ceremony in city of Anaheim, California. But I am the new branch of Zoroastrian that differs from the old Zoroastrianism which has deviated from principle doctrine of Zarathushtra by inserting superstitious beliefs in his doctrine, copied from Abrahamic religions. In other word I accepted Zoroastrianism as a doctrine not as a religion.
I wrote several short articles in English on this subject, I also discussed Zarathushtra’s doctrine in my book “Dastaneh Abusalim” written in Persian. It is a short life-story of an Iranian during 7th and 8th century Arab invasion. You can find my articles and books on different sites such as Payame Ashena magazine and IPC (Iran Politic Club) site. You could copy the articles and download the book for free from IPC and a site in Iran called Kafar.
Story of Abu Salim
Maziar Aptin Index
In 2005 I officially changed my Arabic name to Maziar Aptin. By doing so, I broke the link of the chain that the Arabs first wrapped around the legs and arms of our ancestors with the edge of the sword then the chain gradually found its way into the mind and soul of our ignorant forefathers. Our forefathers did not have the knowledge and information that is available to our generation. I dare my Muslim-Iranian brothers and sisters; it is your duty to break this shameful barbaric ideology-chain and free yourselves and your children from this backward ideology and acquire the appreciation of your children.
History of slavery in Iran
Analysis of the Word “Qaza”
No one can tell you that abandoning or changing religion and name is easy, but one generation in every family must take this important and daring step. It can be done. I have done it and my children are thankful.
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