Meaning of Crescent and Star Islamic Symbol
April 26, 2007
The Official Flag of Islam
The Official Logo of Islam
What is the
meaning of Allah?
What is the meaning of Crescent and Star Emblem of Islam?
Many have been discussing this issue, so if I may inform you of
what I know about the subject. Shall this be of help to the seekers
of the truth.
Allah was originally
a large size black rock in Ka'abah, Mecca. Ka'abah was originally
a cubical house of totem worship for worshiping totems (Bot). Many
tribes in Arabia were respecting and worshiping these totems. Mohammed's
uncle was originally the guardian of this house of Rocks! According
to the scriptures, when Islam came to power, the house of the holy
and the promised land, also the direction which the Muslim were
praying to, was Jerusalem. Mohammed had a political deal going on
with Quraish and other local Arab tribe leaders who were financially
supporting him; therefore, he transferred the main Islamic Attraction,
house of the holy and the direction of prayer from Jerusalem to
Mecca and of course Ka'abah. He did not just get up one day and
announced it like that! He went in and out of the famous cave on
top of the mountain and of course Allah and Angel Gabriel
came to him in a vision, and then he released a verse and only then
he changed the prayer direction from Jerusalem to Mecca.
The basic reason
behind this decision was economical. Rich tribal lords of Arabia
promised to financially and militaristically back Mohammed up and
in return Mohammed returned the favor by making Mecca a tourist
attraction and the center for Islam, so all the money from Haj (pilgrimage),
and other holy donations would flow and wave towards Mecca. In addition,
later on Mohammed had always sent a fixed share of the material
and wealth stolen (loots of the battles) from the defeated tribes,
civilizations and nations, to these tribal lords of Quraish and
others who supported him. A fixed amount (a share) from "Qanimat"
(Qanima) was always going directly to these tribal lords.
In Ka'abah there
was Allah the largest Rock in black color, which was the main God.
As some scholars written, he was named after the Moon God and a
reflection of the Moon. Then there were four other Rocks placed
around Allah in four corners of Ka'abah representing the
lower Gods such as iLat, Lat, Uzza and Manat
which were Allah's Children (some mentioned Daughters) and they
were siblings. Some scholars argue that Allah The Moon God had four
daughters, yet some argue that the four corner rocks of Ka'abah
were three daughters/Siblings and one mother "iLat"
(The Sun Goddess). However they all agree that Allah was placed
in the center of Ka'abah and the four minor God/Goddesses were posted
on four-corners of Ka'abah around him.
The Order of Occurrence, What Do I Believe?
Now you may
ask, what is my opinion? Through the years and throughout my vast
research, I have become to this conclusion that Mohammed (in Arabic
meaning: the Praised) was not Mohammed's original name. This
name was taken at a later period by the founder of Islam. Mohammed
was originally named "Halabi". Mohammed was born
in Mecca about 570 A.D. Mohammed was the son of "Abdullah"
and that is why he is known as Mohammed ibn al Abdullah.
Mohammed was of the important Quraish Tribe, but his own
family was of little or no importance. Abdullah, his father, was
a poor merchant who died either before or shortly after Mohammed's
birth. Mohammed was about six years old when he also lost his mother
and became an orphan. Then his grandfather, Abd al Mutallib
had adopted him. Two years later, Abd al Mutalib died and once again
Mohammed became an orphan! Mohammed's uncle, Abu Talib, though
poor himself, took him under his wing and into his house, and remained
his best friend and protector throughout his whole life.
was the custodian and the maintenance provider of Ka'abah. Abu
Talib was the keeper and key holder of Ka'abah. Mohammed became
his assistant and uncle's little helper, which later on when Abu
Talib became older, Mohammed basically became in charge of this
duty. Abu Talib and Mohammed were maintaining, cleaning and safeguarding
the totems (bot) and the house of totems (Ka'abah).
were 1 main god and 4 lesser gods in Ka'abah:
In the center
Allah (The Moon God)
iLat (The Sun Goddess)
Manat (Daughters of Allah and iLat)
At first there
were many gods and goddesses residing in Ka'abah but later, they
were pushed to the sides of Ka'abah and the main attraction became
Allah (The Black Rock) and the 4 lower goddesses (Allah's wife and
daughters) on four-corners of Ka'abah.
Later on Mohammed
went in and out of the famous cave and received yet another vision
from Allah to get rid of the totems. When the Ka'abah was cleaned
out of totems, there were some 167 idols (bot) in there. The
pagan pantheon among the Arabs was extensive, Al Bayt and Umma'
were heavily in to pagan religion, totem worship and idolatry.
At first Mohammed
and Muslim worshiped these Rocks. Later on Mohammed ordered Muslim
get rid of the Rocks and totems and only worship the True Allah,
the one and only which resides in Heaven. This happened in a few
A Black Rock Became Allah!
The Historical Stages
Read Quran and
you will find out that primarily Allah was only a Black Rock
in Ka'abah, but later on he became a megalomaniac, serial killing,
schizophrenic psychopath. Thanks to the teachings of Mohammed!
Mohammed went in and out of the famous cave on the mountain-top,
dropped into one of his epileptic delusional seizures and Allah
came to him through Angel Gabriel (in reality through delusions
of his own mind). The vision of Allah told him to get rid of the
other four Rocks (Allah's Children), and tell the faithful to only
pray to the big black rock (Allah). Obviously at this level of Mohammed's
life, the people like Salman Farsi (greatest Persian Traitor
and co creator of Islam) and other Christian scholars were influencing
him. Salman was transferring all his mono God ideas of Mazdaki Religion,
also a variety of ideas from Zoroastrianism, Judaism and Christianity
to Mohammed. Also Mohammed had learned a lot from the Jews and Christians
during his travels around the Near and Middle East, especially to
Sham (Syria). So at this point, Mohammed basically had tried
to legitimize Islam and give it a logical outlook by making it a
Mono God Religion (monotheistic religion); however, he had to do
this gradually or he would create panic among the illiterate Arabs
of the Desert! He had to start with his series of "Cave Appearances
by Allah" (same as episodes of a soap opera), Premonitions,
and inputs which he had received from Allah's Visual Figure and
Sounds in the cave (Vahy).
basically receiving two types of inputs from Allah: Vision and Sound!
Vision (Tasvir) was coming through Angel Gabriel and Sound (Vahy)
was coming through his ears! Today, we simply know that Mohammed
was in fact an Schizophrenic Patient who was hearing voices,
seeing visions and creating delusions in his mind! In addition Mohammed
was an Epileptic patient who was going in severe epileptic
seizures, dropping on the floor, foam coming out of his mouth and
going in to coma-like trances. This is when he would see visions
and hear sounds (Allah appeared to him). On top of all this, Mohammed
was creating this entire saga, not just due to his epilepsy and
Schizophrenia, yet intentionally and due to his opportunism. Mohammed
was a shrewd businessman and an opportunistic politician. At
first, Mohammed was a businessman but eventually he came to an understanding
and viewed Islam and Religion as the best business that he could
get into! Next, he became a Ruler (Caliph), and afterwards he viewed
himself as the prophet. Always keep in mind about Mohammed's mentality
and the way he viewed Islam and used it as a tool to achieve his
goals as a Businessman, Ruler, and a Prophet.
After a while Allah came to Mohammed and he told him to get rid
of the Black Rock in total, because Allah is in Heaven and needs
no symbolic representation or Totem. At this point of history, Mohammed
was obviously seen the necessity to copy-paste Judaism, Christianity,
and Zoroastrianism's visions into Islam! So finally he had to get
out of the cave and yet preach another lecture to Umma' al Islam,
about the unified God in heavens and for them to get rid of the
Islam became officially the religion of Allah as a single God in
heavens with a spiritual element and quality with no earthly totem
or symbol. Ka'abah transformed to its present design without the
Rocks! A typical charlatanism and opportunism, Mohammed's style,
to go along with changes of time, and to sell the new improved Allah
to the people! And this is how the original "Moon God"
of Arabs became the Modern Allah!
Moon has a special
meaning in Islam. Even Islamic calendar is based on Moon. It called
Hejri Qamari (Moon based Departure):
= Travel of Mohammed from Mecca to Medinah
Qamar = Moon
of Moon around the Earth and shapes of Moon in astronomical sense
are the bases of this calendar and the year starts from the time
in which Mohammed traveled between these cities (Mecca and Madinah).
The whole concept of the Moon based calendar, Moon God, etc., originated
from a Myth. This myth eventually became one of Mohammed's Miracles
as a prophet. Mohammed was an intelligent person and aware of the
astronomy. The fact that he was illiterate and did not know how
to read or write had nothing to do with the fact of him being a
traveling man and learning all kinds of information about different
sciences. Yet he used all this knowledge towards Charlatanism and
fooling the masses.
Behalfing of the Moon by Mohammed
One of Mohammed's
miracles was: "Shaq Ol Qamar" (Dividing the Moon
in half) The faithful have seen Mohammed to take his famous crescent
sword (Scimitar) out and cut the moon in half. Of course Mohammed
knew about the dates in which moon is full or half or crescent shape.
And him knowing this fact, he was prepared to do this miracle at
that certain night upon the vow that he took in front of the faithful
to cut the moon in half. so at that certain time and night he set
up the stage to give his preachings and then cut the moon in half!
Later, the faithful had sworn that Mohammed in fact did cut the
moon in half and he will do the same to all enemies of Islam and
eventually this became one of his miracles and documented facts
of him being the legitimate prophet of Allah.
of ancient Moon God being of value in Arabia and later on The Black
Rock being named after the Moon God as Allah and the Moon based
Calendar, also the fact that Moon was sacred in Arabian Desert nights
as the directional guide and light, all and all was important but
what made Moon a number one symbol of Islam was Mohammed's miracle
of "Shaq Ol Qamar." Eventually this became an expression
in Iran and elsewhere. When people mock a person on committing a
worthless task, they say: have you done "Shaq Ol Qamar"?!
Of course this is sarcastic. Mohammed supposedly have truly done
the "Shaq Ol Qamar" and it was a great deal to do that.
But they say this, as sarcasm to a person who thinks that he had
done a great task but indeed he did not!
At first, Moon
became the reflection of Allah as a symbol, then representation
of Mohammed's miracle but most important, later on many of the
faithful saw Mohammed's picture in the moon (before an important
campaign) and believed that this was a good omen! They believed
this means that Muslim would win this war and Mohammed is the last
and greatest of all prophets! Every time there was a natural disaster
or meteorological element, superstitious Muslim would consider it
as a sign from Allah! For instance the behalfing of the moon, or
the sand storm in battle of Qadesiyeh which blown in Persian Military's
faces and caused them to lose the war! Now how did Mohammed's face
appear in the moon is to be remained as the eight wonder of the
universe! Did he reflect his picture with a use of a large lens
or was it just a myth and a rumor that some delusional faithful
Muslim, smoking Hashish spread around, is to be remained as a mystery!
But then again have in mind that the same Faithful Muslim Umma'
(Omat or public), had also seen the picture of Khomeini in the moon
(1978)! Remember 1978? Imam's face reported to have been seen on
the moon! It was celebrated as the great omen and the green light
to go ahead with the Islamic Revolution?! There goes another Lunar
Loony effect of the Moon in Islam! After studying the roots of
Allah, we see that Allah is basically a different entity than the
Supreme being in the Bible or Torah!
The Moon Crescent and the sole Star on
the Islamic Flags
The roots of
the Moon emblem goes back to Central Asia, Siberia, Cartage, Greece
and of course Arabian Peninsula as mentioned above. Eventually during
the Byzantine Empire (Eastern Roman Empire) era, the city of Constantinople
(Istanbul) adopted the Crescent Emblem. Constantinople as the capital
of Byzantine was an important strategical point and a historical
How did the moon emblem get to Constantinople?
There are a
variety of theories that this emblem originally came from either
Greek Goddess Diana, Carthaginian Goddess Tanit, Moon
Goddess/God of Central Asia or Arabian Peninsula or possibly a combination
of them all! But for sure the Crescent Emblem was used in Byzantine
even way before the birth of Christ. When Ottoman Empire took over
Constantinople at 1453 AD, they obviously kept the Moon Crescent
Emblem, yet redesigned it as the Islamic Crescent and
Star Emblem. There are stories and legends of Ottoman, the founder
of Ottoman Empire originally had a dream of a gigantic crescent
stretching from one side of the Earth to the other side, referring
to the prediction of Ottoman Empire ruling the world and also other
stories of The Star representing the Five Pillars of Islam:
or Charity (Zakat)
Declaration of Faith (Shahaadah)
Fasting the Month of Ramadan (Sawm)
Pilgrimage in Islam (Hajj)
Prayer in Islam (Salath)
to Ottoman's dreams and impressions of Moon and The Star, the present
Crescent and Star Logo became the official Emblem of Islam! This
is all very nice, yet not exactly accurate as far as the History
goes! Ottoman may had all these dreams and interpreted them the
way that he did, also Constantinople was obviously holding the Crescent
as their official logo before the Ottoman Empire; however, The official
Crescent and Star Emblem has a history further back than both of
these theories combine. The roots of Moon God goes way back in history
and amazingly we witness it in different parts of the world, from
Greece all the way to Central Asia and from Cartage all the way
to Arabian Peninsula. Now one thing is obvious that eventually after
the official adaptation of Crescent and Star Emblem and revision
of it to the present shape by Ottoman Empire, then little by little
many Islamic nations started to copy this emblem and use it on their
flags. Eventually this emblem became the symbol for Islam. Also
have in mind that Green has been adopted as the color of
Seyeds (descendants to Prophet Mohammed), therefore the color of
Saudi Arabian Flag and Islam in general. Among the nations using
the Crescent and Star Emblem on their flags are Turkey, Pakistan,
Malaysia, Algeria, Tunisia and others. Now let us dig deeper in
Flag of Turkey
The Original Crescent and Star Flag
Flag of Pakistan
Flag of Muslim League Party of Pakistan
Search for the origins of the Crescent
and Star Emblem
The roots of
the Crescent and Star Emblem goes back to the Babylonian cult
of Inana and with the numerous other equivalent female fertility
cults of near eastern antiquity, for instance the cult of Isis,
the Egyptian Goddess of Fertility.
As I have stated,
the roots of the emblem also goes back to the Ancient Central
Asian Civilizations (Altaic Turkic Race) in BC. The crescent
and star emblem also has a heritage directly linked to its adoption
as an Islamic symbol which is similar to the Christian appropriation
of pagan symbolism elsewhere and is testament to the persistence
of ancient systems of belief into late antiquity and early modern
and Star signifies concentration, openness and victory, as well
as sovereignty and divinity. According to traditional historical
tales, in 339 BC a brilliant waxing moon had saved Byzantium
(today's Istanbul) from the attack by Philip of Macedon.
Byzantium was saved from Macedonian troops under Philip of Macedon
trying to tunnel their way in at night during a siege. The city
was saved because the crescent moon was shining, so the moon had
revealed the Macedonian plot.
Later on, people
of Byzantium had built a statue of Diana, the Moon Goddess,
whose statues frequently showed her with a crescent moon. To mark
their gratitude, the citizens of Byzantium had adopted the Crescent
of "Goddess Diana" (originally a Persian and Greek
Goddess) as the city's emblem. When the city became the Christian
Constantinople (330 AD), its Crescent assumed the significance of
an attribute of the Virgin Mary. This phenomenon simply remained
during the Christian era (as Constantinople) and Muslim (as Istanbul),
and later spread to the rest of the Ottoman/Muslim world.
Diana was the
Persian Goddess (Yazata = Female Goddess) of Faith; however, in
Greco-Roman Mythology she became the Goddess of Water and then Moon!
For more information
of Goddess Diana and other Persian Gods and Goddesses,
Mythology, Gods and Goddesses
On 1299 AD,
Sultan Ottoman (Osman) conquering what is now Turkey, had
a vision of a crescent moon stretching over the world; it thus became
a symbol of the Ottoman dynasty, and when Constantinople fell to
Sultan Mohammed II (1453 AD), the crescent came to represent
both Islam and the Turkish Ottoman Empire. The star was added
by Sultan Selim III in 1793 AD. The stars' five points established
in 1844 AD.
Islamic Scholars' View
many Islamic astronomers and scholars, the crescent and star, may
represent a conjunction of the Moon and Venus which took
place in the dawn sky of July 23, 610 AD. This night exactly coincides
with the night in which the Prophet Mohammed had received his initial
revelation (Vahy) from Allah via Angel Gabriel. Historical facts
tell us that it is true that this night is very close to the actual
night of the first revelation but it is not certain that it is the
exact night. If we study the lunar calendar thoroughly, we will
notice that the actual conjunction had occurred on June 10, 609
AD, so the influence of that was not related to the beginning of
So as we see,
there is a conflict:
Actual astronomical conjunction = June 10, 609 AD
Allah turned Mohammed to a prophet = July 23, 610 AD
We can conclude
that this is also another Islamic myth!
Flag of Tunisia
Flag of Algeria
Flag of Mauritania
Flag of Malaysia
So far historical
documents tell us that the Crescent and Star Emblem were used:
BC Period -
Babylonian cult of Inana
BC Period - Egyptian Cult of Goddess Isis
BC Period - Central Asian Altaic Turks
330 BC - Byzantium Greeks
330 AD - Byzantium Romans
1000 AD - Ottoman Turks
1299 AD - Ottoman Empire
1450 AD - Muslim World
There are no
doubts that the Moon represents Allah, originally the Moon God;
however, there are debates that if the Star whether represents the
Venus, Northern Star or Mohammed?
Crescent and Star Emblem
Allah the Moon God and Mohammed the Star Emblem
Astronomical Conjunction Theory
Star represents Venus
I have already stated the story about Venus. Many Muslim Scholars
believe that the conjunction of the Moon and Venus on July 23, 610
AD was on the same night in which exactly coincides with the night
that the Prophet Mohammed had received his initial revelation (Vahy)
from Allah via Angel Gabriel. Of course this is historically inaccurate
and wrong; however, in this version, Venus represents the Star.
Star represents The Northern Star
Other Muslim scholars believe that the star represents The Northern
Star, which used to navigate and direct the Arabo-Muslim in dark
desert nights of Arabia.
Star represents Mohammed
The most historically accurate and popular myth by Muslim is that
the star represents Mohammed. The prophet posing as a star or The
Northern Star, is the true element which directs and lightens the
path for the Arabo-Muslim to find their ways to destination in dark
nights of the Arabian Peninsula and hypothetically and symbolically
in the world.
Flag of Islamic Tolerance
Believe in Quran (Crescent and Star) or die by the Scimitar (IPC
Two choices for Infidels: Quran or Sword? Allah is Merciful!
Flag of Islam
Crescent and Swastika Star - Allah and Mohammed (IPC Version).
The Neo Islamic Flag of Allah and Mohammed. Allah is Forgiving!
So the Moon
representing all kinds of Holy episodes but originally the crescent
is representing the Moon God and the sole Star representing his
last prophet and greatest prophet, Mohammed who directs and guides
the Umma' (Faithful Public) in the dark nights of the Arabian Desert,
as the sole shining star in the skies of the Muslim Land! But then
again that's one interpretation amongst many; however, that's the
most popular and historically accurate interpretation. Allah
and Mohammed, Crescent and The Star, what a combination to lead
and Logical Thinking, is the only key to expose these cults and
their original roots and Myths."
a terrible thing to be wasted on superficial, metaphysical, superstitious,
to People of Logic