Violent Truth Behind The Sufi Mask
Compiled by Zulfikar Khan
is a presentation of excerpts taken from Sita Ram Goel's
have been misled, mostly by their own soft-headed scholars, to
cherish the fond belief that the Sufis were spiritual seekers,
and that unlike the Mullahs, they loved Hindu religious lore and
liked their Hindu neighbors. The Chistiyya Sufis in particular
have been chosen for such fulsome praise. The orthodox among the
Muslims protest that the Sufis are being slandered. But the Hindus
remains convinced that they themselves know better. Professor
Aziz Ahmad is a renowned scholar of Islam in India. He clinches
the matter in the following words : "In
Indian sufism anti-Hindu polemics started with Muinal-din Chisti.
Early sufis in Punjab and early Chistis devoted themselves to
the task of conversion on a large scale. Missionary activity slowed
down under Nizam al-din Auliya, not because of any new concept
of eclecticism, but because he held that the Hindus were generally
excluded from grace and could not be easily converted to Islam
unless they had the opportunity to be in the company of the Muslim
saints for considerable time."
the Auliya who lived in a sprawling khanqah and received rich
gifts out of plunder was convinced that he himself was such a
Muslim saint. His temper and teachings can be known easily from
die, writings of Amir Khusru, the poet, and Ziauddin Barani, the
historian. Both of them were leading disciples of the Auliya.
Both of them ex- press a great hatred for Hindus, and regret that
the Hanafl school of Islamic Law had come in the way of wiping
out completely the "curse of infidelism" from the face
Sufi saint who died a mere 79 years before Waliullah's birth,
was Ahmad Sirhindi (1564-1624). He was always foaming at the mouth
against Akbar's policy of peace with the Hindus. He proclaimed
himself the Mujaddid-i-alf-i-sdni, 'renovator of the second millennium
of Islam'. Besides writing several books, he addressed many letters
to several powerful courtiers in the reign of Akbar and Jahangir.
His MaktiibCtt-i-Imdm Rabbant have been collected and published
in three volumes. According to Professor S.A.A. Rizvi, "Shariat
can be fostered through the sword' was the slogan he raised for
A few specimens
should suffice to show the quality of this man's mind. In letter
No. 163 he wrote: "The honor of
Islam lies in insulting kufr and kafirs. One who respects the
kafirs dishonors the Muslims... The real purpose of levying jiziya
on them is to humiliate them to such an extent that they may not
be able to dress well and to live in grandeur. They should constantly
remain terrified and trembling. It is intended to hold them under
contempt and to uphold the honor and might of Islam."
In Letter No. 81 he said: "Cow-sacrifice in India is the
noblest of Islamic practices. The kafirs may probably agree to
pay jiziya but they shall never concede to cow-sacrifice."
After Guru Mun Deva had been tortured and done to death by Jahangir,
he wrote in letter No. 193 that "the execution of the accursed
kafir of Gobindwal is an important achievement and is the cause
of the great defeat of the Hindus."
with Shah Waliullah as one of the topmost sufis and theologians
of Islam. Referring to his role, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad has written
in his Tazkirah that "but for these letters Muslim nobles
would not have stood by Islam and but for the efforts of Shaikh
Ahmad, Akbar's heterodoxy would have superseded Islam in India."'
Later on, when K.A. Nizami published a collection of Shah Waliullah's
letters addressed to various Muslim notables including Ahmad Shah
Abdaii, he dedicated it to Maulana Azad. The Maulana wrote back,
"I am extremely happy that you have earned the merit of publishing
these letters. I pray from the core of my heart that Allah may
bless you with the felicity of publishing many books of a similar
kind." That should give us a measure not only of 'Muslim
Revival- ism' but also of many Maulanas who masqueraded as ardent
nationalists in order to fight the battle for Islam from within
the Indian National Congress.
It is strange
that most of the present-day Muslim scholars refuse to cite the
actual statements made about Hindus and Hinduism by their heroes
such as Ahmad Sirhindi and Shah Waliullah while praising them
to the skies as saviors of Islam in India. Maulana Abul Kalam
Azad and Allama lqbal are shining examples of this intriguing
silence. The late Professor Ishtiaq Husain Qureshi published two
significant books on the history of Islam in India - Ulema in
Politics (1972), and The Muslim Community of the Indo-Pakistan
Subcontinent (1977). He has devoted many pages to Ahmad Sirhindi
and Shah Waliullah in both the books. But he has not cited a single
sentence written or spoken by the 'great sufis' on how they looked
at Hindus and Hinduism. I have no doubt that Nizami has also suppressed
those letters of Shah Waliullah in which the latter has poured
out his heart about kufr and the kafirs. It is only Professor
S.A.A Rizvi who has taken us into the secret chain- bers so to
say. Professor Rizvi is a Shia. And the venom which characters
like Ahmad Sirhindi have poured on Hindus and Hinduism is quite
comparable to that which they poured out on Shias and Shiism.
Professor Rizvi has cited select passages from the original Persian
of Ahmad Sirhindi's letters. It is only recently that the letters
have be- come available in Urdu translation. Ahmad Sirhindi wrote
to many Muslim notables in the reign of Akbar and Jahangir. Some
of these letters were in strong protest against Akbar's policies
vis-a-vis Hindus. One of Sirhindi's patrons was Abdul Rahim Khan-i-Khanan
whom many Hindus cherish as a Hindi poet and a devotee of Sri
Krishna. It is unfortunate that quite a few recipients of these
letters cannot be identified straight away because they are addressed
by their titles and not by their names. As the letters are not
dated, it is difficult to say whether the bearer of a particular
title belonged to the reign of Akbar or Jahangir. The same title
was given to several persons in succession. I reproduce below
some passages from these significant letters in order to show
how the mind of this great sufi functioned. He was the leading
light of the Naqshbandi sufi silsild, and the foremost disciple
of Khwaja Baqi Billah who brought this silsild to India in the
reign of Akbar. I may add that the Prophet appeared quite frequently
to both Baqi Billah and Ahmad Sirhindi in their dreams or states
of trance, and gave guidance to them. Some of his statements
are reproduced below:
It is said that the Shariat prospers under the shadow of the sword
(al-Shara' tahat al-sait). And the glory of the holy Shariat depends
on the kings of Islam ....
Islam and infidelity (kufr) contradict one another. To establish
the one means eradicating the other, the coming together of these
contradictories being impossible. Therefore, Allah has commanded
his Prophet to wage war (jihad) against the infidels, and be harsh
with them. The glory is Islam consists in the humiliation and
degradation of infidels and infidelity. He who honors the infidels,
insults Islam. Honoring (the infidels) does not mean that they
are accorded dignity, and made to sit in high places. It means
allowing them to be in our company, to sit with them, and talk
to them. They should be kept away like dogs. If there is some
worldly purpose or work, which depends upon them, and cannot be
served without their help, they may be contacted while keeping
in mind all the time that they are not worthy of respect. The
best course according to Islam is that they should not be contacted
even for worldly purposes. Allah has proclaimed in his Holy Word
(Quran) that they are his and his Prophet's enemies. And mixing
with these enemies of Allah and his Prophet or showing affection
for them, is one of the greatest crimes...
... The abolition
of jizyah in Hindustan is a result of friendship which (Hindus)
have acquired with the rulers of this land... What right have
the rulers to stop exacting jizyah? Allah himself has commended
imposition of jizyah for their (infidels') humiliation and degradation.
What is required is their disgrace, and the prestige and power
of Muslims. The slaughter of non-Muslims means gain for Islam...
To consult them (the kafirs) and then act according to their advice
means honoring the enemies (of Islam), which is strictly forbidden...
(goodwill) of these enemies of Islam is false and fruitless. It
should never be called for because it can only add to their numbers.
If the infidels pray, they will surely seek the intercession of
their idols, which is taking things too far... A wise man has
said that unless you become a maniac (diwanah) you cannot attain
Islam. The state of this mania means going beyond considerations
of profit and loss. Whatever one gains in the service of Islam
and Kirshan whom Hindus worship are insignificant creatures, and
have been begotten by their parents... Ram could not protect his
wife whom Ravan took away by force. How can he help others?...
It is thousands of times shameful that some people should think
of Ram and Kirshan as rulers of all the worlds... To think that
Ram and Rahman are the same, is extremely foolish. The creator
and the creature can never be one... The controller of the Cosmos
was never called Ram and Kirshan before, the latter were born.
What has happened after their birth that they have come to be
equated with Allah, and the worship of Ram and Kirshan is described
as the worship of Allah? May Allah save us!
who number one lakh and twenty-four thousand have encouraged the
created ones to worship the Creator... The gods of the Hindus
(on the other hand) have encouraged the people to worship them
(the gods) instead... They are themselves misguided, and are leading
others astray... See, how the (two) ways are different!
Before that kafir [Guru Arjun Deva] was executed this recluse
[meaning himself] had seen in a dream that the reigning king had
smashed the skull of idolatry. Indeed, he was a great idolater,
and the leader of the idolaters, and the chief of unbelievers.
May Allah blast him! The Holy Prophet who is the ruler of religion
as well as the world, has cursed the idolaters as follows in some
of his prayers - "O Allah, demean their society, create divisions
in their ranks, destroy their homes, and get at them like the
It is required
by religion [Islam] that jihad should be waged against the unbelievers,
and that they should be dealt with harshly... it is obligatory
on Muslims to acquaint the king of Islam with the evil customs
of false religions... Maybe the king has no knowledge of these
evil customs... Some Ulama of Islam should come forward, and proclaim
the evils present in their (unbelievers') ways... It will be no
excuse or, the Day of Judgment that they did not proclaim the
tenets of the Shariat because they were not called upon (to do
Shariat prevails under the shadow of the sword (al Shara' tahat
al-saij) - according to this (saying), the Shariat can triumph
only with the help of mighty kings and their good administration.
But for some time past this saying has been languishing, which
means inevitably that Islam has become weak. The unbelievers (Hindus)
of Hindustan are demolishing mosques, and erecting their own places
of worship on the same sites. There was a mosque in the tank of
Kurukhet (Kurukshetra) at Thanesar, as also the tomb of some (Muslim)
saint, These have been demolished, and a huge gurudwara has been
constructed on the same sites. Besides, the kafirs are holding
many celebrations of kuft....
It is a thousand
pities that the reigning king is a Mussalman, and we recluses
find ourselves helpless. There was a time when Islam stood glorified
due to the might and prestige of its kings, and the Ulama and
the Sufis were honored and held in high regard. It was with their
help that the kings made the Shariat preva. I have heard that
one day Amir Taimur was passing through the bazaar at Bukhara
when, by chance, the inmates of Khwaja Naqshbandi's khanqah were
beating the dust out of the mats used in that place. Because Islam
was intact in Amir Taimur, he stopped at that spot and regarded
the dust of the khanqah as musk and sandal. He met a good end."
Therefore, it is necessary that infidelity should be cursed in
order to serve the faith (Islam). Cursing unbelief in the heart
is the lesser way. The greater way is to curse it in the heart
as well as with the body. In short, cursing means to nourish enmity
towards enemies of the true faith, whether that enmity is harbored
in the heart when there is fear of injury from them (infidels),
or it is harbored in the heart as well as served with the body
when there is no fear of injury from them. In the opinion of this
recluse, there is no greater way to obtain the blessings of Allah
than to curse the enemies of the faith (be impatient with them).
For Allah himself harbors enmity towards the infidels and infidelity...
Once I went
to visit a sick man who was close to death. When I meditated on
him, I saw that his heart was layered with darkness. I intended
to remove those darkness. But he was not yet ready for it... When
I meditated more deeply, I discovered that those darkness had
gathered due to his friendship with the infidels. They could not
be dispersed easily. He had to suffer torments of hell before
he could get purged of them ...
Every person cherishes some longing in his heart. The only longing
which this recluse (meaning himself) cherishes is that the enemies
of Allah and his Prophet should be roughed up. The accursed ones
should be humiliated, and their false gods disgraced and defiled.
I know that Allah likes and loves no other act more than this.
That is why I have been encouraging you again and again to act
in this way. Now that you have yourself arrived at that place,
and have been appointed to defile and insult that dirty spot and
its inhabitants, I feel grateful for this grace (from Allah).
There are many who go to this place for pilgrimage. Allah in his
kindness has not inflicted this punishment on us. After giving
thanks to Allah, you should do your best to ruin that place and
their false gods ... whether the idols are carved or uncarved.
Let us hope that you will not act slow. Physical weakness and
severity of the cold weather, comes in my way. Otherwise, I would
have presented myself, and helped you in doing the job. I would
have liked to participate in the ceremony and mutilate the stones...