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Back to index   8000 Years of Iranian History!
Part Two
 

8000 Years of Iranian History!
The Oldest Civilization in the World: 3 Parts
Ahreeman X
December 8, 2006

Part Two

8000 Years of Iranian History! - Part Two:
Chapter Four: The Coming of Aryans
Chapter Five: Establishment of Aryans
Chapter Six: Arabo-Muslim Invasion and Occupation

Chapter Four
The coming of Aryans

The Coming of Aryans

There are many different theories, yet this is the most logical, popular and up-to-dated one chosen by historians:

Aryans originally came from Siberia, thousands of years BC, this migration had started. Eventually Aryans moved from Siberia to Central Asia. By 2000 BC The Aryans were at the gates of Europe, Caucasia, and North of Iranian Plateau. Later on they got well divided and distributed in many branches. The original home of Aryans which was in Siberia was the starting point of this migration and it ended in below destinations:

a) Scandinavia = Vikings => present Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Iceland and vicinity are Aryans.

b) Germania = Germans => present Germany, Austria and vicinity are Aryans.

c) Italia = Italians = 1. South Italy: mixed with North Africans, Berbers, Hemitic, and Blacks. So they lost their pure Aryan racial qualities. They are the present Latin Race. 2. North Italy: Mostly stayed Aryan => present North Italians are Aryans

d) Greece = Greco-Macedonian = 1. South Greece: mixed with Hemitic, Islanders, North Africans. So they lost their pure Aryan racial qualities. They are the present Latin Race. 2. North Greece: Basically remained Aryan => present North Greeks are Aryans.

e) India = mixed with Ethiopian migrants of North East Africa, lost their pure Aryan Racial Characteristics in total. = at present, rarely any Aryans left in India, just a very small minority at North either left over from original migration of Siberian Aryans to India or the ones who moved escaping Iran from the First Arabo-Islamic Invasion of The Nomads. These second group called Parsi of India. Even many Parsi people are mixed with local Indians, yet in general, these two groups of Rare North Indians and Parsis of India are the purest of Aryans available in India. => Presently very few North Indians and Parsi of India are Aryans.

f) Iran = meaning the Greater Iran (Iranian Plateau), which includes North bound from Russian border: covers parts of Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan. East bound from Chinese border: covers Afghanistan, Part of Pakistan (The Baluchistan half). West bound from middle of Turkey and middle of Iraq: covers parts of East Turkey, Armenia, Georgia, parts of Caucasia in Russia, Azerbaijan, Kurdistan of Iraq. South Bound border of Persian Gulf and Oman Sea. And the heart of it, of course Iran. All above Iranian Plateau was migrated by Aryans. As of today many people from all these parts are still almost pure Aryan, specifically Northern parts. Therefore = 1. Southern and Central Iranian Plateau people mixed with Arab Hemitic, Turko Mongol, Indian, other races and lost their pure Aryan Racial Characteristics. 2. North Iranian Plateau more or less remained Aryan => present North Iran, North Afghanistan, Armenia, Georgia, part of Turkey, part of Azerbaijan, part of Kurdistan of Iraq, part of Tajikistan, etc are Aryans.

As we see, There are still quite a bit Aryans left in Iran, yet not a lot! They are from the three main tribes of Persia (Pars), Media (Mad) and Parthia (Part).

For more information on the Aryan Migration read:

Atlas of Iran Maps: Chapter 1: Aryan Migration Maps

Three Aryan Tribes of Iran

Persians are located at Pars, Lorestan, Bakhtiari, Yazd States of Iran and vicinity.
Medians are located at Tehran, Kurdistan, Kermanshah, Azerbaijan, Esfahan, Gilan States of Iran and vicinity.
Parthians are located at Khorasan, Semnan, Mazandaran states of Iran and vicinity.

Yet not all people from these states are Aryan! In the present Iran, basically a slim population of Northern Iran and a few scattered bundle of groups here or there are Aryan.


Horse Column Top
From Persepolis, Achaemenid Era


Aryan Migration

By 850 BC The Medians migrated into North Western Iran from central Asia.
By 750 BC Persians migrated into Southern Iran from central Asia.
By 650 BC Parthians migrated into North Eastern Iran from central Asia.

Iranian History

Zoroastra Spitmata The Persian Prophet, Poet and Philosopher lived about 630 BC - 553 BC.
Deioces The Median King 728 BC - 675 BC was the first Median King.
Cyrus the Great started Persian Empire 559 BC.


L. Achaemenian Lion Emblem
Official Emblem of the Achaemenian Imperial Courthouse on background of purple (Achaemenian and Immortals Royal Color).
R. Ring of Power
By tradition, this ring had to be given to all Persian Emperors by Ahura Mazda, before they started their reign. This action would bless the Empire by Ahura Mazda.

Knowing these dates and many others, we can divide Iranian History into these Eras.
Iranian History is basically divided into these eras:

Periods of Iranian History

1. Ancient Civilizations Era: 6000 BC - 2000 BC
2. Vedai Era: 2000 BC - 850 BC
3. Pre-Avesta Era: 850 BC - 728 BC
4. The Kingdom Era: 728 BC - 559 BC
5. The First Imperial Era: 559 BC - 651 AD
6. The First Arabo-Islamic Invasion-Occupation Era: 651 AD - 873 AD
7. The Second Imperial Era: 873 AD - 1979 AD
8. The Second Arabo-Islamic Invasion-Occupation Era: 1979 AD - present

1. Ancient Civilizations Era
6000 BC - 2000 BC

This is the era of Shush, Casia (Caspians), Tapuria, Kassites, Elam and Anzan (Anshan) civilizations. Even ILam civilization was bloomed in parts of Iran (especially in ILam State of Iran), yet originated at Mesopotamia and Semitic/Hemitic in nature. Kassites , Casia (Caspians), Tapurians and Shushians were of Asian and local Races, yet ILamians (Elamites) were mostly of Hemitic races and lastly of Local and Other Asian Races. This is the Era of the glory of Shush City States and other local civilizations of Iran.

2. Vedai Era
2000 BC - 850 BC

This was the era that Indian Aryans (at that time pure), were living with Iranian Aryans, together and in harmony. The book of Veda is of this era. The Book of Veda was not written at one time, yet it was written in different centuries. This book has four parts:

Rig Veda
Yajur Veda
Sama Veda
Athravan Veda

Which they were written in different centuries. This book has 1,017 pieces of poetry and 10,500 rhymed lines of poetry (beyt). This book was the living manual for the Aryan tribes before they separated into Indo (Indian) and Euro (Iranian and then extension European) Aryans. There was great emphasis on:

Kula (Immediate family unit),
Gotra (Larger Family Tree),
Goshti (The Whole Family Tree),
Grama (The branch made of the Union of many families),
Visa (Larger group of sub tribe),
and of course
Jana (The Great Tribe).

As we see, it was a tribal society, with a Tribal Culture.

Vedai Culture was a tribal culture, a proud culture with a specific religion of many Gods (Multi Thesis). Amongst the Gods, were Indira God of Thunder and War, Varuna God of Sky and Stars, Agni God of Fire, and Smua which was a mixture of the essence of a specific mountain plant mixed with milk and honey, and it used to create power and heat inside the body; therefore, it was also considered a God.

Clerics of this era were called Rishi. These Rishis were also poets and they were the ones who wrote and sang the poems in The Book of Veda.

Book of Veda is an amazing, historical and enlightening book. Book of Veda is the oldest document on how the Original Aryans lived. Way before they factioned into Indo and Euro parts.

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* * *

Chapter Five
Establishment of Aryans

3. Pre-Avesta Era
850 BC - 728 BC

This was the era in which Iranian Aryans were separated from Indian Aryans and eventually the European Aryans extended and branched out of them. What we need to understand is that Eastern Aryans such as Iranians were the original Aryan Race with Tan and Beige skin, Black or Brown (Light or dark) hair, Green or Brown eyes, tall or medium tall height, and long foreheads. The original Aryan was the Eastern Aryan, actually if we look at W.W.II and Nazi Germany, we will see that all the leaders of Nazi Party were brunets! Some with blue, green or brown eyes. Look at Hitler, Georing, Goebbels, Spier, Hess, etc. all these Aryan leaders of Nazi Germany were Brunets, not blondes!

The myth of Aryans are supposed to be blonde hair, with blue eyes is only a wrongful myth which created by public! Blonde hair and blue eyes are Anglo-Saxon Race, which originated in England and Western Europe and from there to Northern Americas. This has nothing to do with Aryan Race. Now, there are some tribes of Blonde or very light Brown haired Aryans with Green or some blue eyes among Germanic and Scandinavian Aryans, but by all means this is not the norm amongst the Aryan Tribes.

This era is called Pre-Avesta Era, because it was just before Zoroastra wrote the poetic masterpiece Avesta and Poems of Gatha the holy Persian Aryan Book of Iranian Philosophy. After this date, it is often called The Avestai Era.


L. Zarathustra and Zoroastrian Followers
Zarathustra never claimed to be the prophet of God. He always insisted that he is only a simple poet. The fact was that he was way ahead of his time.
R. Zarathustra and the Holy Fire
Fire, symbol of knowledge, health, light and warmth

Zoroastra lived about 630 BC - 553 BC. Before this time, it has been called the Vedai Era and The Pre-Avesta Era. After this time is called Avestai Era. However:
During Vedai Era
During Pre-Avesta Era
Also after
The Avestai Era

For more information on Zarathustra read:

Zoroaster and Zoroastrianism, the Real Story

Iranians cherished, worshiped and respected many of their Gods. Amongst the famous ones where:

Female Persian Goddesses

Anahita: (meaning clean and innocent): Goddess of water, fertility, greens and plants
Arishvang: Goddess and the guardian of wealth, economy and power
Azarvan: Goddess of palm trees and the guardian of greenery
Ashtad: Goddess of guiding people into good deeds
Mitra: (meaning Sun): The Sun Goddess (or God - bi gender) of seal, agreement and treaty
Ashi: Goddess of happiness and fulfillness
Ameh: Goddess of victory
Anaram: Goddess and guardian of 30th of each month
Piti Ram: Goddess of Relaxation and peacefulness
Sepandar Maz: Goddess lady guardian of the Earth which brings fertility
Mah: Goddess of planet moon
Mehr: Goddess of the shining light (Mehr was originally Mitra but in later periods they became two separated beings.)
Vate: Goddess of wind


L. Goddess Anahita
Ancient Persian Goddess of Fertility, Water and Greens
R. Faravahar: Representation of Ahura Mazda - Ahreeman
Dual God of Ancient Persia, half man (upper half) representing Ahura Mazda, and half beast (lower half) representing Ahreeman. The original philosophy of Zarathustra teaches us that: Ahura Mazda and Ahreeman are two sides of the same coin. This shows duality of all animated and inanimated entities in the universe (ancient Persian Philosophy). Later on Nietzsche adopted this philosophy from Zarathustra and evolved it to "There is no absolute good or bad" Philosophy.

Male Persian Gods

Aban: God of fertility
Ada: God of generosity and rewards
Tir: God of Rain
Avar Zaman: God of Time
Azar Goshasb: God of Fire who owns a heavy powerful horse
Arashtat: God of truth and the guardian of honesty
Asheh: God of settling down
Andarva: God of Air
Indira: God of thunder and war with ugliness and guardian of Aryans (originated from Vedai Era)
Bahram: God of battle and war
Bahman: God of good thoughts
Parand: God of happiness and wealth
Teshba: God of storm
Sorush: God of cleanliness
Hadish: God and guardian of peasants' houses and agriculture
Ahura Mazda: Master of Intelligence, God of Intelligence

For more information on Persian Mythology read:

Persian Mythology, Gods and Goddesses: Chapter 1

Ahura Mazda - Ahreeman, two sides of the same coin!

Have in mind that these Gods and Goddesses were worshiped and respected before Zoroasta and Zoroastrianism, yet even after Zoroasta, people still had respect for them yet more out of symbolism and tradition. During Achaemenids (559 BC - 330 BC), Ahura Mazda Ancient God of intelligence during Vedai Era, became one of the two dual characters in Zoroastrian philosophy. Zoroastrians started to worship the one and only God Ahura Mazda. Yet the other Character, the Ancient God of Evil Ahriman (Ahreeman) was also there for Zoroastrians to recognize. However many believe that Ahura Mazda and Ahreeman are two sides of the same coin, they are the two faces of the same God, symbolic for the duality of man. Many believe that this duality has been started from Zoroastrianism and they both complete one another. Mitra and Anahita were specifically always as Icons in Persian civilization. Mitra was specially worshiped during Arsacid (Ashkanid) Parthian Dynasty Era (238 BC - 224 AD). Ashkanids believed in the Sun Goddess and the holy power of the sun, they considered themselves as the Sun People. Also Sassanids (224 AD - 651 AD) were Zoroastrian but even then, people did not forget their symbolic respect for Ancient Persian Gods and Goddesses.


L. Zarathustra Spitmata (Philosopher - Poet)
Shining light of Ancient Persian Philosophy
R. Zarathustra and Farvahar Alter
Torches of Holy Fire burning bright

For more information on Zoroastrianism read:

Persian Mythology, Gods and Goddesses: Chapter 1

4. The Kingdom Era
728 BC - 559 BC

Deioces The first Median King 728 BC - 675 BC, started the first organized nationwide Large Frame Iranian Kingdom. The Median Kingdom was the first of its kind in Iran, a great hierarchy with huge organization of administrations. The capital of this dynasty was Ecbatana (Ekbatana) which is today's Hamedan. Huvakh-Shatra is the greatest Median King and the grand son to Deioces.

Iran was a Kingdom from 728 BC until 559 BC Accession of Cyrus of Persia, who seized the Median Throne and enlarged Iran into an Empire, The Great Persian Empire.

5. The First Imperial Era
559 BC - 651 AD


The Cyrus Cylinder (539 BC)
First declaration of human rights in the world. Charter of the rights of people and nations of the world, written by Cyrus The Great. Persian Empire was the sole super power on Earth, which unlike other empires, never practiced slavery.

Cyrus The Great, started the Persian Empire. Until 559 BC, Iran was a Kingdom, after this date Iran became an Empire. Cyrus was of Achaemenid Dynasty which were Persians, later Arsacid Dynasty came to power by ending Greeko-Macedonian ruling of Iran, Arsacids were Parthian and after them Sassanid Persians gained the power, another Persian dynasty. Cyrus wrote the first human rights document and executed it during his government. Cyrus Cylinder is the very first human rights document of the rights of Nations which had ever written and executed by his majesty Shahanshah, King of Kings, Cyrus The Great.

For more information on Cyrus Cylinder read:

Cyrus Cylinder


Cyrus The Great (559 BC - 530 BC)
Starter of the Achaemenid Dynasty and Persian Empire, savior of 42,000 Jews from slavery of Babylon, and Patron Saint of Jews according to Torah (The Jewish Bible). Cyrus, the essence of Persian Ingenuity.

Persia, Pars Or Iran?

The reader has to have in mind that when we talk about Persia or Persian Empire, we are not specifically talking about Persian Aryans or Achaemenids or Sassanids Dynasty, or specifically people from the state of Pars (Fars). Actually the name of the country from 559 BC until 1935 AD (Reza Shah The Great of the Pahlavi Dynasty Era) was Persia. Wrong or right from 559 BC onward the name of the country has been "Persian Empire" (Emperaturiye Pars) until Qajar Dynasty, later during Qajar it was called "Persia" (Pars), later "Government of Persia" (Hokumate Pars), later "Secured Nation of Persia" (Mamlekate Mahruseye Pars). After 1935 AD, Reza Shah The Great head of Pahlavi Dynasty changed the name of the country from Persia or Pars to Iran. Reza Khan believed that Persia or Pars covers just a State of Iran or a Region of Iran, the name of the country had been wrongfully named Persia or Pars and it is chauvinistic to name the whole nation Pars or Persia. Why not name the nation Iran which means "The Land of Aryans"?! Because Iran is for all Iranians, not just Persians! So Persia or Persian term for it, Pars will not be proper.

For more information on Persia, Pars or Iran read:

Iran or Persia? Iranian or Persian? Farsi or Persian?


L. Darius The Great
The one who established the Persian Empire
R. Darius The Great
On the Achaemenid Throne

For more information on Darius Inscription read:

Darius Inscription

People against this change also made a case that by naming the country Iran, we are using a Racist Term, which means "The Land of Aryans". Association of Iran during W.W.II with Nazi Germany and the great economic cooperation, programs, and plans between the two nations was not a great help for the Pro Iran Termers either! Pro Pars termers stated that Iran is not proper, not just because it is a racist term, yet because it simply states "Land of Aryans" meaning it only covers "Persians, Medians, and Parthians" (Pars, Mad, and Part), then how about none Aryans? How about people outside the Three Aryan Tribes?!


L. Cyrus The Great Achaemenid
Starter of Persian Empire
M. Xerxes The Great Achaemenid
Great Persian Conqueror and Expander of Persian Empire
R. Darius The Great
Establisher and Organizer of Persian Empire.

These were only historical facts and events which had happened so far. I just wanted the readers to have a historical perspective on the issue and also to understand, either due to the cultural, verbal or technical reasons, right or wrong:

"When we mention Persia or Persian Empire, we mean Iran after 559 BC, and by no means, it is necessarily wrong to say so."

So from 559 BC a beginning by Cyrus until 651 AD an end by Yazdgird III, The First Imperial Era has lasted. Despite all the braveries of Iranians including Yazdgird III and Ahura bless his great spirit, Arteshbod "Rostam Farokhzad" head of Persian forces and the Grand General in charge of the defense of Ctesiphone, the great Sassanid Capital near Baghdad, Iran had lost the war. This was due to 60 years of war with Rome and Roman Empire, which had weakened the Persian Empire economically, militaristically, and spiritually. Another reason for this loss was the ever expanding distance between the social classes, unhappy lower classes, elite corrupt power of some Zoroastrian Clerics (Mobeds and Mobede Mobedan), and last but not least "The Persian Traitors" and Infidels who always betrayed Iran and spied for Rome or Arabs. Persian Traitors were many low lives who sold Iran by the pound, and they are still doing it now!


Pasargad
Humble resting-place for a great man. Once he ruled the world and he spread justice to all mankind. His final wish was to be buried in a simple mausoleum as a simple man. Cyrus, rest in peace, thus we are awake. We shall revive Mother Persia. Iran will rise again.

As we mentioned, Persia is the Latin term for Iran. Pars is the Persian term for Persia. Iran is the name of the country after 1935. So Persia, Pars and Iran are the same.

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* * *

Chapter Six
Arabo-Muslim Invasion and Occupation

6. The First Arabo-Islamic Invasion-Occupation Era
651 AD - 873 AD


Yazdgird III (632 AD - 651 AD)
Brave Shahanshah of Sassanid who fought with the skin of his teeth to save Iran. He had done many hit and run campaigns, and on various occasions he narrowly escaped the enemy to gather reinforcement troops from around Iran to continue the struggle. Finally the battle was lost and Yazdgird was murdered. Yazdgird had done his best to defend Iran against Arabo-Muslim Beasts.


Rostam Farokhzad
Arteshbod Rostam Farokhzad, Commander in Chief of the Persian Sassanid Army, a great General who sacrificed his own life so Iran could live. Rostam and his men fought to the last drop of blood to save Iran from Arabo-Muslim Savages who invaded the Land of Aryans. Arabo_Muslim invaded Iran (635 AD), most of Iran was occupied (649 AD) and Yazdgird III murdered (651 AD). This marked the end of Sassanid Era.

For more information on Rostam Farokhzad read:

222 Years of Struggle for Independence of Iran: Part 1

From 651 AD, death of Yazdgird III by a Persian Traitor, until 873 AD when The Great Nationalist "Yaqub Leis Saffarid" of the Saffarid Dynasty put an end to the Arab domination of Iran, is also called the First Dark Ages of Iran. However during this Era we had some greatest of the greats, some of the best Nationalists and freedom fighters of all times in our history, fighting to free Iran. Let us name a few:

Persian Male Freedom fighters

Abu Moslem Khorasani and his black shirts followers of the state of Khorasan, they fought during the occupational Era. True Parthian son of Iran who fought for years to keep the Persian culture pure, and to keep Arabs out of it.

Maziyar, Great freedom fighter of Iran

Babak Khoramdin and his red shirts followers who fought Arabs during the Occupational Era.


L. Babak Khoramdin
Leader of The Red Shirts freedom fighters against Arabo_Muslim occupation.
R. Kaveh Ahangar
Mythical Iranian Freedom Fighter who put a piece of torn leather on spearhead and raised it to start the revolution against Zahak, the Arab Tyrant and oppressor of Iranians.

For more information on Male Freedom Fighters of Iran read:

222 Years of Struggle for Independence of Iran: Part 3

Abolqasem Ferdowsi Tusi, Greatest Iranian patriot poet, Shakespeare of Iran, who revived Persian Language, and did not let Arabs to destroy our beloved Persian Language. He wrote the masterpiece "Shahnameh" or book of kings. Not a single word of Arabic and none Persian terms had been used in this book. We owe Ferdowsi our language.


L. Abolqasem Ferdowsi Tusi
Great Iranian poet, reviver of the Persian Language and symbol of solidarity against Tazi (Arab) infection of the Persian Culture. Ferdowsi wrote Shahnameh without using a single Arabic word! In a way, Ferdowsi declared a cultural war on Arabo-Muslim Bedouin!
R. Yaqub Leis Saffarid
Liberator of Iran, reviver of the Persian Culture, greatest Iranian freedom fighter of all times, and starter of the Saffarid Dynasty who regained the independence of Iran from Arab Occupiers.

Yaqub Leis Saffarid, the greatest of all the freedom fighters of Iran. He saved a great amount of Persian books in his vast library to save the Persian Language, culture and science. He made teachers, university professors, poets and writers to only speak, teach, read and write Persian, so we could save our traditions, culture and most of all our Persian Language. He was also the man who finally kicked Arabs for once and for all out of Iran (Majority of Persian Land freed from Arabs). 873 AD was when Yaqub Leis Saffarid of Saffarid Dynasty of Sistan and Baluchistan freed Iran from Muslim Arab Savages, defeated and destroyed all Arab forces in Iran and bought our freedom and independence. May his great spirit rest in eternal peace, may Ahura bless his great soul.

For more information on Yaqub Leis Saffarid read:

222 Years of Struggle for Independence of Iran: Part 4: Yaqub Leis Saffarid

Pictorial History of Iranian Military Uniforms: Chapter 14: Saffarids

Persian Female Freedom Fighters

Apranik, Daughter of "Piran" the Persian General, She was a commander in Imperial Sassanid's Persian Military. She was fighting Arabo-Muslim Invaders at the same time that General Arteshbod Rostam Farokhzad was fighting them on another front and Yazdgird III of Sassanid was chasing and searching for extra reinforcement of Persian Cavalry to fight Arabs. Yazdgird, Rostam and Apranik were the three Aces of Persian leadership fighting the barbarian Bedouin nomad Arab Muslims. She fought bravely and killed a whole bunch of savages during her many campaigns.

Negan, vigilante Freedom Fighter with her own private army and band of freedom fighters who fought the invading Arab savages and showed the world, what Persian Nationalism means.

Banu, Lady Banu, wife of "Babak Khoramdin", she fought Arabs side by side of Babak, during the occupation Era of Iran.

Buran, Prime Minister of Ma'mun The Arab Caliph of Tazi (Arab Hound), Abbasid Dynasty during the occupational years. She always kept Iranian Benefits in mind. Her prerogative was to help Iran by working reforms from inside the occupational government, actually she became Caliphate of all Muslim's Prime Minister. She was Dadmah's daughter, which is also known as Hassan-e Sahl. Buran was the powerful Vazir (Prime Minister) of Abbasids. She had done reforms from within the Arab occupational regime and softened the Anti Iranian resentments inside the Arab Regime.

Azad, The great female commando partisan warrior from Deylam, Gilan State of Iran. Azad and her group of freedom fighters used to hit and run The Arab Armies, in a way that they damaged and then ran into the bushes and Jungles of Gilan. She kept the struggle up for years.

All these sons and daughters of Iran fought and died or fought and celebrated victory for Iran and Iranians. It was because of their great sacrifice that we are still an independent nation with an independent language and culture of our own. If it weren't because of these heroes, we would have been just another Arab country like Egypt, Lebanon, Tunis or others! These countries had great civilizations before Islam, yet due to the fact that they lost their language, they are basically known as just another Arab Nation!

For more information on Female Freedom Fighters of Iran read:

Persian Warrior Queens, Princesses and Commanders: Chapter 2

Civilizations which were destroyed by Islam

Islam destroyed many great civilizations in the world, such as:

Kingdom of Lakhmid (Arabian Peninsula)
Yemen Civilization (Arabian Peninsula)
Heireh Civilization (Arabian Peninsula)
Carthaginian Empire (Tunis, North Africa)
Egyptian Empire (North Africa)
Phoenicia, the great sea trading nation (Lebanon)
Sham, the civilized Asian colony of Rome (Syria)
Napata, great Ex-Persian Colony and civilization in North Africa (Sudan)
Siranaique Civilization (Libya)
etc.


Gate of All Nations
Gate of All Nations was located at Persepolis, simply because Persian Empire owned the world; therefore, ambassadors and missioners from all nations were coming and going in and out of this famous gate to visit The Persian Shahanshah, bring him gifts, consult with him, ask for advice, ask for help and aids, and get enlightened by his global vision.

Now why are we emphasizing on these two periods of invasion-occupation by Arabo-Muslims and why are we specifically distinguish them in Persian History, you ask? Especially when so many other invasions and occupations took place in Iranian History in the past, then why these two periods are named as Eras? There were invasions, which ended up in partial or complete occupations of Iran in the past. They were by historical order:

Invaders and occupiers of Persia

Skiths (Saka-ha) invasion led by Kulak Sais
Greeko- Macedonian invasion led by Alexander The Macedonian
Hithies invasion led by Heftalito
Hun Turks invasion led by Tumen The Hun
Arabo-Muslim invasion led by Omar Ibn Al Khatab The Second Caliph of Rashedin
Seljuq Turks invasion led by Toqrul Beyk
Mongols (Turkish Origin) invasion led by Genghiz Khan
Timuri Turkmen's invasion led by Amir Timur Lang (The Cripple)
and finally,
Qalzay Afghans' invasion led by Mahmoud Afghan

Now, what makes the first and second invasion of Arab and Muslims to Iran so special that we need to specifically select different Eras for them?

Because in all the past invasions, no enemy had ever got to the point that they absolutely almost destroyed all aspects, functions, connections and systems of the Persian way of life, social structure, traditions and culture, like it occurred during the first Islamic Invasion of Iran at 651 AD which lasted for about 222 years before our nationalist ancestors kicked them out of the land of Aryans. Also the second Arabo_Islamic Invasion of Iran which occurred at 1979, was much worst than the first one. Even though the Religious card, was a winning Ace Card and an important element to play with the public emotions which led to create disturbance to destroy the very fundamental and fabrics of the Persian way of life, and it was present during both the first and the second Islamic Invasion, yet during the second one it has been used in a much wider scale.

During the first AIOG (Arabo-Islamic Invasion Occupation) of Iran at 651 AD, Islam was introductory but during the second AIOG, clerics used Islam and the religious fanaticism and emotional feelings, also the ignorance of the public to destroy the very roots and fundamentals of the Persian Order of living.

The second reason that made the Second Islamic Invasion of 79, much dangerous than the first, was that the second invasion happened during modern era and it used all that modern technology had to offer, to destroy the Persian Lifeline. It used modern methods of mass propaganda by the Mass Media, TV, Radio, Speakers at every street corner, speakers at Mosques, newspapers, magazines, books, text books at schools, falsely authored twisted blend of Islamically correct history text books taught to children since elementary schools, teachings of a twisted majority of educators controlled by the Islamic State controlled ministry of Education, use of cyber space and over all Mass brainwash of our youth in Mass Quantity. And that is why the Second High Tech Arabo-Islamic Invasion of Iran at 1979 was much more devastating, dangerous and damaging rather than the First Low Tech Barbaric Arabo-Islamic Invasion of Iran by Omar.


Persepolis
Persepolis intact, virtually restored and recaptured the way it was, before getting burned down by Alexander The homosexual Drunk Geeko_Macedonian Beast.

After the first invasion...... it was the destiny for Iran to be free........
But then again, we must come out of this second one, alive and well ..

Continued on next page

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