Sex and Violence
Chapter Seven: The Battle of Badr
2nd Edition: January 15, 2017
Muslim Woman Hejab Prison
And Civilization - 1
(The Battle of Badr)
of Badr is a tiny event by any stretch of the imagination, yet
it has significantly influenced the course of human history. A
deeper study of the episode reveals that this mole assumed mountainous
proportions because it served as the first practical exposition
of the Islamic doctrine known as JEHAD.
an Arabic word, which literally means 'endeavor', but as an Islamic
doctrine, it implies fighting in the way of Allah (the Arabic
God) to establish His supremacy over unbelievers until they relinquish
their faith to become Muslims or acknowledge their subordination
by paying a humiliation-tax called JAZIYA.
Jehad is a
perpetual war against infidels which include Hindus, Buddhists,
Atheists, Deists, Skeptics as well as Jews and Christians. According
to this doctrine, a person's biggest crime is to deny Allah and
Muhammad's exclusive right to be believed in and adored. Therefore,
this is a sufficient cause for a Muslim state to raid and subjugate
non-Muslim territories. What is amazing is the fact that Allah
bribes the Muslims to wage Jehad by declaring murder, arson, rape
and enslavement of non-Muslims as the greatest piety whereas even
an ordinary human thinks of them as the most heinous atrocities
and acts of utter moral degradation.
be really a righteous God or is it just a manipulation of the
concept of Allah to establish Arab Cultural Imperialism? To answer
these questions we want to look into the geographical background
of Arabia because physical conditions of a land play a major role
in determining its habits and culture:
plight of Arabia created a pastoral society which had developed
into two groups: firstly, the majority, known as the Bedouins,
who had not only to keep wandering in search of pastures but also
supplement their meager livelihood by resorting to brigandage,
which meant raiding other tribes and commercial caravans. Though
it was sheer looting, it assured them solace, security and survival,
and, therefore, it was not looked down upon as sinful but a source
of power, pleasure and prestige. This institution of brigandage
known as ghazwa (razzia) had existed long before the advent of
prophet Muhammad, the greatest Arab national hero. The Umayyad
poet al-Qutami has alluded to this custom in his two verses: "Our
business is to make raids on the enemy, on our neighbor and on
our own brother, in case we find none to raid but a brother."
robbing others, was a compulsive trait of the Arab national character
and this is the reason that it was not considered an act of impiety
but a mark of honor and manliness. Realizing its significance,
the Prophet converted this institution into a religious doctrine
called 'Jehad' i.e. the Holy War against infidels to build an
Arab Empire. However, the Arab Empire, though in essence was exactly
like any other empire, in appearance it was to look godly. Therefore,
it was named as Empire of Allah, who is said to be the greatest,
yet dependent on man for its creation!
of Jehad which incorporates the Arab custom of 'razzia' (raiding
for booty), is really stunning in its constitution and application.
Since it seeks ascendancy of Arabia and annihilation of non-Arabs
in the name of Allah, the Most Merciful, it vouched for the great
wisdom of its author by making the wolf appear as a lamb, wrong
as right and bleak as bright.
Though I have
already tried to explain the nature of Jehad, in view of its complexity
and emotional appeal, I think, it is necessary to be repetitive
for elucidating this blood-thirsty war mechanism, which served
not only as the cornerstone of the Arab Empire but also as the
pillar of its Spiritual Empire, which sprang from the ashes of
the former, and has now emerged as the most formidable challenge
to the intellectual and moral dignity of man and his civilization.
I, therefore, re-present a short sketch of this divine stratagem:
1. The first principle of Jehad is that a person loses his free will
and becomes a slave of Allah when he accepts Islam because it
creates certain duties and rewards which do not come within the
jurisdiction of morality abnormally understood by cultured people:
Allah has purchased the believers Their lives and their properties;
For theirs (in return) is paradise. They fight in His (Allah's)
cause, so they kill (others) and are killed. It is a promise in
truth which is binding on Him." (9:III)
paradise is the place of luxury which abounds in beautiful virgins
and boys and where everything is available free of charge; again,
toil, sickness, ageing and death are also unknown there.
is Allah's cause? It is simply killing infidels. And what is an
infidel? He or she is someone who denies Muhammad; it does not
matter a jot if he/she is a lover of God! So fond is Allah of
murdering the unbelievers to glorify Himself and Muhammad that
He has permanently divided humanity into two perpetually hostile
(unbelievers) are Satan's party; why Satan's party, surely, they
are the losers! Surely, those who oppose God and His Messenger,
those are among the most abject. God has written 'I shall assuredly
be the Victor, I and My Messenger....' Thou shalt not find any
people who believe in God and the Last Day who are loving to anyone
who opposes God and His Messenger, nor though they were their
father, or their sons or their brothers, or their clan....And
he shall admit them into gardens underneath which rivers flow.
God well pleased with them, and they well pleased with God. They
are God's party; why surely God's party - they are the prosperers."
(The Disputer 58:20)
In a nutshell,
it means that Muslims are God's party because they do not love
their closest relations if they happen to be infidels. Owing to
their belief, they are destined to be victorious against the unbelievers,
who, are Satan's party.
the specific command to wage a war against non-Muslims.
those who believe not in Allah and the Last Day and do not forbid
what God and His Messenger have forbidden - such as men as practice
not the religion of truth, being of those who have been given
the Book - until they pay the tribute out of hand and have been
humbled." (Repentance 9:25)
emphasizes the duty of a Muslim to fight non-Muslims; People of
the Book i.e. Jews and Christians are also included in the category
of infidels. They must be fought until they surrender and pay
tribute as a sign of their humiliation.
tribute from unbelievers in the name of God, is the true purpose
of Islam. One can clearly see here the Arab custom of brigandage,
sanctified in the guise of religion. Thus loot, murder and rape
are no longer wicked actions, which attract retribution, but made
to look the acme of piety to deserve the highest reward that Allah
can bestow on His followers. If the crusader survives, he gets
loot and also legally becomes entitled to possess women of the
vanquished. Along with it goes the enjoyment of imperialism that
accrues from receiving perpetual tribute. And if he is killed
in the battlefield, he goes straight into paradise where rivers
of wine, milk and honey flow and where most beautiful virgins
and pretty boys anxiously wait for them with open arms! Thus,
a Mujahid (the holy warrior) wins dead or alive!
made sure that brigandage no longer remains a low and haphazard
affair, but a highly respected and disciplined organization, stamped
with divine approval:
that paradise is under the shade of swords." (Sahih Al Bukhari:
sword became the connecting bridge between pillage and paradise
and served as the motivating power for the Arabs to conquer and
rule the world. The Battle of Badr though in itself a tiny event,
served as the major source of the Spiritual Arab Imperialism,
which has been steadily rising in magnitude for the last fourteen
genius lay not only in sanctifying the sword but also finding
the beneficial use for it with a view to magnetizing his own person
for gathering crowds of followers around himself. An overwhelming
majority of those, who acknowledged him as their spiritual guide,
were hungry, haggard and hounded men; they would do anything to
improve their economic plight and take revenge from their Meccan
oppressors, who had forced them to leave their homes to seek refuge
in Medina. This migration from Mecca to Medina had been necessitated
by Muhammad's aggressive preaching of his faith, which annoyed
unbelievers to the hilt.
of the refugees had been further aggravated by the fact that they
had to rely on the Ansaars i.e. the local Muslim believers of
Medina, for their sustenance. Though these refugees appreciated
their brotherly hospitality, they resented their dependence, which
the custom held as a sign of disrespect, derision and degradation.
despondency of his followers, the Prophet turned it into a rage
for vengeance, which sought to plunder and persuade those, who
had inflicted torture on them. However, these would-be predators
did not have to bear the blemish of impiety like other brigands
and assassins because they were told that although their acts
might look putrid, they had been rendered pure, pious and perfect
by the Almighty because He categorized them as Jehad i.e. Holy
War against the infidels.
Allah is so
intoxicated by the love of absolutism that He does not care for
justice or decency! Who else could have the audacity to declare
that murdering, looting and raping people for the sheer folly
of not believing in Muhammad, ranks as the highest act of piety.
One ought to note that a person may believe in God most sincerely
yet he remains an infidel, subject to Jehad, unless he/she acknowledges
Muhammad as the Prophet. Obviously, the pivot of faith is Muhammad
and not Allah!
of holy loot also served as an effective way of boosting their
moral sky-high because they believed that they were doing all
this to please Allah and not line their own pockets. Therefore,
a soldier of God had to be at least twice as brave, boisterous
and bullish as an ordinary fighter. Thus the Prophet revealed
God will defend those who believe, surely God loves not any traitor.
Leave is given to those who fight because they were wronged -
surely God is able to help them - who were expelled from their
habitations without right.... Assuredly God will help him who
helps Him - surely God is All-strong, All-mighty." (The Pilgrimage:
promise to help the Muslims in taking revenge from those who had
wronged them. What is surprising is the fact that here vengeance
means helping Allah! It smells of divine stratagem, which as we
shall see, lays down the principle of looting and murdering non-Muslims
as the righteous way of life; the Battle of Badr is the first
precedent to this effect. Though small in size, it became a major
event, which exerted an important influence in determining the
course of history. It is therefore, interesting to know the details:
effort in spreading Islam had not borne much fruit until the summer
of 621 A.D. when twelve men from Medina, visiting Mecca to perform
the annual Hajj ceremony, embraced the faith that he preached.
They undertook to propagate it among the fellow Medinites. Next
year, in June, 622, a party of seventy-five pilgrims, including
two women, came from Medina; they all had embraced Islam. Driven
by the zeal of their new gospel, they invited the Prophet to come
and live among them to avoid persecution. Muhammad, who had become
safety-conscious, asked them if they would defend him as if he
were one of their own. Their answer, though positively enthusiastic,
was conditional: "What shall we get in return, if we suffer
damage or death in the process?" "Paradise, of course,"
answered the Prophet.
meetings known as the two Pledges of al-Alaqba, encouraged the
Prophet to persuade his Meccan followers to emigrate to Medina
in small groups. When about seventy of them had done so, Muhammad
himself quietly undertook the highly dangerous journey because
his Meccan enemies had taken the oath of killing him before he
could escape. Making use of the unfrequented paths, Muhammad reached
his destination on September 24, 622. This flight is called HIJRAH
and ranks as the traditional starting point of Islamic history,
though the Islamic era begins on the first day of the Arabic year
in which the HIJRAH or the flight took place i.e. July 16, 622.
However, the significance of this date is believed to lie not
in the act of emigration but "the belief that this day marks
severance of kinship ties and announces unity of all Muslims,
no matter where they come from."
its background, one must realize that Muhammad belonged to the
Quresh of Mecca whereas the people of Medina had their blood ties
with other tribes. Thus, accepting common denominator of Islam,
they all, including Muhammad, lost their tribal distinctions.
of the act of HIJRAH, though looks golden at first sight, becomes
murky when subjected to investigation because when Muhammad grew
strong, he declared emphatically that the right to rule belongs
to the Quresh i.e. the people of his own tribe! This is the reason
that all Arab caliphs both in the east and the west belonged to
Muhammad's clan i.e the Quresh.
It took the
Meccan emigrants eighteen months to settle in Medina. Muhammad
was given a piece of land to build a house for himself. As he
gathered power, he became a polygamist after the death of his
first wife, Khadija, who also happened to be his employer. Around
this house, eventually, were built several apartments to accommodate
his nine wives and concubines.. As his followers met in his home
to offer prayers, it came to be known as the Mosque of Medina.
followers, both the emigrants and Medinites expected rewards for
embracing Islam, " the only true and exalted faith of Allah."
The believers quite rightly expected favors from God at the expense
of the Kafirs (unbelievers). The All-knowing Allah, responding
to the prayers of the devotees revealed through Muhammad, the
doctrine of Jehad i.e. murdering non-Muslims for possessing their
wealth, property and women.
there was nothing new in it because the Arabs were customarily
used to plundering the commercial caravans. To exploit this vice,
Islam cleverly renamed brigandage and killing as Jehad, which
was to be carried out to glorify Allah, the Great. By reshaping
common robbery into a Divine pursuit, it inspired the lust for
plunder with the spirit of untold devotion, discipline and desire
that turned the looters into crusaders, who carried out their
atrocities with greatly enhanced enthusiasm; in fact, they became
ferocious robots who thought of pillage as piety and equated murder
of Mecca were a trading community. In autumn, their commercial
caravans proceeded to the Yemen and Abyssinia, and during spring
to Syria. Among their merchandize were frankincense, gems, precious
metals and leather. The last item was their major export, which
had a high demand in Syria and Persia; it commanded high prices.
These Meccan entrepreneurs exchanged them for piece-goods, silk
and other items of luxury at Gaza and other marts. By the old
standards, these caravans were really huge because they might
consist of as many as 2,000 camels whose cargo could excel the
value of 50,000 dinars or mithkals; the latter was a golden coin
having the worth of a Byzantine Aureus, roughly equal to two-thirds
of a pound sterling. Fourteen centuries ago, 50,000 dinars represented
the same value which millions of dollars do today.
trait of these caravans was that they constituted the economic
life of the Meccans because they were financed not only by the
rich people of the community but also the small men, who might
have saved a dinar or two, and wanted to profit, which usually
amounted to 50%. These caravans represented communal investment,
and because of their high value, were often the target of highway
robbers. Therefore, they had to be accompanied by an 'army of
defenders', whose size corresponded with the value of the goods.
These commercial caravans had a good deal in common with the seafaring
joint stock companies of old England, whose venture capital was
contributed by many participants, entitled to profit according
to their size of stake.
journey of these caravans was a matter of special delight for
the shareholders, but whenever, it succumbed to the attack of
the plundering mafia, it created highly heart-rending scenes of
women, beating their breasts, pulling hair and singing mournful
songs to express their loss, that might also include the death
of some defenders.
of the doctrine of Jehad struck terror into the hearts of the
Meccan traders, who were alarmed about their trade with the north
because its route passed between Medina and the sea coast. It
is baffling to realize that the Prophet, who prescribed hand-cutting
as the punishment for stealing, personally led the Ghazawats i.e.
pillage-expeditions (razzias) against the Meccan caravans in 623.
Though he failed in all three attempts, in January, 624, he succeeded
in robbing a caravan returning from Yemen as it reached Nakhlah
the Prophet's third razzia is actually a part of the famous battle
of Badr. Abu Sufyan led a caravan to Syria in October, 623 A.D.
(A.H.II). It carried huge loads of the Arab products demanded
in the Syrian market. The Prophet asked for volunteers to join
this predatory expedition. About 200 men came forward. They had
only 30 camels, which they rode in turn. The plan was to attack
the caravan at Osheira on its way to Yenbo, but it had passed
this point by the time the holy plunderers reached there.
cargoes were very important to the Muslims, who had hardly any
effective equipment to fight the unbelievers for spreading Islam.
So, Muhammad tried to enhance his influence in the territory of
Osheira to make the caravan trade more hazardous for the Meccans.
His efforts did bear fruit and a number of tribes living in the
area entered into alliance with them. The initial escape of the
caravan seems to have disturbed the apostolic plan and he became
determined to waylay Abu Sufyan on his return journey. During
the espionage activities, the Prophet found his son-in-law, Ali,
asleep "on the dusty ground under the shade of a palm grove".
Seeing his face soiled , the Prophet, in a pleasantry, said, "Sit
up, O, Abu Turab", and he sprang up immediately, conscious
of his neglect. This became his sobriquet during the rest of his
life. This is why he is called "Ali, Abu Turab".
was the Prophet's resolve to rob the caravan that his Medinite
opponents warned Abu Sufyan's people at Mecca of the impending
danger. Damdam, a swift and efficient courier, was immediately
sent to Mecca with the bad news.
As a reconnaissance,
Muhammad dispatched two scouts, in early January, to the caravan
station at Al-Haura. They were well received by the chief of the
Juheina tribe, who took suitable measures to protect their identity.
His services were thought so valuable that after the battle of
Badr, he was rewarded with the grant of Yenbo.
It was Sunday,
the 12th of Ramadan, when realizing the significance of the caravan,
the Prophet set out on the predatory exercise without waiting
for the return of his two spies, who were to brief him on the
situation. It seems that the impatience to possess all that the
caravan was carrying, played heavily on the minds of the Muslims.
Hearing tales of the expected rich booty, even some non-Muslim
citizens of Medina tried to join the expedition. Having noticed
a couple of them, the Prophet called them to his camel that he
rode and asked them about the nature of their business. They told
him that they were heathen but as their city had extended protection
to him, he ranked as their kinsman and they wanted to join him
for plunder. The Prophet replied that it was meant for the believers
only, and the unbelievers were not allowed to participate in such
ventures. He emphasized in no uncertain terms: "Believe and
fight". Since this was the only way to share the loot, they
confessed that Muhammad was the Prophet of God. It is then that
they got the permission to join his party.
after necessary adjustments, contained 315 men; amongst them eighty
were Refugees i.e. who had emigrated from Mecca with the Prophet,
and of the remainder "about one-fourth belonged to the Aus,
and the rest to the Khazraj". They had two horses and thirty
camels which they rode in turns to overcome tediousness of the
long hard journey. In terms of size and equipment, it may not
be called an army, but in effectiveness, even the mighty hosts
may not be compared with it because it had no equal in fervor,
ferocity and fortitude. Their newly acquired faith was a novel
specimen of moral justice and piety; being based on Jehad, it
did not condemn but commended rapine, rape and ruination of unbelievers
and held it as the way to secular success in this life and paradisiac
comfort in the next world. The fervor of such a faith, which obliterated
all thoughts of loss, defeat and sin, goaded Allah's warriors
with an unequal zeal to march, seek and rob the precious cargoes
that lawfully belonged to the investors.
For a couple
of days, the holy warriors took a direct route to Mecca but reaching
As-Safra, they moved in the direction of Badr, a resting station
on the road to Syria. Through local gossip, Muhammad's spies came
to know that Abu Sufyan's caravan was about to appear there any
time. The report was correct but Abu Sufyan was a shrewd fellow.
Realizing immediate danger, he at once dispatched a courier to
Mecca asking for a strong defending force.
having suffered losses at Nakhla were not prepared to see the
repetition of similar humiliation. Again, it was the caravan of
the year because the cargo it carried was worth more than 50,000
golden pieces. Its loss might render the whole community bankrupt.
A mixed current of fear and fervor swept the Meccan society and
every household contributed a warrior to the defense of the caravan
according to the size of its stake. Soon an army of 800 men was
raised, accompanied by a band of women, who specialized in singing
war songs, which lent a lion's heart to a bleating lamb. Their
battle-melodies accompanied by the sounds of their tabrets and
footwork excited the Meccan soldiers to die for the honor of their
city and ancestors.
As the army
reached Al-Johfa, the envoy of Abu Sufyan appeared. He told Abu
Jahl, the head of the army that Abu Sufyan had succeeded escaping
Muhammad through stealth and rapid marches, and all was well.
They heaved a sigh of relief, but the question arose if they should
return without an engagement. A passionate debate took place among
the chiefs of the army. One party argued that, since no harm had
been done, there was no cause for a deadly contest. Moreover,
it was argued that the people on the other side were their close
relations: killing them would constantly torture their conscience.
It was not only wise but also desirable to return home peacefully.
the head of the Makhzum clan, on the other hand, advocated a fight
to the bitter end. He advocated that their return would be interpreted
as a sign of their cowardice, and it was also politic to nip evil
in the bud; otherwise, the specter of Muhammad would grow in potential
threat all the time. His persuasion won the argument, and they
passed three days making merry by the fountain.
On the other
hand, Muhammad had also been advancing toward Badr. When he reached
Al-Ruha, he heard that the Quresh, being aware of the danger,
were marching on him. This necessitated a council of war. Unlike
the Meccans, the Muslims showed contempt for blood ties and expressed
a strong desire for an immediate contest.
Here the charisma
of Muhammad's personality and political sagacity deserves mention.
He had emigrated to Medina on the promise of his Medinite followers
that they would defend him with their blood while he would be
amongst them. Addressing the war council, and particularly to
the men from Medina, he declared that their pledge neither induced
his defense in any aggressive action nor had it any connection
with the events that took place away from the city (Medina). Therefore,
they were at liberty to leave him if they so wished.
a political mind would interpret this occasion differently but
to the faithful this declaration conveyed a message of the Prophet's
holiness, greatness and moral dignity hitherto unknown in the
Medinite annals. How they were moved by this speech is expressed
by their spokesman Sa'd Bin Moadh. He said, "Prophet of the
Lord! march where you desire; encamp where you may choose; make
war or conclude peace with whom you will. For I swear by Him (Allah)
who has sent you with the truth, that if you were to march till
our camels fell down dead, we would go forward with you to the
world's end. Not one of us will be left behind."
also be noted that at the end of the meeting, the Prophet who
claimed to be "Mercy of God to All Mankind", invoked
Divine curse on the infidels, and prayed, "O lord, let not
Abu Jahl, the Pharaoh of his people, escape. Let not Zama'a escape;
rather let the eyes of his father run sore for him weeping and
of the Prophet had a psychological purpose. Being fewer in numbers
than the infidels, it made his followers believe that they already
possessed the power to inflict death on their enemies. To the
sincere believers of Muhammad, who had their own unbelieving parents
and brethren as a sign of respect to the Apostle, it was unimaginable
that his supplication against the unbelievers could go astray.
Reinforced by this belief, they became even more determined to
deliver them a dose of violence blended with the worst pillage.
Badr was chosen
as the place of battle by the Prophet. It vouched for his martial
skill as well as seriousness of purpose i.e. he wanted the battle
to be decisive; neither party must escape lightly. He knew that
the courage of his followers, which emanated from their religious
convictions, was far more forceful than the strength that the
superiority of numbers bestowed upon his enemy. A decimating blow
to the unbelievers would lay the foundation of the Islamic Empire.
Badr is situated
close to Medina, 'the City of the Prophet'. It is a valley which
consists of a plain, having steep hills to the north and east;
on the southern side is a low rocky range, and the west is closely
dotted with sandy hillocks. A small stream also ran through it
breaking into springs here and there. The Prophet chose the most
useful reservoir for his army and destroyed the rest. This was
a wise military maneuver, which assured him mastery of the water
sources of the battlefield.
The day before
the engagement took place, Muhammad had placed the banner of the
refugees (the emigrants) in the hands of Mus'ah; ensign of the
Khazrajite was given to al-Hobab and the flag of Aus was handed
to Sa'd Bin Moadh.
Here one again
sees the tactical wisdom of Muhammad in choosing the fighting
spot. As the Quresh army, comprising a thousand men advanced toward
Muhammad, the glaring rays of the Arabian sun struck their eyes,
making their movements troublesome. Also, the vastly numerical
superiority of the enemy was hidden by the fall of the ground
behind. Knowing the gravity of the situation, the Prophet again
resorted to the device of praying to Allah for harnessing the
superstitious energies of his followers' belief into a combating
force. Raising his hands upward, he solicited the Maker, "O
Allah, accomplish for me what Thou hast promised me. O Allah,
bring about what Thou has promised to me. O Allah, if this small
band of Muslims is destroyed, Thou wilt not be worshipped on this
earth". (Muslim, Vol. 3, 4360)
may find it strange that a man is telling his Creator what will
happen if He does not listen to him, and the Almighty agrees to
his suggestion for fear of losing worshippers, but his followers
intoxicated by the promises of heavenly virgins and boys had no
such qualms. They believed that Allah is directed by Muhammad
and, therefore, the battle shall end in a resounding victory for
It was customary
among the Arabs to enter single combats before starting the battle.
As Sheiba, his brother Otba and Al-Walid (son of Otba) moved forward
to challenge for single duels, three Citizens (the natives of
Medina as distinct from the Emigrants) came out from the Muhammadan
ranks to encounter them.
Here we notice
the tribal tendencies of the Prophet, who did not want the honor
of starting the contest go to anyone but his own kith and kin.
Calling them back, he turned to the fellow Emigrants and shouted
"you sons of Hashim, arise and fight, according to your right."
pro-Quresh leaning of the Prophet is well balanced by the choice
of his combatants. Out came three warriors, known for their valor,
courage and fighting skills. They were Ali (the Prophet's adopted
son and son-in-law), Hamza (the Prophet's uncle) and Obeida. As
the infidels saw their heroes become sacrificial lambs at the
Muslim altar, their spirits began to sink. Even more daunting
was the bravery displayed by the Prophet, who recited verses from
the Koran, and brandishing his sword stood by his followers like
a lofty granite and assured them that paradise was the reward
of Omeir, a sixteen-year-old Muslim boy, who was allowed to participate
in this battle, is worthy of note. He was hungry and eating dates,
when he heard the prophet associate paradise with martyrdom. Looking
at the dates scornfully, "is it these", he cries ruefully
"that hold me back from paradise? Verily, I shall taste no
more of them until I meet my Lord".
by the force of belief, he rushed upon the enemy and tasted the
wine of martyrdom loathed by many and loved by a few.
story worthy of narration is that of Moadh, who slew Abu Jahl,
and was attacked by his son Ikrima. In this catastrophic action,
Moadh's arm was nearly severed from his shoulder. Martyrdom was
also his goal, which he coveted, and believed that a second rate
action was not compatible with the dignity of such a heavenly
prize. Since his best performance was being checked by his dangling
arm, he put his foot on it, and ripping it off with the courage
of a divine knight, he attacked the enemy to achieve his most
Was it the
valor of his followers that won the day? Of course, it was a great
factor in securing the field, but the inspiration that the Prophet
provided was the paramount reason of success. Though he is considered
'illiterate' by his followers, he was the master of mob psychology
and excelled in operating this mechanism.
The day, i.e.
17 Ramadan, the second year of Hijrah (623 A.D.) when the battle
took place, was punctuated with sharp gales. As the first violent
blast swept across the valley, the Prophet told his followers
that the Angel Gabriel had arrived with one thousand angels to
help the Muslim cause. The following two piercing blasts were
interpreted by him as the arrival of the angel Michael and the
angel Israpheel, each heading a reinforcement of 1,000 angels
to fight on the side of the Muslims!
to think why were they not visible to the crusaders, but to Muhammad
only? Again, the angels must be very weak creatures if three thousand
of them were required to fight just 1,000 Meccans. The Koran testifies
to this event:
Allah most surely helped you at Badr, when you were utterly abject.
So fear Allah, and happily you will be thankful. When you saidst
to the believers: 'Is it not enough for you that your Lord should
reinforce you with three thousand angels sent down upon you, Yea:
if you are patient and god fearing, and the foe come against you
instantly, your Lord will reinforce you with five thousand swooping
angels". (The House of Imran: III:120)
By this statement
Muhammad secured the entire credit for his Prophethood, which
had been honored by Allah with a reinforcement of 3,000 heavenly
fighters, and a promise of 5,000 belligerent angels in any future
engagement against the infidels.
to know the attitude of the Prophet toward his chief adversary,
Abu Jahl, who was presented to him when he was about to breathe
his last. As he lay at his feet, the Prophet looked at him and
said, "it is more acceptable to me than the choicest camel
Now, we come
to booty, the goal of the Islamic warfare, which Allah Himself
sanctioned to strike terror in the hearts of those who refuse
to bow before the Islamic Imperialism and claim their right to
standards the booty acquired from the Battle of Badr may look
trivial but by then prevailing economic conditions of Arabia,
its psychological effects, and the part it played in building
the Arab Empire, it was simply terrific; "the loot consisted
of 115 camels, 14 horses, a great store of vestments and carpets,
articles of leather, with much equipage and armor".
sword of Abu Jahl, known as 'Dhul-Fikr' fell to the share of the
of Badr was fought on the doctrine of Jehad, which essentially
means building an Arab Empire by denying non-Muslims all rights
except the right to serve their Arab masters. This servitude is
not ephemeral but eternal because Jehad seeks perpetual humiliation
of non-Muslims through a system of everlasting subjugation and
payment of tribute. When we delve deeper into this doctrine, it
transpires that its tentacles equally spread to the non-Arab Muslims,
who are converted to Islam with the force of arms; they are, of
course, exempted from the payment of Jaziya i.e. poll tax, but
are treated as second-class citizens and may be exploited economically
as well as psychologically through the hegemony of faith, which
favors the Arab Muslims against the non-Arab Muslims. I shall
return to this point later but here I may further explain the
novelty of Jehad as the Doctrine of Struggle against the infidels.
1. A Muslim nation requires no particular reason to attack a non-Muslim
country. It is in itself a heinous crime not to acknowledge Muhammad
as the last Prophet of God. According to the Koran all religions
are false except Islam. Thus Allah is the enemy of non-Muslims,
who are regarded as the worst kind of beasts under the sun.
It is a myth
that the Jews and Christians being 'People of the Book' are exempt
from this restriction. A hadith of the Prophet says:
of Allah (Muhammad) said "...he who amongst the community
of Jews or Christians hears about me, but does not affirm his
belief in that with which (Koran) I have been sent, and dies in
this state (of disbelief) he shall be but one of the denizens
of Hellfire". (Sahih Muslim, Vol. One, Hadith: 284)
all other religions, the Prophet prescribes the course of action
been commanded (by Allah) to fight against people, till they testify
to the fact that there is no God but Allah, and believe in me
(that) I am the Messenger (from the Lord) and in all that I have
brought. And when they do it, their blood and riches are guaranteed
protection on my behalf except where it is justified by Law..."
(Sahih Muslim, Vol. One, Hadith: 31)
Here it is
quite clear that the biggest crime for any person or nation is
the denial of Islam, and the true solution of the problem is a
perpetual war against infidels and renegades!
2. Of course, the institution of Imperialism is not an Arabian invention.
Murder of other nations for booty by the Romans, the Iranians,
the Mughals, the Turks or the British, is equally bad.
nations as they became civilized and conscious of human dignity,
realized that it is morally wrong to maim, mutilate and murder
other people for personal or collective gain. In fact, gradually,
they upheld human rights through a code of justice and economic
improvement and the concept applied to all people irrespective
of race and color. Today, we live in a world where murder, rape,
robbery, denial of justice and usurpation of rights are considered
the greatest moral vices but this standard of morality is an utter
nonsense in the world of Islam. Why?
of Islam is considered a serious crime that is a total justification
for stripping a person of his human rights and subjecting him
to perpetual grilling until he/she acknowledges the Prophethood
of Muhammad. The faith in Islam is considered the only true virtue.
This is the reason that a Muslim, no matter how wicked, shall
go to paradise, whereas a highly righteous non-Muslim irrespective
of his piety, shall be thrown into hell! Practicing this discrimination
in this world is also the basis of Islamic culture. Small wonder,
Jehad is the fundamental Islamic doctrine, which treats murder,
rape and plunder of non-Muslims as the loftiest virtue and sure
guarantee of paradise. However, its prominent attraction is booty,
which acts as the greatest predatory motive and despite being
highly impious, is believed to increase a Muslim's piety. This
man- hating philosophy is deeply ingrained in the Battle of Badr
and serves as the guiding precedent for all Muslims.
have never treated non-Arab Muslims as equals in their countries.
For example, no Indian, Pakistani or Bangladeshi Muslim holds
an important ministerial or administrative post in any Arab country.
Their practical status is even worse than that of the infidels:
when non-Muslim subjects broke chains of the Arab domination,
they became free, and even their superior, over a period of time,
but the non-Arab Muslims even when they are politically independent,
remain spiritual and psychological slaves of Arabia. This is the
specialty of the Arab Imperialism, which vouches for the patriotism
and wisdom of Muhammad. This is not a fiction but a fact because
Islam is essentially the ambassador of Arab national interest,
seeking to perpetuate it as Arab Imperialism in the guise of religion.
One cannot help applauding the genius of the Prophet, who made
his own country the center of Divine reverence and then persuaded
his followers all over the world, under the threat of hell, to
prostrate toward Mecca to qualify for paradise!
Look at the
underlying stratagem for yourself. The Prophet declared:
1. God, the Creator of the world had Kaaba (Mecca, the center of
Arabia) built as His own House by Adam, and then rebuilt by Abraham.
Thus the land of Arabia, being the Home of Allah, is superior
to all other lands.
death, the body of a Muslim must be buried facing Mecca (to show
his devotion to Arabia), otherwise, he shall not be admitted into
3. So sacred is Mecca (the birth-place of Muhammad) that nobody must
defecate facing this City. He who does so, is an infidel and shall
go to hell.
4. Arabic is not only the language of the Koran but also of Allah.
So all Muslims must learn and speak Arabic to be godly.
5. The hadith no. 5751 (Mishkat, Vol. 3) reports the Prophet saying:
"Love the Arabs for three reasons because (1) I am an Arab
(2) the Holy Koran is in Arabic, and (3) the tongue of the dwellers
of paradise shall also be Arabic.
6. Every Muslim, no matter where he lives, must come to Mecca for
pilgrimage a least once in a life-time, if he has the means to
duty of the Muslims has been an important economic artery of (Saudi)
Arabia for centuries and serves as a substitute for the tribute
that the Prophet laid on non-Muslims to glorify the Arab Imperialism.
really makes Islam as the ambassador of Arab Imperialism is the
fact that it demands of non-Arab Muslims to follow the Arab cultural
and moral lead blindly. How is it done?
goal has been made possible by the Divine Command that states
Allah has made Muhammad for every believer the model of Behavior,
which he must follow to avoid the fire of hell and qualify for
the luxuries of paradise:
(Muslims) have had a good example in God's Messenger (Muhammad)
for whosoever hopes for God and the Last Day." (The Confederates,
the 'Last Day' is the Day of Judgement when a person's fate shall
be decided in terms of heaven and hell: the basis of verdict shall
be whether or not he or she has followed the Prophet as the Model
of Behavior. In simple language, paradise is meant only for those
who believe, feel, think, walk, talk, sleep, eat and drink as
Muhammad did. We all know that Muhammad was a great Arab patriot
and practiced the Arab culture. Therefore, every non-Arab Muslim
must adore Arabia like Muhammad and adopt all Arab cultural, moral
and spiritual values.
This is not
a wishful interpretation, but is actually happening in all countries
that lie within the pale of Islam: this principle is the foundation
of the Arab Imperialism, and it perpetuates itself through the
force of faith irrespective of whether the Arabs are politically
ascendant or not!
or the Arab Imperialism is different from the Roman, Iranian,
Turkish or British Imperialism because it is not based on political
or economic power but exploitation of human weakness, emanating
from instinctive fear of uncertainty, which makes man feel that
he is drowning and must clutch at a straw to survive, irrespective
of how irrational this act might be.
dictatorship of faith on its followers, Islam has crucified their
rational and inventive faculties, leading to the degradation of
their national cultures; this has become the major cause of their
backwardness, and all the evils that spring from it.
the significance of the Battle of Badr, one must realize that
had the Prophet lost it, the doctrine of Islam would have been
laid to rest along with the bodies of its crusaders. This little
event, in fact, proved to be a vigorous seed, whose branches spread
into both the east and west. However, the west checked its growth
in the Battle of Tours. Such a great contribution has been made
by this event to the survival and advancement of civilization
that I am tempted to continue it as part two of this article. Next Page
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