Sex and Violence
Chapter Eight: The Battle of Tours
2nd Edition: January 15, 2017
Muslim Sex Slaves Jihad Booty of ISIS
And Civilization - 2
(The Battle of Tours)
of Tours (also known as the Battle of Poitiers) is considered
as one of the most important episodes of history. Before discussing
its ramifications, one ought to probe into the causes that precipitated
the bloody event in 732 A.D.
cause is Jehad, a clever contrivance of Islam, whose stated purpose
is to establish on man the rule of Allah, "the Almighty,
the Creator and the Perfect."
In fact, this
device has been invented as a pretext to destroy all those who
do not believe in Allah and Muhammad. More accurately, this is
a stratagem for setting up Muhammad as the holiest of holies because
a person such as a Jew, a Christian or a deist is treated as an
infidel despite being an adherent of God. This fact reveals the
true color of this doctrine. When looked at carefully, it transpires
that Jehad is an insult to God, who is depicted as "the Almighty,
the Creator and the Perfect." Thus, being Absolute, He needs
no help from anyone to install Him as the Supreme, but the device
projects God as dependent on man for establishing His glory; it
is blasphemous by its very nature. If "God, the Creator"
really wanted to be believed in, and worshipped by man, He would
have created him as His "Obedient Servant".
that disgraces the dignity of God and acts as the most heinous
tool of destruction against innocent and the helpless, cannot
be a holy principle.
is anti-divine by its nature, it has got to be the tool of Prophethood,
which enables a man (the Prophet) to pursue his personal interests
in Divine clothing. The doctrine of Prophethood, in fact, is the
apex of dominance--urge, which goads a person to seek maximum
power through force, frivolity and feigning. Jehad uses all these
methods to secure personal supremacy of Muhammad because it legitimizes
violence by inspiring belief in the myth of paradise and encourages
deception to win battles.
Muhammad was an orphan without any paternal inheritance, yet he
rose to be the ruler of Arabia and founder of the Arab Empire.
It shows the magnitude of his dominance-urge, which he executed
a plan of personal power and holiness in which God (Allah) acts
as his factotum. Islam insists that:
be a believer, the confession of Muhammad's Prophethood is the
most essential element of faith be-cause belief in Allah alone
counts for nothing. Thus a Jew, a Christian or a deist is an infidel,
and shall go to hell.
person is not Muslim unless he treats the Prophet as the Model
of Behavior and imitates Muhammad's way of life in all details.
As he was an Arab, his non-Arab follower has to live as a cultural
satellite of Arabia.
This is the
reason that the Prophet bestowed very high reverence on his motherland
and its institutions. For example, a Muslim, no matter where he
comes from, is obliged to prostrate, at least five times a day
toward Mecca, Muhammad's birthplace; he must not defecate facing
this City; even after death, his body must be buried facing Mecca
to qualify for Divine mercy,
The net result
of this Arab-worship is that the non-Arab Muslims, especially
from India and Africa, have more reverence for Arabia and less
for their own countries. This is the attitude that has made them
(non-Arab Muslims) the spiritual slaves of Muhammad's motherland
at the expense of their own.
This is what
makes Islam a complex plan of Arab Imperialism, although packed
in an alluring box of internationalism. Stated simply, it means
that higher the stature of a nation, the greater the prestige
of its leader and cultural institutions. Again, greatness is achieved
by might and not meekness irrespective of how moral, mellifluent
or mesmerizing it may look. Only a mighty nation is the fountain
of mirth, majesty and marvel. Thus, for making the Arabs a powerful
nation, the Prophet turned them into a fighting force by prescribing
Imperialism as the goal of their existence and appointed JEHAD
as the fundamental doctrine for achieving it.
is not based on fantasy but hadiths i.e., the sayings of the Prophet,
which actually gladdened, guided and goaded the Arabs to stake
their lives in bloody battles to secure secular ascendancy and
paradisiac hopes. See the truth for yourself:
1. About the Jews, the Prophet said: "The Hour will not be established
until you (the Arabs) fight with the Jews, and the stone behind
which a Jew will be hiding will say 'O Muslim! there is a Jew
hiding behind me, so kill him.'"
2. About the Turks, the Prophet said: "One of the por-tents
of the Hour is that you will fight with people wearing shoes made
of hair; and one of the protents of the Hour is that you will
fight with broadfaced people whose face will look like shields
coated with leather."
(Sahih Al-Bokhari, Vol. IV: 178)
Prophet said about the Turks: "The hour will not be established
until you fight with the Turks; people with small eyes, red faces,
and flat noses. Their faces will look like shields coated with
leather. The Hour will not be established till you fight with
people whose shoes are made of hair."
(SahihAl-Bokhari, Vol. IV: 179)
3. About Khosrau (Iran) and Caesar (Constantinople), the Prophet
said: "Khosrau will be ruined, and there will be no Khosrau
after him, and Caesar will surely be ruined and there will be
no Caesar after him and you (the Arabs) will spend their treasures
in Allah's cause." He said, "War is deceit."
(Sahih Al-Bokhari, Vol. IV: 267)
Before I explain
these hadiths, I ought to add that the Prophet Muhammad was not
only a preacher but also a warrior. A hadith states that, when
the Battle of Badr took place: "The Prophet was clad in his
armor at that time. He went out saying to me (the narrator, Ibn
Abbas): their multitude will be put to flight and they will show
their backs. Nay but the Hour is their appointed time (for their
full recompense) and the Hour will be more bitter than their worldly
(Sahih Al-Bokhari, Vol.IV: 164)
Prophet was a warrior because he participated in battles wearing
2. He actually led his armies with the sole purpose of winning battles
because he believed that "war is de-ceit", and therefore
he might resort to any tactic, which would produce the desired
result. Yet he called him-self the "Mercy of Allah to entire
mankind," which ought to include unbelievers as well, but
it does not. On the contrary, it seeks their annihilation.
3. To make his people most zealous warriors, he not only trained
them militarily but also brainwashed them with the doctrine of
Jehad, which preached destruction of unbelievers in the name of
Allah as the greatest virtue against all principles of morality.
Its purpose was to make his followers indifferent to the appeal
From the hadiths
quoted above, it is evident that the Prophet had a keen desire
to create an Arab Empire. So he expressed it as the will of God
that the Arabs must build a huge empire to gain the pleasure of
Allah. What a shrewd plan of Imperialism it was! To give it the
Divine authority, he stated as a predestined fact that the Hour
would not come until the Arab had smashed up the Jews and the
Turks as well as the Iranian and Roman (Byzantinian) Empires.
This is exactly what happened, enabling the Arabs to set up within
twenty years of the Prophet's death an empire, which was larger
than the Roman Empire that had required centuries to build.
imperial designs, of course, extended to both the East and the
West, but as I am about to describe the Battle of Tours, it is
desirable to concentrate on the Arabian thrust toward Europe.
irrespective of his religion, is a predator, and his acts of brutality
rank highly immoral, and thus pave his way toward hell but it
is quite different in the case of a Muslim: his savagery is counted
as an act of propriety, purity and probity by Allah, who guarantees
to wipe off all the sins of a Muslim warrior (Mujahid): it is
this strange Divine approval, which enables him to enter paradise
inhabited by most beautiful virgins and boys.
a hadith (saying) of the Prophet Muhammad is a command to a Muslim.
As we have seen, the already quoted hadiths clearly advocate decimation
of the Jews, the Iranians, the Turks and the Romans. The Iranians
were one of the first victims of Islam, and despite freeing themselves
from the political hegemony of the Arabs, they carry the cultural
and spiritual yoke of Arabia even in modern times.
the message of the hadith that command subjugation of the Turks,
Qutaybah, in 715 eventually conquered Kashghar (Chinese Turkestan)
and is supposed to have even reached China proper. However, tradition
bestows this honor on Nasr bin Sayyar, who between 738 and 740
reconquered these territories. In fact, the Apostolic mission
was completed in 751 when the Arabs occupied al--Shash (Tashkand),
and thus completed their supremacy in Central Asia. The Mongoloid
people of these areas had adopted Buddhism, and Buddhist monasteries
had sprung up in Bokhara, Bulkh and Samarkand. Since Islam is
the only true religion of Allah, (according to the Arabian philosophy),
they destroyed all vestiges of the Buddhist worship-centers to
perpetuate their own creed for eternity.
hadith requiring destruction of Constantinople must be interpreted
in the context of the whole of Christianity because this City
was the political Capital of this faith. Thus it is necessary
to refer to the events that led to the Battle of Tours:
Arabian civil war, which ended with the assassination of All,
brought Muawiyah to power. He was not only a tough soldier and
a tactful politician but also a shrewd ruler. Realising the delicate
state of his domestic affairs, he resorted to political expediency,
and through the truce of 658 agreed to pay an annual tribute to
the Emperor Constance II. However, Muawiyah, a zealous Muslim,
could not ignore the hadith commanding conquest of Constantinople.
Thus the truce meant no more than a stratagem. As the circumstances
changed, he started hostilities against Caesar. Twice did his
armies reach the capital of Christendom but without achieving
the desired goal i.e. its capitulation, which had to wait until
the arrival of the Ottoman Turks, centuries later. However, the
Arab raids were not for fun; they assumed the form of razzias
i.e., predatory raids, which were regularly conducted every summer
according to the precedent set by the Prophet for his followers.
were fierce, fanatic and fatalistic. As early as A.H. 34(655),
a fleet of Muawiyah scored victory over the navy led by the Emperor
Constance II. This engagement which took place at Phoenix (modern
Pinike) on the Lycian coast, is considered the first great naval
success of Islam. This event is known as Dhu-al-Sawari in the
A Muslim reader
may face a sudden volley of puzzlement to realise that the military
campaign of A.H. 49 (669), which actually succeeded in reaching
the high triple wall of Constantinople, was led by Munwiyah's
son, Yazid, the crown prince, who stands so maligned in the world
of Islam for killing Hussain (the grandson of Muhammad) and his
family-members that even Devil envies him in notoriety.
Yet he was
the commander of the faithful, who obeyed his orders enthusiatically
in search of booty through menace, murder and mutilation. One
wonders, how Allah will open the doors of paradise for the crusaders
under the direction of Yazid!
May be I should
also add that Yazid fought with such a fervor, fortitude and ferocity
that he earned the title of "Fateh-al-Arab" (Hero of
the Arabs). An attempt to conquer the Byzantine capital was itself
an act of extraordinary courage. As his sword flashed, pushing
the Christians backward, the battlefield rang with the slogans
of "Allah-O--Akbar" and "Fateh-Al-Arab"; equally,
his opponents showered similar praises on their own commander
when he demonstrated his dare, defiance and dragonism inflicting
devastation on the Arab invaders. According to the purifying merits
of Jehad, Yazid was a Mujahid (holy soldier of Islam) dedicated
to establishing its splendor, superiority and supremacy through
the process of pillage, plunder and perdition.
In the campaign
was also legendary hero Ayub al-Ansari, once the standard bearer
of the Prophet. He was one of the few faithful, who had heard
the Prophet predict fall of Caesar at the hands of the Arabs.
His repeated recital of the hadith filled his fellow crusaders
with an unusual zeal to humiliate the infidels by gathering maximum
booty from them. Many were impelled to earn martyrdom, which is
the guarantee of the greater prize of paradise that puts to shame
the reward of pillage. Abu Ayub, a Companion of the Prophet, whose
presence stamped Yazid's contingent with sanctity and honor, died
as a valiant crusader during the siege of Constantinople. So sacred
was the spot of his burial that it became a shrine even for the
Christian Greeks, who traveled long distances to pray for rains
and obtain celestial blessings. Centuries later, when in 1453,
the Turks laid siege to Constantinople, some soldiers discovered
the morning sun shower its rays on a tomb with uncommon profusion.
It could not be the burial place of anyone but Abu Ayub. Since
this discovery ranked as a miracle, a mosque was built on the
site to honor his holiness; thus it rose to become the shrine
of three nations - the Arabs, the Greeks and the Turks.
Ayub had participated in the battles of Badr and Uhud in the company
of the Prophet, his tomb was to serve as a heavenly inspiration
for the Turks to carry out their military campaigns in the east
and west for establising a Turkish Empire to please Allah. May
be they experienced similar moods of piety in relation to their
European subjects as the Europeans did when, centuries later,
they carried 'White man's Burden" in their Asian colonies:
a wolf is proud of any pretense to maim, murder and mutilate,
no matter how paltry, puerile and precarious it may be.
of Abu Ayub became the proud and pious choice of the Turkish sultans
for holding "martial inaugurations" which carried divine
succor for crumbling, humbling and jumbling the non-Muslims.
campaign led by Yazid was attended by Abu Ayub, who had been a
"friend and follower of All", glorifies it considerably,
one is inclined to reconsider the status of Yazid, who was raiding
the center of Christianity to uphold reverence of the Prophet's
word. Though the campaign failed to execute the expectations of
the hadith, it cleverly interpreted Constantinople as the entire
Christendom, thus sowing the seeds of the Battle of Tours, which
sought to threaten the followers of Jesus with perpetual humiliation.
Europe via Africa when Musa Ibn Nusir came to hold the Arabian
territories directly under the Caliph in Damascus. His father
was one of the Christian captives, who had fallen in the hands
of Khalid bin walid, the famous Arab general.
the Arabs came in contact with another racial group, the Berbers,
who once belonged to the Semitic stock. Though they had embraced
Christianity, they were not Romanised, and mentally stood closer
to their distant Arab cousins owing to their nomadic and semi-nomadic
way of life. Their ethnic tendencies were aroused by the Islamic
principle of Jehad, which promised rewards of wealth, women and
wine through aggressive wars waged for "the glory of Allah"!
They readily accepted Islam and became clients of their Arab masters.
Their ferocity and fighting skills made a considerable contribution
to the Arab Imperial expansion.
by Musa of the North African coast, as far as the Atlantic, prepared
the way for the Arab advance into Europe. A freedman of Berber
origin, called Tariq Ibn Ziyad, was appointed by Musa as his lieutenant.
In 711, he crossed into Spain with an army of 7,000 men, mostly
of Berber origin but had no commission to conquer Spain. It was
purely a marauding expedition for seeking booty. He landed near
a mount, which history immortalized after his name as the Jabal-Al-Tariq,
later corrupted as Gibraltar.
On July 19,
711, when he met the armies of King Roderick at the mouth of the
Barbate River, his forces had been supplemented to 12,000. Though
Roderick had 25,000 soldiers at his command, their superiority
of numbers was not good enough to compensate for their inferiority
of spirit: he had deposed his predecessor, the son of Witiza,
and thus, was looked upon as a usurper, having no legitimate authority
to rule. In those days, it was a sin for a Christian to obey the
laws of such monarchs. Again, robbing non-Muslims was an act of
great piety for the followers of Islam. The Berber invaders dazed
by the expectations of untold plunder, which also promised entry
into paradise, in case of fiasco, were emboldened beyond measure
and felt crazy for a battle. Defeat of the half-hearted Visigothic
army was made sure by the political enemies of the King headed
by Bishop Oppas, a brother of Witiza. Nobody knows what happened
to Roderick, who seems to have vanished into thin air.
expedition of Tariq succeeded in occupying half of Spain within
one year. It glorified the name of Tariq, the freedman; he had
achieved this historical brilliance with an army of Berbers who
had begun to envy the Arabian splendor, superiority and supremacy.
Jealousy of Musa, the Arab governor, was aroused by the phenomenal
success of Tariq. He raised an army of 10,000 pure Arabs with
a view to dimming the Berber's shine of arms and hurried to Spain
in June 712. Here one can see an element of racial jealousy, which
explodes the myth of Islamic brotherhood. It also demonstrates
that the Arab military excursions had nothing to do with the glory
of Allah: they were rooted in the lust of loot and imperialism,
and Allah's name was used as a means to make the viciousness of
misdeed and murders look as righteousness of pious and proud actions.
The true color
of this campaign emerged with full intensity when Musa met Tariq
in Toledo. Charging him with insubordination for not halting in
the early stages of the expedition as ordered, he spanked and
reviled Tariq publicly and then scourged him mercilessly and finally
put him in chains as an ignominious prisoner to magnify his guilt.
Having humbled his lieutenant, Musa proceeded to complete the
conquest of Spain for decorating himself with the laurels of the
triumph. What is really amazing is that, after all this disgrace,
Tariq still served such an arrogant and egoistic master in his
campaign. Obviously, Tariq's misconduct was a stunt, otherwise
he could not have been trusted,
At this point
one ought to note the irony of fate: during autumn of the same
year, the Caliph al-Walid summoned Musa to appear before him in
distant Damascus. He had been charged with the same offense as
Tariq - exceeding his authority by invading a foreign country
without the consent of his superior i.e. the Caliph.
Lust for power
overrides all considerations. The Caliph, whose dominions Musa
had extended, forgot all his services to demonstrate who held
the real power and thus privileged to decide the matters of peace
and war. With a view to expressing the size of his benefits to
the Imperial cause, Musa took with him a huge train of spoils,
which included four hundred Gothic nobles fully dressed in gold
coronets and girdles; a sign of the Divine blessings, the train
also included thirty thousand most delicate European women, whose
beauty was more radiant than the jewelry they wore; among them
were also handsome young boys of exquisite white and pink hues
destined to embellish the male seraglios of the Caliph and other
Muslim notables. Nobody knows the exact size of the treasures
that Musa carried with him to appease and please his master but
they were certainly enormous and had been bestowed by Allah upon
His servants, the Muslims, as a sign of mercy, which was an act
of extreme misery to those who had been robbed, ravaged and ruined.
Well, then this is what Jehad is all about.
As the train
of spoils entered Tiberias (Palestine), Musa received a secret
message from Suleman, the brother and heir-apparent, that as Al
Walid, the Caliph, was seriously ill, he must delay his entry
into the Capital. It was Suleman's ploy to claim the glory of
victory and booty for his own reign, but it did not materialize
because Al Walid recovered temporarily. Having heard the tales
of extravagant plunder, crowned with fabulous luster of female
and male beauties, the Caliph relented and received Musa favorably.
The magnificent Ummayad Mosque was decorated where he was rewarded
with Imperial praises and courtesies.
numerous gifts that Musa presented to his master, was a superb
table (maidah) whose craftsmanship went back to the reign of Solomon,
the Wise. This superb Jewish ruler, who enjoyed the pleasures
of 300 wives and 700 concubines, was extravagant enough to adorn
every inch of the table with the most precious diamonds and rubies
that he could lay his hands on. Solomon was a great poet whose
imagination was enriched, not only by sagacity but also erotic
lavishness, which called for a huge harem of intoxicating beauties
gathered from his own subjects, Egypt and many other lands. Thus
he was also a lover of arts and its underlying mysteries. The
said table was more conspicuous for its craftsmanship than the
glitter, gloss and glow of its gorgeous stones.
to the legend, this unusual table had been removed from Jerusalem
to Rome by Romans, who were eventually deprived of it by the Goths.
Inspired by the splendors of Solomon, every Gothic King vied with
others during his reign to embellish it further with grace, gaiety
and grandeur to carve his name in the annals of aesthetics. When
Musa plundered this table, it was kept in the cathedral at Toledo;
the Bishop had 'borrowed' it from the Lord for his personal use.
Obviously, it was a sin for the Bishop because the Lord does not
hold accountable his own representative for their misdeeds.
From the stories
of the marvel, mystery and majesty, surrounding the Jewish table,
it appears that its different parts could be detached and reassembled
easily without any harm to its appearance and dignity. It is said
that Tariq, having been bewitched by it, removed one of its legs
and then dramatically produced it when the table was being presented
to the Caliph. He obviously wanted to draw royal attention to
his own person.
magic worked on A1 Walid, it had exactly the opposite effect on
Suleman, who succeeded him. He brought him before a partial judge,
who found him guilty of vanity and falsehood. Musa was whipped
publicly; stood a whole day in the blazing sun before the palace
gate until he begged for exile to Mecca as a pilgrim. He was granted
this request but his entire property was confiscated. History
has noted that this conqueror of Africa and Spain lived as a beggar
in Wadi-al-Qura, a remote village of al-Hijaz.
to be a mendicant, was a zealous Muslim and planned to carry out
the hadith, which demanded subjugation of Constantinople. His
designs are known to history; he thought of Spain as the first
step to bring Europe in the fold of Arab Imperialism. In fact,
he had planned to cross the Pyrenees with the intention of entering
France and Italy to establish the Islamic rule there. What goaded
him more fervently was his desire to preach the Koranic tenets
from the pulpit of the Vatican. Once the Arabian grip had been
tightened on these Christian lands, he would love to conquer Germany
and then gradually proceed to Constantinople to realise the full
blessings of the prophetic hadith.
that Musa failed to materialize, did not die with him because
it was not personal to him; it emanated from a hadith, which commanded
destruction of Constantinople, the Christian seat of power. In
717 or 718, al-Hurr Abd-al-Rahman al Thaqafi took up this sacred
sanctity of purpose lay the lust of plunder provoked by the riches
of French convents and churches. Thus, al-Hurr started the raids
that were continued by his successor al-Samah Ibn-Malik al-Khawlani.
In 720, his luck ran out at Toulouse, the seat of Duke Eudes of
Aquitaine where he was offered effective resistances by the French
fighters. Here al-Samah died.
Now we are
nearing the moments of the Battle of Tours, known as the Bataille
de Poitiers in France. This city had become the spiritual pulpit
of France owing to the body of Saint Martin, which lay buried
there. Ordinary Christians, who preferred the paradisiac blessings
to the worldly comforts, saved every penny to make votive offerings
at the shrine. Though the offerors' flesh had been made lean by
starvation, the guardians of the shrine enjoyed layers of corpulence
without suffering any qualms of conscience. The popularity of
Saint Martin had lent a good deal of prestige to the local churches
and convents, which boasted of gold plate and costly goblets as
the results of pious offerings.
The year 732
is a landmark in European history because this is when Abd-el-Rahman
Ibn-Abduallah al-Ghafiqi, successor of al-Samah, as Amir over
Spain, advanced through the Western Pyrenees. In fact, this is
the year that also marks the first centennial of the Prophet's
death. During these 100 years, the Arabs had succeeded in establishing
an empire which was greater than that of Rome at its zenith. It
extended 'from the Bay of Biscay to the Indus, and the confines
of China and from the Aral Sea to the lower cataracts of the Nile".
Still, the Prophet's command concerning Constantinople had not
been fulfilled: the expected victory at Tours was to lead to the
realization of this holy aim.
attract bees, an infidel's wealth entices a Muslim to declare
Jehad against him to plunder it. Saint Martin might help the French
to secure comforts of paradise in the world-to-come but, in this
life, his wealth-gathering tomb coaxed all the discomforts of
the Islamic sword, which flashed in search of booty.
Battle of Tours is one of the decisive events of history, its
exact location has not been established. Some historians believe
that it was fought at Mussais-la-Bataille, six miles south west
of Chatellerault. Others think that it was not one but a series
of running engagements ending near Poitiers in the defeat of Abdur
Rahman, the Chief of Cordoba (Spain).
is no doubt that the major engagement of the Battle took place
between Tours and Poitiers. The French had given no cause for
the Battle: its excuse was determined by Allah, who had laid on
the Muslims to suppress, slaughter and seduce non-Muslims until
they accept Islam or surrender and pay tribute to acknowledge
their inferiority. Tours attracted this predatory expedition from
Spain because it was a Christian spiritual center, also ebullient
with worldly treasures. Obviously, Jehad was the most suitable
action which could guarantee submission of the infidels through
plunder and carnage.
victorious Arab onslaught was in for a rude shock. The invaders
were met by Charles, whose valor, tenacity and martial wisdom
earned him the famous surname Martel i.e. hammer; he smashed the
Islamic dream in the West. He was not the King of France but the
Mayor of the palace at the Merovingian Court; owing to the authority
he wielded, he was considered as the de facto ruler.
of Gaul (France) were ruled by the descendants of Clovis, who
was known for his military prowess, but they did not possess their
ancestral qualities. However, all was not lost. Among the French
chiefs was one Eudes, the Duke of Aquitaine. He was bold enough
to usurp king's authority in the southern provinces of Gaul. To
acknowledge him as a Christian hero, the Goths, the Saxons and
the Franks, united under his standard to fight the Islamic aggressors
from Spain. To start with, he proved a successful leader: he repelled
the first invasion of the Saracens (Arabs) led by Samah, lieutenant
of the Caliph. In this engagement at Toulouse, Samah lost his
life and army.
To the Arabs,
the Christian victory was unthinkable because it brought shame
on the faith that had been incredibly victorious so far; it also
kindled the revengeful instincts of the Arabian occupants of Spain,
who earnestly longed for an opportunity to put the Christian infidels
in their place.
When a nation
is destined to rise and prosper, it experiences an amplitude of
heroes. That was the time when the Arab national star was racing
toward its apogee. Abdur Rahman, who had been restored to his
high position by the Caliph Hashim, led his military campaign,
which was both punitive and predatory. His first task was to deal
with Munuza, the rebellious Moorish Chief, who had become an ally
of Eudes in return for his beautiful daughter. This expediency
though later turned into a nuptial tie, was looked down upon by
the French, who had a live sense of national honor. The Moorish
chief was subdued and beheaded. His French widow was counted as
an article of booty, and suffered the same fate as other pretty
women of the vanquished nobility. She was sent as a present to
the Caliph at Damascus, who like his predecessors, had become
a connoisseur of pretty flesh and delicate manners.
with Munuza, Abdur Rahman marched on and surprised the Eude's
camp on the banks of the Garonne and heaped a shattering defeat
on him; thereafter, he stormed Bordeaux, set its churches on fire
and demolished people's homes mercilessly. The fate of the Christians
was a picture of flaming hell. Historians have not been able to
estimate the number of the slain, which is 'known only to God'.
The inhuman devastation that the Saracens perpetrated in the countryside
far excelled the Mafia-type vulgarity, brutality and savagery
of modern times. These worshippers of the Most Merciful Allah
proved to be the most merciless killers, whose atrocities surpassed
the scenes of torture described in the books of the Old Testament.
The romances of chivalry have, however, been created from these
tales of abomination, which please and tease readers according
to their aesthetic taste and psychological leanings.
came face to face with Charles Martel at the junction of the Clain
and the Vienne between Tours and Poitiers. Charles, the illegitimate
son of the elder Pepin seems to be one general, who had studied
not only the military tactics of the Arabs but was also aware
of their psychology, and the factors that motivated it. He knew
that the Muslim zealots fought for booty; they called it Jehad,
the most sacred fighting, because all their moral outrages were
reckoned as acts of piety by Allah, who, instead of punishing
them with hell-fire rewards them with the luxuries of paradise.
Considering the unusual nature of the Islamic ethics, which treats
vice as virtue in the guise of Jehad - a process fully committed
to robbing and murdering non--Muslims, Charles adopted a very
shrewd policy to beat the Muslims with their own stick.
of his country had begun to suffer from domination of the Saracens,
he betrayed no symptoms of panic associated with haste and fear.
Historians have not paid proper respect to Charles's tactful delayed
preparations for the Battle. Judging by his military genius, it
is not difficult to conclude that it was all intentional on his
part: he wanted the Saracens to plunder as much as they could.
This pillage had the in-built cover of protection for two reasons:
firstly, he wanted their greed for booty to reach the point of
saturation so that they had no further desire of looting and secondly,
he planned to make them immobile under the burden of their plunder.
Added to the
military genius of Charles was his personal courage and zeal of
patriotism. The series of engagements called the Battle of Tours,
lasted for seven days. During the first six days, the Saracens
held the upper hand but, on the last day, the fortunes of the
combatants were reversed. There was Edes along with his men to
avenge his honor; voluntary German allies of Charles displayed
their proverbial fighting skills and the chivalrous thrust of
Charles and his Frenchmen, whose country's destruction had made
them wild, became oblivious of the word: retreat. The Saracens
started losing ground, yet their retaliatory pugnacity showed
no abatement; their cries of 'Allah-O-Akbar' (God is Great), which
still radiated their usual terror and tenacity, could have routed
the European forces, but the Lord Jehova seemed to have come to
the aid of his Christian worshippers. As evening was about to
spread its murky net, Abdur Rahman received a fatal blow and the
Saracens became leaderless. There appeared a disorder in their
rank, but they did not take to a cowardly flight. The black curtain
of night acted as a barrier between the deadly foes.
it may seem, now the same spirit of Jehad rose to shatter solidarity
of the Muslim combatants, which had acted as their uniting force.
In fact, the wisdom of Charles that he had displayed with regard
to satiating the plundering greed of Allah's soldiers, asserted
itself in the form of Christian victory that was to seal the Arab
fate in Europe and save civilization from infinite regression.
the invading armies were not purely Arabs: they had an equal number
of Berbers, who claimed Arab descent, perhaps out of inferiority
complex but were equally African nomads having distant racial
ties with Arabia. The Berbers were paid lip sympathy by the Arabs
for their fortitude, fearlessness and fighting skills. They had
accepted Islam owing to the doctrine of Jehad, which served them
well to alleviate their poverty and also give them a say in adminstrative
affairs of the government. Thus, the real relationship between
the Arabs and the Berbers was waging Jehad for booty. Though this
process was completely horrendous, it disguised its ugliness as
the command of Allah and thus declared the sour as sweet, blight
as blessing and bleak as bright.
had gathered a lot of booty before Abdur Rahman was slain in the
battlefield. This enormous loot was affecting them on two counts:
firstly, it had become cumbersome to their mobility, and secondly,
they had got what they wanted. Why enter further clashes? It is
only a hungry wolf which searches for a lamb; and the satiated
one has no such need.
their leader, the Saracens were in a critical position. It was
not possible to elect instantly a military commander of AbdurRahman's
stature to win the field; unending dissension was bound to be
fatal not only to their lives but also their looted possessions.
While gaining plunder is Jehad, losing it is contempt of Jehad.
So, the Saracens decided to retreat under cover of darkness leaving
the glory of the Battle of Tours to Charles Martel.
It is an irony
of history that Jehad, the sacred vehicle of plunder, which gave
Islam a tremendous boost through booty gained in the Battle of
Badr, turned out to be the biggest hurdle to the expansion of
Islam in the West owing to the massive pillage in France which
they earnestly tried to protect at the expense of the sacred spirit
of fighting. It reveals the true nature of Jehad. Lesson of the
Battle of Tours proved so terrifying that the Arabs never resumed
the conquest of France again.
the significance of the Battle of Tours?
1. It was a brilliant victory of the Christians over the Muslims,
whose rule came to be confined to Spain. This victory gave the
Christian powers a measure of self-confidence and also established
that the West would form the spiritual domain of Christ, and not
Muhammad's. Not only that, the Christians would eventually carry
on Crusades for four centuries to stem the tide of Islam. It could
not have been possible without the consciousness engendered by
the Battle of Tours.
sense of unity that the European Christians gained over centuries,
is owed to their anti-Islamic attitudes, and a study of the Crusades
testifies to this fact.
more important aspect of this Battle is cultural, which is better
understood when we examine the history of Muslim Spain:
there was religious tolerance but not to the extent that it has
been claimed. The Jews, who supported the Muslim rule, did well,
but it was usually difficult for the Christians to secure high
positions in the governmental hierarchy.
The Arab culture
had deformed the European way of life in Spain. The Christian
men had to be circumcised like the Muslims in the interest of
national hygiene. The sacred Christian doctrine of monogamy was
violated by the Christians themselves. They set up vast harems
and also practiced pederasty on a large scale in the Arabian fashion.
There was no dearth of Christian women, who observed purdah; the
number of Christian converts to Islam were steadily rising all
the time. In fact, people of Muslim Spain felt proud of emulating
their Arab masters; thus, in manners and dress, they became more
Asians and less Europeans.
It is not
usually appreciated that the Western civilization is mostly an
offshoot of the manners and etiquette that were developed in the
French court. All European courts eagerly imitated them. This
is what created Western culture.
Martel lost to the Saracens, there would have been no French Court,
and no Western Civilization. Instead, Europe would have become
a cultural satellite of Arabia like all Muslim nations.
Here, I ought
to add that what Rome or Constantinople offered and propagated
was not the Western civilization in its modern sense. These two
centers were custodians of the Middle Eastern tradition as handed
to them in the form of Christianity. The Western civilization
is represented by the spirit and elegance of the Magna Carta and
the French Revolution: they both are indebted to the French Court
for their initial development. Had the French lost the battle
of Tours to the Saracens, there would have been no French Court
with its chivalrous traditions, which lifted the status of the
European women, lending color, taste and beauty to culture. This
is the foundation of the Western aesthetics, fine arts and equality
3. Finally, I should applaud the Arabic arts and sciences as they
prevailed in Spain and Sicily. They were certainly much higher
than what the Europeans practiced but they suffered from a serious
disability: they were severely restricted by the puritanical faith
imposed by the Koran, which treats woman as a sexual toy and forbids
indulgence in fine arts such as painting, drama, music, dance
and statuary. Still worse, the Islamic politics, as now, was dominated
by the vehemence of faith, and the power of mind was not allowed
to solve difficult situations. Everything had to be done the way
the Prophet did centuries earlier. This fundamentalism acted as
the bane of the Islamic cultural and scientific advancement, and
the Muslim society became regressive all over the world.
world is benefiting from the Western scientific advances, though
cursing the West at the same time to lighten the burden of inferiority
Had the Muslims
won the Battle of Tours, entire Europe would have gradually become
a part of the Arab political and cultural dominions. Exactly the
same conditions of ignorance, backwardness and intolerance would
have prevailed in Europe as they do in the Islamic world today;
the modern scientific revolution and international social enlightenment
by way of human rights and civil liberties, could not have come
into existence; civilization would have become regressive and
stood at the same level as it did 1400 years ago during the time
of the Prophet Muhammad.
can imagine the socio-political conditions of the early 8th century
Europe, will know that I have not resorted to exaggeration in
analysing the historical significance of the battle of Tours.
I salute the
memory of Charles Martel and his brave French and German combatants,
who paid a huge tribute of blood and bones to save and promote
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