Takes Aim at Azerbaijan
A Geopolitical Agenda
Dr. Kaveh Farrokh
Three: The Gray Wolves
The Promotion of Discord
Five: Grey Wolves and Failure in Azerbaijan
Three: The Gray Wolves
The Grey Wolves
of Turkey are perhaps the most actively racist pan-Turanian organization
in existence today. Europe has had first hand exposure to Grey
Wolf violence: the assassination attempt on Pope John Paul II
(1920-2005) on May 13, 1981 in Rome's St. Peter's Square (below
left photo taken seconds after incident) by Grey Wolf activist
Mehmet Ali Agca[i] (below right photo - taken during his arrest
by Italian police):
L. Pope Shot
is Colonel. Iskander Hamidov, a member of the Azeri chapter of
the Grey Wolves, whose brutality against Armenian civilians (esp.
10 April 1992) is legendary (see also Part IV, item 2).
it is the Turks who have suffered most at the hands of the Grey
Wolves. During much of the 1970s, the Grey Wolves murdered hundreds
of distinguished public figures, trade union activists, lawyers
and human rights advocates, journalists, and students. For more
information, kindly refer to Martin Lee's article in the Web References.
Who are the Grey Wolves?
of the Grey Wolves may be possibly traced to 1968, when they were
apparently built up by certain elements in Turkish intelligence
(as well as Suleiman Demirel) mainly as a counterweight to left-wing
Communists (?) and possibly student activists. They derive their
name from the Grey Wolf legend and use their hands to mimic the
heads of wolves (Part I, item 2b). The Otuken website provides
further insight into BozKurt (Grey Wolf) ultra nationalism (see
There are three Grey Wolf mottos worthy of mention:
Nation of Turks is neither Turkey nor Turkestan, but the great
nation of all Turks, the great and immortal kingdom of Turan
(see Matini, 1989 in references, p.448)
aim is to unify 100 million Turks into a single nation (see
Gokalp 1952 - esp. p.28 & 1959 in references)
things are for the Turks and for the benefit of Turks (see
Matini, 1989 in references, p.448).
surprising parallels between the above statements and the beliefs
of Nordic Nazism. The first two mottos resemble the pan-Germanic
philosophy of creating a vast Germanic super state from the shores
of the Atlantic to the borders of Siberia. The third motto bears
the echoes of the Nazi "Aryan superman" or "ubermensch",
in which the Nordic-Germanic race (HeerenVolk) is to tower above
all others by ruling and enslaving them.
confined to the lunatic fringes of Turkish society, Grey Wolf-ism
is now emerging among mainstream politicians. Note the photo of
Turkish politicians Devlet Bahtseli in Turkey (below left) and
Alpsalan Turkes at a rally in the Republic of Azerbaijan (right)
L. Delvet Bahtseli
R. Alpsalan Turkes
has been reported as being fully supportive of Grey Wolf anti-Iranian
and anti-Armenian activism in the Republic of Azerbaijan. He has
been described as a fanatic racialist. Given these circumstances,
the translation of Nazi literature into Turkish and its mass distribution
should be viewed as an alarming development (Part IV, item 1).
also disturbing reports of Grey Wolf expansionist ideology spreading
among the highly educated Turkish elites. On the 6th of February
2001, Meral Aksener, a strident pan-Turanian activist who was
Interior Minister during the Tansu Ciller-Mesut Yilmaz government
(1994-1996), openly advocated to media outlets for the union of
the Republic of Azerbaijan with Turkey[ii]. This is chillingly
similar to Nazi Germany's Anchluss (re-union) demands with Austria
in 1938. Aksener's statement appeared to have the blessing of
the Turkish armed forces (TAF) and National Intelligence Agency
tragic is the appeal of the Grey Wolf movement among the youth
of Turkey (note photo of a youth wing of the Grey Wolves):
It is the
youth who are the future. Most important of all is the question
of their views with respect to Greeks, Armenians, Iranians and
all others who are seen, one way or another, as "obstacles"
to the dream of a "Greater Turan"
Supporting Mr. Chehreganli
unofficial reports that certain prominent Turks are working with
Mr. Chehreganli and other separatist organizations to dismember
Iran as a sovereign state. The Turks are simply being used and
misled by Mr. Chehreganli, a man who at the very least, fabricates
information and falsifies history to suit his own ambitions. Chehreganli's
assertions of full Turkish support for his schemes appear to be
validated by the following undated photo with Mr. Mohsun, a Turkish
fury that would be felt across Turkey if Iran officially invited
and hosted the leaders of the PKK organization to Tehran, complete
with photo-ops, full media and TV coverage, foreign correspondents
and publicized meetings with top Iranian and foreign officials.
Such an action would correctly be viewed as highly provocative
by Ankara. The Turks have accused the Iranians of supporting the
PKK in the past (Part VI, item 9).
Operations in Foreign Countries
of the Turkish army with Grey Wolf leanings have served in the
Caucasus fighting Armenians and Russians (in the CheChen war)[iv].
There are unconfirmed reports of Turkish officers training Grey
Wolf activists to operate inside Iran. Recall the earlier discussion
of Grey Wolf activists inserting themselves into the annual Babak
Khorramdin celebrations in Iran's Bez Mountain (Part II, item
tactics at information dissemination in Iran are identical to
contemporary neo-Nazi organizations in Europe. As noted before
Pamphlets and Grey Wolves literature are regularly distributed
throughout Iranian Azerbaijan (Part II, item 6; Part IV, item
2). It is also interesting that photos of Mr.s Pishevari and Chehreganli
as well as a variety of "Azerbaijan" flags are also
actively displayed in the Babak rallies. Like the European fascists,
Grey Wolf activists display flags and pictures to deliberately
inflame racialist passions and confrontation.
activists are working very hard to use the Babak celebrations
as a tool to create a violent incident that would pit Azerbaijanis
against "the racist Persians" (see also Part VI, item
6b). As in the former Yugoslavia this "incident" would
then be widely reported by media outlets serving as the mouthpieces
of geopolitical-petroleum lobbies (Part VI, items 1-4, 7), and
of course attract the attention of Human Rights organizations
(Part VI, item 2b).
activists have already been sending thousands of their followers
into foreign countries to interfere in their political, cultural
and social events. A little noticed report by Mezopotamya Radio
on January 26, 2005, noted that:
of Turkmens have been sent to Iraq by the Turkish authorities,
aiming to give the pro-Turkish Turkmen Front a better position
in the Iraqi elections
several coach drivers
that they have been involved in transporting Turkmens from Turkey
to South Kurdistan via the Xabur border
[January 26, 2005 - see also web references]
western media outlets are silent with respect to Grey Wolf activities
in Iran, the Caucasus, Iraq and the Balkans. Western media and
academics make no reference to Grey Wolf complicity in generating
the "800,000 Azerbaijani votes" that Mr. Chehreganli
continually claims to have collected. Western silence has allowed
pan-Turanian activism inside foreign countries to go virtually
unhindered and unnoticed.
Grey Wolf Miscalculation: Greece
not exactly on the Grey Wolf hit list either. As noted in Part
I (item 2d), Grey Wolf "historians" claim to have "proven"
that ancient Greece (esp. Minoan Greece) was Turkish. Meanwhile,
the Greeks have long complained of Turkish jets violating their
Strangely, Anglo-American media outlets have remained surprisingly
silent with respect to Greek complaints. Anglo-American silence
is partly due to the successful lobbying of the virtually unknown
but powerful Turkish American Council (ATC) in Washington (see
Part VI, item 4a).
Greek frustration and concern with Grey Wolf activities in Albania
and the former Yugoslavia and Skopje (re-named by Communist activists
as "Macedonia" to apply geopolitical pressure on Greece
- see Part VI, item 5) go largely unreported in the Anglo-American
the Grey Wolves have succeeded in creating one of histories greatest
ironies: thanks to their rhetoric and activities, the Grey Wolves
have succeeded at creating the first ever military alliance between
Greece and Persia.
a military alliance with Iran in the June of 1998. This alliance
also includes Armenia. Russia, also concerned with Grey Wolf activities
and ambitions in the Caucasus, Central Asia, the Balkans, and
"Tataristan" in the Crimea, also provides covert support
to the Greek initiated alliance. Greek Defence Minister Akis Tsohatzopoulos
(photo below) flew to Tehran on June 29, 1999 and met with Iranian
officials to hammer out the final details of the historical alliance.
The pope officially forgave his would-be assassin in the December
Robert, 2004, p.108-109. Citation from Hurriyet, 6 February 2001.
Olson, Robert, 2004, p.108-109.
Robins, Philip, 2003, Suits and Uniforms, p.78-79.
Back to top
* * *
Four: The Promotion of Discord
Translating Nazi Literature to Turkish
most alarming development in the Republic of Azerbaijan and Turkey
are attempts by Grey Wolves and pan-Turanian ideologues to spread
racialist hate literature. There are strong indications that modern-day
pan-Turanian ideologies (the Grey wolves in Turkey and the Republic
of Azerbaijan in particular) are "discovering" Adolph
Hitler's manual of racial hate entitled "Mein Kampf"
(My Struggle). Note the original "Mein Kampf" in German
by Hitler at left and the recent Turkish translation (KavGam)
L. Mein Kampf
Sales of the
book are reputed to be high according to Associated News writer
James C. Helicke (see web References). To be fair, the reasons
for its interest among Turks go beyond simple pan-Turanian expansionism.
According to Helicke, many Turks are feeling the frustration with
growing pan-Kurdish separatism and are critical of Israel, the
United States and the European Union. To the observer this would
appear strange, since on the surface at least, Turkey is an ally
to both Israel and the west. Helicke quotes Umit Ozdag (writer
of the Turkish daily, Aksam):
feel ill-treated by the West
Turks think they are being exploited.
They are angry with the demands of the European Union and United
States. But those who anger them the most are Kurdish nationalists
who think they are being stabbed in the back read Hitler. That
is a ... very dangerous development."
It is precisely
in this climate of distrust and conspiracy mills that racist hate
literature may be able to prosper, as it did in 1920s Germany.
Like Nazism, Pan-Turanianism depends on the constant repetition
of its false ideology to spread and solidify its messages.
Republic is a parliamentary democracy, and as such, freedom of
speech thrives in Turkey. However, creeds of hate, if allowed
to expand, have the potential to spread like a malignant cancer.
This is a problem every democracy (including Turkey) faces. The
question to be asked is: how motivated are the grey Wolves and
their ideological kin to create animosity between Turks and their
Armenian, Greek and Iranian neighbors? What could possibly be
the benefit of promoting or even contemplating hate literature?
It was on
March 26, 1998, when the President of Azerbaijan, Heidar Aliev
(1923-2003), issued his "Decree on the Genocide of the Azerbaijanis".
This "decree" is essentially a call for hatred against
Armenians, Iranians and non-Turkish speaking Azerbaijanis. What
is disturbing is how little attention this has received in western
media outlets. This is mainly due to the very anti-Iranian attitudes
prevalent in the western world (Part VI, items 7-8), as well as
the drive to access the rich petroleum deposits of the Caucasus
and Central Asia (Part VI, items 1-3).
most shocking element in aforementioned March 26, 1988 decree
is the statement that:
is a fictitious state created on Azerbaijani land ..."
This was published
in most governmental newspapers in the Government of Azerbaijan
at the time. The decree is said to be accessible in English as
well. The text was reputedly written by the fanatically anti-Armenian
and anti-Iranian, Vafa Guluzade (Photo below), an ex-KGB agent
who is now a "born-again pan-Turanianist":
It is worth
noting that Mr. Guluzade, and other individuals who share his
outlook, are now actively courted by western officials.
to Nazi Propaganda.
striking similarities between present-day Grey Wolf anti-Armenian
literature and the anti-Jewish Nazi literature of the 1930s. This
is the cliché "stab in the back" theme in which
the evil swarthy Armenian is the culprit (below left). Note the
similarity of this poster to the Nazi-depicted "cowardly
Jew" who "stabs the valiant German warrior in the back"
(below right). It is no secret that hate groups create despicably
false images of the "other" to disseminate their poisonous
L. Armen Cartoon
R. Jew Cartoon
Talaat Pasha & The 1915 Armenian Tragedy.
is the Ottoman Grand Vizier, Mehmed Talaat Pasha (1874-1921),
himself reputedly of Bulgarian and Jewish descent (see photo below).
Mehmed Talaat Pasha was responsible for the elimination of over
one million Armenians.
of the Interior Talaat was entrusted with the responsibility of
ensuring Ottoman Turkey's domestic capabilities to wage war and
support the military.
It was Talaat's
office that ordered the Armenians to be systematically deported
from the eastern provinces of the Ottoman Empire. The Armenians
were generally deported to Syria and Mesopotamia (present-day
Iraq) in the April of 1915. Most never survived the "long
march". Some of the survivors (along with numbers of Pontic
Greeks who had also suffered killings) crossed the Iranian border
where some 50,000 (or more) were given shelter by Iran's Azerbaijani
population and the government in Tehran. The rest escaped to Russia,
Syria/Lebanon, Cyprus, Europe, Canada and the United States.
This is history's
first case of mass genocide. Although estimates vary, most agree
that over one million Armenians perished as a result of the policies
of Talaat Pasha's office. Many Pontic Greeks perished as well.
Talaat's subsequent denials of knowledge or involvement were generally
disregarded by the majority of contemporary observers at that
time and at present.
is not so easily dismissed: there is simply too much archival
corroboration regarding this tragedy. Note some highlights from
a telegram dated July 16, 1915, sent by US Ambassador to Ottoman
Turkey, Henry Morgenthau to the Secretary of State in Washington:
of and excesses against peaceful Armenians is increasing and from
harrowing reports of eye witnesses it appears that a campaign
of race extermination is in progress under a pretext of reprisal
Protests as well as threats are unavailing
and probably incite the Ottoman government to more drastic measures
as they are determined to disclaim responsibility for their absolute
disregard of capitulations
Suggest you inform belligerent
nations and mission boards of this."
[United States of America, National Archives and Records Administration
Record Group 59, Records of the Department of State Decimal File
867, Internal Affairs of Turkey
Decimal File 860J, Internal Affairs of Armenia; See also Rawlinson
in references; see Armenian Genocide in Web References]
below is a sample of the tragedies of the time. For further archival
information on the tragedy, see Nazer and Kloian in References.
is another non-Turkish angle to the Armenian genocide - the role
of some Ottoman Kurds. Many of these were levies in the Ottoman
Empire. These had a role in the massacres of both Armenian and
Assyrian Christian communities in Eastern Anatolia and modern
Northern Iraq. The photo below of Ottoman Kurdish levies in 1917
Anatolia is of interest as it shows officers dressed in Ottoman
uniforms, with regular soldiers in their traditional Kurdish attire
(Nicolle in References)
the Armenian tragedy remains a contentious one among today's Turks.
The term "Genocide" is simply not acknowledged. Modern
Turkish historians seem to be divided into two camps. The first
camp seems to deny the veracity of the entire episode, and the
other explains the events as atrocities committed by both sides.
They point to previous Armenian cooperation with the Russians
and allege an Armenian role in brutalizing Turkish and Kurdish
Many modern Turks also complain of the "Yellow Journalism"
of the time in addition to a continuing general anti-Turkish bias
amongst Europeans. This certainly cannot be discounted, given
the very negative reactions by much of European popular opinion
against the long-standing Turkish application to enter the EU.
however fail to explain why so many untold numbers of apolitical
innocent civilians were liquidated by the offices of Mr. Talaat
Pasha. Armenians cite pan-Turanian racialism as the real culprit
of the tragedy.
Gallant Turks who Saved Lives.
fact has been forgotten by historians of all sides (including
Turks): Many Turks risked their lives to save Armenian civilians
and by doing so put their own lives in danger. Anti-Turkish sentiments
typically portray all Turks as evil and barbaric. This is unfair
and unjust, and shows a brazen disregard for historical balance.
True, the savage murders were committed by Ottoman authorities,
but the main impulse for these came from religious zealots and
members of the earlier Young Turk movement. This author was told
by a survivor of the tragedy (she has asked for her identity to
be hidden) in no uncertain terms that:
were many good self-sacrificing and courageous Turks
many risked themselves, their families and their
lives to save us from the hell hounds of Talaat Pasha
they were even treated worse than the Armenians
if they were caught
Influence and Re-Writing History.
A number of
western outlets are seeking to downplay and/or deny the veracity
of the Armenian genocide, and there are serious attempts to influence
academic scholarship with regards to this issue. Note the statement
by the late Mr. Sam Weems:
entire Armenian genocide claim is as bogus as a three-dollar bill
and (they) know it!"
[See Tall Armenian Tale in Web references]
book "Armenia: Secrets of a "Christian" Terrorist
State" (photo below - see References) purports a link between
the Armenian Church and terrorism since the 1890s and rejects
the historical veracity of the Armenian genocide. One can only
imagine the uproar (and rightly so) if any one foolishly denied
the Jewish holocaust at the hands of the Nazis. The Armenian holocaust
is being sidelined in the interests of geopolitics and Petroleum
diplomacy (see Part VI, items 1-3).
Armenia - Weems Book
It is worth
noting that in Canada, publications that deny genocides (e.g.
the Hebrew Holocause, the Armenian genocide, Stalin's mass murder
of Ukrainians) are legally regarded as Hate literature.
strong allegations that certain members of the US government have
been colluding with individuals who have pan-Turanianism sympathies.
A scandal erupted when (former) FBI translator Sibel Edmonds accused
the FBI of covering up clandestine communications and financial
dealings (or payoffs?) between certain Turkish nationals and the
office of House Speaker Dennis Hastert (see Website References).
According to Reporter David Rose:
of the Turkish targets of these wiretaps claimed that the price
for getting Dennis Hastert to withdraw the (Armenian Genocide)
resolution would be $500,000. Now, I do emphasize there's no evidence
at all that he received such a payment, but that is what is said
to have been recorded in one of the wiretaps".
proof has been produced of Hastert ever receiving a payoff: there
simply is no "smoking gun". However, Hastert has noted
that he withdrew support for the resolution due to a letter written
to him by President Clinton who had noted that such a resolution
would not be in the interests of US-Turkish relations. There have
nevertheless been numerous other instances of such allegations.
The issue is the use of funding and political influence to alter
historical information. There is plenty of evidence that this
is in fact happening (see Part VI, item 4a).
political pressures and alleged funding appear to be having their
effect. Simply put, there appears to be an alternative history
to the Armenian massacres, one that proposes that
the Armenians "started it"
Ottomans are not responsible for what took place
Justin McCarthy of Louisville University states that:
"On 26 May 1915, the government gave orders to relocate the
the only actual documents on the deportation show
a soliticiousness for the welfare of the deportees-instructions
on properly selling property, defending columns of Armenians
for health and sanitation
[Justin McCarthy, The Ottoman Peoples and the End of Empire, London:
Arnold & Oxford University Press, 2001, p.110-111]
Professor has chosen to ignore the virtual libraries of memos
and archives already in place. But why is the Professor selectively
ignoring information regarding Talaat Pasha and his office? History
is being literally re-written as a result of successful political
lobbying - facts which were beyond dispute are now open for alteration
by the highest bidder.
are powerful lobbies supporting attempts to sway popular attention
away from the Armenian tragedy. In 1989, a US Senate resolution
marking the seventy-fifth anniversary of the Armenian genocide
was blocked as a result a result of successful Turkish lobbying.
(e) The Role of Mr. Chehreganli & SANAM.
And then there
is Mr. Chehreganli and his support for the anti-Armenian Grey
Wolf agenda. The man is very anti-Armenian in his views. Mr. Chehreganli
is now advancing the fraudulent notion that Armenians have always
been the enemies of the Azerbaijanis. It is also very interesting
that Chehreganli makes no mention of how supportive the Armenian
Social Democrats were of Sattar Khan's movement. The Armenians
stood by him in Tabriz, both during the siege and even after the
Russians arrived. The valiant heroism of the Armenians in Tabriz
during the brutal Imperial Russian occupation (Part II, item 5c)
is all but forgotten: the Armenians risked their lives and families
to protect Azeri civilians from Russian atrocities (see Chaqeri,
p.165 in references). See photo below of Iranian Armenian supporters
of the Persian Constitutional movement (see Chaqeri in references).
Yephrem Khan and Armenian Iranian Constitutionalists
As noted in
Part II, item 5b, Sattar Khan was tragically and fatally wounded
in Tehran's Atabak Park during an apparently bungled disarming
operation. As noted by Chaqeri (p. 165) the Armenian role (Yephrem
Khan) in the Atabak Park tragedy has been grossly exaggerated
by the "Stalinist School of Historiography on Iran".
Both Armenians (esp. Republic of Armenia) and Azerbaijanis (esp.
Republic of Azerbaijan) appear to have a biased view of those
events. Pan-Turanian activists have again used a selective view
of those events to further instigate Armenian-Azerbaijani friction.
and Azerbaijanis have fought side by side numerous times in history,
the Constitutional Movement of Persia being only one example.
There is a long history of friendship, trade, cooperation and
intermarriage between the two peoples. This was especially evident
during the long Safavid-Ottoman wars. Relations between the Armenians
and the Arranis (now Republic of Azerbaijan) soured after the
Russians sponsored some of the latter against the former to commit
atrocities, after the failed 1905 Russian revolution.
SANAM website now has two anti-Armenian links entitled "Azeri
Genocide" and "Armenian Terror". He produces pictures
of dead Azeris at Armenian hands in the Nagorno-Karabakh tragedy
(see below left) as well as a new link (with a single photo) of
the (alleged) victim of "Persian chauvinism" (see right):
L. Azeri Child
does not mention are the Grey Wolf fighters in the Caucasus who
have engaged in the brutal ethnic cleansing of Armenian civilians.
See Hrair H. Khatcherian's photo below of ruins of Horek (Talish)
which was destroyed and its Armenian residents massacred.
also fails to mention that the late President Elchibey's Grey
Wolf paramilitary gangs were responsible for the massacre in the
Nagorno Karabakh town of Khojally (Xocalli). The Nagorno-Karabakh
conflict has seen extremities committed by both sides, truly an
unnecessary tragedy that must be resolved by fraternal dialogue.
has also ordered his supporters to promote anti-Armenian views
within Iran as well. SANAM-Grey Wolf supporters regularly appeal
to the tragic Karabakh issue in an anti-Armenian racialist fashion
during the Babak rallies (see below photo):
Anti Armen Protests
The Grey Wolf
salute in the above photo would chillingly remind any Armenian
of the wider pan-Turanian Grey Wolf agenda at work here. Note
the photograph of Chehreganli being held aloft behind the yellow
is again re-defining issues in very simplistic and racialistic
terms. He denies that the Armenian-Azeri disputes are mainly territorial
and political in origin. Not so, according to Chehreganli - he
narrates the disputes as a race war between "Azeri-Turks"
and "treacherous Armenians". This is all music to the
ears of Grey Wolf racist ideologues.
of the alleged victim of "Persian chauvinism" is interesting
as well. Has the photo been deliberately planted for provocation?
The point to be made is that of context. Perhaps the dead man
was a victim of political violence, perhaps not. The question
(like the Armenian issue) is this: how (and why) does the photo
provide "conclusive proof" of a Persian-Azeri race war?
has been working tirelessly to create a Persian-Azeri conflict,
and given his history of deception, false historiography and racialism,
this photo appears to be simply another tool in that quest. He
is now an equal opportunity hate-monger: he despises his nation
of origin (Iran), as much as he does Armenia.
state clearly that they have been the victims of pan-Turanian
ideology and have repeatedly warned the international community
of the dangers of pan-Turanian ideology to Greece, the Balkans,
the Orthodox Slavic world, Iranian peoples (Persians, Azeris,
Kurds, etc.), the Caucasus as well as the Near East. It would
seem that these warnings are being simply ignored, in the name
of good old fashioned economics and geo politics.
literature can be traced as far back as 1918, when Mr. Amin Rasulzadeh
in support of his friends in the Musavats, re-wrote history in
1918 by re-naming Arran as "Azerbaijan". Mr. Stalin's
and the former Soviet Union's services to pan-Turanianism by way
of document falsifications and invented historiography (e.g. Vatan
Dili), have been duly noted (Part II, item 1c).
A number of people in the Republic of Azerbaijan (and some of
their supporters in Iranian Azerbaijan) truly believe that Mr.
Pishevari was a hero, and seem oblivious of his support by Mr.
Stalin and Communist Russia, and the role of oil in that crisis.
The late Dr. Elchibey's hate literature and speeches against Iran
are cherished as absolute truths. Mr. Chehreganli is portrayed
as the representative of "the national re-awakening of South
Azerbaijan". Persia's national heroes such as Babak Khorramdin
(Part II, item 6) and Sattar Khan (Part II, item 5) have long
since been re-narrated into the pan-Turanian cause.
late Abulfazl Elchibey's speech (already cited in Part II, item
4) in which he openly called for Iran's destruction. Many of the
Republic of Azerbaijan's opposition parties in Baku openly call
for "an expanded Azerbaijan, exclusively and only for ethnic
efforts at teaching Elchibey-ism and much of Grey Wolf ideology
in general, to students in the elementary, secondary and post-secondary
curricula in the Republic of Azerbaijan. Books are also being
published, with the explicit aim of encouraging Iranian Azerbaijanis
to question their historical links to Persia. The wife of the
late President Heidar Aliev is reputed to have published a book
in which much of the history of Azerbaijan has been de-Persianized.
This writer has also been informed by Fatema Soudavar Farmanfarmain
of a book by a certain Chingiz Qajar, which was published in Turkey
(no date, publisher's citation, ISBN or copyright). The glossy
cover and pages are reported as providing illustrations of monuments
in Iran and Central Asia. The book predictably cites historical
figures such as Queen Tomyris, and Babak Khorramdin, prophet Zoroaster,
Soharavardi, Rashid-al-din, Shaikh Safi, Mir Ali Tabrizi (the
calligrapher), Nezami, Khaqani, Baba Kuhi of Shiraz (because he
came from Shirvan), Nasir-al-din Tusi, as well some of the Safavids
as well as the Qajars as "Turkish". At least the author
acknowledges that the Ottoman invasions of Azerbaijan obliged
many of the local talents to flee to Ghazvin and Isfahan.
Azerbaijan (Iran) human rights website (see Web References) has
adopted an interesting and confrontational anti-Iranian logo (see
Anti Iranian Hate Logo
Mr. Chehreganli and SANAM are hard at work. Thanks to generous
foreign support (Part VI, items 1,4,6-8), anti-Iran pamphlets
are being deliberately and systematically placed in many parts
of Iran's northwest. Note photo below of a roadside pole:
Anti Iranian Flyers
The top picture
on the pole depicts the symbolic pan-Turanian Grey Wolf - on the
bottom is what appears to be a portrait of Jafar Pishevari. As
noted repeatedly in this commentary, the Grey Wolf legend lacks
any historical basis, and as a mythology is thoroughly alien to
the region. Mr. Pishevari's real credentials have been duly discussed
in Part II, item 1e.
The Grey Wolves
are engaged in their usual pastime of re-writing history: they
wish to convey the false narrative that Pishevari represents the
"historical aspirations of the Azerbaijani people".
This is analogous to stating that Vidkun Quisling (1887-1945),
a Norwegian politician who betrayed his nation for the Nazis,
was a man who truly represented the people of Norway. History
is not so easily re-written.
activists and their western supporters are loathe to admit that
the Azerbaijanis resented Pishevari's separatist tendencies. They
continue to insist that Azerbaijan is "under Persian occupation"
and make no mention of the foreign sponsorship of Pishevari, as
well as today's "neo-Pishevari" movements (Part VI,
items 1-4, 6-8, 10). More interestingly, they fail to take into
account the true feelings of the vast majority of the Azerbaijanis
of the Pishevari period and especially today (Part V).
the aforementioned contents of this article as well as Mr. Chehreganli's
SANAM website provides sufficient information on the anti-Iran
dimensions of this Grey Wolf pan-Turanian movement.
The Status of non-Turkic speaking Azerbaijanis.
of Azerbaijan has a large number of Iranian speaking citizens,
notably the Talysh and the Tats, who are said to be underrepresented
and often downplayed in census statistics. Pan-Turanian ideologues
may see them as a nuisance because they:
the thesis that all Azerbaijanis (in Iran and Arran) speak Turkish
a reminder of the region's Iranian linguistic, anthropological
and cultural legacies.
pan-Turanian attempts at inciting separatism within Iran have
backfired in the Republic of Azerbaijan. This is due to the extremely
anti-Persian Grey Wolf ideology which has begun to alienate Azerbaijan's
non-Turkish speaking minorities. There is now a Talysh Independence
Movement, a dynamic which makes the young Republic of Azerbaijan
highly vulnerable (see article by Turkish writer Asim Oku in Web
Lezgians (who speak three related non-Iranic Caucasian dialects)
have also expressed their distinctiveness, especially in the mid
1990s. Interestingly, Western (mainly English speaking) media
outlets, Human Rights organizations and academic platforms have
been silent with respect to these developments.
was also reputed to have had a large Armenian community, especially
in Baku. This is of course no longer the case, thanks to the bitterness
and animosity that has been brewing as a result of the Nagorno-Karabakh
It is still
unclear how these minorities will fit into pan-Turanian ideology,
especially with respect to attempts at creating a "united
Azerbaijan" (Republic of Azerbaijan and Iranian Azerbaijan).
Racialism and Fanaticism: Cancer at an International Scale
points need to be made. First (as noted repeatedly before) the
majority of Turks in Turkey as well as the inhabitants of the
Republic of Azerbaijan do not embrace Grey Wolf activism and seriously
question much of the racist ideology of pan-Turanianism. It is
important to again re-iterate how highly educated and cosmopolitan
many Turks are. Again, many Turks today favor dialogue with Greece
and Armenia to help amicably resolve the tragic historical disputes
point relates to the first. Racialism is a cancer that threatens
every race, creed and religion today, and the potential for that
cancer resides in us all, regardless of our race, nationality,
religion or language. Groups advocating hate are literally mushrooming
across the Western World, the Near East and Asia. They are all
surprisingly similar in that they all wish to narcissistically
worship their "race" and/or religion while cultivating
a dogma of hatred against the members of the "other".
Below are only a few shocking examples.
most absurd hate group today is the Russian fascist movement which
has adopted pan-Nordic neo-Nazi ideology alongside its infamous
Hitler salute (see below).
Russian Nazis (an
are an oxymoronic organization. These gentlemen have conveniently
"forgotten" Hitler's brutal and barbaric invasion of
Russia on June 22, 1941, a war which cost the lives of over 20
million Russian men, women and children. Hitler's Nazi ideology
ranked Slavic peoples such as the Russians among the inferior
Untermenschen (Subhumans) "slave races". Millions of
Russian prisoners were murdered in cold blood by the Nazis - in
flagrant violation of the Geneva Convention (see "Aryan"
German officers executing a Russian soldier):
"Aryan" German officers executing
a Russian soldier
Nazi salute is as absurd and self-deprecating as the Azerbaijani
(from the Republic or within Iran) who engages in the Grey Wolf
salute (Part II, item 6).
Racialist philosophers glorify the literature of narcissistic
race-worship, perpetuate hatred and division, and as such represent
the most repugnant element of the human psyche. Their ideologies
only lead to bitterness and confrontation, and like all fascist
movements, ultimately end up defeating themselves.
already seen the likes of Houston Stewart Chamberlain (1855-1927),
one of the founders of West European and Nordic racism (and ultimately
Nazism) (see photo at left) or Joseph Arthur Comte de Gobineau
(1816-1882), who in addition to his Chamberlain-style Nordicism,
also helped originate Persian Aryan chauvinism (see photo at right).
"Aryanism" has led a number of Iranians to the simplistic
and erroneous view that Arabs are to blame for all of Iran's social,
cultural and political ills. These same individuals also believe
in the cultural superiority of their "Aryan" heritage
(Persian and Kurdish) over those of the "non-Aryans"
of Western Asia and the Near East.
even a pro-Nazi "Kaboud" movement in Iran (late 1930s-early
1940s); below photo depicts one of their secret fascist gatherings
in the early 1940s. Today that Aryanist movement has resurfaced
as the virtually unknown SUMKA (see Web References, see also "Neo
Nazi in Iran" in Web references). One of their mottos is:
"Iran Bartar az Ham-e" whose approximate translation
is: Iran superior to All. Fortunately, few Iranians have even
heard of SUMKA and would reject much of their nonsense. But imagine
if certain western lobbies, harboring a geopolitical/economic
agenda, decided to promote and fund this tiny organization by
hosting multitudes of websites, hiring "professors",
setting up radio/television programs, and propelling "human
rights" and political advocacy platforms?
Persian Nazis - SUMKA Party
long been known for her traditions of democracy - a term of Greek
origin (Demos = people & Kratus = government). She too is
now home to a very small xenophobic neo-Nazi style movement that
identifies with west European racist organizations. This is the
"Chryssi Avgi" (Golden Dawn) movement which is vehemently
racist, shown demonstrating below in central Athens (April 30,
For the first
time in its history, Greece has seen the appearance of an organization
that contradicts much of what the ancient Greeks have given to
the world. There are neo-Nazi organizations in other non-Nordic
European countries such as Italy (see the Furozo Nuevo [The New
Force/Power] in Rome's Risorgomento Square, December 2000 - below)
and also in Spain, Spanish neo Fascists in Madrid salute the portrait
By aping the
Neanderthal behavior of Nordicists, Spanish, Italian, and Greek
neo-Nazis are rejecting their proud Mediterranean heritage - conveniently
forgetting the crucial role that the Mediterranean has played
in the foundations of western civilization. Racism obliges its
adherents to engage in moronic, barbaric and self-deprecating
In Japan there
is a fringe Pan-Turanian organization known as the National Socialist
Japanese Workers and Welfare Party (NSJWWP) founded in 1982 (see
flag below). They essentially combine Nazism and Pan-Turanian
National Socialist Japanese Workers and
Welfare Party (NSJWWP) Flag
NSJWWP is a very small organization, there are a number of Japanese
who deny any responsibility for war crimes committed in China
during the 1930s and 1940s. In turn, many of these individuals
view China as a nation that entertains historical grievances to
extract political gains from Japan.
SANAM organization (see their Grey Wolf rally at Babak castle
in Iran below - note Chehreganli's photo held aloft) is a fringe
Nazi-style racist movement (note again their Grey Wolf salute
in photo below). SANAM denies this of course in its website, stating
that they wish for the "peaceful" attainment of their
aims. Mr. Chehreganli has yet to explain how he proposes to achieve
Iran's dismemberment by "peaceful means"? These fascists
are the proverbial (Grey) wolves in sheep's clothing: how ironic
that they accuse their critics of fascism!
Grey Wolves - SANAM
and support is seeking to portray dangerous and racist movements
such as Chehreganli's SANAM and the Grey Wolves as legitimate
"human rights" and "national awakening" organizations.
As will be noted in Part VI, item 2b, the same type of organizations
were mobilized to dismember former Yugoslavia.
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* * *
Five: Grey Wolves and Failure in Azerbaijan
Grey Wolf Public Relations Failures.
funding from organizations within Turkey as well as generous American
and now Israeli support (Part VI, items 1-2), pan-Turanian Grey
Wolf activists have not been successful at swaying the majority
of Iranian Azerbaijanis to their separatist cause. This was dramatically
illustrated when Olympic gold medallist, Naim Suleimanoghlu (himself
a Bulgarian Turkish migrant - see photo at left) asked Hossein
Rezazadeh (Iran's heavy weight Olympic gold medallist - photo
at right) to renounce his Iranian nationality, accept Turkish
citizenship and join the Turkish Olympic team. Among the rewards
promised to Rezazadeh were 10 million dollars in cash and luxury
automobiles. Suleimanoghlu's offer was made in public to Rezazadeh
in the November of 2002, who had arrived at Istanbul airport.
Rezazadeh responded to Suleimanoghlu's offer with the following
statement: "I am an Iranian and love my country and people."
L. Naim SuleimanOghlu
For a full
detailed report refer to Payvand News Website:
Suleymanoglu offers Rezazadeh Turkish citizenship
has perhaps been one of the greatest public relations disasters
ever faced by the Grey Wolves, as it has undermined the very basis
of their beliefs and racism. Put simply, Rezazadeh's response
was not exactly what they wanted to hear. Many "Grey Wolves"
activists were reportedly "shocked" at hearing this
It is reputed
that a very large number of English speaking media outlets and
academics (see Brenda Shaffer, Part VI, item 4c) were hoping that
Rezazadeh would accede to Suleimanoghlu's request, as this would
allow for the commencement of an anti-Iranian separatist campaign
in the western media. Similar tactics were deployed against the
Federalist State of Yugoslavia to encourage its destruction in
the 1990s (Part VI, item 2b).
these have been consistently hushed up by the Grey Wolves and
their supporters in the western world who remain committed to
recruiting prominent Iranian Azerbaijanis to their cause. What
is interesting is the inability of these activists to accept the
fact that the vast majority of Iranian Azerbaijanis, like Rezazadeh,
not only reject separatism, but are also offended by such actions.
Hostility to Grey Wolf Activism among Iranian Azerbaijanis.
by the cool reception of the majority of Iranian Turcophones in
general, the Grey Wolves are adamant to "support the aspiration
of our Turkish kin in occupied Azerbaijan (meaning Iran)".
These efforts are doomed to failure for the simple fact that history
and scholarship is not on the side of the pan-Turanian activists.
Most important of all however are the opinions of the Iranian
an Iranian Azeri, graciously gave permission for excerpts of his
earlier statements to be published in this commentary. His e-mail
(dated 21/09/2005) to me stipulated that:
link between Chehregani and the Pentagon is a thing that the Azaris
also don't know, the hatred and fights between Ottoman Turks and
Iranian Azaris are also ignored!
Thank you and don't forget
that it is not a fight of Azaris alone but of the Iranian Nation
as a whole against pan-turkism."
Mr. Valizadeh's earlier messages aptly summarize how many Iranian
Azerbaijanis and people of Iranic Caucasian descent feel about
Mr. Chehreganli, his Grey Wolf allies and western Geopolitical
supporters in particular:
before in Maragheh (were I am from) the pan-turkists gave me leaflets
that said the "first Azeri hero that fought the Persians
for their independance was Babak Khorramdin". I was now shocked
because I knew it was false. I knew that Babak (whose name I noticed
was not Turkish) was fighting the Arabs and not the Persians and
wanted to restore the glory of Persia and the ancient religion
of the Persians. And I distanced myself from them Because I hated
their ocean of lies
then quotes Persian poet Hafez to vividly describe Grey Wolf activism:
Do not consider the intestinal conflicts of sects
For, not having found the truth, they went to the invention
quote by Mr. Valizadeh is also significant, as it summarizes the
feelings of the majority of Iranian Azerbaijanis:
of the Azaris I spoke had discovered the Truth too and were glad
to say that their ancestors were Cyrus or Dariush (Darius) and
not the Mongols the Turks claim to be their ancestors
Tepid Reception in the Republic of Azerbaijan.
to the contrary, Pan-Turanianism has also failed to make major
inroads in the Republic of Azerbaijan. As with all racialist movements,
the followers of the Grey Wolves in the Republic constitute a
minority at best. There are also unconfirmed reports stating that
many of the residents of the Republic of Azerbaijan view Grey
Wolf ideology with cynicism. Many in that state are cognizant
of their past historic links to Persia.
Shaffer of Harvard University (see part VI, item 4c) claims to
have "proven" that the majority of the people of the
Republic of Azerbaijan dislike Iran. In fact, this is untrue (see
discussion of Professor Zia Boniyadov in Part VI, item 4c).
is the unfolding drama within the Republic of Azerbaijan itself.
The Republic of Azerbaijan is a new nation state whose inhabitants
have been robbed of their thousands of years of association with
Persia, making them extremely vulnerable to tough questions regarding
their national and ethnic origins. The deformities and vulgarities
of racism have the potential to tragically complicate Azerbaijan's
nation-state building efforts and seriously undermine democracy
in the country. Nevertheless, the Republic is moving towards a
healthy democratic model, barring geopolitical interference of
course. A democratic process allows for the full expression of
a wide spectrum of opinion. It is in such an atmosphere of healthy
debate that the modern inhabitants of the Republic of Azerbaijan
will be made fully aware of their historical links with Persia.
culture remains firmly rooted in the Republic of Azerbaijan, despite
powerful attempts by Stalinism, pan-Turanianism and present western
geopolitical and petroleum lobbies to stamp it out. The Iranian
Nowruz is celebrated every year in the Republic, as seen by these
girls in Baku dressed in traditional Iranian attire reminiscent
of Sassanian times (left photo by Hamid Zargarzadeh). Below right
is another Persian tradition of the Nowruz 7-Sin in Baku - the
"Sabzeh" (recall Part I, item 2i):
L. Persian New Year (Nowruz)at Baku,
Republic of Azerbaijan
R. Persian New Year 7-Sin at Baku, Republic of Azerbaijan
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