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Chapter 1. Iran Historical Maps
Susa City State, Susa Kingdom, Aryan Migration, Median Kingdom

Chapter 1. Iran Historical Maps
Susa City State
Susa Kingdom

Greater Iran
Aryan Migration
Median Kingdom

001 Location of Susa Civilization of Iran in the globe
Susa Civilization of Iran 6000 BC - 539 BC

002 Location of Susa Civilization of Iran in today’s Iran

003 Kingdom of Susa
Kingdom of Susa: 3750 BC - 539 BC
Boundaries of Ancient Susa (present Khuzestan)

004 Susa City State, the 1st Iranian Civilization, Antiquities Sites
Archeological and Antiquity Sites
Susa 1st Iranian Civilization
Susa City State 6000 BC - 3750 BC
Susa Kingdom 3750 BC - 539 BC
Susians same as other local civilizations of Iran have lived in Iran before the coming of Aryans. They were not of Aryan race; however, they were also not of the Hamitic or Semitic races. They were of the “None Aryan Local Iranian Races”.

Important Note
Susa is not Elam

Susa is not Elam. There were times that Elam, Kish, Babylon and Assyria invaded and occupied Susa. There were also times that Susa invaded and occupied Elam and Chaldea; however, Elam and Susa were two separate civilizations. Elam was a Hemitic Civilization but Susa was a None Aryan Local Iranian Civilization. Elamites were Hemitic but Susians were of the “None Aryan Local Iranian Races”. Many scholars out of historical ignorance refer to Susa as Elam and refer to Susians as Elamites. Due to this ignorance, these so-called scholars have denied the existence of the Susa Civilization as the 1st Iranian Civilization. Some of these so-called scholars twist the history due to historical ignorance but others do it intentionally. The second group are Anti Iranian Historians, so for once and for all let us make it very clear that Susa is not Elam.

005 Susa under Karibu Shah Shushinak of Susa Dynasty, 1st Shah of Iran 3750 BC Map
Region of Karibu Shah Shushinak
1st Shah of Susa Dynasty
1st Shah of Iran 3750 BC
Turns Susa City State to Susa Kingdom
Unites Susa and Elam
Starts Susa Dynasty

006 Susa Kingdom, Avan Dynasty 2400 BC - 2095 BC Iran Map

007 Susa Kingdom, Igehalkids Dynasty 1400 BC - 1210 BC Iran Map

008 Susa Kingdom, Igehalkids Dynasty 13th Century BC Iran Map

009 Ancient Susa Road System and Military Bases Map
Many Archeological Sites of Iran go back as far as 8000 years. Shush (Susa) Civilization in Khuzestan is located at the South-West of Iran. Shush Civilization of 8000 years, is the oldest civilization, which has been discovered so far in the world. Iran has many archeological sites: South near Shiraz, East near Kermanshah, South-West near Shush, Tape Hissar at North-East, and others. Iran's Archeological Sites go back all the way from Shush Civilization, Vedai Era, Median Kingdom, Achaemenid Empire, Arsacid (Ashkanid) Parthian Empire, Sassanid Persian Empire, on going to the modern era.
Iran's sites are from local civilizations such as:

Iranian Local Civilizations
* Shush (Susa) Civilization (South West)
* Casia Civilization
(Caspian Civilization established in South-West of Caspian Sea) before The Aryan migration
* Kirmania Civilization of Jiroft, Kerman (South East)
* Kassite Civilization of Lorestan (West)
* Mannaian Civilization of West Azerbaijan (North West)
(Please note that the local civilizations of Iran have lived in Iran before the coming of Aryans. They were not of Aryan race; however, they were also not of the Hemitic or Semitic races. They were of the “None Aryan Local Iranian Races”.)

Also from the three tribes of the Aryan Immigrants, which were eventually established around Iran:

Iranian Aryan Civilizations
* The Median Civilization of North-West, West and Central Iran.
* The Parthian Civilization of North Caspian Sea Shores, Semnan / Khorasan at North-East Iran.
* The Persian Civilization of South and South Central.

All the above combine, made the Glorious Persian civilization and Empire which ruled from 559 BC (Before this time, Iran was a Kingdom). At the times, Persia owned half of the known world, and at certain times she was The Sole Super Power of its era.

010 Susa, the Achaemenid Persian Protectorate 560 BC, an 1839 Antique Map

011 Susa Kingdom, 1st Shutrukid Dynasty 1210 BC - 1100 BC, an 1875 Antique Map
Susa takes over Chaldea and Elam
Shutruk Nakhunta Rules Mesopotamia and South West Iran
Susa becomes a Regional Power

011a Greater Iran Map
Throughout the Atlas I will speak of the “Greater Iran”. The Greater Iran geographically means the “Iranian Plateau” and ethnically means all the regional people who are racially and / or culturally Iranian or influenced by the Iranians.

Greater Iran (Iranian Plateau) includes:

* North Bound (from Russian border): Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and a part of Kazakhstan.

* East bound (from Chinese border): Afghanistan and a part of Pakistan (The Baluchistan half).

* West bound (from middle of Turkey and middle of Iraq): Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, parts of Caucasia in Russia (Ossetia), Kurdistan of Iraq and parts of East Turkey.

* South Bound: Border of the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, including shore islands and Bahrain.

* The Center Point: Is indeed Iran.

All above areas were at one time states and parts of the Persian Empire and belonged to Iran.

011b Greater Iran Ethnic Groups Map

011c Greater Iran Ethnic Groups Map Legend

012 Aryan Migration 1st Wave 10,000 BC - 2000 BC Map
1st Wave: 10,000 BC - 2000 BC
Starting from about 10,000 BC The gradual migration of the Aryans from Siberia had started. By 2000 BC they were at the gates of Europe and then beyond.

Aryans originally came from Siberia, thousands of years BC, this migration had started. Eventually Aryans moved from Siberia to Central Asia. By 2000 BC The Aryans were at the gates of Europe, Caucasia, and North of Iranian Plateau. Later on they got well divided and distributed in many branches. The original home of Aryans which was in Siberia was the starting point of this migration and it ended in below destinations:

a) Scandinavia = Vikings = > present Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Iceland and vicinity are Aryans.

b) Germania = Germans = > present Germany, Austria and vicinity are Aryans.

c) Italia = Italians = 1. South Italy: mixed with North Africans, Berbers, Hemitic, and Blacks. So they lost their pure Aryan racial qualities. They are the present Latin Race. 2. North Italy: Mostly stayed Aryan = > present North Italians are Aryans

d) Greece = Greco-Macedonian = 1. South Greece: mixed with Hemitic, Islanders, North Africans. So they lost their pure Aryan racial qualities. They are the present Latin Race. 2. North Greece: Basically remained Aryan = > present North Greeks are Aryans.

e) India = mixed with Ethiopian migrants of North East Africa, lost their pure Aryan Racial Characteristics in total. = at present, rarely any Aryans left in India, just a very small minority at North either left over from original migration of Siberian Aryans to India or the ones who moved escaping Iran from the First Arabo-Islamic Invasion of The Nomads. These second group called Parsi of India. Even many Parsi people are mixed with local Indians, yet in general, these two groups of Rare North Indians and Parsis of India are the purest of Aryans available in India. = > Presently very few North Indians and Parsi of India are Aryans.

f) Iran = meaning the Greater Iran (Iranian Plateau), which includes North bound from Russian border: covers parts of Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan. East bound from Chinese border: covers Afghanistan, Part of Pakistan (The Baluchistan half). West bound from middle of Turkey and middle of Iraq: covers parts of East Turkey, Armenia, Georgia, parts of Caucasia in Russia, Azerbaijan, Kurdistan of Iraq. South Bound border of Persian Gulf and Oman Sea. And the heart of it, of course Iran. All above Iranian Plateau was migrated by Aryans. As of today many people from all these parts are still almost pure Aryan, specifically Northern parts. Therefore = 1. Southern and Central Iranian Plateau people mixed with Arab Hemitic, Turko Mongol, Indian, other races and lost their pure Aryan Racial Characteristics. 2. North Iranian Plateau more or less remained Aryan = > present North Iran, North Afghanistan, Armenia, Georgia, part of Turkey, part of Azerbaijan, part of Kurdistan of Iraq, part of Tajikistan, etc are Aryans.

013 Aryan Migration 2nd Wave 1700 BC - 1300 BC Map
2nd Wave: 1700 BC to 1300 BC
During this era various Aryan tribes have migrated from Baltics and north east Europe to Caucasia and then southern and eastern points. Some of these Aryan Tribes were:

Race: Originally Aryans, later mixed with Hemites
History: Mitanni Kingdom 1500 BC to 1300 BC
Settled Location: Syria, South East Anatolia

Scythians (Sakas)
Race: Originally Aryans, later mixed with Yellow Skinned Orientals
History: Settled since 1090 BC
Settled Location: Caucasia, Central Asia, Ukraine

Race: Originally Anatolian, later mixed with Aryans
History: Kingdom 1750 BC to 1180 BC
Settled Location: Anatolia, Syria, Lebanon, North Iraq

Race: Originally Aryans
History: On the move but settled since 650 BC
Settled Location: Around Caspian Sea

Important Note
Point of Origin of the Aryan Migration
Some scholars mistakenly refer to Caucasia and some to Baltics and North East Europe as the point of origin for the Aryan Migration. They are confusing the 1st Aryan Migration with the 2nd Aryan Migration. The latest archeological, anthropological, historical and scientific evidence reveals that the point of origin for the 2nd Aryan Migration was the Baltics and North East Europe and the settlement end points were Caucasia and then further southern and Eastern points; however, the point of origin for the 1st Aryan Migration was Siberia in today’s Russia. Technically most of Siberia lands in Asia and least of it lands in Europe. So originally Aryans have migrated from Asia to Europe and not vice versa.

014 Aryan Migration 3rd Wave 850 BC - 650 BC Map
3rd Wave: 850 BC – 650 BC
Latest wave of migration was from central Asia and the north east of Iranian plateau inward to the Iranian Plateau.
As we see, there are still quite a bit Aryans left in Iran, yet not a lot! They are from the three main tribes of Persia (Pars), Media (Mad) and Parthia (Part).

Three Aryan Tribes of Iran

Persians are located at Pars, Lorestan, Bakhtiari, Yazd States of Iran and vicinity.
Medians are located at Tehran, Kurdistan, Kermanshah, Azerbaijan, Esfahan, Gilan States of Iran and vicinity.
Parthians are located at Khorasan, Semnan, Mazandaran states of Iran and vicinity.

Yet not all people from these states are Aryan! In the present Iran, basically a slim population of Northern Iran and a few scattered bundle of groups here or there are Aryan.

Iran Aryan Migration

By 850 BC The Medians migrated into North Western Iran from central Asia.
By 750 BC Persians migrated into Southern Iran from central Asia.
By 650 BC Parthians migrated into North Eastern Iran from central Asia.

Important Note
Gradual Aryan Migration
Some scholars base their theories on falls assumptions that there was a sudden starting point of time and then a specific ending point of time to the Aryan Migration; however, the latest scientific evidence shows that the Aryan Migration was a gradual migration in 3 waves which took thousands of years starting about 10,000 BC and ending about 650 BC.

015 Iran Aryan Migration Routes and Archeological Sites Historical Map
Aryan Migration Routes: Aryan Migration was a gradual and continuous migration which took thousands of years.
Noted Archeological Sites belong to the Local Civilizations of Iran which have existed in Iran before the coming of Aryans.

016 Median Kingdom, Babylon, Egypt and Lydia Map

017 Median Kingdom 728 BC - 559 BC Iran Map

018 Median Kingdom, Chaldea, Egypt and Lydia Antique Map

019 Median Kingdom Map
Boundaries of the Median Kingdom

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