Zarathustra, the Real Story
Zoroastra and Zoroastrianism
August 3, 2007
Portrait of Zarathustra
The time has
come for us to finally write a truth based, historically
accurate and scientifically valid document about Zoroastra
and Zoroastrianism! May the Truth be revealed and The Light of
knowledge spreads around. Shall we begin?
L. Common Portrait of Zarathustra
R. A Sketch of Zarathustra
historical debate on the exact timeline of the birth and life
of Zarathustra Spitmata will never end! There is basically a difference
of opinion, which varies about 1000 years. There are tens of different
versions by tens of different historians! Allow me to mention
a few different theories.
Realistic Portrait of Zarathustra
R. Realistic Interpretation of Zarathustra
These theories are often based on Persian mythology, Shahnameh
Ferdowsi, and other epical myths
Testimonial Based Theories
These theories are often based on Greek myths and Plato Era documents.
These theories date the time line of Zarathustra some millennia
before the fall of Troy and the Trojan wars.
These theories study the various archeological discoveries. Some
try to compare Gathas with Rig Vedas, because Sanskrit and Gathic
languages are the branches of the same mother language. A factor
has been taken into account, which is the Aryan migration from
the northern lands (Siberia and or Caucasus) towards the Persian
plateau and the Indian sub-continent. These theories are not accurate
to figure the exact date but they can be considered the best approximations
on the time line of Zarathustra.
These theories compare the social aspects of life during Zarathustra
(as reported from the Gathas) and compare it with the first accurately
known times, mainly, the Achaemenian period, and then figuring
out a date. But the point is that Gatha has been tampered with,
over and over through the years.
These theories are based on Pahlavi of the Bundahishn, one of
the Zoroastrian scripture written around the time of Arabo-Islamic
invasion-occupation of Persia, The scripture was written either
during the Sassanid or after the invasion. Overall the scriptures
state that Zarathushtra was born in 588 BC, stating that this
was 258 years before Alexander's Invasion-Occupation of Persia.
A number of historians use other methods and come up with post
Achaemenian dates, which are now for facts, proven to be inaccurate.
Heritage: Pure Persian Pride
Persian Immortals protecting the Holy Fire
we review some of these timelines by various historians:
Zarathustra's Timeline Dates (BC) - Source
Myth Based Theories
10,000 - Manly Palmer hall
7129 - H.S. Spencer (The Aryan Encyclopedia)
6600 - J.K Katrak, Shahnameh Ferdowsi
6312 - Pithawala
Testimonial Based Theories
6480 - Xanthus of Lydia (5th century BC)
6350 - Eudoxus and Plinus quoting Aristotle, 6000 years before
Plato (4th century BC)
6200 - Hermodorus (3rd century BC)
6000 - Hormazdyar Mirza (Outlines of Parsi History quoting Greek
6000 - Plutarch
6000 to 4000 - Kavosji and Bharucha
3500 - Firouz Azargoshasb (Chicago lecture 1981)
2000 - Hippel and Lassen
2000 - Asgarov (based on excavations in Uzbekistan, 1984)
2000 to 1500 - (based on Rig Veda and Aryan migration 1700 - 1500
1800 to 900 - Moulton
1767 - Zabih Behruz (based on various astrological techniques)
1700 to 1400 - J. Ashtiyani (based on Gathas and the Rig Veda)
1500 - Mills (first 900 BC, and later changed to 1500 BC)
1400 to 1000 - Mary Boyce (A History of Zoroastrianism, 1989)
1200 to 1100 - Thomas Burrow (based on Farvardin Yasht and other
post Zarathushtra scripture)
Historical Based Theories
1080 - Pour Davoud (The Age of Zarathushtra, Journal of KR Cama
1080 - Shapour Shahbazi (based on post Alexander Persian historical
1000 - Dastur M.N. Dhalla (history of Zoroastrianism, 1938)
1000 - Hummel (based on Assyrian inscriptions)
1000 - Lommel (based on Egyptian papyri)
1000 to 900 Wesendonk
1000 to 600 Gherardo Gnoli (based on Gathic and Achaemenian Scripture)
900 - Bartholomae and Widengren
Traditional Based Theories
660 to 583 - E.W. West (Pahlavi Text, part 5, Oxford, 1897)
650 to 541 - W.B. Henning (Zoroaster, Oxford, 1947)
570 to 550 - Herzfeld (Zoroaster and his World, Princeton, 1947)
589 to 512 - Anquetil du Perron (Zand Avesta, Paris 1971)
588 Bundahishn (based on Bundahishn, Alexander's Invasion-Occupation
458 - H.S. Nyberg (Die Religionen des Alten Iran, 1938)
100 - Darmesteter
Calendar is also an issue of controversy amongst the historians.
There are three Zoroastrian calendars of Fasli, Shahanshahi, and
Fasli means seasonal. This is a religious calendar, which is based
on seasons by calculating one day every four years, patterned
after the Gregorian Armenian calendar. Nowruz, The Persian New
Year is fixed on March 21.
Shahanshahi or Shenshai means Imperial. This calendar is used
by Parsi Zoroastrians, including some of the most influential
Mubed Mubedan (Top Zoroastrian Priest), Mubeds (Zoroastrian Priests)
and generally, Dasturs (High Priests). It is based on a religious
calendar, which was theoretically synchronized with the seasons
by calculating a month every 120 years, but the calculation was
not consistently followed on. Nowruz was observed on August 23.
A recent proposal would reform the Shahanshahi calendar by bringing
it back into harmony through the calculation of whole months.
that "Shahanshahi Zoroastrian Calendar" is different
than "Shahanshahi Calendar" (Persian Imperial Calendar)
Persian Imperial Year (PIY Calendar)?
Calendar" is based on coronation of Cyrus The Great 559
BC and starting of The Persian Empire to replace the Median Kingdom.
IPC uses this calendar.
Qadimi means old and ancient. In 1746 Dasturs in Surat adopted
the Irani calendar on the basis that it represented an ancient
tradition. The Qadimi calendar is one month ahead of the Shahanshahi.
So as you
see, it comes down to many theories.
According to certain Zoroastrian Fire Temples and Mubeds, Zarathustra
was born on 1777 BC and the Zoroastrian Calendar is based on his
40th Birthday, so right now, the year is 3742 Zoroastrian Holy
According to other Zoroastrian Fire Temples and Mubeds, the Zoroastrian
Calendar has a base year 631 AD, the year of coronation of the
last Zoroastrian Sassanian king, Shahanshah Yazdgird III. So right
now the year is 1374 AY (Avesta Year).
Then you have other Mubeds claiming that in the post-Sassanid
Persian astronomy books, Zarathushtra built an observatory in
Zabol, Sistan (eastern Iran) and that it was inaugurated on 21st
March 1725 BC, the day King Vishtasp and his court converted,
chose the Good Religion of Zoroastrianism and joined the Zoroastrianism
Fellowship. It also provides us with the clue that the Good Religion
was founded by Zarathustra, exactly twelve years earlier on vernal
equinox of the 1737 BC.
And the list
goes on and on, and each Fire Temple based in India (Parsis) or
Iran (Yazd) or America (Orange County) or etc., has their own
For more information
on Persian Culture read:
do I believe?
Spitmata's Birth-date is on Farvardin 6th, - 71 Shahanshahi =
March 26th, 630 BC. And, Zarathustra Spitmata's timeline
is 630 BC - 550 BC. He was born on this glorious day. Why
you ask? Because after studying all the above testimonials, analysis
of historical facts, study of archeological discoveries, latest
scientific debates, I chose to have a progressive approach and
view history as a science; therefore, I shall state that this
is the most logical conclusion based on the latest evidence.
could have not been born way back in 1000 BC or before, simply
because back then Iranians had Mithraism and Vedaiism Religious
beliefs. Beside some mythical documents such as Shahnameh, there
is no solid evidence that there was a trace of Zoroastrian Beliefs
Medians had no clue of Zoroastrianism! Median Kingdom (728 BC
- 550 BC), only started to grasp Zoroastrian values in later years
of the Kingdom. Eventually the Achaemenid Court after 559 BC (Coronation
of Cyrus), started to fully grasp the concept of Zoroastrianism.
There is a
difference between actual historical evidence and myths of Shahnameh
or Hierarchy of various Zoroastrian Temples! Mubeds, Zoroastrian
Temples and Shahnameh are not evidence of true history! I deal
with science and I view history as a science.
Firooz Baharm (Dare
Mehr) Center and Fire Temple, Tehran, Iran
Bahram Zoroastrian High School, Tehran, Iran
of Zarathustra will remain in debates and questions! Also many
scholars believe in various different birthplace for him! No one
exactly knows where or when the Zarathustra was born. Some scholars
put his birth in western Iran, perhaps near Tehran, others due
to the eastern Iranian dialect and language of his poetry, place
his birthplace in the east (Khorasan). Some place his birth in Troxiana (Transoxiana) between Amu Darya River (Oxus)
and Sir Darya River (Jaxartes), near Aral Sea (Aral Lake)
in North East of Persian Empire, Soqdiana (Today's Uzbekistan).
Then of course, you have some who believe he was born in Atropategan
(today's Azerbaijan), most likely in City in Shiz.
Door top of the Fire Temple
him an Azeri. For those who believe Zarathustra was Azeri, I must
clarify a few points. Back then, Atropategan (Atropatgan) was
a Khashtarah (State) of the Median Kingdom. Ancient Atropats
were a world different than today's Azeris. Ancient Atropats
were Median Aryan but Today's Azeris as a majority are mixture
of Turk (Turkish Race) + Persian (Median Aryan), and as a minority
are Semi Aryan (2/3 Aryan). Ancient Median Atropats were a totally
different story than today's Turkish Azeris!
Door top of the Fire Temple, up close
As for the
date of his birth, it has been a matter of controversy forever
(as stated above). Some Greek sources placed him as early as 6000
BC, few if any scholars take that date seriously. The traditional
Zoroastrian date for Zarathushtra's birth and ministry is around
600 B.C. This is derived from a Greek source that places him "300
years before Alexander" which would give that date; other
reasonings behind the 600 BC date, is that King Vishtasp of Zarathustra's
Gathas is actually the father of the Persian Achaemenid King Darius
I, who lived around that time.
Meaning of The Name
is a Greek term of the name Zartosht. Zarathushtra, which means,
in ancient Persian, "yellow camel."
Zarathushtra = zara (yellow or gold) + ushtra (Ushtor, Shotor,
Zarathushtra = Referred to as "The Owner of the
Gold Camel" or "The Golden Camel"
as camels and horses were essential and even sacred to the people
of Zarathushtra's Era and thus a name containing one of these
animals marks a person as important. A similar naming practice
occurred among the ancient Greeks where names containing "-ippos"
or horse denoted high birth, such as Philippos (lover of horses),
Aristippos (best horse), or Xanthippos (yellow horse). So as you
see, it is not a put down to call Zarathushtra, the Golden
Camel or Owner of the Golden Camel.
The later Hierarchy and Bureaucracy of The Zoroastrian Fire Temples,
perhaps embarrassed by their prophet's primitive-sounding name,
stated that the name meant "The Golden Light,"
deriving their meaning from the word zara (gold) and the word
ushas (light or dawn).
There is no
doubt about Zarathushtra's clan name, which is Spitama - perhaps
Spitama = White or White Race or White man
Spitama = The White Man who owns The Golden Camel
Zarathushtra Spitama = The Golden Camel of The White
Historical Fire Temple of Azerbaijan
The Evolution - Transformation of the
history of Persian Language,
The name has
Zarathushtra (Ancient Persian) => Zartosht (Persian) => Zoroaster (Greek) => Zarathustra (Western)
Spitama (Ancient Persian) => Spitman (Persian) => Espitmata (Greek) => Spitmata (Western)
This is why
in today's world, he is known as Zarathustra Spitmata.
Fire Temple of Esfahan
father was named Pouruchaspa (many horses) and his mother
was named Doqdu or Duqdova (milkmaid). For more information
Historical Persian Women 1
is said to have had six children, three boys and three girls.
This is not confirmed as history, because the number, equals of
the six Amesha Spentas (Amshaspanadan Angels) and may be only
symbolism. For more information read:
Gatha is supposedly
composed for the marriage of Zarathustra's daughter "Pouruchista"
(Great Wisdom) so he is known to have had at least one child.
Zarathustra, in the legends, had three wives (in sequence) of
whom the last was Huvi (Hovi or Hvovi meaning Prime Cattle
or owner of fertile cattle) the daughter of King Vishtasp's
prime minister. Zarathustra married into the king's court;
Pouruchista, in turn, married the Prime Minister of the court.
meets Vishtasp Shah
Life (Historically Accurate)
There is a
little biographical evidence in the Gathas. Whatever there, indicates
that Zarathushtra was out-casted from his original home, wherever
that was, and forced to wander and move about without a fixed
course, along with his followers and their animals.
and his followers wandered around until they found a sympathetic
friend such as King Vishtasp, who was in fact not the father of
King Darius Achaemenid, but an earlier ruler of the same name,
who may have lived in eastern Iran or in Bactria aka Bakhtar (today's
Afghanistan). There, Zarathushtra won over the king, and his court,
and became the court's spiritual inspiration and guru. He was
basically the philosopher poet of the courthouse. There is also
not much accurate historical information about Zarathustra's life
and times in the courthouse. Some say it was here that he composed
the Gathas, which the names of king and his court appears in his
most likely spent 30 years in Vistasp's court before his death
at age 80 or so. Some say he had murdered by Anti Vishtasp
forces and some say he died of a natural cause. According to my
studies, he has died of the natural cause.
Fire Temple at Naqsh-e Rostam, Iran
Reality of Zarathustra
Historically, Zarathustra Spitmata, has never ever claimed that he was the
prophet of Ahuramazda or God!
referred to himself as a prophet. He always referred to himself
as a simple poet or a writer. The fact was that he was a great
philosopher poet, way ahead of his time and era. Reading of Historical
Documents, Zoroastrian Texts, Avesta and Gatha with a deep historical
analysis does teach us the same.
Fantasy of Zarathustra
Hierarchical Bureaucracy of The Zoroastrian Fire Temples, Mubed
Mubedan and Mubeds, have created fantasies of Zoroastra's Prophethood! The Fire Temples and Meqs (Zoroastrian Priests), like any other
Organized Religious Hierarchy, have fabricated stories such as:
mother, Doqdu glowed with the divine Glory. The soul of the prophet
Zarathustra was placed by Ahuramazda (God) in the sacred Haoma
plant (which Zarathustra condemned in the Gathas) and the prophet
was conceived through the essence of Haoma in milk (though the
birth which is not a virgin birth, but the natural product of
two special, but earthly parents.). The child laughed at his birth
instead of crying, and he glowed so brightly that the villagers
around him were frightened and tried to destroy him (envy and
superstitions). All attempts to destroy young Zarathustra had
failed; fire would not burn him nor would animals eaten him. Some
say he was
grown up by a mother wolf in the wilderness! Zarathustra then
spent years in the wilderness searching for God before his first
vision, in which Vohu Manah came to him in the form of an Amshaspand
(Angel). All the heavenly entities, the Amesha Spentas (Amshaspandan),
declared Zarathushtra as prophet in heavens, and he received perfect
knowledge of past, present, and future. Zarathushtra's preaching
to King Vishtasp was enhanced by some miracles, especially the
healing of a paralyzed horse that convinced the king to accept
the new religion and many other superstitions and stories about
to the 'Zand Avesta', the sacred book of Zoroastrianism,
Zoroaster was born in Azerbaijan, in northwest Persia. He is said
to have received a vision from Ahura Mazda, the Wise Lord, who
appointed him to preach the truth.
in today's Zoroastrian Fire Temples, we witness many progressive
preachers and scholars who deny all these Mumbo Jumbo and only
stick with the fact that Zoroastra was prophet of God and lived
as a Meq (priest).
progressive or fanatical beliefs of the various Fire Temples,
they are both fabricated stories made up by High Priests of the
Temple, away from historical realities. Through millenniums,
Zoroastrian scripture has been tampered with and fabricated.
Modern Fire Temple of Kerman, Iran
As a scientist,
I deal with science and logic. I deal with archeology and scientific
discoveries. I view history as a science; therefore, the
real Zoroaster was only a man, but a man with great vision
far ahead of his time. Zoroaster was a Philosopher Poet and
a great mind. The rest of the mumbo jumbo, prophethood and religion
are all fabricated by the Fire Temples and Mubeds. They have no
historical and scientific values.
Temple of Yazd, Iran
Yazd is the Zoroastrian capital of Iran
was never divine, he was only a man but a progressive man, a poet
and a philosopher. His teachings were basically:
Words (Goftare Nik)
Good Thoughts (Pendare Nik)
Good Deeds (Kerdare Nik)
The Good and
Evil are there for you to chose. The choice is yours. The man
chooses his own destiny without the fear of burning in hell in
afterlife (Shiite Islam)!
and Zoroastrian Scripture, teach us many goods about Zarathustra
and his ways. We can learn many goods about Zoroaster's philosophy
and poetry through these documents. For more information, visit
the largest Iranian Online library (IPC Library) with books written
by Zarathustra and many books written about Zoroastrianism both
in Persian and English:
The Persian Zoroastrian Icon and Ancient Iranian History:
of Faravahar, Derafsh Kaviyani and Persian Colors
Faravahar History and Art Galleries (5 Parts)
Years of Iranian History (3 Parts)
and Ahriman are Two Sides to the Same Coin!
The Duality Factor
to original Zoroastrian Scriptures and Doctrine, Ahuramazda (Ancient
God of Good) and Ahriman aka Ahreeman (Ancient God of Evil) were
two sides of the same coin. It has been stated that:
and Ahriman are two sides of the same entity. To back this up,
there has been archeological discoveries, in which certain statues
were discovered. These statues were representation of Ahuramazda.
Inscriptions on some of them, stated that Ahuramazda and Ahriman
are the same entity. There were other statues with actual two
faces (one back and one front), one representing Ahuramazda and
one Ahriman. These artifacts are highly valuable.
and Scholars believe that The Element of "Duality" has
been inputted in the original Zoroastrian Doctrine. Ahuramazda
and Ahriman were two sides of the same coin. All elements in
the globe have Good and Evil, both inside of them. There is a
Good and Evil balance in all elements of the world. That is how
everything remains balanced and a state of homeostasis rules the
world. Pure Good or Pure Evil can cause catastrophe; therefore,
a Balance is needed for the universe to operate.
go as far as interpreting that Faravahar consists of both Ahura
and Ahreemanic symbolism. The half-human part is representing
Ahuramazda and the half Beast part representing Ahriman.
Faravahar is a Zoroastrian Symbol. For more information read:
of Faravahar, Derafsh Kaviyani and Persian Colors
of Duality can also be witnessed in all creatures from all walks
of life. The duality factor was the original doctrine of the Zoroastrian
Philosophy and it has been stated that it is up to us (human being)
to choose between the two; however, the path to salvation is
to keep a balance in between the two!
In later years,
The Hierarchy of The Zoroastrian Fire Temples and Mubed Mubedan
has tampered with the original doctrine, done major forgeries,
deducted some and added some texts to the original doctrine. What
we have today, has been fabricated many times over. The original
valid parts of the scriptures are few, because:
The Original Avesta and Gatha Does Not Exit?
a) Destruction, Vandalization and Burning of the Persian
Libraries during Greeko-Macedonian Invasion-Occupation (Alexander)
and Arabo-Islamic Invasion-Occupation (Omar, Ali, Hassan, Hussein),
b) Tampering, Forgeries, deduction-addition of Texts to
the original Zoroastrian Documents by Mubeds.
c) Revisions and Reformation of the original scriptures
by scholars, to adopt and harmonize with the literature of the
Conquering Occupational Arabo-Islamic Government and Religion
of Islam. The original Zoroastrian Scriptures and Zoroastrian
Fire Temples had to soften their tones and blend in with Islam
to survive! The Arabo-Islamic Occupational Government (1st Arabo-Islamic
Invasion-Occupation), had no tolerance for anyone except Muslim!
In Islam there
is Allah and then Shaytan but in Zoroastrianism, Ahuramazda and
Ahriman are two parts to the same Entity. Besides, Ahuramazda
and Ahreeman are equals. Ahreeman (Ancient Persian God of Evil
aka Satan) is not a fallen angel from heavens (Christianity, Judaism
Historical FireTemple of Atashkuh, Mahalla, Markazi State, Iran
R. A Realistic Statue of Zoroaster
For more historical
information about Muslim Atrocities in Iran, view the book:
Years of Struggle for Independence of Iran (4 Parts)
651 AD - 873 AD
For more information
on Zoroastrianism, visit Zoroastrian Sites in:
Culture and History Directory
of Zoroastra and Zoroastrianism
Religion had created a prophet out of Zarathustra! Zorostrian
Fire Temple, the same as Mosques, Churches, Synagogues, Buddhist
Temples, Hindu Temples, other Temples, are businesses who sell
There is no
doubt that there are some good decent High Zoroastrian priests
and Scholars out there, but the majority are businessmen! The
scientific reality is that:
* God is a myth, an invisible big guy sitting up there in the
sky ruling the world that he had created!
* Prophets of God were all charlatans, some were ahead
of their time and very wise but still charlatans!
* Saints and Imams were all Con Artists!
* Holy Men are all Businessmen!
* Worship Temples are places of business!
But in comparison,
today, many Fire Temples, unlike other places of worship, do not
beg for money to sell salvation! They state a lot of historical
facts, teach a lot of good, and avoid mumbo jumbo miracles and
story telling. Whoever wants to donate money, they will do it
behind the scene and anonymous. There are many rich zoroastrians
who support the Fire Temples.
Fictional Portrait of Zarathustra portrayed by Mubeds (Zorostrian
Priests) and Hierarchy of the Fire Temples.
3rd Century portrait of Zarathustra from a Syrian Temple
Portrait drawn based on archeological, historical and scientific
facts rather than rhetorics of the Zoroastrian Mubeds (Priests)
and fabrications of the Fire Temples.
I. Zarathustra was a great philosopher poet, ahead of his time.
II. Zarathustra was a great Persian and human being who taught us
is a Persian philosophy, not a Holy religion.
IV. There are only two people amongst the prophets, whom never claimed
to be prophets of God, one was Buddha and one was Zarathustra.
That's why I respect both of them as great philosophers and I
truly have not much respect for rest of the prophets, thus they
were a bunch of miracle sellers, magicians and con artist frauds.
I respect Buddha due to my Martial Art philosophy of Kung Fu and
Meditations; I respect Zarathustra because he was pure thought!
V. Iranians and in general global public by majority,
have limited weak minds and they are in need of some kind of God,
Prophet and Religion. Evolution is too scientific for these folks!
Therefore, in Iranians' case, we cannot simply take away Islam
from them and leave them with nothing! They are like lost children
and they will collapse! Therefore, we shall replace the more logical,
realistic philosophy of Zoroastrianism with Islam. Besides, Zoroastrianism
is a Persian Philosophy unlike Islam, which belongs to Arabs and
enemies of Iran!
VI. If Iranians must have a religion, then Zoroastrianism is far better
and progressive and more Persian than the fanatical reactionary
cult of Shiite Islam! Please observe:
1. The Leader, The Divine Guru
2. The Use of "Controlling" Techniques such as
Fear of the above, conversion and afterlife
3. Social and Physical Isolation
4. Extremist or Fanatical Behavior
5. Secrecy and Deception
and they are
all present in Shiite Islam.
People Ask from Me?
ask me many questions
People often ask me why IPC emphasizes this much on Faravahar
Even though Bahaiism and Shiite Islam are also Persian creations,
yet they both have Arabo-Islamic roots, but Zoroaster and Zoroastrianism
are Pure Persian Pride. IPC is here to protect and serve the Persian
Culture, not Arabo-Islamic Culture! That's why IPC emphasizes
so much on Faravahar and Zoroastrianism!
People also ask me why an Atheist such as yourself emphasizes
so much on Zoroastrianism?
The historical reality teaches us that Zoroaster was not prophet
of God (invisible myth in the sky)! Zoroaster was a great visionary
mind and a philosopher poet. Zoroaster was a Persian Great mind.
I value people for their minds and brains. That is why I respect
Zarathustra, or else I have zero respect for Religion and holy
men and indeed the cattle of religious people who follow them!
Let us value
and study our rich Persian Heritage. Let us value our Persian
Icons such as Zarathustra Spitmata.
For more information,
Iran Online Library
In these days
of fear and indecision forced upon us by the AIOG (Arabo-Islamic
Occupational Government), let us safeguard our great icons such
as Zarathustra and our great classical Persian Philosophies such
Spitmata, may his Great Spirit rest in peace.
Temple of Yazd at daytime
Temple of Yazd at nighttime
Yes my friends,
schooled, yet only a few are truly Educated!
To be Persian,
means to Live as a Free Persian, to love Persian, and to Die as
a Proud Persian.
Iran Politics Club Glass Design Faravahar
For more information
on IPC Faravahar Flags, Banners and Insignias, visit:
Politics Club Flags and Emblems (Chapter 13)
Of my book:
History of Iranian Flags
Thoughts, Good Words, Good Deeds (English)
Pendare Nik, Goftare Nik, Kerdare Nik (Modern Persian)
Humata, Hukhta, Hvarshta (Avestan
As we see,
the Duality Factor has an ancient root in Persian Psyche.
can be the reason that the Top preacher for Zoroastrianism and
the Best protector of Ahuramazda, is no one but The One and only
Ahriman aka Ahreeman!
in mysterious ways!
I bow to no Gods.
I serve no Masters.
I control my own destiny.
I am a Thinking Man.
I am a Free Man.
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and Zoroastrianism, the Real Story
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