Pictorial History of Iranian Military Uniforms
Book in 23 Chapters
Chapter 16. Kharazmian
February 23, 2012
Kharazmian Desert Legions
L- R: Kharazmian Desert Legion Standard Bearer, Heavy Cavalry Commander (on horse) and Scout (standing at the front of his camel) 13 AD
Kharazm-Shahid Dynasty (1098 - 1231)
Sultan Mohammad II Kharazm Shah, last Kharazmian Shah 1200 – 1220
Kharazm-Shahid Dynasty Shahs carried the title of Kharazm Shah.
Kharazm-Shahids started their reign in Kharazm (Central Asia)
Ala al-Din Mohammad II (1200 - 1220) was the last “Kharazm Shah” who defended Iran against the Genghiz Khan Mongol Hordes. During Sultan Mohammad’s reign, Iran got leveled by the Mongols and the Mongol Occupation started. Sultan Mohammad escaped to a Caspian Sea Island and passed away there. Mongol Invasion Occupation of the Persian Empire was a catastrophe. No other enemy in the history of Iran had murdered, raped, enslaved and tortured so many Iranians such as Mongols done (not even Mohammedan Arabo-Muslim Forces). Mongols practically destroyed Iran and leveled many major cities. Mongol Hordes pillaged and massacred Iran and Iranians like a pack of Wild Dogs does to a tasty prey!
Kharazm-Shahid Dynasty Reign (1098 - 1231)
Atabeks and Kharazm-Shah interlude Period
Kharazm-Shahid Empire - Dynasty of Anushtigin
Kharazm-Shahid Reign in Central Asia and then almost all of Persia. Kharazm-Shahid were of Turkic Origin from Turkistan, Central Asia.
Kharazmian Iranian Kharazm-Shahid Imperial Guard Heavy Cavalry 13 AD
How Mongols Conquered Iran?
Many mistakenly assume that during the Sultan Mohammed era, Iran was weak and militaristically incapable to fight. This assumption is absolutely false. Take a look at the below Iranian units, their weapons, armors and mighty power. Iranian military had top of the line military technology and equipment. Iranians did fight back as much as they could. Mongols leveled Iran not because the Persian forces were weak, but because Mongols were a bunch of savages with no principles who believed in no war or military discipline of the time. Their sole mission was to loot and destroy everything on their path. Mongols were nomads who lived in the tents; they had nothing to lose and everything to gain. They did not care to rebuild what they have destroyed or govern what they have conquered. All they cared about at the time was to kill as many as possible, loot as much as possible and destroy as much as possible. After conquering the Persian Empire, Mongols had become rich beyond their wildest dreams! In addition they had a military genius commander such as Genghiz Khan. This is how Mongols leveled Iran and conquered Iran.
Kharazmian Iranian Kharazm-Shahid Imperial Guard Axe-men 13 AD
Kharazmian Iranian Heavy Armored Cavalry 13 AD
Kharazmian Iranian Heavy Cavalry 13 AD
Kharazmian Iranian Heavy Infantry Noble Spearmen 12 AD
Kharazmian Iranian Heavy Infantry Spearmen 13 AD
Kharazmian Iranian Infantry Spearmen 13 AD
Kharazmian Iranian Desert Swordsmen 13 AD
Kharazmian Iranian Heavy Infantry Archers 13 AD
Kharazmian Iranian Heavy Infantry Archers attack 13 AD
Kharazmian Iranian Medium Infantry Archers 13 AD
Kharazmian Iranian Medium Infantry Mace-men 12 AD
Back to Uniforms Index
Back to Photos Index