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How the IRI Government works?
How the Islamic Republic of Iran (IRI) Government works?
Lawrence of Persia (LOP)

I will try and make this as simple and clear as possible. In describing the early IRI entities I have to refer to other IRI entities that I have not explained yet. So please be patient. If you feel that you are not grasping everything then make diagrams or use stones, coins, etc. to demonstrate what is being said. If something still does not make sense then post a message on the IPC message board and ask!

· Assembly of Experts (AE)
This is a group of 86 clerics. Only clerics may sit on the AE. AE members are elected by the Iranian people. A cleric may only run for AE if he has been approved by the Guardian Council.

AE appoints the Rahbar and has the authority to dismiss the Rahbar. Only AE or a special committee appointed by Rahbar has authority to amend the constitution.

· Rahbar or Velayat-e Faqih (VF)
Supreme Leader. VF appoints 6 clerics to Guardian Council. VF appoints head of Judiciary and director of Radio and Television Organization. VF appoints top commanders of all armed and security forces. VF is Commander in Chief of all armed and security forces. VF may dismiss President or dissolve Majlis.

VF decides overall policies of Iran and may declare war and peace. Only VF may order a referendum. VF may create laws and veto Majlis legislation by decree (fatwa).

· Guardian Council (GC)
12 members. 6 clerics appointed by VF. 6 jurists elected by the Majlis.

No Majlis legislation can become law unless GC ratifies it. GC may veto any Majlis legislation.

No candidate may run for President, Majlis or AE without GC approval.

· President
Elected by the Iranian people. Only GC-approved candidates may run for President.

President names Cabinet ministers who Majlis must approve. President administers Iran's budget and development plans (formerly a separate ministry) and the Civil Service. He signs laws passed by the Majlis and treaties ratified by the Majlis.

· Majlis (Parliament)
Elected by the Iranian people. Only GC-approved candidates may run for Majlis.

The function of the Majlis is to create legislation. No Majlis legislation can become law unless GC ratifies it.

· Expediency Council (EC)
VF appoints 27 people to EC. If Majlis and GC become deadlocked on a proposed bill, EC rewrites the bill to suit the clerics.

Okay, this is the most important information about how the IRI government works.

If you clearly understand this information then you can think and discuss intelligently about what it would take to achieve democratic reforms by working within the IRI system.

If you do not clearly understand this information then you cannot think and discuss intelligently about what it would take to achieve democratic reforms by working within the IRI system.

If you are confused, don't worry because the majority of the world's population are also in your league!

Are Democratic Reforms under the IRI Islamic Constitution a myth? Why don't you tell us?

For more information you can review this document:

How political power is distributed in the IRI regime

 
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