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Chapter 4: History of Iranian Military Uniforms
Achaemenian Uniforms 3


Pictorial History of Iranian Military Uniforms
Book in 23 Chapters
Chapter 4. Achaemenian 3
Ahreeman X

February 23, 2012

Imperial Achaemenian Persian Golden Lion Emblem

Achaemenid Dynasty (559 BC - 330 BC)

Achaemenian Immortal Standard Bearer

Achaemenian Persian Immortal Archer

Achaemenian Persian Immortal Soldier 480 BC

Achaemenian Axe-Spear Takabara Special Forces

Achaemenian Persian Hoplites vs. Greek Hoplites
Persian Hoplites with medium armors and round Persian Golden Lion Shields were a Special Force Regiments created by the “Achaemenian Vuzurg Arteshtaran Command” (Achaemenian Command Center in charge of the Warriors) which was the highest Command Center directly under the supervision of the Achaemenian Arteshbod (Commander in Chief) of the Armed Forces. Persian Hoplites were created as a mirror image to Greek Hoplites, so they could equal them and challenge them in battles.

Important Note
Vuzurg Arteshtaran (Ancient Persian Language) = Bozorg Arteshdaran (Modern Persian Language)
Vuzurg Arteshtaran (Achaemenian title for Commander in Chief of the Warriors) = Bozorg Arteshdaran (Shahanshah title during the Pahlavi Era)

Achaemenian Asabari (Cavalry) Early 5th Century
L – R: 2 Asabari Attendants, Hazarabam (Colonel), Asabari Spearman, Saka Horse Archer with Sharp Hammer at 5 BC

Ancient Achaemenian Persian Army
Note the Sharpe Battle Hammer Weapon on top left, Double Feathered Hood Helmet (Petty Officers) and Mohawk Feathered Helmet (Officers) on top right.

Achaemenian Armored Scythian Mercenaries

Achaemenid Scythian Mercenary Army

Achaemenian 4 Horse Standard Bearer Command War Chariot
L – R: Dathapatis, Chariot Rider, Standard Bearer and Satapatis with Command Sharp Hammer

Achaemenian Persian Arteshbod General Command 2 Horse War Chariot
Arteshbod (Commander in Chief) and Chariot Rider

Achaemenian Persian 4 Horse Command War Chariot
War Chariot Officer and War Chariot Rider

Achaemenian Persian 4 Horse War Chariot
Archer and Chariot Rider

Achaemenian Persian Scythed War Chariot
Special Persian Scythed War Chariot Models with 3 sharp Sickles at the front and 1 sharp Sickle attached to each wheel, one on the right and one on the left side of the chariot. These sharp sickles would guarantee to chop off the legs of any incoming or side coming enemy cavalry horse or infantry soldier.

Achaemenian Persian Special Front and Sides Scythed 2 Horse War Chariot
Spearman and Chariot Rider

Achaemenian Persian War Chariot
Spears and Arrows reserved backup arsenal available in the cabin

Imperial Achaemenian 2 Horse Archer War Chariot

Imperial Achaemenian 2 Horse Scythed War Chariot

Imperial Achaemenian Persian 2 Horse Armored War Chariot

Imperial Iranian Achaemenian 4 Horse Command Chariot

Imperial Achaemenian Median 2 Horse Armored Scythed War Chariot

Imperial Achaemenian Median 4 Horse Command Armored Chariot

Imperial Iranian Achaemenian War Chariot Units Officer

Imperial Achaemenian Persian War Chariot Rider Soldier

Achaemenian Arab Camel Cavalry Unit
Camel Rider and Camel Cavalry Archer

Achaemenid Persian Battle Camel Unit
Spearman Riders and Archers were riding in the cabins on these oversize breed of camels.
Note the Persian Golden Eagle Emblem on the cabin and Persian Griffins on the camel mat

Achaemenid Persian Battle Camel Unit in action
Excellent Units for Desert Warfare

Achaemenian Indian War Elephant Unit
Each Unit consists of:
* At Bottom: Achaemenian Indian Long Swordsmen on foot or hang riding the war elephants.
* On Top: Indian War Elephant Rider, Persian Spearman, Persian Archer
* Armored War Elephant

Achaemenian Persian War Elephant Unit
Elephant Rider, Commander Spearman and Archer

Achaemenian Persian Wheeled Siege Tower pulled by Armored Battle Bulls
3 Story Wheeled Siege Tower with archers and catapult fireball throwers on each story, and commander and standard bearer on the top story was a state of the art and technology war machine of its time. The Wheeled Siege Tower was pulled by 16 armored battle bulls in 4 rows of 4 battle bulls. Each row of bulls was directed by 2 bull directors, one on each side of the row and the total of 8 bull directors. These Achaemenian Mobile Siege Towers were guaranteed to either break down or burn down any enemy castle walls and towers!
Persian Siege Battle Technique:
* Primarily, the archers would shoot all enemy wall top and tower top guards.
* Secondarily, the catapult fireball throwers would burn down, damage and destroy the castle gates, also the castle and tower walls.
* Thirdly, the infantry would climb the castle and tower walls and reach the top to engage with the enemy soldiers and climb inside the walls.
* Fourthly, Special Infantry Units would break open the gates by ramming through large logs with sharpened fronts.
* Fifthly, Infantry and Cavalry would rush and take over the castle.

Ancient Achaemenian Persian Wheeled Siege Tower pulled by Armored Bulls

Ancient Achaemenian Persian Wheeled Siege Tower on the move towards the battleground

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