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Chapter 8: History of Iranian Military Uniforms
Achaemenian Uniforms 7


Pictorial History of Iranian Military Uniforms
Book in 23 Chapters
Chapter 8. Achaemenian 7
Ahreeman X

February 23, 2012

Achaemenian Persian Golden Winged Lion

Achaemenid Dynasty (559 BC - 330 BC)

Faravahar Persian Emblem
Faravahar is an ancient Zoroastrian icon
Faravahar is holding the Ring of Power (granted to Shahanshahs by Ahuramazda) in one hand and Persian Aryan Salutes with the other hand.

Original Zoroastrian Duality Philosophy
Faravahar represents Ahuramazda (upper human half) and Ahreeman (lower beast half).
The original ancient Zoroastrian doctrine (before revised and forged by the hierarchy of the Fire Temple and Mobads) defines that Ahuramazda and Ahreeman are 2 sides of the same coin (Persian Yin and Yang). Even though there exists no absolute good or evil, yet Good and Evil define each other and one cannot exist without the other.

Ahuramazda (Yang the Light Side) and Ahreeman (Yin the Dark Side) are not opposing forces yet they are dualities of the same force. Ahuramazda and Ahreeman are not opposing but complementary to one another and they interact with each other and exist within a greater whole (Universal Intelligence). In fact Ahuramazda means “Universal Intelligence”. Ahuramazda and Ahreeman are parts of a dynamic and evolving system which is called the Universe. Every element has both the Light Side and the Dark Side within them. Ahuramazda and Ahreeman cannot exist without one another and all elements and humans must keep a balance between the two. The balance between the Light Side and the Dark Side must be established so the universe will function properly and our lives will maintain a smooth and functional path. Some elements and humans may gain more of one side and lack of the other side but this imbalance may cause problems. Too much light can cause mediocrity, indifference, inactivity, isolation and stagnation while too much dark can cause over aggression, vanity, intolerance and selfishness. To gain the best results is to maintain a natural flow of light and dark sides throughout the universe and throughout our lives.    

Darius III and Persian Troops
L – R: Achaemenian Spear Standard Bearer, Hazarapatis (Colonel) and Darius III the Persian Emperor

Darius III of Persia at campaign with Alexander

Darius III the Persian Emperor at battle with Alexander

Prince Oxathres at Battleground
L – R: Persian Prince Oxathres brother of Darius III and Cavalryman at Issus
Oxathres was a brave Persian warrior.

Darius III of Persia at battleground with Alexander
Darius III the Persian Emperor
Darius III Reign: (336 BC - 330 BC)
Darius III Life: (380 BC – 330 BC) 50 Years
Issus (Southern Anatolia) and Gaugamela (Kurdistan of Iraq near Mosul) were Darius III’s main battles with Alexander and the Greco-Macedonian Forces

Darius III the last Achaemenian Persian Shahanshah
Darius III was a brave warrior who fought for the freedom of Iran until the last drop his blood. After the defeats by Alexander, he retreated to Ecbatana (Today’s Hamadan) and then Bactria (Today’s Eastern Afghanistan) to gather fresh troops to fight back Alexander but he was finally betrayed and killed by the traitors.

Persian Commander Ariobarzan marches
Ariobarzan the Achaemenian Persian Arteshbod (Commander in Chief of Warriors) and Khashtaraban (Governor) of Pars Khashtara has made the final stand against Alexander and hordes of Greco-Macedonian Invaders

Achaemenian Persian Commander Ariobarzan 4 BC

Ariobarzan Life: (368 BC - 330 BC) - Lived 38 years
Ariobarzan was born in “Basht” near Yasuj which is the capital of today’s “Kohgiluyeh and Boyer Ahmad” Province of Iran and died at the “Persian Gate” (Darband-e Pars) near Yasuj which is on the way to Persepolis. Ariobarzan is one of Iran’s bravest sons and a military legend. Ariobarzan was a descendant from a long line of Achaemenian Khashtarabans AKA Satraps (State Governors).
Ariobarzan was originally a local military leader, an “Arteshtaran Salar” (Warriors Leader) from Basht and Yasuj (back then part of Khashtara of Pars AKA Satrap of Pars (Pars State).

Have in mind that Basht (Near Yasuj) and Yasuj (Near Persepolis) and Persepolis (The Capital) were back then, all located inside the “Pars State” (Pars Khashtara) of the Persian Empire.

Ariobarzan the mighty Achaemenian Persian Commander 4 BC

Eventually Ariobarzan shown worthiness, organization and bravery; furthermore, his worthiness, organization and braveries had become nationally known and famous. He had become a confidant to Darius III, Shahanshah of Iran. Darius III appointed Ariobarzan as the Khashtaraban (governor) of Pars (Position not existed before) and then appointed him as Arteshbod (Commander in Chief of the Warriors) which in the past, the military rank was rarely given to others than Shahanshah (Most of Achaemenian Emperors were also Arteshbod). The reasons that Darius III had done the above were due to the facts that:

Why Darius III appointed Ariobarzan as Khashtaraban of Pars and Arteshbod of the Persian Forces?
I. Ariobarzan was a worthy military commander who could hold the positions in Pars while Darius III retreated to Ecbatana and afterwards to Bactria to gather fresh troops to fight back Alexander.
II. Ariobarzan had proven his battle worthiness in the Gaugamela Battle.
III. Ariobarzan was a great administrator and organizer so he could run Pars while Darius III was away.
IV. Ariobarzan was an insider to the Imperial Achaemenian Persian Court going back to few generations.
V. Ariobarzan was trustworthy due to the fact that he had become Darius III’s close confidant.
VI. Ariobarzan was a local from Basht and he knew the area pretty well. This knowledge came very handy at the “Persian Gate”.

Persian Commanders Ariobarzan and his sister Youtab
Ariobarzan and Youtab were 2 of the bravest Iranian commanders of all time.
Ariobarzan and Youtab had fought to the last drops of their bloods and they finally have martyred and become legends at the Persian Gate (Darband-e Pars) on the winter of 330 BC

Battle of the Persian Gate
In the dead of the winter on 330 BC, the Zagros Mountain Range and Valleys were witnessing a great bloodshed which had changed the history forever!

Persian Gate (Darband-e Pars) is basically the easiest, fastest and the only logical path to pass through the Zagros Mountains to get to Persepolis, capital of the Persian Empire. Battle of Persian Gate was Ariobarzan’s final stand against Alexander where a small number of Persian forces under his command fought over 17,000 Greco-Macedonians, slaughtered many of them and then stood their ground and died to the last man and woman. The funny thing is that the number of Persians in the Battle of Persian Gate was similar to the number of Greeks (Spartans) in the Battle of Thermopylae (Last Stand of the 300).

Review the Numbers
Thermopylae (Last Stand of the 300 Spartans)
300 Spartans along with rest of the Greek forces (700 Thespians + 1,000 Other Greeks = Total of 1,700)
Persian Gate (Last Stand of the 300 Persians)
300 Persians along with Achaemenian backup forces (700 Cavalry + 1000 Infantry = Total of 1,700)

So the main number of Greeks (Spartans) in Thermopylae was exactly equal to the main number of Iranians (Persians) in the Persian Gate. Isn’t it amazing how what goes around, comes around and how the world turns?

The aftermath of the Persian Gate was a month more of resistance by the Persians which has delayed Alexander’s invasion of Persepolis by a month. Persian Gate resulted in much Greek casualties and the death of every single Persian defending force including Arteshbod Ariobarzan and his sister, Commander Youtab who was a fierce Persian female warrior.

Back then (Xerxes Era) the 300 Spartans made a last stand against the Persian Superior Force and the world knows about it, but at the Persian Gate, 300 Persians made the last stand against the Superior Greco-Macedonian Force and no one knows about it! Aren’t Western Propaganda Hollywood Spoof Movies and Greek Historian Lies, so great and effective on the global public knowledge and opinion?!

In the near future, I will write the complete true story of Ariobarzan and the 300 Persians which is presently obscured by the cloud of lies and rarely known to the public. Stay tuned for the “Real Story”.

Achaemenian Persian Commander Ariobarzan 4 BC
Alas for Iran to be destroyed
And belong to jackals and wolves


Ariobarzan Circle at Yasuj, Iran

Persian Commander’s Ariobarzan Statue at Basht

Ariobarzan Statue at Basht, Iran
Basht is a city near Yasuj the capital of Kohgiluyeh and Boyer Ahmad Province
Basht is the birthplace of Ariobarzan
Back in Achaemenid Era, Basht, Yasuj and Persepolis were all cities of the Pars Khashtara (State) of the Persian Empire.

Persian Commander Ariobarzan’s Statue at his birthplace Basht near Yasuj, Iran

Battle of the Persian Gate
Persian Commander Ariobarzan seizes Alexander’s Troops at the Persian Gate.
Ariobarzan delays the invasion of Persepolis for a good month.
In this battle scene:
Ariobarzan fights a Greek Commander at the Battle of the Persian Gate.
Persian Warriors are fighting the Greek Invaders at the background.

Achaemenian Persian Immortal Regiments 333 BC

Achaemenian Persian Immortals and Troops are lion hunting

Achaemenian Persian Immortal Regiment leopard hunting 333 BC

Achaemenian Persian Elite Immortal Regiment 333 BC

Blue Immortals
Achaemenian Persian Special Blue Elite Immortal Regiment 333 BC
Blue Immortals were a Special Force created for special tactical tasks

Achaemenian Persian National Cavalry at Issus

Ancient Achaemenian Persian Immortal Royal Guard Cavalry

Achaemenian Line Infantrymen and Satrapal Infantryman 333 BC
L – R: Line Foot Archer, Line Infantry Spearman, Satrapal (Local State) Swordsman

Persian Asabari Axe-man and Javelin thrower Cavalry 4 BC

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